Natural vulnerability - Analysing climate vulnerability- Online training resource for climate adaptaiton
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Natural vulnerability - Analysing climate vulnerability- Online training resource for climate adaptaiton

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Natural Climate Vulnerability ...

Natural Climate Vulnerability

This module covers the following:
How to identify the potential impacts of climate change on natural hazards
How to identify the potential impacts of climate change on the built environment.
How to identify the potential impacts of climate change on ecosystem services and the natural environment.
It will also explore how to identify cumulative effects of climate change on the natural environment.

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  • 1. Foto; Harald Vartdal/Fjordingen http://www.dagbladet.no/2011/12/30/nyheter/innenriks/klima/veret/ekstremver/19601159/Analysing Climate Vulnerability: Training for Adaptation Natural Vulnerability
  • 2. Process Stage 1Analysing Climate Vulnerability: Natural VulnerabilityNatural Climate VulnerabilityThis module covers the following:• How to identify the potential impacts of climate change on natural hazards• How to identify the potential impacts of climate change on the built environment.• How to identify the potential impacts of climate change on ecosystem services and the natural environment.• It will also explore how to identify cumulative effects of climate change on the natural environment. Climate Adaptation E. Heiberg & D. Davies, 2012 Online Training Resource
  • 3. Process Stage 1Analysing Climate Vulnerability: Natural VulnerabilityIdentifying the potential impacts of climate change on natural hazardsFirstly need to identify the types of naturalhazards that may affect your area.Examples of natural hazards:• Geohazards -Rockfalls, -Avalanches, -Land-slides, -Quick clay slides• Flooding• Storm surges• Storms• Sea level rise• Heat waves• Draughts Climate Adaptation E. Heiberg & D. Davies, 2012Online Training Resource
  • 4. Process Stage 1Analysing Climate Vulnerability: Natural VulnerabilityIdentifying potential impacts: Norwegian resources on Geo-hazards Climate Adaptation E. Heiberg & D. Davies, 2012Online Training Resource
  • 5. Process Stage 1Analysing Climate Vulnerability: Natural VulnerabilityHow to identify the potential impacts of climate change on natural hazardsStep 2: Identify how climate change may affect therelevant natural hazards -Assessments require specialist knowledge -In many cases basic uncertainties or lack of data make assessments difficult to produce Climate Adaptation E. Heiberg & D. Davies, 2012Online Training Resource
  • 6. Process Stage 1Analysing Climate Vulnerability: Natural VulnerabilityHow to identify the potential impacts of climate change on the built environment You need different assessment-tools and information depending on whether the vulnerability of the built environment is depending mostly on localisation or on design Climate Adaptation E. Heiberg & D. Davies, 2012 Online Training Resource
  • 7. Process Stage 1Analysing Climate Vulnerability: Natural VulnerabilityImpacts on natural environment and ecosystem services• The natural environment is especially vulnerable to the effects of climate change• The natural environment provide a wide range of ecosystem services critical to human well-being: - provisioning (e.g. food and fibre), - regulating (e.g. climate change and floods), - cultural (e.g. recreational and aesthetic), - supporting (e.g. soil formation)• The impact of climate change on the natural environment is complex.• The impact of climate change is exerting an additional pressure on biodiversity in combination with changes in land use and land management, over-exploitation, pollution etc.• Uncertainties limit our ability to project climate change impacts on biodiversity and ecosystem services. Climate Adaptation E. Heiberg & D. Davies, 2012Online Training Resource
  • 8. Process Stage 1Analysing Climate Vulnerability: Natural VulnerabilityIdentify cumulative effects on the natural environment!Why?• The natural environment is exposed to a number of other stress factors in addition to climate change. -Habitat fragmentation, loss and conversion are generally the most important reasons for loss of biodiversity -Other important reasons are over-exploitation, invasive alien species, and pollution.• The options to assist the natural environment to adapt to climate change are limited• Reducing other stress factors are important measures to enhance the resilience of biodiversity to climate change -Uncertainties limit our ability to project climate change impacts on biodiversity and ecosystem services. Climate Adaptation E. Heiberg & D. Davies, 2012Online Training Resource
  • 9. Process Stage 1Analysing Climate Vulnerability: Natural VulnerabilityIdentify cumulative effects on the natural environment!How?• Assess the current status and environmental stress-factors of habitats and species• Try to identify trends and prospects that may change the current stress-factors• This will enable you to identify: vulnerable biotopes/ habitats and species• Possible strategies and measures to enhance the resilience of the natural environment to climate change -conservation -restoration -sustainable management strategies Climate Adaptation E. Heiberg & D. Davies, 2012Online Training Resource
  • 10. Process Stage 1Analysing Climate Vulnerability: Natural VulnerabilityFinal key points:• The cause and effect between climate change and increased natural hazards are not straightforward.• The natural environment is especially vulnerable to climate change.• The robustness of the ecosystems depends on the cumulative effects of climate change and other man-made disruptions. Climate Adaptation E. Heiberg & D. Davies, 2012Online Training Resource