• Rome was a small town on the Tiber
River in
the central part of the Italian
peninsula.
• The fertile plains could suppor...
• The early settlers of Rome were people called
Latin, one of many different people living in the
Italian peninsula.
• Etr...
• From the Etruscans, Romans learned
practical skills in sanitation, road, building,
architecture, and pottery making.
• A...
• Rome grew into a great city built on
seven
hills along the Tiber.
• The Forum – a central public square –
was
built betw...
• In 509 B.C, the Roman
drove out their Etruscan
ruler and established
a republic – a government
without a king.
• The Roman Republic was not a democracy.
• Leaders were from the class of wealthy
landowners
called patricians.
• Consuls held office for only
one year; there was little risk
that they would gain too much
power or make themselves king...
• THE SENATE
– 300 -member council of
patricians
– Most powerful part of the
government of the Republic
– Controlled Rome’...
• The military banners carried
by the Roman armies bore the
letters S enatus P opulus Q ue R omanus
– “ the Senate and the...
• An assembly of soldier-citizens made laws
and approved the election of government
officials.
• Plebians – “common people...
• Plebians threatened to stop serving the army
and paying taxes.
• They were given right to form their own
assembly. It co...
• Twelve Tables – gave the plebians some
protection against unfair decisions by
patrician judges.
• Plebians could no long...
• The Romans showed a devotion to their city , a
toughness of character, and a genius for
warfare and diplomacy.
• By the ...
• The strength of the Roman army was its
superior discipline and organization.
• Romans adopted and improved upon the
tigh...
• The basic army unit was the legion. It was made
up of 3,000 – 6,000 infantry soldiers and 100
more troops on horseback.
• Through wise diplomacy , Rome made
allies of
some former enemies.
• Some defeated cities and people were
granted Roman c...
• Rome gave the conquered people
protection and maintained order
throughout

the Italian peninsula .
• In 264 B.C. Rome went to war with the
North
African city – state of Carthage.
• Carthage controlled large areas in the
M...
• The series of war that Rome fought
with
Carthage are called the Punic Wars.
• Rome’s victory in the First Punic War
gave...
• In 218 B.C ., the Carthaginian general
Hannibal
decided to strike at Rome by invading Italy
from

the north - “Second Pu...
• Hannibal showed his military genius at
the
Battle of Cannae in 216 B.C.
• 4 legions of Roman soldiers
were killed or cap...
• Hannibal lacked the military strength to
capture the city of Rome.
• Roman allies near the city remained loyal.
• An army led by the Roman general Scipio
attacked Carthaginians in Spain, preventing
help from being sent to the Hannibal...
• Hannibal was defeated by Scipio in the
Battle of Zama in 202 B.C .
• This was Hannibal’s first defeat , and it ended
the...
ROMANS (World History)
ROMANS (World History)
ROMANS (World History)
ROMANS (World History)
ROMANS (World History)
ROMANS (World History)
ROMANS (World History)
ROMANS (World History)
ROMANS (World History)
ROMANS (World History)
ROMANS (World History)
ROMANS (World History)
ROMANS (World History)
ROMANS (World History)
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ROMANS (World History)

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ROMANS (World History)

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ROMANS (World History)

  1. 1. • Rome was a small town on the Tiber River in the central part of the Italian peninsula. • The fertile plains could support a large population. • The Tiber provided a route to the sea, giving Rome the opportunity for foreign trade.
  2. 2. • The early settlers of Rome were people called Latin, one of many different people living in the Italian peninsula. • Etruscans lived in prosperous trading cities to the north and west of Rome.
  3. 3. • From the Etruscans, Romans learned practical skills in sanitation, road, building, architecture, and pottery making. • About 17 th B.C, the Etruscans controlled Rome for over a hundred years.
  4. 4. • Rome grew into a great city built on seven hills along the Tiber. • The Forum – a central public square – was built between two of the hills.
  5. 5. • In 509 B.C, the Roman drove out their Etruscan ruler and established a republic – a government without a king.
  6. 6. • The Roman Republic was not a democracy. • Leaders were from the class of wealthy landowners called patricians.
  7. 7. • Consuls held office for only one year; there was little risk that they would gain too much power or make themselves king.
  8. 8. • THE SENATE – 300 -member council of patricians – Most powerful part of the government of the Republic – Controlled Rome’s finances and foreign affairs
  9. 9. • The military banners carried by the Roman armies bore the letters S enatus P opulus Q ue R omanus – “ the Senate and the people of Rome .”
  10. 10. • An assembly of soldier-citizens made laws and approved the election of government officials. • Plebians – “common people”. They took part on the assembly, but had less power than the senate . They could not hold high government positions or marry patricians. They struggle to gain equality for 200 years.
  11. 11. • Plebians threatened to stop serving the army and paying taxes. • They were given right to form their own assembly. It could pass law affecting only the common people. • Elected officials called tribunes, who protected the plebians right. • In 451 B.C. the plebians succeeded in having Roman laws – “ Twelve Tables”.
  12. 12. • Twelve Tables – gave the plebians some protection against unfair decisions by patrician judges. • Plebians could no longer be enslave for debt. They gained right to marry patricians and hold the office of consul . Eventually, they won the right to become members of Senate. • By 287 B.C ., plebians and patricians had equal rights .
  13. 13. • The Romans showed a devotion to their city , a toughness of character, and a genius for warfare and diplomacy. • By the middle of the third century B.C., Rome ruled most of Italy.
  14. 14. • The strength of the Roman army was its superior discipline and organization. • Romans adopted and improved upon the tight battle formation used by the Greek foot soldiers.
  15. 15. • The basic army unit was the legion. It was made up of 3,000 – 6,000 infantry soldiers and 100 more troops on horseback.
  16. 16. • Through wise diplomacy , Rome made allies of some former enemies. • Some defeated cities and people were granted Roman citizenship; others were permitted to keep their local self-
  17. 17. • Rome gave the conquered people protection and maintained order throughout the Italian peninsula .
  18. 18. • In 264 B.C. Rome went to war with the North African city – state of Carthage. • Carthage controlled large areas in the Mediterranean , including parts of Spain, North America, and many islands.
  19. 19. • The series of war that Rome fought with Carthage are called the Punic Wars. • Rome’s victory in the First Punic War gave it Sicily as its first province.
  20. 20. • In 218 B.C ., the Carthaginian general Hannibal decided to strike at Rome by invading Italy from the north - “Second Punic War”. • The Gauls joined the Carthaginians against Rome , and even some Roman allies helped
  21. 21. • Hannibal showed his military genius at the Battle of Cannae in 216 B.C. • 4 legions of Roman soldiers were killed or captured.
  22. 22. • Hannibal lacked the military strength to capture the city of Rome. • Roman allies near the city remained loyal.
  23. 23. • An army led by the Roman general Scipio attacked Carthaginians in Spain, preventing help from being sent to the Hannibal. • In 204 B.C ., Romans invaded North Africa and Hannibal returned to Carthage to protect his homeland.
  24. 24. • Hannibal was defeated by Scipio in the Battle of Zama in 202 B.C . • This was Hannibal’s first defeat , and it ended the war.
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