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Algeria

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  • 1. Algeria
  • 2. Location
    • Borders are Morocco, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Libya, and Tunisia.
    • Located in North Africa.
    • Borders Mediterranean coastline- 998 kilometers.
  • 3. Geography
    • Area: 2,381,740 square kilometers.
    • Capital: Algiers, Algeria
    • 2 nd largest country in North Africa.
    • Popular cities are Oran and Annaba.
    • Population: 2,381,740 people (as of 2010).
    Oran Annaba
  • 4. Sports
    • Sports played are: Soccer, Badminton, Basketball, Chess, Volleyball, Wrestling, Rugby, Table Tennis, Fencing, Swimming, Track and Field.
  • 5. Foods
    • Eclectic Cuisine: Made from many different origins of food.
    • Traditional cuisines come from Berber, Turkish, French, and Arab cuisines.
    • Couscous is the national dish in Algeria. Consists of spherical granules made by rolling out wheat flour.
    • Common beverages consist of coffee, tea, and fruit drinks.
    • Wheat and barley are typically used.
    • Olives are very popular in Algeria. They are used in foods such as salad, olive oil, sandwiches and many other Algerian dishes.
    • Spices commonly used are saffron, nutmeg, ginger, cloves and cinnamon.
    • Other commonly used foods are tomatoes, potatoes, zucchini and chilies.
    • Saffron
  • 6. Literacy Rate
    • Male: 79.6%
    • Female: 60.1%
    • Total Population: 69.9%
  • 7. Religion
    • Islam is the main religion
    • There is a small amount of Christian and Jews in Algeria.
  • 8. Employment
    • 1/3 of Algerian workers are employed in industrial jobs.
    • Most women that work outside of the house are nurses, technicians, secretaries, or teachers.
  • 9. Language
    • Main language is Arabic.
    • Arabic is also the national language.
    • Other languages spoken are Berber and French.
    • Hello in Arabic is مرحبا
    • Goodbye in Arabic is وداعا
  • 10. Names
    • Traditional female names: Nafisa, Aysha, and Farida.
    • Traditional male names: Abd al- Haq, Hamid, and Abd al- Latif.
  • 11. Major Holidays
    • Algerians celebrate both secular (non-religious) and Muslim holidays.
    • The most important Muslim holidays are Eid al- Fitr and Eid al- Adha.
    • Eid al- Fitr is a 3 day celebration that takes place after Ramadan.
    • Eid al- Adha commemorates the willingness of Abraham to obey God’s command and sacrifice his son, Isaac.
    • The most important secular holidays are New Year’s, Independence Day and Labor Day.
    • New Year’s day takes place on January 1 st .
    • Labor Day takes place on May 1 st .
    • Independence Day takes place on July 5 th . Businesses, Banks, and even government offices are closed down to celebrate.
  • 12. Rites of Passage
    • Important rites of passage in Algeria are births, baby- naming, male circumcisions, and weddings. A big party or family celebration is held to celebrate the upcoming event.
  • 13. Weddings
    • Groom’s pay
    • Celebration lasts several days
    • After days of singing and eating,
    • the bride and the groom are untied
    • in marriage.
    • After the couple is married, a
    • following week of activities
    • occur.
    A traditional Algerian wedding dress
  • 14. Clothing
    • The traditional male clothing is a burnous
    • (a long, hooded robe).
    • The traditional clothing for a female
    • is a haik (a long piece of cloth draped over
    • the entire body and head) or a hijab (a long,
    • loose dress and hair covering).
    Haik Burnous Hijab
  • 15. Education
    • Kids 5-15 must attend school, by law
    • After elementary school,
    • children have a choice of taking secondary school. They take
    • exams to pass secondary school
    • to see if they can be enrolled
    • into a college or university.
  • 16. Crafts
    • Crafters of Algeria make rugs, pottery, embroidery, jewelry, brass objects, and hand-woven baskets.
  • 17. Bibliography
    • &quot;Algeria - Location and Size, Population, Fisheries, Industry, Mining, Manufacturing, Services.&quot; Encyclopedia of the Nations - Information about Countries of the World, United Nations, and World Leaders . Web. 21 Feb. 2011. <http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/economies/Africa/Algeria.html>.
    • &quot;Population of Algeria 2010 - True Knowledge.&quot; True Knowledge - the Internet Answer Engine . Web. 21 Feb. 2011. <http://www.trueknowledge.com/q/population_of_algeria_2010>.
    • &quot;African Cuisine - Algeria | Foodspring.com.&quot; Foodspring: Gateway to Food Adventure . Web. 24 Feb. 2011. <http://foodspring.com/content/Algeria/?gclid=CKHK64ydoacCFYLd4AodFW5CxQ>.
    • Google images
    • &quot;Define:couscous - Google Search.&quot; Google . Web. 24 Feb. 2011. <http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&safe=active&biw=1276&bih=823&defl=en&q=define:couscous&sa=X&ei=H49mTc8Gg4KUB_DEof8B&ved=0CCsQkAE>.
    • Channel, Algeria. &quot;Religion in Algeria | By Algeria Channel.&quot; Algeria Hotel and Travel Guide | By Algeria Channel . Web. 28 Feb. 2011. <http://www.algeria.com/religion/>.
    • Channel, Algeria. &quot;Religion in Algeria | By Algeria Channel.&quot; Algeria Hotel and Travel Guide | By Algeria Channel . Web. 28 Feb. 2011. <http://www.algeria.com/religion/>.
    •   &quot;Religion in Algeria - Index.&quot; Agnosticism / Atheism - Skepticism & Atheism for Atheists & Agnostics . Web. 28 Feb. 2011. <http://atheism.about.com/library/FAQs/islam/countries/bl_AlgeriaIndex.htm>.
    • google images

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