Comenius project “MutualCultural Influence of Colonization and Migration” General Secondary School “Hristo Botev” – Aytos, Bulgaria
Origin…Tobacco comes from America, where it has long been used by Native American shamans and healers. After his transfer to Europe, tobacco quickly gained popularity, becoming one of the main economic engines of European colonization of America.
The scientific name of the genus, Nicotiana,is given in honor of Jean Nico. Frenchman JeanNico was sent to Lisbon and returned homewith seeds of tobacco. He began to use theleaves to treat various diseases.
Meaning… Mostly are used tobacco leaves andpartly stems and seeds.The leaves give different tobaccoproducts - cigarettes, cigars, chewingtobacco, snuff and pipe. The value ofthe leaves is determined by the qualityand quantity of the alkaloid nicotine,exercising specific physiological effectson the human organism.
What is nicotine? Nicotine is acolorless highlypoisonous alkaloid.Significant amounts ofit accumulate in theleaves of coca, but insmaller amounts arefound in potatoes,tomatoes and greenpeppers.
Tradition, History and Potential of Bulgarian Tobacco Production Initial information on tobacco productionin the Bulgarian territories dates back to themiddle of 16th century, when theseterritories were within the borders of theTurkish Empire. Tobacco was transferred,most probably by Jewish merchants , in theareas along the rivers of Mesta and Stroumato Plovdiv and Haskovo. At that time tobaccowas grown by Moslems for their own useonly.
Bulgarian Tobacco industry• From the liberation of Bulgaria in 1878 until 1900, tobacco was distributed gradually and mainly for personal use.• The founding of the Cartel of Bulgarian United Tobacco Manufacturers in 1911 initiates the development of the tobacco industry. By 1921 Oriental tobacco production in the country reached 50 thousand tons, produced by some 125 thousand tobacco growers. During that time period tobacco export increased from 1.5 per cent to almost 50 per cent of the total Bulgarian export.
Tobacco production regions:Macedonian Tobacco Area - it Plovdiv Tobacco Area - it spreadsspreads all over the south- over the western part of thewestern part of the country. Thracian Plain
Other regions:Rodope -Thracian Plovdiv Tundja - Black Sea tobaccoTobacco Area area -• It covers the Eastern • it spreads over the eastern Rodopes and almost the part of South Bulgaria to the whole territory of South - Black Sea. eastern Bulgaria.
Northern Bulgarian AreaIt covers the Oriental tobacco producing regions in the northern part ofthe country.
Typical Bulgarian Tobacco Varieties• Oriental tobacco • Virginia tobacco - it was first introduced in Bulgaria in the region of Maglizh in 1937.
Burley Tobacco• The first 155 tons of Burley tobacco were produced in Bulgaria in 1967, mainly for the needs of the Bulgarian cigarette industry.• Production of Burley tobacco exists in Southern Bulgaria in the following regions: Pazardjik, Plovdiv, Yambol and Sliven as well as in North Bulgaria in: Silistra, Pleven, Vratza, Montana and Vidin.
Cigarettes production• Cigarettes production business has over 100 years of history in Bulgaria, the larger part of it being related to Bulgartabac. The company was established in 1947 and it has been a holding company since 1993. The company operates nine enterprises on Bulgarian territory (Sofia, Plovdiv, Blagoevgrad, etc.)
This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This presentation reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be heldresponsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein. Thanks for your attention!