Italian school system


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Italian school system

  1. 1. Istituto Comprensivo “Ninni Cassarà” Partinico Comenius Project “Protecting the environment” Meeting in Italy 20th-22nd October 2010
  2. 2. Italian school system is organized centrally by the ministry of Education. Schools also have a limited didactic and organisational autonomy.
  3. 3. Kindergarten pupils from 3 to 5 years old Primary school from 6 to 10 years old Scuola media (middle school) from 11 to 13 years old At the end of middle school students have to pass a national examination to get a diploma.
  4. 4. students can choose among various types of upper secondary schools: - Lycaeum (classical, scientific, linguistic or artistic, high schools which prepare for University) - Technical high schools (split into many tracks) - Vocational high schools (split into many tracks). Secondary schools last five years and conclude at the end of grade 13 (age 18) with a national final exam (“State Exam”).
  5. 5. At the beginning of the first year of each school level (elementary, middle, secondary school), pupils are split up into class groups which will be the same for several years. Pupils of the same age don’t usually mix to form different class groups. Except for some labs they have lessons always in the same classroom, where the different teachers turn over.
  6. 6. That’s because once students have chosen their track, syllabi are fixed, there are no (or very limited) options (i.e. different languages, or religion vs. individual study or optional subject). Lessons usually last 60 minutes and take place in the morning or (just two days a week) till the afternoon if they have full time. One teacher for each subject accompanies the same group of pupils for several years (three in middle school, between two and five in secondary school).
  7. 7. The number of teaching hours per subject and the curricula are defined by ministerial decree in the whole country. In primary school teachers can teach more than one subject even if usually there are specialised teachers for Religious education and English. In secondary school teachers teach one or two subject s except for Italian teacher that can teach Italian, History and Geography.
  8. 8. During the past years, because of different government and new laws, many changes have been made to the Italian school. Some of these are: • the reintroduction of one main teacher in primary school, • the grading of the students’ behavior, the raising of the number of students for each class (till 30 or 35), • a strong reduction of the number of teachers, caretakers and members of the school offices.
  9. 9. Access to permanent teaching staff is subject to specific teacher training offered by the universities: Teachers of kindergarten and primary school have to attend a 4 years laurea course in primary education sciences; Teachers of secondary school have to get a degree (4 or 5 years) and to pass a competition.  Teachers who want to specialise in support to disabled pupils receive a specific additional training.
  10. 10. Up to now (law n.124/99) selection of permanant teaching staff has been done through two different lists: • 50% is taken from a competitive examination list ( based also on qualification and curriculum) •50% taken from a list on the basis of qualifications and curriculum
  11. 11. Temporary teachers Recruitment of teachers for temporary position, is done by the local education authority or by the headmaster on the basis of lists of candidates in possession of the qualifications. Permanent and temporary staff have the same rights and duties.
  12. 12. For teachers just enrolled there is a trial period that lasts a school year and included an additional training course. The headmaster appoints a tutor for each teacher of his/her school. At the end of the year the teacher writes a report about the exeperience done and a commitee for the evaluation confirms his/her admission in permanent staff.
  13. 13. Teaching activities covering not less than 5 days a week -For 25 h. in kindergarten -For 22h. plus 2 devoted to planning didactic activities in primary school -For 18h. a week for secondary school -Additional activities fixed by the teachers assembly
  14. 14. We have no promotions There are two possibilities to increase the basic compensation: - it raises every 6 years of service provided that the teaching function has been carried out without demerit - The passage of teacher to the function of headmaster (dirigente scolastico) through a course competition based on qualifications and exams.