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3.2 system design for eco efficiency vezzoli-09-10 (34)

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  • 1. course System Design for Sustainability subject 3. System design for eco-efficency learning resource 3.2 System design for eco-efficiency carlo vezzoli politecnico di milano . INDACO dpt. . DIS . faculty of design . Italy Learning Network on Sustainability Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 2. CONTENTS . system design for eco-efficiency: a definition . system design for eco-efficiency: approach . criteria of system design for eco-efficiency . system life optimisation . transportation-distribution reduction . resources reduction . waste minimisation/valorisation . conservation/biocompatibility . toxic reduction . system design for eco-efficiency: skills, methods and tools Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 3. SYSTEM DESIGN FOR ECO-EFFICIENCY: STATE OF ART (in industrially mature contexts) … aim at 100% (education and practice) DISSEMINATION low impact mat./energies Product Life Cycle Design ecodesign system design for eco-efficiency design for social equity and cohesion new research 0 CONSOLIDATION 100% frontier … (research achievements on knowledge-base and know-how) Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 4. SYSTEM DESIGN FOR ECO-EFFICIENCY DEFINITION: “the design for eco-efficiency of the system of products and services that are together able to fulfil a particular demand of (customer) “satisfaction”, as well as the design of the interaction of the stakeholders directly and indirectly linked to that “satisfaction” system” (VEZZOLI, 2010) Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 5. SYSTEM INNOVATION MAIN CHARACTERISTIC ROOTED IN A SATISFACTION-BASED ECONOMIC MODEL each offer is developed/designed and delivered in relation to a particular customer “satisfaction” (unit of satisfaction) STAKEHOLDER INTERACTIONS-BASED INNOVATION radical innovations, not so much as technological ones, as new interactions/partnerships between the stakeholders of a particular satisfaction production chain (life cycle/s) INTRINSIC ECO-EFFICIENCY POTENTIAL innovations that could lead up to new economic interest convergences between the stakeholders, characterized by an intrinsic eco-efficiency Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 6. SYSTEM DESIGN FOR ECO-EFFICIENCY: APPROACH A. “SATISFACTION-SYSTEM” APPROACH design the satisfaction of a particular demand (satisfaction unit) B. “STAKEHOLDER CONFIGURATION” APPROACH design the interactions of the stakeholder of a particular satisfaction-system C. “SYSTEM ECO-EFFICIENCY” APPROACH design such a stakeholder interactions (offer model) that for economic and competitive reasons continuously seek after environmentally beneficial new solutions Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 7. A. “SATISFACTION-SYSTEM” APPROACH design the satisfaction of a particular demand (unit of satisfaction) THERE IS NOT ONE SINGLE PRODUCT TO BE DESIGNED (ASSESSED), BUT RATHER ALL THE PRODUCTS AND SERVICES (AND ALL THE RELATED PROCESSES) ASSOCIATED WITH THE FULFILMENT OF A PARTICULAR (CUSTOMER) DEMAND OF SATISFACTION ... A SATISFACTION UNIT COULD BE DEFINED Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 8. SATISFACTION UNIT: (a car): functional unit: trasportation of one persosn (per one km) (possible with a car) satisfaction unit 1: one person having access to his/her working space (per one year) satisfaction unit 2: one person having access to public services delivering personal documents (per one year) . ... a satisfaction unit require an approach at the same time: . deeper (more products, services, stakeholders to be considered) . more narrow (looking at one particular customer satisfaction) Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 9. SATISFACTION APPROACH IN DESIGN IS TO THINK MORE ON BEING (SATISFIED), RATHER ON HAVING (PRODUCTS TO BE SATISFIED) [Ehrnelfeld, Sustainability by design, 2008] Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 10. (SATISFACTION) OFFERING DIAGRAMM Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 11. B. “STAKEHOLDER CONFIGURATION” APPROACH design the interactions of the stakeholder of a particular satisfaction-system [a parallel with product design: it imagines and defines the technical performance and aesthetic characteristics of “components” – materials/shape - and their “connections” – joining elements - to respond to a set of “requirements” ] systems design for eco-efficiency: it imagines and defines “connections” – interactions/partnerships – between appropriate “components” – socio-economic stakeholders – of a system, responding to a particular “requirement” - social demand for satisfaction - Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 12. H. SYSTEM MAP (DETAILED) STAKEHOLDERS SYSTEM MAP Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 13. C. SYSTEM ECO-EFFICENCY APPROACH design such a stakeholder interactions (offer model) that for economic and competitive reasons continuously seek after environmentally beneficial new solutions NOT ALL SYSTEM INNOVATION ARE ECO-EFFICENT! > CRITERIA AND GUIDELINES ARE NEEDED > METHODS AND TOOLS ARE NEEDED to orientate design towards system eco-efficent stakeholder interactions Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 14. SYSTEM DESIGN FOR ECO-EFFICIENCY CRITERIA (TO REDUCE THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT) . System life optimisation . Transportation-distribution reduction . Resources reduction . Waste minimisation-valorisation . Conservation-biocompatibility . Toxic reduction [ADOPTED BY POLIMI-DIS WITHIN LeNS] Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 15. SYSTEM LIFE OPTIMISATION DESIGN FOR, SYSTEM STAKEHOLDERS’ INTERACTIONS LEADING TO, EXTENDING THE SUM OF THE PRODUCTS’ LIFE SPAN AND INTENSIFYING THE SUM OF THE PRODUCTS’ USE Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 16. AVOIDED IMPACTS LIGHTER IMPACTS short product’s (system sum) life PRE-PRODUCTION PRE-PRODUCTION PRODUCTION PRODUCTION NEW TECHNOLOGIES AND TECHNIQUES WITH DISTRIBUTION DISTRIBUTION LOWER USE CONSUMPTION USE USE DISPOSAL given function in time DISP. USE USE DISTRIBUTION DISTR. UPDATING OF THE PRODUCTION PROD. COMPONENTS CAUSING CONSUMPTION PRE-PRODUCTION P-PR. extended product’s (system sum) life Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 17. AVOIDED IMPACTS product’s (system sum) intense life P-PROD. PROD. DISTR. DISP. LIFE INDIPENDENT FROM LENGHT OF USE A 1 B 1C 1 B 2 A 2 C 2 B 3 A 3 C 3 use (function) during time P-PROD. PROD. DISTR. DISP. A1 A2 A3 P-PROD. PROD. DISTR. DISP. B1 B2 B3 P-PROD. PROD. DISTR. DISP. C1 C2 C3 product’s (system sum) not intense life Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 18. LIGHTER IMPACTS LIGHTER IMPACTS product’s (system sum) intense life PP P Dt Ds NEW TECHNOLOGIES AND TECHNIQUES WITH LOWER USE CONSUMPTION LIFE FUNCTION OF LENGHT OF USE PP P Dt Ds NEW PRE AND POST CONSUMPTION TECHNOLOGIES WITH LOWER IMPACT PP P Dt Ds use (function) during of time PP P Dt Ds PP P Dt Ds PP P Dt Ds product’s (system sum) not intense life Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 19. TRANSPORTATION/DISTRIBUTION REDUCTION DESIGN FOR, SYSTEM STAKEHOLDERS’ INTERACTIONS LEADING TO, REDUCING THE SUM OF THE TRANSPORTATIONS AND PACKAGINGS Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 20. RESOURCES REDUCTION DESIGN FOR, SYSTEM STAKEHOLDERS’ INTERACTIONS LEADING TO, REDUCING THE SUM OF THE MATERIALS AND THE ENERGIES USED BY ALL PRODUCTS AND SERVICES OF THE SYSTEM Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 21. WASTE MINIMISATION/VALORISATION DESIGN FOR, SYSTEM STAKEHOLDERS’ INTERACTIONS LEADING TO, IMPROVING THE SUM OF THE SYSTEM RECYCLING, ENERGY RECOVERY AND COMPOSTING AND REDUCING THE SUM OF THE WASTE PRODUCED Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 22. AVOIDED IMPACTS ADDITIONAL IMPACTS material (system sum) non-extended life LANDFILL PRODUCTION DISTRIBUTION USE PRE-PRODUCTION PRE-PRODUCTION PRODUCTION DISTRIBUTION USE RECYCLING COMBUSTION COMPOSTING PRODUCTION DISTRIBUTION USE PRE-PRODUCTION material (system sum) extended life Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 23. CONSERVATION/BIOCOMPATIBILITY DESIGN FOR, SYSTEM STAKEHOLDERS’ INTERACTIONS LEADING TO, IMPROVING THE SUM OF THE SYSTEM’S MATERIALS AND ENERGIES RESOURCES CONSERVATION/RENEWABILITY Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 24. TOXIC REDUCTION DESIGN FOR, SYSTEM STAKEHOLDERS’ INTERACTIONS LEADING TO, REDUCING/AVOIDING THE SUM OF THE SYSTEM’S MATERIALS’S AND ENERGY RSOURCES TOXICITY AND HARMFULNESS Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 25. SDO SUSTAINABILITY DESIGN-ORIENTING TOOLKIT Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 26. INTERRELATIONS BETWEEN ENVIRONMENTAL CRITERIA (AND RELATED GUIDELINES) FOR A GIVEN SATISFACTION SYSTEM: - some have HIGHER RELEVANCE than others - can be SYNERGETIC or CONFLICTING FOR DECISION MAKING (DESIGNING) identify the (environmental) design PRIORITIES: > CRITERIA relevance (relative) per system type > most promising stakeholders’ INTERACTIONS types (criteria related GUIDELINES) Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 27. SDO SUSTAINABILITY DESIGN-ORIENTING TOOLKIT Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 28. [for an apporach to eco-effcient system innovation] NEW DESIGN SKILLS: - design an integrated system of products and services fulfilling a particular demand for “satisfaction” - promote/facilitate new socio-economic stakeholder interactions (configurations) - promote/facilitate participated design between different stakeholders - ORIENTATE THE ABOVE PROCESSES TOWARDS ECO-EFFICENT SOLUTIONS Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 29. [for new skills] NEW METHODS/TOOLS some methods/tools developed to orientate system design towards sustainable solutions: HiCS, Highly MEPSS, MEthodology ProSecCo, Product SusProNet, Network Design4Sustainability Customerised for Product Service Service Co-design on sustainable PSS Step by step Solutions System development [2005] development approach [see Manzini et [see van Halen et al. [see Tukker [see Tischner & al. 2004] 2005] &Tischner, 2006] Vezzoli, 2009] METHOD DESIGN TOOLS Storyboar Diagnosis module d SDO toolkit Opportunity Bl portfolio diagram Solution elements Offering module u Implementation diagram Interaction module System assessment table Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 30. MSDS PHASES/PROCESSES METHODS/TOOLS BY LeNS: STRATEGIC ANALYSIS METHOD FOR SYSTEM ANALYSIS OF THE PROJECT PROMOTERS DESIGN FOR ANALYSIS OF THE REFERENCE CONTEXT ANALYSIS OF THE REFERENCE STRUCTURE SUSTAINABILITY (MSDS) ANALYSIS OF BEST PRACTICES DEFINITION OF SUSTAINABILITY DESIGN PRIORITIES EXPLORING OPPORTUNITIES IDEAS GENERATION ORIENTED TO SUSTAINABILITY DEVELEPMENT OF THE SUSTAINABILITY DESIGN ORIENTING SCENARIO - VISIONS/CLUSTERS/IDEAS SYSTEM CONCEPT DESIGN VISIONS, CLUSTERS AND IDEAS SELECTION SYSTEM CONCEPT DEVELOPMENT ENV., SOC. & ECON. CHECK SYSTEM DESIGN (AND ENGIN.) SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT (EXECUTIVE LEVEL) ENV., SOC. & ECON. CHECK SDO toolkit: environmental system design orientation COMMUNICATION on-line use, free access:www.sdo-lens.polomi.it free download open: www.lens.polimi.it > tools DOCUMENTS EDITING Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 31. CASES OF SYSTEM DESIGN FOR ECO-EFFICIENCY USING THE MSDS METHOD Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 32. LESS WASTES: OTHER WAYS OF DOING SCENARIOS AND SYSTEMS’ commissioned by: CONCEPTS OF UPSTREAM ASM-BRESCIA WASTES REDUCTION IN THE FOOD AND PAPER CHAINS IN THE CITY OF BRESCIA, ITALY sustainability eco-efficient scenarios existing system focused ideas and system concept analysis generation development Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 33. ECO-EFFICIENT SCENARIOS ELABORATION PSS CONCEPT DESIGN commissioned by: PSS concept design eco-efficient scenarios elaboration Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 34. ECO-EFFICIENT SCENARIOS ELABORATION ECO-EFFICIENT PSS CONCEPT DESIGN DESIGN OF THE SYSTEM commissioned by: INNOVATION INTRODUCTION AND DIFFUSION PATH TETRA PAK PSS concept design eco-efficient scenarios system innovation introd. elaboration and diffusion path Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy