Impact of Government Intervention inOnline Channels                                                            David Warwi...
Government Intervention 101 – Censorship  Structure and History                         Source: http://www.thebigstinkguid...
A (partial) World View  Structure and History Source: FacebookExperience. Capability. Technology   bwired.com.au
Political Map – By Online Censorship  Structure and HistorySource: Reporters without Borders and OpenNet Initiative (via W...
Experience. Capability. Technology   bwired.com.au
Types of Intervention  Structure and History  PROPAGANDA  DoS attacks, Content modification, Controlled channels  BLOCKING...
Extreme Intervention – Exhibit A  Structure and History                                                           SAMPLE A...
Extreme Intervention – Exhibit B (Golden Shield)  Structure and History  Chinese Censorship – Categorization              ...
Of course it couldn’t happen in the developed world …  Structure and History    North Korea    Only 4% have Internet acces...
SOPA / PIPA  Structure and HistorySource: © SAKIMICHAN from Deviant Art http://www.deviantart.com/Experience. Capability. ...
Stop Online Piracy Act HR 3261 (SOPA) – Summary  Structure and History    The Good    Ban business with websites hosting c...
SOPA Protest – 18 January 2012  Structure and HistorySource: WikipediaExperience. Capability. Technology   bwired.com.au
SOPA on ice? Now Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement  Structure and History    Outcomes    - Rallying of ‘silent majority’...
Filtering Australia  Structure and HistorySource: http://www.perthnow.com.au/ACTA participant | Filter Proposal | History ...
What would you filter Stephen?  Structure and History                                                                     ...
Our own ‘protest’ (of a sort)  Structure and History  Sources:  http://delimiter.com.au/  Illust: Purple Hat Munchkin … ht...
Some more (because you just can’t stop at 4) …  Structure and History  Sources:  http://www.efa.org.au/2010/06/  http://au...
Democracy – the proven (pre-web) structure …  Structure and History    Government    Legislature    Courts    Judiciary   ...
Abuse of Internet Censorship  Structure and History                                                     Palestinian minist...
Monitoring V Filtering – ‘Listening Post’ Model  Structure and HistoryExperience. Capability. Technology                  ...
END                                                         David Warwick                                     Director of ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Impact of Government Intervention in Online Channels

1,471

Published on

Presentation for Melbourne Internet Show on the impact and methods of Government Intervention in Online Channels. Delivered on 30 April 2012 by David Warwick. Topics include SOPA, PIPA, Australian Internet Filter proposal and the global political dimensions of online censorship.

Published in: News & Politics, Technology
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,471
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
18
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Impact of Government Intervention in Online Channels

  1. 1. Impact of Government Intervention inOnline Channels David Warwick The Internet Show – Melbourne 30 April 2012 @drwarwickExperience. Capability. Technology bwired.com.au
  2. 2. Government Intervention 101 – Censorship Structure and History Source: http://www.thebigstinkguide.com/Experience. Capability. Technology bwired.com.au
  3. 3. A (partial) World View Structure and History Source: FacebookExperience. Capability. Technology bwired.com.au
  4. 4. Political Map – By Online Censorship Structure and HistorySource: Reporters without Borders and OpenNet Initiative (via Wikipedia)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_censorship_by_countryExperience. Capability. Technology bwired.com.au
  5. 5. Experience. Capability. Technology bwired.com.au
  6. 6. Types of Intervention Structure and History PROPAGANDA DoS attacks, Content modification, Controlled channels BLOCKING Full (physical) blocking, IP blocking FILTERING DNS filtering, URL string filtering, Packet filtering MONITORING Fire-hose monitoring, Public channel monitoring OTHER INTERVENTION CONSIDERATIONS Over-blocking, Under-blocking, Content Vs ChannelExperience. Capability. Technology bwired.com.au
  7. 7. Extreme Intervention – Exhibit A Structure and History SAMPLE ACTIVITY DoS attacks Content modification Controlled channels Content fabrication Arrest (or worse) Subversive sites / tools Source: NASA Satellite image – 2003 (Korean Peninsula)Experience. Capability. Technology bwired.com.au
  8. 8. Extreme Intervention – Exhibit B (Golden Shield) Structure and History Chinese Censorship – Categorization Spread Censored memes – long tail Effectiveness Most effective when list is secret Peer-to-peer V Client server Channel difference (Skype V Twitter) Neologisms Censors follow changing use Collateral damage Source: Jeffrey Knockel, University of New Mexico Over-blocking V Under-blocking http://news.unm.edu/2011/09/unm-research-team-presents-paper-on-chinese-surveillance-and-censorship/ Where is the content line? Fcuk | Tibet | Tian’anmen | Hold the microphone | 4 Jun 89 | 64 | 8-squared …Experience. Capability. Technology bwired.com.au
  9. 9. Of course it couldn’t happen in the developed world … Structure and History North Korea Only 4% have Internet access, blogging is banned, all content is Government moderated. Iran Anyone who has a personal page or blog must register with Ministry of Art and Culture. China Monitors web and email, blocks sites, erases inconvenient content. Syria Detains citizens for expressing opinion that could ‘jeopardize national unity’. Vietnam Agency monitored. Government has asked Google and Microsoft for personal details. Turkmenistan Government owns only ISP, bans many news sites and charges exorbitant access fees. Other extreme Government intervention includes Tunisia, Saudi Arabia, Cuba, Burma … (USA?, Australia?)Experience. Capability. Technology bwired.com.au
  10. 10. SOPA / PIPA Structure and HistorySource: © SAKIMICHAN from Deviant Art http://www.deviantart.com/Experience. Capability. Technology bwired.com.au
  11. 11. Stop Online Piracy Act HR 3261 (SOPA) – Summary Structure and History The Good Ban business with websites hosting copyright material or counterfeit goods. Prevent search engines listing sites that breech copyright or counterfeit goods. Ban ISPs from allowing user access to embargoed sites. Increase penalties for streaming copyright material on the internet. SOPA also covers foreign websites that breech copyright or sell counterfeit goods. The Bad SOPA allows the government to block any foreign website. Allows suits merely for features make it possible to post infringed content. Posting or sharing copyright content is deemed a criminal offense. Bill makes those who don’t understand the law guilty of ‘willful infringement’. Sources: http://sopablackout.org/ judiciary.house.gov/hearings/pdf/112%20HR%203261.pdf http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stop_Online_Piracy_ActExperience. Capability. Technology bwired.com.au
  12. 12. SOPA Protest – 18 January 2012 Structure and HistorySource: WikipediaExperience. Capability. Technology bwired.com.au
  13. 13. SOPA on ice? Now Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement Structure and History Outcomes - Rallying of ‘silent majority’ - Underlying ‘agenda’ exposed - Congress sentiment shifted - SOPA shelved - Shift to ACTA international agendaSourceswww.propublica.orghttp://www.onlineroar.com/2012/02/sopa-and-acta-where-are-they-now.htmlExperience. Capability. Technology bwired.com.au
  14. 14. Filtering Australia Structure and HistorySource: http://www.perthnow.com.au/ACTA participant | Filter Proposal | History of ‘manipulation’Experience. Capability. Technology bwired.com.au
  15. 15. What would you filter Stephen? Structure and History Filter - <1,000 sites blacklisted by Interpol - 1,370 sites on initial ACMA list - 2,395 sites contained on ‘leaked list’ - 10,000 sites, when a review would occur - 50,000 sites, the anticipated filter capacity “We are talking about a filtering scheme here which is being implemented behind closed doors, with little notification to customers, no civilian oversight, an unclear legal framework, the potential for scope creep and a limited and secretive appeals process overseen by the agency which drew up the list to start with.”RenaiLeMaySource: http://delimiter.com.au/2012/02/28/conroy-misleads-public-on-internet-filter/ (Image: Kim Davies | Comments: RenaiLeMay)Experience. Capability. Technology bwired.com.au
  16. 16. Our own ‘protest’ (of a sort) Structure and History Sources: http://delimiter.com.au/ Illust: Purple Hat Munchkin … http://www.purplefae.com/ http://loonpond.blogspot.com.au/ http://www.gizmodo.com.au/Experience. Capability. Technology bwired.com.au
  17. 17. Some more (because you just can’t stop at 4) … Structure and History Sources: http://www.efa.org.au/2010/06/ http://ausfailia.wordpress.com/category/the-internet/Experience. Capability. Technology bwired.com.au
  18. 18. Democracy – the proven (pre-web) structure … Structure and History Government Legislature Courts Judiciary Police Enforcement Press Free speech Citizens Rights and responsibilities Separation of powers and established practice Does proposed Australian and US action relating to online channels maintain structural democratic integrity?Experience. Capability. Technology bwired.com.au
  19. 19. Abuse of Internet Censorship Structure and History Palestinian minister quits over Internet censorship Friday, 27 April 2012 AbuDaqa (the Palestinian Communications Minister) resigned late Thursday, and revealed that the Palestinian Attorney General had ordered Palestinian Internet Service Providers to block access to at least eight websites critical of the President MahmoudAbbas (pictured). Source: BBC and Global Post (www.globalpost.com) Internet V Other Electronic Media We accept an inherent control contradiction Where is the line … – Monitoring public content? – Prescribing allowable public content? – Creating public perception? – Monitoring private interaction? – Secret policy and process on control? – Secret interrogation? – No dissent allowed?Experience. Capability. Technology bwired.com.au
  20. 20. Monitoring V Filtering – ‘Listening Post’ Model Structure and HistoryExperience. Capability. Technology bwired.com.au
  21. 21. END David Warwick Director of Technology and Services davidw@bwired.com.au M: 0411 411 555 P: 1300 780 566 @drwarwick April 2012Experience. Capability. Technology bwired.com.au
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×