CAL CAL (Computer AssistedLearning) means a computer as amedium is used for the sake offacilitating people in learning.
CALL (Computer Assisted Language Learning) CALL means CAL which is implemented tolanguage. According to ( Levy, 1997, p.1 ) definesCALL as the search for and study of applicationsof the computer in language teaching andlearning.
CALL Underlying Consideration• Computer’s flexibility.• Computer based language instruction has ability to interact with learners.• Computers can encourage students in learning a language.• Computers have the potential to enhance the development of communicative competence in a second language
The advantages of CALL• Develop Autonomous Learner• Create Effective Learning• Encourage Student’s Motivation
Disadvantages of CALL• Less handy• Costly enough• More difficult and tiring to read a long text.
History 1990s (implementation of web- based technology)1960s –1970s (audio 1980stutorial system,personalized, etc.) (computer-based instruction) 1950s (instructional television)
Educational institution Private Current Application GovernmentIndustry Military
Roles of the web-based learningKahn (2001)• Micro Use.• Macro Use.
Roles of the web-based learningGalloway (1998)• Level 1. little or no online instruction.• Level 2. Medium online Instruction.• Level 3. Completely online Instruction
The Advantages of Web-Based Learning• Availability• Affordable Cost• Better tracking, assessing and recording students’ presence and achievement• More personalized learning and material support• Easily Updated
The Disadvantages of Web-Based Learning • Limitation of human1. contact • Limitation of bandwidth2.