Improving HRDocument Availabilityand ProcessWorkflows withElectronic ImagingJohn WallsVerbella CMG
Why Are We Here?•   Managing employee documents can be a very time-    consuming and costly process       Today’s session...
What We’ll Cover …•   Advantages to document imaging•   Common terms and background•   Architecture•   Understanding the a...
Advantages to a Paperless Office•   Simultaneous, multiple-user access to documents•   Lower costs       Virtually no flo...
Greater Storage Space Can Be Reclaimed with HDWO                                                                    Net Ap...
What We’ll Cover …•   Advantages to document imaging•   Common terms and background•   Architecture•   Understanding the a...
Terms – Document Types•   Content repository       Meaning “logical archive” – a way to logically manage content,        ...
Employee Master and Administration•   Employee master record       Documents can be retrieved from within the employee ma...
Displaying a Document Image                              9
Displaying a Document Image (cont.)                                      10
Displaying a Document Image (cont.)                                      11
Using Internet Explorer•   Options can be controlled from within transaction    code OAG1                                 ...
You Can Also Display Multiple Images                                       13
Displaying Specific Facsimiles                                 14
Displaying Specific Facsimiles (cont.)•   Only the document types assigned to the infotype    are displayed               ...
What We’ll Cover …•   Advantages to document imaging•   Common terms and background•   Architecture•   Understanding the a...
SAP Content ServerSAP Content Server           HTTP                                    SAP Cache                          ...
Create the Content Repository                                Use Transaction                                code OAC0 to  ...
Testing Connectivity                       Test connection                       will test the HTTP                       ...
Sending the Certificate (Optional)                                     Certificate is                                     ...
Content Server Administration                                The SAP Content                                Server is     ...
Content Server Administration Overview                                         Status of each                             ...
Setting for the Content Repository                                 Name: ContentStorageName                               ...
Security and Infotypes•   Access to documents is “normally” controlled through SAP user    authorization object S_WFAR_OBJ...
What We’ll Cover …•   Advantages to document imaging•   Common terms and background•   Architecture•   Understanding the a...
How Do We Get Documents Archived?•   Two most common ways to get documents to the    Content Server:       Paper document...
How Do We Get Documents Archived? (cont.)•   Three common SAP archiving scenarios:       Old Names                (New an...
Late Archiving Detail•   Late archiving – uses indexing fields to link the image to    an existing employee #, or employee...
Late Archiving – Assign and Store                                    29
Late Archiving – Assign and Store (cont.)                                            30
Late Archiving – Assign and Store (cont.)                                            31
Late Archiving – Assign and Store (cont.)                                            32
Late Archiving - Indexing Step using Kofax                                             33
Early Archiving Detail•   Early archiving – uses workflow to route images to HR    clerks to process       Once processed...
Standard Early Archiving                           35
Early Archiving – Upload                           36
Early Archiving – Upload (cont.)                                   37
Early Archiving – Upload (cont.)                                   38
Early Archiving Is Not Much Different withThird-Party Systems                                             39
Early Archiving – Processing                               40
Execute the Work Item                        41
Enter the Personnel Number                             42
Click on Change (or New)                           43
Make the Change                  44
Add the Date of Origin                         45
Returned to the Inbox for Further Processing                                               46
Late Archiving with Bar Code•   Late archiving using bar codes – uses bar codes to link    image to employee # or employee...
Late Archiving Using Bar Code                                48
Select the Document Type                           49
Confirm          50
Enter the Bar Code                     51
Bar Code Assigned                    52
Processing Steps with the Content Server and Bar Codes                                             Images                 ...
Documents Are Scanned via a Scanning Application –Kofax Ascent Capture                                                    ...
Validate the Bar Code                        55
Late Archiving with Barcode Scenario                                       56
Bar Code Label Information•   Free demo software from Avery•   Typical bar code type or font       2/5 interleaved numeri...
What We’ll Cover …•   Advantages to document imaging•   Common terms and background•   Architecture•   Understanding the a...
Why Optical Character Recognition (OCR)?•   Software designed to translate images of handwritten or    typewritten text (u...
Information Types•   Structured       Form-based documents – the same information is listed in the        same position o...
Rules-Based vs. Template-Based OCR•   Rules-based       Entire document is scanned and processed via Optical        Chara...
Typical Setup        Scan                Extract            Validate           Release  Scan Documents          Classifica...
Ways to Apply OCR Solutions in HR•   Standard forms for OCR – take standard company forms    and extract OCR index values ...
Extracting Index Values-Based Document Type (Forms)            Index Values Here                                Form Ident...
Scanning – Kofax Ascent Capture                                  65
Classification and Extraction of Index Fields•   Documents are being classified as to the type of    document•   Once clas...
Validation             67
Automatic Release to SAP – Text and Images•   Extracted index fields are released as an .xml or .txt file    to a network ...
Release – Text or XML and Images                                                               Release scripts for        ...
What We’ll Cover …•   Advantages to document imaging•   Common terms and background•   Architecture•   Understanding the a...
Kofax VirtualReScan™ (VRS)                                     Scanned in colorImage File Size = 213 KB  Scanned in 1 bit ...
Sample Document Types0211 ZHRB_COB    B: COBRA Acknow.                 Types to include: Rights to COBRA notification;    ...
Why Is the HR Document Imaging Process Unique?•   HR projects are usually historical in nature•   The value and ROI are fo...
About the Backfile Process•   When will this take place – Phase I, Phase II, or as    needed?•   Time-consuming, some cust...
Design – Review Current Employee Folders•   Inventory of existing folder (10, 5, or 2 years)•   Identify the documents tha...
Before Deciding on a Future Process …•   What scenarios will be used?       Bar code has several advantages over late arc...
Before Deciding on a Future Process … (cont.)•   What scenarios will be used? (cont.)       Will scanning be centralized ...
What We’ll Cover …•   Advantages to document imaging•   Common terms and background•   Architecture•   Understanding the a...
Resources•   Kofax       Information on VRS, www.kofax.com/vrs•   Avery       Free demo software for bar code labels, ww...
7 Key Points to Take Home•   Electronic document employee folders make managing    employee folders very easy and efficien...
Your Turn! Questions?                How to contact me:                    John Walls           John.Walls@VerbellaCMG.com...
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Improving HR Document Availability and Process Workflows with Electronic Imaging

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Improving HR Document Availability and Process Workflows with Electronic Imaging

  1. 1. Improving HRDocument Availabilityand ProcessWorkflows withElectronic ImagingJohn WallsVerbella CMG
  2. 2. Why Are We Here?• Managing employee documents can be a very time- consuming and costly process  Today’s session will look at electronic document imaging within SAP HR  How it improves the business processes  How it increases the availability and accuracy of documents across HR, benefits, payroll, and self-service applications 2
  3. 3. What We’ll Cover …• Advantages to document imaging• Common terms and background• Architecture• Understanding the archiving scenario• Advanced options using OCR• HR document imaging project• Wrap-up 3
  4. 4. Advantages to a Paperless Office• Simultaneous, multiple-user access to documents• Lower costs  Virtually no floor storage costs  No personnel costs involved in filing and retrieving documents• Electronic documents can be cross-referenced when they’re filed  Not limited to two-dimensional filing• Disaster recovery  Documents are automatically backed up (best practice — different locations)• Electronic documents can be used in SAP workflows• Electronic documents are easier to produce for audits  They automatically adhere to system-configured retention policies 4
  5. 5. Greater Storage Space Can Be Reclaimed with HDWO Net Apps Self-healing Self-configuring Self-administering 4 drive 64-238 slotsJukeboxes are common CAS Storage Centera EMC 9.1GB WORM Platters – roughly 171,750 images per WORM using 50KB IBM per image for a single page image DR550 HDWO = Hard Disk Write Once 5
  6. 6. What We’ll Cover …• Advantages to document imaging• Common terms and background• Architecture• Understanding the archiving scenario• Advanced options using OCR• HR document imaging project• Wrap-up 6
  7. 7. Terms – Document Types• Content repository  Meaning “logical archive” – a way to logically manage content, usually by retention period or by storage media• Document types  Backbone of ArchiveLink customizing  Are 10 characters in length  Have several functions:  Used to describe the actual image  Can base security on document type  Act as pointers to different logical archives  Work items are routed to the appropriate processor via document types in the early archiving scenario  Determine the infotype and subtype 7
  8. 8. Employee Master and Administration• Employee master record  Documents can be retrieved from within the employee master using transaction PA20 or PA30  Documents can also be assigned via bar codes within the employee master transaction PA20 or PA30• Administration of stored documents — transaction OAAD  Management-level transaction code  Documents can be deleted, reassigned, and assigned subsequently  Allows users to search an archived document via the object’s key fields, logical archive, document type, and date range 8
  9. 9. Displaying a Document Image 9
  10. 10. Displaying a Document Image (cont.) 10
  11. 11. Displaying a Document Image (cont.) 11
  12. 12. Using Internet Explorer• Options can be controlled from within transaction code OAG1 12
  13. 13. You Can Also Display Multiple Images 13
  14. 14. Displaying Specific Facsimiles 14
  15. 15. Displaying Specific Facsimiles (cont.)• Only the document types assigned to the infotype are displayed 15
  16. 16. What We’ll Cover …• Advantages to document imaging• Common terms and background• Architecture• Understanding the archiving scenario• Advanced options using OCR• HR document imaging project• Wrap-up 16
  17. 17. SAP Content ServerSAP Content Server HTTP SAP Cache HTTP Server File system or database(No optical media support) HTTP SAP R/3 HTTPNo scanner interface forSAP Content ServerThird-party documentcapture software such as Retrieval of documents through theKofax Ascent Capture SAPGUI using the ECL Viewerwould be necessary. 17
  18. 18. Create the Content Repository Use Transaction code OAC0 to create Content Repositories 18
  19. 19. Testing Connectivity Test connection will test the HTTP Communication with the Content Server 19
  20. 20. Sending the Certificate (Optional) Certificate is sent and stored on the Content Server from SAP in order to use Secure URL Signatures 20
  21. 21. Content Server Administration The SAP Content Server is Administered in SAP via Tcode CSADMIN, or you can click on the “CS Admin” 21
  22. 22. Content Server Administration Overview Status of each Repository on the Content Server 22
  23. 23. Setting for the Content Repository Name: ContentStorageName Type: Character Default: SDB Values: SDB Mandatory: Yes Description: The ContentStorageName parameter contains the name of the database instance. Name: Storage Type: Character Default: ContentStorage.dll Values: ContentStorage.dll Mandatory: Yes Description: The storage parameter contains the name of the storage layer necessary for the access to a repository. No value other than the default value is allowed. 23
  24. 24. Security and Infotypes• Access to documents is “normally” controlled through SAP user authorization object S_WFAR_OBJ• The following fields and activities are checked: Logical Archive 01 Create Document Type 03 Display SAP Object 06 Delete 70 Administration• However, in HR, this authorization object needs to be called by a user exit• Document type is the most common field to restrict access to• Access to documents is also controlled via infotype – access to the infotype is needed to access the image• Documents can be linked to the employee #, employee #/infotype, and employee #/infotype/subtype 24
  25. 25. What We’ll Cover …• Advantages to document imaging• Common terms and background• Architecture• Understanding the archiving scenario• Advanced options using OCR• HR document imaging project• Wrap-up 25
  26. 26. How Do We Get Documents Archived?• Two most common ways to get documents to the Content Server:  Paper documents:  Can be scanned or faxed into the scan client  The scan client interfaces with SAP and is used to archive the documents into SAP  Requires third-party software  Electronic documents:  Such as emails and desktop documents  Can be kept in their native formats and archived from the desktop without using the scan client 26
  27. 27. How Do We Get Documents Archived? (cont.)• Three common SAP archiving scenarios:  Old Names (New and Improved Names)  Late archiving (Assign and Store)  Early archiving (Storing for subsequent entry)  Late archiving using bar codes (None)• Others hardly worth mentioning:  N/A (Storing for subsequent assignment)  Simultaneous archiving (Store and enter)  N/A (Store and assign) 27
  28. 28. Late Archiving Detail• Late archiving – uses indexing fields to link the image to an existing employee #, or employee #/infotype  Very basic and easy to use  Very common with eDocuments that can be uploaded  If used with a scanned document, third-party software is required• To access any scenario – use Transaction code OAWD 28
  29. 29. Late Archiving – Assign and Store 29
  30. 30. Late Archiving – Assign and Store (cont.) 30
  31. 31. Late Archiving – Assign and Store (cont.) 31
  32. 32. Late Archiving – Assign and Store (cont.) 32
  33. 33. Late Archiving - Indexing Step using Kofax 33
  34. 34. Early Archiving Detail• Early archiving – uses workflow to route images to HR clerks to process  Once processed, the image is linked to the newly created infotype  Not very common in HR  Allows for reporting on the duration of the processing 34
  35. 35. Standard Early Archiving 35
  36. 36. Early Archiving – Upload 36
  37. 37. Early Archiving – Upload (cont.) 37
  38. 38. Early Archiving – Upload (cont.) 38
  39. 39. Early Archiving Is Not Much Different withThird-Party Systems 39
  40. 40. Early Archiving – Processing 40
  41. 41. Execute the Work Item 41
  42. 42. Enter the Personnel Number 42
  43. 43. Click on Change (or New) 43
  44. 44. Make the Change 44
  45. 45. Add the Date of Origin 45
  46. 46. Returned to the Inbox for Further Processing 46
  47. 47. Late Archiving with Bar Code• Late archiving using bar codes – uses bar codes to link image to employee # or employee #/infotype  Very common in HR, most popular by far  Used to identify employees’ missing back-up documentation  Individual document indexing/categorizing is eliminated  Requires very little training  Scanning is much more efficient  No indexing  No scanning separator sheets  Very effective and easy-to-use scanning technique 47
  48. 48. Late Archiving Using Bar Code 48
  49. 49. Select the Document Type 49
  50. 50. Confirm 50
  51. 51. Enter the Bar Code 51
  52. 52. Bar Code Assigned 52
  53. 53. Processing Steps with the Content Server and Bar Codes Images SAP Scan Release Content Validate Server Bar code Bar code is read and image are released to SAP 53
  54. 54. Documents Are Scanned via a Scanning Application –Kofax Ascent Capture 54
  55. 55. Validate the Bar Code 55
  56. 56. Late Archiving with Barcode Scenario 56
  57. 57. Bar Code Label Information• Free demo software from Avery• Typical bar code type or font  2/5 interleaved numeric with a check digit (last digit validates all preceding digits)• Box of Avery labels #5267 is about $28 USD  One box contains 100 sheets (8,000 labels)  About .0035 cents per label, or 10 labels for 3.5 cents• Preprinted bar code labels $4-7 USD per 1,000 57
  58. 58. What We’ll Cover …• Advantages to document imaging• Common terms and background• Architecture• Understanding the archiving scenario• Advanced options using OCR• HR document imaging project• Wrap-up 58
  59. 59. Why Optical Character Recognition (OCR)?• Software designed to translate images of handwritten or typewritten text (usually captured by a scanner) into machine-editable text*• Voting – This is when two or more OCR recognition engines are used and their results compared, voting on the most likely result. It’s designed to eliminate errors (false positives) and increase accuracy.*  Much faster data entry  Reduced labor costs  Reduced processing errors  Automatic classification of document – forms  Overall business process gains *Océ Document Technologies 59
  60. 60. Information Types• Structured  Form-based documents – the same information is listed in the same position or layout, in the same format on every document Employee• Semi-structured Documents  Documents contain all the same type of information, but in different positions or in a different layout Employee Documents• Unstructured  Documents contain various information in various layouts Employee Documents 60
  61. 61. Rules-Based vs. Template-Based OCR• Rules-based  Entire document is scanned and processed via Optical Character Recognition (OCR)  Specific zones can be used to search for a key (key words, phrases, or expression) and find the corresponding value (specific to general)  Once configured, it’s likely that the OCR engine will locate index values regardless of the location on the document• Template-based (logo ID) — learn, memorize, teach  Templates are created for each form in the HR department  Forms are identified and data is extracted from predetermined locations 61
  62. 62. Typical Setup Scan Extract Validate Release Scan Documents Classification of Validate and Export Data and Document Type Correct Data Images to Directory as TextVRS 4.1 Plus for image or XMLcleanup and improved Extraction of data Look up data from OCR accuracy fields from each databases and Images can be document other sources released as full-search PDFs or TIFF images 62
  63. 63. Ways to Apply OCR Solutions in HR• Standard forms for OCR – take standard company forms and extract OCR index values from the image• Standard classification – enter critical indexing information for the batch/employee, and use the form classification to identify the documents• Both options  Validation possible against database  Release index information to SAP and the image to the SAP Content Server 63
  64. 64. Extracting Index Values-Based Document Type (Forms) Index Values Here Form Identification Here 64
  65. 65. Scanning – Kofax Ascent Capture 65
  66. 66. Classification and Extraction of Index Fields• Documents are being classified as to the type of document• Once classified, the extraction of data begins Extraction 66
  67. 67. Validation 67
  68. 68. Automatic Release to SAP – Text and Images• Extracted index fields are released as an .xml or .txt file to a network share• These data files reference the location of the image file Released to SAP 68
  69. 69. Release – Text or XML and Images Release scripts for specific Content Management (CM) solutions are also available IXOS (Open Text) OnBase IBM FileNet Documentum• Extracted index fields are released as an .xml or .txt file to a network share 69
  70. 70. What We’ll Cover …• Advantages to document imaging• Common terms and background• Architecture• Understanding the archiving scenario• Advanced options using OCR• HR document imaging project• Wrap-up 70
  71. 71. Kofax VirtualReScan™ (VRS) Scanned in colorImage File Size = 213 KB Scanned in 1 bit B/W Image further processed with VRS 71
  72. 72. Sample Document Types0211 ZHRB_COB B: COBRA Acknow. Types to include: Rights to COBRA notification; Types to include: Loss of coverage letter on spouse/dependent; certified mail receipts; requests for appeal of insurance claim determination (all letters from employees orN/A ZHRB_COR B: Benefits Correspondence carriers regarding claims) All old enrollment forms: ESPP, Insurance, etc; supplement of IGT Insurance Enrollment/Change Form; Mutual of Omaha Enrollment Card; Vision Service Plan0171 ZHRB_ENR B: Benefits Enrollment Forms Enrollment Form; Beneficiary Designation; Group; etc Types to Include: Death certificates, birth certificates, marriage certificates, LegalN/A ZHRB_LEG B: Legal Certificates guardianship papers, etc. Types to include: Doctors notes/return to work forms, FMLA or LOA docs; Premium0000 ZHRB_LOA B: LOA notifications; Authorization for absence; notice of claim payment0171 ZHRB_MIS B: Benefits Miscellaneous File Types to include: Potential Conflict; Compliance Video; Code of Conduct; Statement ofN/A ZHRY_ACO Y: Compliance Acknow. ComplianceN/A ZHRY_ADA Y: Drug & Alcohol Acknow.N/A ZHRY_AEE Y: Employee Policy Acknow.N/A ZHRY_AEM Y: Email Policy Acknow.N/A ZHRY_AHS Y: Harassment Acknow.N/A ZHRY_AIS Y: Invention & Secrecy Acknow. Attachments may be included to any such agreements Types to include: At will employment; Employee Handbook; Compressed Work Week; Waiver of Liability; ESS; Functional test tool & monies locker policy; Acknow. OfN/A ZHRY_AMS Y: Miscellaneous Acknow. driving requirement standardsN/A ZHRY_ASF Y: Safety Acknow. Types to include: Safety Orientation; Written Retention Exercises Types to include: Special letters of accomodation; kudos; any supportingN/A ZHRY_COR Y: Correspondence documentation (e.g. emails); promotion announcements Types to include: OP Ladder Pay Summary (Ask John Seeley if this is okay to haveN/A ZHRY_MIS Y: Miscellaneous File here) Types to include: Offer Letters; Letters of Reference; Reference Check Results; N/A ZHRY_NEW Y: New Hire Paperwork Applications; Resumes; Cover Letters;New Hire Checklists0000 ZHRY_PAF Y: Personnel Action Form 72
  73. 73. Why Is the HR Document Imaging Process Unique?• HR projects are usually historical in nature• The value and ROI are found in imaging all existing HR documents  Because of this, the backfile conversion becomes a project within a project• Compared with other imaging projects:  Daily imaging-driven transactional events are light  Most other imaging projects, such as A/P, take a go-forward date  No history  Other projects tend to have a stronger focus on improving the business process 73
  74. 74. About the Backfile Process• When will this take place – Phase I, Phase II, or as needed?• Time-consuming, some customers have estimated roughly two to three employees per hour – 20 minutes for document prep, 10 minutes actual scanning and quality control, and 10 minutes for indexing• The more document types that you have in the backfile process, the longer the process takes (exponentially)• Some companies choose to load them all as one document type called “historical documents”• Some “bite the bullet” and outsource to a service bureau to have all the documents scanned 74
  75. 75. Design – Review Current Employee Folders• Inventory of existing folder (10, 5, or 2 years)• Identify the documents that are to be scanned, documents that you would like to audit• Identify documents that you want to keep secure even within the HR department  Executive Medical Records• Identify like documents  Could pay increases, title changes, and promotion forms all be wrapped up into one document type called Personnel Action Forms (PAFs)?• Historical documents can be placed into chronological order and scanned in all together — one multi-page .tif file 75
  76. 76. Before Deciding on a Future Process …• What scenarios will be used?  Bar code has several advantages over late archiving  Early archiving will allow reporting on performance, workload, and durations  Where are the documents coming from?  Can they be faxed?  Who is processing these documents?  Do the documents start out as MS Word documents that could be uploaded to initiate an early archiving scenario?  Are signatures required?  Are the documents so critical as to warrant their own document type for audit purposes? 76
  77. 77. Before Deciding on a Future Process … (cont.)• What scenarios will be used? (cont.)  Will scanning be centralized or will it be decentralized?  What is the process if a document needs to be rescanned some time after the initial scan?  Can your scan operators view all HR documents?  Will the scanning workstation have Internet access or email access?  What will happen to the documents after they are scanned? 77
  78. 78. What We’ll Cover …• Advantages to document imaging• Common terms and background• Architecture• Understanding the archiving scenario• Advanced options using OCR• HR document imaging project• Wrap-up 78
  79. 79. Resources• Kofax  Information on VRS, www.kofax.com/vrs• Avery  Free demo software for bar code labels, www.avery.com 79
  80. 80. 7 Key Points to Take Home• Electronic document employee folders make managing employee folders very easy and efficient• Full benefit of imaging document employee folders is not realized unless the existing files are imaged• SAP Content Server is a suitable document management system when combined with a scanning application• VRS should be used to clean up HR documents because of the variety of colored and oddly sized documents• Electronic employee folders are available for Web applications such as ESS and MSS• Electronic employee folders are automatically backed up• Electronic documents can be audited through automation 80
  81. 81. Your Turn! Questions? How to contact me: John Walls John.Walls@VerbellaCMG.com 81

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