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Intro to computers ch 1

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MS Office Introduction to ComputersCIS 110

MS Office Introduction to ComputersCIS 110

Published in: Education, Technology, Business

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  • 1. Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition Living in a Digital World
  • 2. Objectives Overview Discuss the advantages Explain why computer Describe the five and disadvantages that literacy is vital to components of a users experience whensuccess in todays world computer working with computers Discuss the uses of the Distinguish between Internet and World system software and Wide Web application softwareSee Page 1 Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition 2for Detailed Objectives Chapter 1
  • 3. Objectives Overview Explain how home users, Differentiate among small office/home office types, sizes, and functions users, mobile users, power of computers in each users, and enterprise users category each interact with computers Discuss how society uses computers in education, finance, governm ent, health care, science, publishing, tra vel, and manufacturingSee Page 1 Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition 3for Detailed Objectives Chapter 1
  • 4. A World of Computers• Computers are everywherePages 2 - 3 Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition 4Figure 1-1 Chapter 1
  • 5. What Is a Computer?• A computer is an electronic device, operating under the control of instructions stored in its own memory Collects Produces data Processing information (input) (output) Information Processing CyclePages 3 - 4 Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition 5 Chapter 1
  • 6. What Is a Computer?Page 4 Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition 6Figure 1-2 Chapter 1
  • 7. The Components of a Computer• A computer contains many electric, electronic, and mechanical components known as hardware Input Device • Allows you to enter data and instructions into a computer Output Device • Hardware component that conveys information to one or more people • Case that contains the electronic components of the computer that System Unit are used to process data Storage Device • Holds data, instructions, and information for future use Communications • Enables a computer to send and receive data, instructions, and Device information to and from one or more computers or mobile devicesPages 4 - 7 Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition 7 Chapter 1
  • 8. The Components of a ComputerPage 5 Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition 8Figure 1-3 Chapter 1
  • 9. Advantages and Disadvantagesof Using Computers Advantages of Disadvantages of Using Computers Using Computers Speed Violation of Privacy Reliability Public Safety Consistency Impact on Labor Force Storage Health Risks Communications Impact on EnvironmentPage 7 Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition 9 Chapter 1
  • 10. Advantages and Disadvantagesof Using Computers• Green computing involves reducing the electricity consumed and environmental waste generated when using a computer• Strategies include: – Recycling – Regulating manufacturing processes – Extending the life of computers – Immediately donating or properly disposing of replaced computers Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 1, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Green Computing below Chapter 1Page 7 Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition 10 Chapter 1
  • 11. Networks and the Internet• A network is a collection of computers and devices connected together, often wirelessly, via communications devices and transmission media• The Internet is a worldwide collection of networks that connects millions of businesses, government agencies, educational institutions, and individuals Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 1, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click The Internet below Chapter 1Page 8 Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition 11 Chapter 1
  • 12. Networks and the InternetPage 8 Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition 12Figure 1-6 Chapter 1
  • 13. Networks and the Internet• People use the Internet for a variety of reasons: Communicate Research and Shop Bank and Invest Online Trading Access Information Entertainment Share Information Download Videos Web ApplicationPages 8 - 9 Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition 13Figure 1-7 Chapter 1
  • 14. Networks and the Internet• A social networking Web site encourages members to share their interests, ideas, stories, photos, music, and videos with other registered users – Also called an online social networkPage 10 Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition 14 Chapter 1
  • 15. Computer Software• Software, also called a program, tells the computer what tasks to perform and how to perform them System Software • Operating system • Utility program Application Software Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 1, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Windows below Chapter 1Pages 11 - 12 Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition 15Figures 1-8 - 1-9 Chapter 1
  • 16. Computer Software• Installing is the process of setting up software to work with the computer, printer, and other hardwarePages 12 - 13 Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition 16Figure 1-10 Chapter 1
  • 17. Computer Software• A programmer develops software or writes the instructions that direct the computer to process data into informationPage 13 Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition 17Figure 1-11 Chapter 1
  • 18. Categories of Computers Personal computers Mobile computers and mobile devices Game consoles Servers Mainframes Supercomputers Embedded computersPages 14 - 15 Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition 18 Chapter 1
  • 19. Personal Computers• A personal computer can perform all of its input, processing, output, and storage activities by itself• Two popular architectures are the PC and the Apple – Desktop computerPages 15 - 16 Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition 19Figures 1-13 - 1-14 Chapter 1
  • 20. Mobile Computers and Mobile Devices Mobile Mobile Computer Device Personal computer you Computing device can carry from place to small enough to hold in place your hand Examples include Examples include smart phones, PDAs, notebook computers, handheld computers, laptop computers, portable media netbooks, and Tablet players, and digital PCs camerasPages 16 - 18 Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition 20 Chapter 1
  • 21. Mobile Computers and Mobile Devices Notebook computer Tablet PC Smart phone PDAPages 16 - 17 Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition 21Figures 1-15 – 1-18 Chapter 1
  • 22. Mobile Computers and Mobile Devices Handheld computer Portable media player Digital camera Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 1, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Digital Cameras below Chapter 1Pages 17 - 18 Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition 22Figures 1-19 – 1-20 Chapter 1
  • 23. Game Consoles• A game console is a mobile computing device designed for single-player or multiplayer video gamesPage 18 Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition 23Figure 1-21 Chapter 1
  • 24. Servers• A server controls access to the hardware, software, and other resources on a network – Provides a centralized storage area for programs, data, and informationPage 19 Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition 24Figure 1-22 Chapter 1
  • 25. Mainframes• A mainframe is a large, expensive, powerful computer that can handle hundreds or thousands of connected users simultaneouslyPage 19 Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition 25Figure 1-23 Chapter 1
  • 26. Supercomputers• A supercomputer is the fastest, most powerful computer – Fastest supercomputers are capable of processing more than one quadrillion instructions in a single secondPage 19 Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition 26Figure 1-24 Chapter 1
  • 27. Embedded Computers• An embedded computer is a special-purpose computer that functions as a component in a larger product Consumer Electronics Home Automation Devices Automobiles Process Controllers and Robotics Computer Devices and Office MachinesPage 19 Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition 27 Chapter 1
  • 28. Embedded ComputersPage 20 Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition 28Figure 1-25 Chapter 1
  • 29. Examples of Computer Usage Home User Small Office/Home Mobile User • Personal financial management Office User • Connect to other computers on • Web access • Look up information a network or the Internet • Communications • Send and receive e-mail • Transfer information • Entertainment messages • Play video games • Make telephone calls • Listen to music • Watch moviesPages 20 – 23 Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition 29Figures 1-26 – 1-28 Chapter 1
  • 30. Examples of Computer Usage Power User Enterprise User • Work with multimedia • Communicate among • Use industry-specific employees software • Process high volumes of transactions • Blog Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 1, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Enterprise Computing below Chapter 1Pages 23 – 24 Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition 30Figures 1-29 – 1-30 Chapter 1
  • 31. Computer Applications in Society Education Finance Government Health CarePages 24 -26 Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition 31Figures 1-31 – 1-34 Chapter 1
  • 32. Computer Applications in Society Science Publishing Travel ManufacturingPages 26-27 Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition 32Figures 1-35 – 1-38 Chapter 1
  • 33. Video: Computer History in a Barn CLICK TO START Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition 33 Chapter 1
  • 34. Summary Basic computer Components of a concepts computer Many different Networks, the categories of Internet, and computer computers, computer software users, and computer applications in societyPage 28 Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition 34 Chapter 1
  • 35. Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition Living in a Digital World Chapter 1 Complete

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