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carlo vezzoli politecnico di milano  .  INDACO dpt.  .   DIS  .  faculty of design  .   Italy Learning Network on Sustaina...
CONTENTS . main definitions of sustainable development . the sustainability dimensions . environmental sustainability . so...
DEFINITION OF DESIGN [ICSID, 2005:  OFFICIAL/AUTHORITATIVE] “ design is a creative activity whose aim is to establish the ...
2005-2014:   UNITED NATION DECADE ON EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT+ integrate the principles, values, and practice...
DESIGN WITH LOW ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT? Frank O. Gehry cardboard seat, 1972
Savonarola  seat walnut-wood, so far 500 years life span MADE WITHOUT ANY CONCERN FOR THE ENVIRONMENT, BUT …
+ + + + + + + … = time + + + + + + + … ………………………………………………………………… ..
Chadwick , Stumpf  Aeron,   Herman Miller seat steeel and plastics, 12 years warranty even in use commodatum DESIGNED TODA...
WHAT DO WE KNOW AND MEAN TODAY FOR DESIGN FOR SUSTAINABILITY?
DESIGN FOR SUSTAINABILITY: IS A DESIGN PRACTICE, EDUCATION AND RESEARCH THAT, IN ONE WAY OR AN OTHER, CONTRIBUTES TO SUSTA...
THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: A SOCIAL AND PRODUCTIVE DEVELOPMENT that takes place within the limits set by the “nature” an...
ENVIRONMENTAL: CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL - not exceed the biosphere and geosphere “resilience ” SOCIO-ETHICAL - same resources...
THE ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY [THE UNDERSTANDING OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUE] THE HARMFULNESS/IRREVERSIBILITY OF THE ENV...
serra greenhouse effect
ozono ozone la yer deplation
eutrhophication
acidification
toxici ty
rifiuti wastes
ACTIONS  FOR ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY PRESERVE THE RESOURCES PREVENT THE POLLUTION
SCENARIOS  FOR ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINAB. BIO-COMPATIBILITY   resources  flows   compatible with the natural system  NON-INT...
EQUITY PRINCIPLE   [UN,  Johannesburg,  2002]   “every person, in a fair distribution of resources, has a right to the sam...
ERADICATING POVERTY . 20% of world population uses 80% of natural resources . 1,1 billion people live on less than 1 US do...
[.  eradicating   poverty] . promotion of principles and rules of democracy . promotion of human rights and freedom . achi...
PROPER ATTRIBUTION OF THE COSTS TO RESOURCES environmental resources’ costs “internalisation” ORIENTING (MAIN) ONGOING TRA...
THE REQUIRED CHANGE TO REACH SUSTAINABILITY:  SYSTEM INNOVATIONS
IN 50 YEARS A  WORLD-WIDE EQUITABLE SYSTEMS OF PRODUCTION AND CONSU M PTION SHOULD USE   ~ 90% LESS RESOURCES  THAN THE IN...
THE  QUALITY  OF CHANGE PROMOTE (EVEN) SYSTEM INNOVATIONS RADICAL CHANGE (“DISCONTINUITY”) DIFFUSED INNOVATION PROMOTE PLA...
SYSTEM DISCONTINUITY: F ROM PROCESS AND PRODUCT INNOVATION TO SYSTEM INNOVATION
SYSTEM INNOVATIONS broader than product innovation,  not only technological, but even socio-cultural and organisational in...
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1.1 Sustainable Development Vezzoli 07 08 (28.10.08)

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Sustainable Development

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Transcript of "1.1 Sustainable Development Vezzoli 07 08 (28.10.08)"

  1. 1. carlo vezzoli politecnico di milano . INDACO dpt. . DIS . faculty of design . Italy Learning Network on Sustainability course System Design for Sustainability subject 1. Sustainable development and design: the reference framework learning resource 1.1 Sustainable development
  2. 2. CONTENTS . main definitions of sustainable development . the sustainability dimensions . environmental sustainability . socio-ethical sustainability . economic/legislative sustainability . the required change to reach sustainability: system innovations
  3. 3. DEFINITION OF DESIGN [ICSID, 2005: OFFICIAL/AUTHORITATIVE] “ design is a creative activity whose aim is to establish the multi-faceted qualities of objects, processes, services and their SYSTEMS in whole LIFE-CYCLES ”
  4. 4. 2005-2014: UNITED NATION DECADE ON EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT+ integrate the principles, values, and practices of sustainable development into all aspects of education and learning. it should be a must even for any design university to establish courses on design for sustainability
  5. 5. DESIGN WITH LOW ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT? Frank O. Gehry cardboard seat, 1972
  6. 6. Savonarola seat walnut-wood, so far 500 years life span MADE WITHOUT ANY CONCERN FOR THE ENVIRONMENT, BUT …
  7. 7. + + + + + + + … = time + + + + + + + … ………………………………………………………………… ..
  8. 8. Chadwick , Stumpf Aeron, Herman Miller seat steeel and plastics, 12 years warranty even in use commodatum DESIGNED TODAY WITH A RIGHT CONCERN FOR THE ENVIRONMENT
  9. 9. WHAT DO WE KNOW AND MEAN TODAY FOR DESIGN FOR SUSTAINABILITY?
  10. 10. DESIGN FOR SUSTAINABILITY: IS A DESIGN PRACTICE, EDUCATION AND RESEARCH THAT, IN ONE WAY OR AN OTHER, CONTRIBUTES TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  11. 11. THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: A SOCIAL AND PRODUCTIVE DEVELOPMENT that takes place within the limits set by the “nature” and meets the needs of the present without compromising those of the future generation within a world-wide equitable distribution of resources 1987, UN “our common future”; 1992 UN conf. Rio; 2002 UN conf. Johannesburg; 2006 UE Sustainable Development Strategy
  12. 12. ENVIRONMENTAL: CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL - not exceed the biosphere and geosphere “resilience ” SOCIO-ETHICAL - same resources ( satisfaction ) level for future generations - equity in the distribution of resources ( satisfaction ) ECONOMIC (AND LEGISLATIVE) - economically practicable solutions THE SUSTAINABILITY DIMENSIONS
  13. 13. THE ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY [THE UNDERSTANDING OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUE] THE HARMFULNESS/IRREVERSIBILITY OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS/EFFECTS
  14. 14. serra greenhouse effect
  15. 15. ozono ozone la yer deplation
  16. 16. eutrhophication
  17. 17. acidification
  18. 18. toxici ty
  19. 19. rifiuti wastes
  20. 20. ACTIONS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY PRESERVE THE RESOURCES PREVENT THE POLLUTION
  21. 21. SCENARIOS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINAB. BIO-COMPATIBILITY resources flows compatible with the natural system NON-INTERFERENCE “self-financing” of the artificial system’s resource flows DEMATERIALIZATION reduction of the resources flows to satisfy a particular social demand of needs and desires
  22. 22. EQUITY PRINCIPLE [UN, Johannesburg, 2002] “every person, in a fair distribution of resources, has a right to the same environmental space, i.e. to the same availability of global natural resources” (or better, to the same level of “satisfaction” that can be achieved from these resources in different ways) SOCIAL EQUITY AND COHESION [EU, SDS, 2006] “promotion of a democratic, socially inclusive, cohesive, healthy, safe and just society with respect for fundamental rights and cultural diversity that creates equal opportunities and combats discrimination in all its forms” SOCIO-ETHICAL SUSTAINABILITY
  23. 23. ERADICATING POVERTY . 20% of world population uses 80% of natural resources . 1,1 billion people live on less than 1 US dollar a day . 2,7 billion people (half the world) live on less than 2 US dollar a day . 1 billion children (1 in 2 children in the world) live in poverty . 11 million children die every year before fifth birthday . 18 million people a year (1/3 of deaths) are due to poverty . 400 million have no access to safe water . 800 million people go to bed hungry every day [the world bank, 2001-2006; UNFPA, 2001-2006] THE SOCIO-ETHICAL DIMENSION: ACTIONS
  24. 24. [. eradicating poverty] . promotion of principles and rules of democracy . promotion of human rights and freedom . achievement of peace and security . access to information, training, employment . respect for cultural diversity, regional identity THE SOCIO-ETHICAL DIM. : ( OTHER) ACTIONS
  25. 25. PROPER ATTRIBUTION OF THE COSTS TO RESOURCES environmental resources’ costs “internalisation” ORIENTING (MAIN) ONGOING TRANSITIONS interconnection, glocalization, information, services, etc. ENHANCING PROMISING (OF NICHE) ECONOMIC MODELS distributed economies, i.e. local-based network-structured enterprises/initiatives ECONOMIC/LEGISLATIVE SUSTAINABILITY
  26. 26. THE REQUIRED CHANGE TO REACH SUSTAINABILITY: SYSTEM INNOVATIONS
  27. 27. IN 50 YEARS A WORLD-WIDE EQUITABLE SYSTEMS OF PRODUCTION AND CONSU M PTION SHOULD USE ~ 90% LESS RESOURCES THAN THE INDUSTRIALISED CONTEXTS ARE DOING TODAY SUSTAINABILITY: THE DIMENSION OF CHANGE
  28. 28. THE QUALITY OF CHANGE PROMOTE (EVEN) SYSTEM INNOVATIONS RADICAL CHANGE (“DISCONTINUITY”) DIFFUSED INNOVATION PROMOTE PLAUSIBLE AND ARTICULATED (system innovations)
  29. 29. SYSTEM DISCONTINUITY: F ROM PROCESS AND PRODUCT INNOVATION TO SYSTEM INNOVATION
  30. 30. SYSTEM INNOVATIONS broader than product innovation, not only technological, but even socio-cultural and organisational innovations from process and product innovation to system innovation: integrated innovation of the mix of product and services that are together able to satisfy a particular demand [UNEP, 2002]

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