1.1 sustainable development and system innovation vezzoli 09-10 (32)

  • 497 views
Uploaded on

 

More in: Technology
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
497
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
19
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. course System Design for Sustainability TODAY: 1. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND DESIGN: THE REFERENCE FRAMEWORK 1.1 Sustainable development and system innovation 1.2 Evolution of sustainability within design carlo vezzoli politecnico di milano . INDACO dpt. . DIS . faculty of design . Italy Learning Network on Sustainability Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 2. course System Design for Sustainability subject 1. Sustainable development and design: the reference framework learning resource 1.1 Sustainable development and system innovation carlo vezzoli politecnico di milano . INDACO dpt. . DIS . faculty of design . Italy Learning Network on Sustainability Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 3. CONTENTS . a context in strong evolution (and crises) . the sustainable development . environmental sustainability . socio-ethical sustainability . economic/legislative sustainability . dimension and quality of change . system innovation for sustainability Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 4. A CONTEXT IN A STRONG EVOLUTION . advent of information and comunication technologies (technologies of knowledge are at the based of productivity, competition and power) . interconnection (people, ideas, images, goods, money, are circulating like never before) . network society (not anymore only divided into independent and isolated nations or communities) . enterprises in network (teamwork, networking, outsourcing, subcontracting, delocalisation,…) .… Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 5. A CONTEXT IN A STRUCTURAL CRISES (1/2) ECONOMIC CRISIS (AND SOCIAL) 2008-201X: [STRUCTURAL, NOT JUST FINANCIAL] . crisis of the industrial model based on material consumption: services (not products) produce 50% Europe GDP and 75% of U.S. GDP . high feedstock„s prices . global food crisis . high global inflation . threat of a recession in the world . crisis of credit . crisis of confidence in stock exchange markets ... . unemployment Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 6. A CONTEXT IN A STRUCTURAL CRISES (2/2) ENVIROMENTAL CRISIS: THE DISCOVERY OF ENVIROMENTAL LIMITS (AND IRREVERSIBILITY HARMFUL EFFECT) 1972: Meadows, Meadows, Randers, Behrens, Limits to Growth, MIT, USA > FIRST FORECAST OF A POSSIBLE GOBAL ECO-SYSTEM COLLAPSE Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 7. FACING THE DOUBLE CRISIS (TODAY): SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL 危机: CRISIS (危: RISK; "机: OPPORTUNITIES ') in Chinese (as in other languages), the word crisis has two meanings, risk and opportunity . many (rightly) talk about risks . we should/must (also) talk about opportunities [the same nature of design is to consider the opportunities and become its promoter] Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 8. [about opportunities] A KEY CONTEMPORARY QUERRY: WITHIN THE ENVIRONMENTAL AND ECONOMICAL CRISIS WHICH ARE THE OPPORTUNITIES? DO WE KNOW ANY OFFER/BUSINESS MODELS CAPABLE OF CREATING (NEW) VALUE DECOUPLING IT FROM THE MATERIALS AND ENERGY CONSUMPTION? > significantly reducing the environmental impact of traditional production/consumption systems? Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 9. SUSTAINABILITY: INTERNATIONAL PRIORITIES? "The threat of climate change is serious, urgent and growing." "The response to this challenge of our generation will be judged by history, to the point that if we fail, we risk to deliver to future generations an irreversible catastrophe" "There is now a widespread understanding of the urgency of the challenge we are facing. We know what must be done. " Barack Hussein Obama, USA president, September 22, 2009, the UN General Assembly Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 10. EDUCATION INTERNATIONAL PRIORITY 2005-2014: UNITED NATION DECADE ON EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT integrate the principles, values, and practices of sustainable development into all aspects of education and learning even DESIGN FOR SUSTAINABILITY starts to be diffused in the curricula of design schools Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 11. THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: A SOCIAL AND PRODUCTIVE DEVELOPMENT that takes place within the limits set by the “nature” and meets the needs of the present without compromising those of the future generation within a world-wide equitable distribution of resources . 1987: Our common future, WCED, ONU (first definition) . 1991: Caring for the earth, UNEP, WWF, IUCN . 1992: conference ONU, Environment and development, Rio de Janeiro . 1994: fifth environmental action plan, European Commission … . 2002: summit ONU, Sustainable development, Johannesburg . 2006/2009: Sustainable Development Strategy (SDS), European Commission . 2005-2014: Decade UNESCO “Education for Sustainable development” Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 12. THE SUSTAINABILITY DIMENSIONS ENVIRONMENTAL: CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL - not to exceed the biosphere and geosphere “resilience” SOCIO-ETHICAL - same resources (satisfaction) level for future generations - equity in the distribution of resources (satisfaction) ECONOMIC (AND LEGISLATIVE) - economically practicable and prosperous solutions Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 13. THE ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY [THE UNDERSTANDING OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUE] THE HARMFULNESS/IRREVERSIBILITY OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS/EFFECTS Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 14. serra greenhouse effect Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 15. ozono ozone layer deplation Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 16. eutrhophication Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 17. acidification Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 18. t o x i c i t Carlo Vezzoli y Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 19. wastes rifiuti Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 20. ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY: ACTIONS PRESERVE THE RESOURCES PREVENT THE POLLUTION Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 21. ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY: SCENARIOS BIO-COMPATIBILITY resources flows compatible with the natural system NON-INTERFERENCE “self-financing” of the artificial system‟s resource flows DEMATERIALIZATION reduction of the resources flows to satisfy a particular social demand of needs and desires Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 22. SOCIO-ETHICAL SUSTAINABILITY EQUITY PRINCIPLE [UN, Johannesburg, 2002] “every person, in a fair distribution of resources, has a right to the same environmental space, i.e. to the same availability of global natural resources” (or better, to the same level of “satisfaction” that can be achieved from these resources in different ways) SOCIAL EQUITY AND COHESION [EU, SDS, 2006/2009] “promotion of a democratic, socially inclusive, cohesive, healthy, safe and just society with respect for fundamental rights and cultural diversity that creates equal opportunities and combats discrimination in all its forms” Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 23. THE SOCIO-ETHICAL DIMENSION: ACTIONS ERADICATING POVERTY Rome, 11.2009: World Summit on Food Security, FAO Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 24. THE SOCIO-ETHICAL DIM.: (OTHER) ACTIONS [. eradicating poverty] . promotion of principles and rules of democracy . promotion of human rights and freedom . achievement of peace and security . access to information, training, employment . respect for cultural diversity, regional identity Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 25. ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY ECONOMIC PROSPERITY [EU, SDS, 2006] promote a prosperous, innovative, knowledge-rich, competitive and eco-efficient economy which provides high living standards and full and high- quality employment Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 26. ECONOMIC (LEGISLATIVE) SUSTAINABILITY: ACTIONS PROPER ATTRIBUTION OF THE COSTS TO RESOURCES environmental resources‟ costs “internalisation” ORIENTING (MAIN) ONGOING TRANSITIONS interconnection, glocalization, services, information, etc. ENHANCING PROMISING (OF NICHE) ECONOMIC MODELS e.g. sustainable system innovation or distributed economies Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 27. SUSTAINABILITY: SIZE OF CHANGE IN 50 YEARS A WORLD-WIDE EQUITABLE SYSTEMS OF PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION SHOULD USE ~90% LESS RESOURCES THAN THE INDUSTRIALISED CONTEXTS ARE DOING TODAY . 1993: Wuppertal institute,vari report . 1993: WBCSD, Getting Eco-Efficient . 2004: Meadows, Meadows, Randers, Behrens, Limits to Growth: The 30-Year Update . 2007: IPCC, Climate change report … Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 28. SUSTAINABILITY: QUALITY OF CHANGE RADICAL CHANGE (“DISCONTINUITY”) PROMOTE (EVEN) SYSTEM INNOVATIONS DIFFUSED INNOVATION PROMOTE PLAUSIBLE AND “ATTRACTIVE” (SYSTEM) INNOVATIONS Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 29. SYSTEM INNOVATIONS from the process and product innovation to the system innovation: innovation of the mix of products and services that are together able to fulfil a particular demand of (customer) “satisfaction”, as well as the innovation of the interaction of the stakeholders of the related “satisfaction system (or value production system). “A value system includes the value chains of a firm's supplier (and their suppliers all the way back), the firm itself, the firm distribution channels, and the firm's buyers (and presumably extended to the buyers of their products, and so on).” [Michael Porter, 2006] Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 30. AN EXAMPLE OF (SUATINABLE) SYSTEM INNOVATION Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 31. ARISTON + ENEL: PAY-PER-USE payment is based on number of washes and includes: delivery of a washing machine at home (not owned), electricity supply (not directly paid), maintenance, up-grading and end-of-life collection. the innovative interaction between the two companies and the client, make the companies‟ interest to design and provide (and design) high efficient, long lasting, reusable and recyclable washing machines Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy
  • 32. SYSTEM INNOVATION: CHARACTERISTSICS WIN-WIN POTENTIAL: SYSTEM ECO-EFFICIENCY innovation in which is the company/companies‟ economic and competitive interest that leads to an environmental impact reduction (system eco- efficiency) STAKEHOLDERS‟ INTERACTIONS INNOVATION radical innovation, not so much as technological one, but rather as innovative interactions/partnership/services among the stakeholders of a particular satisfaction system Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / Faculty of Design / Italy