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Evaluating strategies - Monitoring and evaluation - training for adaptation

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Evaluating Strategies and Measures …

Evaluating Strategies and Measures

This module provides an introduction to evaluating adaptation strategies and measures and covers the following:
The value of monitoring and evaluation processes
How to critically evaluate adaptation actions

Published in: Education, Technology

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    • 1. Training for Adaptation Evaluating Adaptation:Monitoring and Evaluation
    • 2. Process Stage 4Evaluating Adaptation: Monitoring and EvaluationEvaluating Strategies and MeasuresThis module provides an introduction to evaluating adaptation strategies and measures and covers thefollowing:• The value of monitoring and evaluation processes• How to critically evaluate adaptation actions Climate Adaptation C.Aall & D.Davies, 2012Online Training Resource
    • 3. Process Stage 4Evaluating Adaptation: Monitoring and EvaluationMonitoring and evaluationMonitoring and evaluation (M&E) is critical if any understanding of if and how adaptations have achievedtheir objectives. This is particularly important in the new field of adaptation to climate change, whereactions are still being defined and tested. Showing which adaptation interventions lead to desired results is important in securing funding, since financial resources are being made available specifically for adaptation measures and funders want proof of how they enable adaptation. Ilona Porsché, GIZ India, and Heather McGray, World Resources Institute (WRI) 2011 A goal of M&E is to determine whether the identified factors, such as an increase in biodiversity or increased water storage capacity, are indeed resulting in greater resilience or sufficient water availability. In the latter example it could be, for instance, that increasing storage capacity is not addressing risks adequately if it becomes apparent that precipitation is declining in real terms and not only changing in temporal distribution. Here it could then become necessary to broaden the approach to addressing the climate risk of reduced water availability, for example through market mechanisms that create a demand for less water-intensive agricultural produce. Ilona Porsché, GIZ India, and Heather McGray, World Resources Institute (WRI) 2011 http://www.gtz.de/en/themen/umwelt-infrastruktur/umweltpolitik/34279.htm Climate Adaptation C.Aall & D.Davies, 2012Online Training Resource
    • 4. Process Stage 4Evaluating Adaptation: Monitoring and EvaluationMonitoring and evaluationIt is more important than ever to ensure the effectiveness, equity and efficiency of adaptationinterventions. Robust monitoring and evaluation (M&E) is an essential part of this, both to ensure that theprospective benefits of interventions are being realised and to help improve the design of futureinterventions. M&E frameworks for adaptation should combine qualitative, quantitative and binary indicators. On their own, any category of indicator is not enough. For instance, the development of a policy framework does not ensure its implementation and sustainability. It therefore needs to be complemented with quantitative indicators that for example measure the number of projects that have been developed in response to the policy or the number of households benefitting. Qualitative indicators are needed to assess the change brought about by the policy. Such differentiation helps clarify the relative contribution of each activity towards the long-term objective. In some cases, surveys, focus group discussions or other means of direct consultation with beneficiaries is needed in order to assess the level of change (Lamhauge, Lanzi and, Agrawala, 2012) Lamhauge, N., E. Lanzi and S. Agrawala (2012), “Monitoring and Evaluation for Adaptation: Lessons from Development Co-operation Agencies”, OECD Environment Working Papers, No. 38, OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg20mj6c2bw-en Climate Adaptation C.Aall & D.Davies, 2012Online Training Resource
    • 5. Process Stage 4Evaluating Adaptation: Monitoring and EvaluationDeming’s Quality Circle Climate Adaptation C.Aall & D.Davies, 2012Online Training Resource
    • 6. Process Stage 4Evaluating Adaptation: Monitoring and EvaluationMunicipal Eco-Auditing in NorwayCategory 1 External audits– Mandatory Internal Control System applied on municipalwaste, water and sewage management with externalgovernment auditsCategory 2 State of the Environment Reports– Non-mandatory government set-up system of presenting anon-line State of the Environment Report (SoE)– Non-mandatory government set-up system of sustainabilityindicatorsCategory 3 Internal audits– Mandatory system of internal management audits (one auditto be conducted each year) that can comprehend parts of theenvironmental policy (but very seldom they do!)– The Eco Audit project from 1994-96 was supposed to pavethe way for non-mandatory municipal eco-auditing by meansof producing a handbook Climate Adaptation C.Aall & D.Davies, 2012Online Training Resource
    • 7. Process Stage 4Evaluating Adaptation: Monitoring and EvaluationFinal key points• A successful adaptation is one that achieves its goals under a changing climate.• This will only become apparent in the longer term, usually after the project has been completed and with the continued capacity to sustain the positive results of those actions.• Effective M&E for adaptation can track the interim results as a basis for understanding the degree to which climate pressures have affected the achievement and sustainability of development goals over time.• Growing climatic variability and the many uncertainties associated with climate change mean that there are limits to planning.• The assumptions, conditions and expectations at the start of an intervention are now even more unlikely to remain true for its duration or beyond.• M&E can provide feedback loops to help us to be flexible, respond rapidly and adjust appropriately to varied climatic changes, applying principles of adaptive management. All this is critical for sustainable development – and even more so now that the climate is changing. Ilona Porsché, GIZ India, and Heather McGray, World Resources Institute (WRI) 2011 http://www.gtz.de/en/themen/umwelt-infrastruktur/umweltpolitik/34279.htm Climate Adaptation C.Aall & D.Davies, 2012Online Training Resource

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