Sustaining a Global Community: Art and  Religion in the Network of Baroque     Hispanic-American Paintings             Jua...
Introduction (1)     • Paper at Arts, Humanities, and Complex Networks — 2nd              Leonardo satellite symposium at ...
Introduction (2)     • Origin:            – Filemaker and MySQL databases.            – Web based: http://baroqueart.cultu...
Introduction (3)     • Storing semantic information.            – Text fields.            – Ad-hoc descriptors.           ...
Methodology (1)     • Huge amount of data (aprox.):            – 100,000 total topics.            – 77,000 atomic descript...
Methodology (2)     • Undertstanding the model (schema).6 | Internal use Sancho, F; de la Rosa, J | Art and Religion in th...
Methodology (3)     • Undertstanding the objects (data).7 | Internal use Sancho, F; de la Rosa, J | Art and Religion in th...
Methodology (4)     • And the relations among them.     • Theres no only one possible graph:            – We chose the one...
Methodology (5)     • Step 1: Visualize artworks as nodes and take each pair of              them.                        ...
Methodology (6)     • Step 2: Add descriptors as properties.                                                              ...
Methodology (7)     • Step 3: Remove the distinct descriptors between each pair              of nodes.                    ...
Methodology (8)     • Step 4: Create an edge between the nodes if there are              shared descriptors.              ...
Methodology (9)     • Step 5: Weigh the edge with the number of shared              descriptors.                          ...
Methodology (10)     • Step 6: Remove the descriptors.                                                                    ...
Methodology (11)     • Limiations:            – Too many relational JOINs: PCs crashing!            – Close to billions of...
Methodology (12)                                                            Visualizations                                ...
Visualizations (1)     • Raw graphs.            – Layout algorithms: Philogeny3D, OpenOrd, Yigan Hu &                    F...
Visualizations (2)     • Raw graphs.18 | Internal use Sancho, F; de la Rosa, J | Art and Religion in the Network of Baroqu...
Visualizations (3)     • Clustered graphs.            – From raw graphs.            – Clustering by modularity class.     ...
Visualizations (4)     • Clustered graphs.20 | Internal use Sancho, F; de la Rosa, J | Art and Religion in the Network of ...
Visualizations (5)     • Semantic Maps.            – According to certain descriptors.                   • Religious, Civi...
Visualizations (6)     • Semantic Maps.22 | Internal use Sancho, F; de la Rosa, J | Art and Religion in the Network of Bar...
Interpretation     • And now, what could we do with all this?            – Know what questions to ask.            – Interp...
Research questions     • Is it possible to create and sustain global communities              through a shared network of ...
Conclusions     • The descriptor “civil” takes over the first position in our              network.     • The importance o...
Further Work     • Improve the geo-locations of sources of paintings.     • Compare modularity classes to places.     • Re...
Thanks                                          Questions?27 | Internal use Sancho, F; de la Rosa, J | Art and Religion in...
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BaroqueArt at Arts, Humanities, and Complex Networks — 2nd Leonardo satellite symposium at NetSci2011

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Sustaining a Global Community: Art and
Religion in the Network of Baroque
Hispanic-American Paintings

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BaroqueArt at Arts, Humanities, and Complex Networks — 2nd Leonardo satellite symposium at NetSci2011

  1. 1. Sustaining a Global Community: Art and Religion in the Network of Baroque Hispanic-American Paintings Juan Luis Suárez, Fernando Sancho, Javier de la Rosa jsuarez@uwo.ca, fsancho@us.es, jdelaros@uwo.ca
  2. 2. Introduction (1) • Paper at Arts, Humanities, and Complex Networks — 2nd Leonardo satellite symposium at NetSci2011. – Multi-disciplinary collaboration. – Multi-scale analysis. – Hispanic Monarchy from the 16th through the 18th centuries. – Thousands artworks & their descriptions.2 | Internal use Sancho, F; de la Rosa, J | Art and Religion in the Network of Baroque Hispanic-American Paintings2 | Suárez, JL; only
  3. 3. Introduction (2) • Origin: – Filemaker and MySQL databases. – Web based: http://baroqueart.cultureplex.ca.3 | Internal use Sancho, F; de la Rosa, J | Art and Religion in the Network of Baroque Hispanic-American Paintings3 | Suárez, JL; only
  4. 4. Introduction (3) • Storing semantic information. – Text fields. – Ad-hoc descriptors. – Formal ontology: http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca.4 | Internal use Sancho, F; de la Rosa, J | Art and Religion in the Network of Baroque Hispanic-American Paintings4 | Suárez, JL; only
  5. 5. Methodology (1) • Huge amount of data (aprox.): – 100,000 total topics. – 77,000 atomic descriptions. – 11,000 artworks. – 1,600 creators. • We should have a network... But how?5 | Internal use Sancho, F; de la Rosa, J | Art and Religion in the Network of Baroque Hispanic-American Paintings5 | Suárez, JL; only
  6. 6. Methodology (2) • Undertstanding the model (schema).6 | Internal use Sancho, F; de la Rosa, J | Art and Religion in the Network of Baroque Hispanic-American Paintings6 | Suárez, JL; only
  7. 7. Methodology (3) • Undertstanding the objects (data).7 | Internal use Sancho, F; de la Rosa, J | Art and Religion in the Network of Baroque Hispanic-American Paintings7 | Suárez, JL; only
  8. 8. Methodology (4) • And the relations among them. • Theres no only one possible graph: – We chose the one created from descriptors and artworks.8 | Internal use Sancho, F; de la Rosa, J | Art and Religion in the Network of Baroque Hispanic-American Paintings8 | Suárez, JL; only
  9. 9. Methodology (5) • Step 1: Visualize artworks as nodes and take each pair of them. Artwork 2 Artwork 19 | Internal use Sancho, F; de la Rosa, J | Art and Religion in the Network of Baroque Hispanic-American Paintings9 | Suárez, JL; only
  10. 10. Methodology (6) • Step 2: Add descriptors as properties. Descriptor 2 Descriptor 1 Descriptor 6 Descriptor 2 Descriptor 4 Artwork 2 Descriptor 3 Artwork 1 Descriptor 4 Descriptor 7 Descriptor 510 | Internal use Sancho, F; de la Rosa, J | Art and Religion in the Network of Baroque Hispanic-American Paintings10 | Suárez, JL; only
  11. 11. Methodology (7) • Step 3: Remove the distinct descriptors between each pair of nodes. Descriptor 2 Descriptor 2 Descriptor 4 Artwork 2 Artwork 1 Descriptor 411 | Internal use Sancho, F; de la Rosa, J | Art and Religion in the Network of Baroque Hispanic-American Paintings11 | Suárez, JL; only
  12. 12. Methodology (8) • Step 4: Create an edge between the nodes if there are shared descriptors. Descriptor 2 Descriptor 2 Descriptor 4 Artwork 2 Artwork 1 Descriptor 412 | Internal use Sancho, F; de la Rosa, J | Art and Religion in the Network of Baroque Hispanic-American Paintings12 | Suárez, JL; only
  13. 13. Methodology (9) • Step 5: Weigh the edge with the number of shared descriptors. Descriptor 2 Descriptor 2 Descriptor 4 Artwork 2 Artwork 1 Descriptor 4 Descriptor 2 2 Descriptor 413 | Internal use Sancho, F; de la Rosa, J | Art and Religion in the Network of Baroque Hispanic-American Paintings13 | Suárez, JL; only
  14. 14. Methodology (10) • Step 6: Remove the descriptors. Artwork 2 Artwork 1 214 | Internal use Sancho, F; de la Rosa, J | Art and Religion in the Network of Baroque Hispanic-American Paintings14 | Suárez, JL; only
  15. 15. Methodology (11) • Limiations: – Too many relational JOINs: PCs crashing! – Close to billions of edges: Unmanageable. • Solutions: – Create edges if at least 6 shared descriptors. – Split the entire dataset into 12 sections, each one relative to 25 years: from 1550-1575 to 1825-1850. – And...15 | Internal use Sancho, F; de la Rosa, J | Art and Religion in the Network of Baroque Hispanic-American Paintings15 | Suárez, JL; only
  16. 16. Methodology (12) Visualizations Visualizations Visualizations16 | Internal use Sancho, F; de la Rosa, J | Art and Religion in the Network of Baroque Hispanic-American Paintings16 | Suárez, JL; only
  17. 17. Visualizations (1) • Raw graphs. – Layout algorithms: Philogeny3D, OpenOrd, Yigan Hu & Force Atlas. – Modularity classes analysis. • Only those that represent at least 1% of the total nodes. – Topological filtering. • Degree range > 4. – Partition and colouring.17 | Internal use Sancho, F; de la Rosa, J | Art and Religion in the Network of Baroque Hispanic-American Paintings17 | Suárez, JL; only
  18. 18. Visualizations (2) • Raw graphs.18 | Internal use Sancho, F; de la Rosa, J | Art and Religion in the Network of Baroque Hispanic-American Paintings18 | Suárez, JL; only
  19. 19. Visualizations (3) • Clustered graphs. – From raw graphs. – Clustering by modularity class. – Dual circle layout. • High degree nodes outside. • Sorting by number of children.19 | Internal use Sancho, F; de la Rosa, J | Art and Religion in the Network of Baroque Hispanic-American Paintings19 | Suárez, JL; only
  20. 20. Visualizations (4) • Clustered graphs.20 | Internal use Sancho, F; de la Rosa, J | Art and Religion in the Network of Baroque Hispanic-American Paintings20 | Suárez, JL; only
  21. 21. Visualizations (5) • Semantic Maps. – According to certain descriptors. • Religious, Civil. Portrait, Saint, Virgin & Christ. – Multidimensional scaling-like algorithm. • Representation in a 2D space by similarity.21 | Internal use Sancho, F; de la Rosa, J | Art and Religion in the Network of Baroque Hispanic-American Paintings21 | Suárez, JL; only
  22. 22. Visualizations (6) • Semantic Maps.22 | Internal use Sancho, F; de la Rosa, J | Art and Religion in the Network of Baroque Hispanic-American Paintings22 | Suárez, JL; only
  23. 23. Interpretation • And now, what could we do with all this? – Know what questions to ask. – Interpret the data and the visualizations. – Answer them! • Support the solutions with statistics.23 | Internal use Sancho, F; de la Rosa, J | Art and Religion in the Network of Baroque Hispanic-American Paintings23 | Suárez, JL; only
  24. 24. Research questions • Is it possible to create and sustain global communities through a shared network of images and symbols? • In the case of the network of paintings we are considering, what type of religion and what type of art contribute to the very existence of the network? • Is art a candidate for one of the institutions that help sustain large-scale societies and large-scale interactions?24 | Internal use Sancho, F; de la Rosa, J | Art and Religion in the Network of Baroque Hispanic-American Paintings24 | Suárez, JL; only
  25. 25. Conclusions • The descriptor “civil” takes over the first position in our network. • The importance of the descriptors “virgins” and “saints” over most of the time studied here. • The role of the “portrait” descriptor is especially relevant as a bridge between the religious and the civil paintings.25 | Internal use Sancho, F; de la Rosa, J | Art and Religion in the Network of Baroque Hispanic-American Paintings25 | Suárez, JL; only
  26. 26. Further Work • Improve the geo-locations of sources of paintings. • Compare modularity classes to places. • Reveal transfers of topics and culture across the space and time.26 | Internal use Sancho, F; de la Rosa, J | Art and Religion in the Network of Baroque Hispanic-American Paintings26 | Suárez, JL; only
  27. 27. Thanks Questions?27 | Internal use Sancho, F; de la Rosa, J | Art and Religion in the Network of Baroque Hispanic-American Paintings27 | Suárez, JL; only

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