History 39


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  • Temporary Crops - crops which are grown seasonally and whose growing cycle is less than one year and which must be sown or planted again for production after each harvest.Permanent Crops - crops which occupy the land for a long period of time and do not need to be replaced after each harvest such as fruit trees, shrubs, nuts, etc.  These crops may be productive, which have already borne fruits or capable of bearing fruits or non-productive.The increase in coconut production by 1.74 was mainly due to the increase of number of trees harvested in Zamboanga del Norte The 11.86 percent increase in abaca production was partly attributable to the stripping machines provided by the Fiber Industry Development Authority (FIDA) in some provinces which encouraged the farmers to produce more. The 2.92 percent increase in banana production was due to the increase of tree bearing fruits in Zamboanga del Norte. The increase of 8.28 percent in mango was likewise due to the increase in trees induced due to demand in Zamboanga del Norte.
  • Mining – writ of Kalikasan (legal remedy designed for the protection of one's constitutional right to a healthy environment): temporary env’t protection order
  • Mining – writ of Kalikasan (legal remedy designed for the protection of one's constitutional right to a healthy environment): temporary env’t protection order
  • Mining – writ of Kalikasan (legal remedy designed for the protection of one's constitutional right to a healthy environment): temporary env’t protection order
  • History 39

    1. 1. Population Area Pop. density Province/City Capital (2010) (km²) (per km²)Zamboanga del Dipolog City 957,997 7,301.0 131.2NorteZamboanga del Sur Pagadian City 959,685 4,499.5 213.2Zamboanga Ipil 584,685 3,607.8 162SibugayZamboanga City ------------- 807,129 1,483.4 544.1Isabela City ------------- 97,857 140.7 695.5 *Total Area.
    2. 2. Dapitan CityZamboanga Dipolog City del Norte Zamboanga del Sur ZamboangaZamboanga Sibugay City*** Isabela City
    3. 3. * The Zamboanga Peninsula lies between the MOROGULF, part of the CELEBES SEA, and the SULU SEA.*Surrounded by bodies of water, the region has, thus, relied on fishing as one of its major industries.
    4. 4. *The peninsula is connected to the main part of Mindanao through an isthmus situated between PANGUIL BAY and PAGADIAN BAY.The boundary between the peninsula and themainland is artificially marked by the borderbetween the provinces of ZAMBOANGA DEL SURand LANAO DEL NORTE.
    5. 5. **Roman Catholic*Iglesia ni Cristo*Islam*Buddhism
    6. 6. • PALAY is the major temporary crop in the region. Total palay production increased by 2.62%.• COCONUT is the dominant permanent crop.• All provinces have the same top three crops namely, COCONUT, RUBBER & BANANA both in 2002 and 1991.
    7. 7. * Male operators dominated the agricultural operation. (30-54 age group)  Implies that gender stereotypes persist within this region.* Majority of the household members engaged in agricultural activity were working in their own holding.
    8. 8. * Dr. Jose Rizal – Phil. National Hero was exile in Dapitan.* Lt. Col. Alejandro Suarez – A Guerilla who facilitated the landing of American soldier in Tawi-tawi, Siasi and Jolo in 1945.* Vicente Alvarez – Former 1st Pres. In the Republic of Zamboanga during the American and Japanese era.* General “Black Jack” Pershing – A military commander/governor of the Moro Province from 1909 to 1914. And became the Supreme Commander of the American Expeditionary Force in Europe during World War I.* Cesar Climaco – A prominent person in the city was elected as a Mayor and pursued the policies of good governance and cleanliness.
    9. 9. *SUBANON (“people of the river”)* The Subanens are considered the aborigines of Zamboanga, settling in the city before the Spaniards occupied it.* Subanen, derived from Suba (river), means People of the River.* Form a single distinctive cultural and linguistic group and are mostly farmers who grow upland rice, root, and tree crops.* Settlements today are thinly spread over southern Zamboanga del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur, stretching northward, then eastward to the hinterlands of the neighboring province of Misamis Occidental.
    10. 10. *KALIBUGAN* from the Subanon community who submitted themselves to the practice of intermarriages and change of faith (Islam)* Sama-Tausug slang which literally means "half breed”* remain Subanon in speech and in their culture* lack a distinctive political organization* live their lives as subsistence farmers cultivating upland rice, roots, and tree crops
    11. 11. *TAUSUG (“people of the current”)* most politically dominant group in the Sulu Archipelago; formed the Sultanate of Sulu in the 15th century* experienced sailors and are known for their colorful boats or “vintas;” superb warriors and craftsmen* amalgam of different cultures and foreign influence that dates back to as early as the 13th century, when Sulu was trading with China, India, the East Indies, Arabia, and Japan.* Fishing is one occupation many Tausugs are engaged in* plant upland rice inter-cropped with cassava, coconut, abaca, and coffee
    12. 12. *BAJAU (“sea gypsies”)* nomadic, seafaring people, living off the sea by trading and subsistence fishing* erect houses on stilts, and travel using “lepa- lepa,” handmade boats in which many lived* Claims to religious piety and learning are an important source of individual prestige* Originally expert horsemen & known for weaving and needlework skills* ***often intentionally rupture their eardrums at an early age in order to facilitate diving and hunting at sea* The SAMALS originated from this group
    13. 13. *YAKAN* descended from migrating Dayak from Northeast Borneo and Sama from Johore* have Malay features, known as fierce warriors and are primarily farmers* boast of their intricately designed hand- woven cloth no other tribe can imitate* “Folk Islam" -- a combination of Islamic principles and traditional beliefs* prominent person of each community is the Imam who combines birth religion and socio-political leadership* culturally influenced in some respect by the Tausugs
    14. 14. *OTHER ETHNIC GROUPS1. TIRURAY – with clear proto-Malayan features; classified into 3 groups based on subsistence orientation (riverine, coastal, mountain); artistic skill in basket weaving; animistic beliefs; traditionally use dry cultivation; retained religion in spite of proximity to Maguindanao2. MANOBO – traced to Malay people; primitive farming methods; patriarchal way of life; polygamy; animistic beliefs3. MARANAO – “people of the lake;” centered on Lake Lanao; largest Moro & cultural minority in the country; known for Sarimanok, exotic dances and artistry; Muslim; existence of feudal standings4. MAGUINDANAON – “people of the plains;” kulintang music; Muslim; carving and textiles
    15. 15. *CHAVACANO: Spanish-based creole language (derived from the Spanish word "chabacano", meaning "poor taste," "vulgar," "common," "of low quality”)*CEBUANO (Bisaya)*ZAMBOANGUEÑO*MAGUINDANAON*SAMA*SUBANON (Tuboy-Salog; Kanluranin/Siocon; Lapuyan
    16. 16. *Hudyaka Festival – celebrate founding of Zamboanga del Norte*Sibug-Sibug Festival – celebrate founding of Zamboanga Sibugay*Buklog Festival - thanksgiving festival of the Subanen*Kinabayo Festival – held in Dapitan City, Zamboanga del Norte; colorful pageant re-enacting the Spanish-Moorish wars* The Hermosa Festival or the Zamboanga La Hermosa Festival or popularly known as Fiesta Pilar (held each year in Zamboanga City)  Held in honor of the miraculous image of Our Lady of the Pillar, the patroness of Zamboanga City which is held every October 12*Megayon Festival - highlights the cultural diversity of the three groups of people that populate Zamboanga del Sur  Unique cultural dances, traditional costumes
    17. 17. * Art: weaving, basketry, metalwork, basketry* Music: kulintang ensemble (gandingan, dabakan, etc.)* Farming and fishing are the main economic activities of the region.* It also has rice and corn mills, oil processing, coffee berry processing and processing of latex from rubber.* Its home industries include rattan and furniture craft, basket making, weaving and brass work.
    18. 18. Zamboanga del Norte…The early history of Zamboanga del Norte is shared with that of Zamboanga City, which had been the center of the entire Mindanao area, most notably during the American era. When Zamboanga City became a chartered city on October 12, 1936, it encompassed the southern tip of the Zamboanga Peninsula and the island of Basilan, making it the largest city in Zamboanga del the world in terms of land area. Norte This all changed in 1948 when Basilan was made into a separate Chartered City, and further, when Republic Act No. 711, issued on June 6, 1952, created two more provinces out of Zamboanga City. One of these provinces was Zamboanga del Norte.*Zamboanga del Norte
    19. 19. *#1 in Commercial Fish Production: 357,124.70 mt.*SARDINES CAPITAL of the Philippines  i.e. With companies such as Mega Fishing Corporation based in the region*Supplies 70% of the Philippine domestic requirements for DRIED FISH  Total of 104 big dried fish processors in the region
    20. 20. *Dipolog City in Zamboanga del Norte is renowned for pioneering the production of in-glass or bottled sardines in the country.*Region 9 ranks third in terms of seaweeds production contributing roughly 12% of the total national output.
    21. 21. * RIZAL SHRINE, Dapitan - The original estate purchased by Dr. Rizal during his exile from 1892 to 1896. Contains a number of historic structures and a collection of Rizal memorabilia. (C)
    22. 22. A landscaped park providing an oasis of greenery right in the center of Dipolog City. It is a converging point for many people from all walks of life for simple strolling and relaxing. The hectare sized lot just beside the City Hall and fronting the Holy Rosary Cathedral is an ideal place for small outdoor meetings in a nature setting.Magsaysay Park
    23. 23. JapaneseLocated at Barangay Memorial Dicayas in Dipolog City, ParkJapanese Memorial Park is one of themajor componentsof the highlysuccessful tourism industry not only in the city, but also in theentire province of Zamboanga del Norte. In terms ofsignificance, the place is very much valuableto the people of thearea because it serves as a constant reminder of the rich historyand colorful past of the area.
    24. 24. Barangay Minaog’s Miss Universe ParkThis park was name after the Miss Universe BeautyPageant of 1996 was held partly in both Cities of Dipologand Dapitan.
    25. 25. HOLY ROSARYCATHEDRAL,Dipolog City- Erected in 1895, the altarwas designed by Dr. JoseRizal.
    26. 26. ZAMBOANGADEL NORTEST. JAMES CHURCH AND CATHOLICRECTORY, Dapitan City- The old Spanish masonary andarchitecture are still recognizable.
    27. 27. 3003 STEPS TO LINABO PEAK, Dipolog City- Fourteen Stations of the Cross punctuate theroute to the summit.
    28. 28. Sungkilaw falls is an awesome falls that lies beneath themountains of Diwan, Dipolog City. It boasts a spring on theeast part that flows to a very rapid fall down to a river. Sungkilaw falls
    29. 29. Sicayab Cliff is among Dipolog’s natural wonders, like LinaboPeak and Sungkilaw Falls, flocked by visitors and tourists forthe undisturbed work Mother nature has been doing on themfor thousands of years. Sicayab Cliff
    30. 30. Zamboanga del Sur is aprovince of the Philippineslocated in the ZamboangaPeninsula region in Mindanao.Pagadian City is the capital.The province bordersZamboanga del Norte to thenorth, Zamboanga Sibugay to Zamboanga delthe west, Misamis Occidental Surto the northeast, and Lanaodel Norte to the east. To thesouth is the Moro Gulf. *Zamboanga Del Sur
    31. 31. * Raising of chicken is the primary poultry raising activity. (Zamboanga del Sur contributed most.)* Other agricultural activities:  Ornamental & flower gardening (excluding orchid) are more common.  High percentage increases in mushroom culture & sericulture/silk/cocoon activity
    32. 32. ZAMBOANGA DEL SURFORT PILAR, Zamboanga- Built in 1635 to repel foreigners and Moros, thehistoric fort now contains a museum.
    33. 33. Zamboanga Sibugay. Its capital is Ipil. Zamboanga Sibugay was created in 2001 when the third district of Zamboanga del Sur wasZamboanga carved out of that province. Sibugay Zamboanga Sibugay is the 79th province created in the Philippines.*Zamboanga Sibugay
    34. 34. Isabela City. The city is located on the northern shore of Basilan. Across the Basilan Strait to the north is Zamboanga City. While administratively, the island province of Basilan is*** Isabela part of the Autonomous Region City in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), Isabela City itself is in not part of this region and is placed under the Zamboanga Peninsula region.*Isabela City
    35. 35. *ISABELA CITY continues to be under the jurisdiction of Basilan for the administration of provincially-devolved services and functions. But for the administration of regional services, the city is part of the Zamboanga Peninsula Region despite the rest of Basilan being under the authority of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM).
    36. 36. * The *Zamboanga City City of Zamboanga. Zamboanga is the 6th most populous and 3rd largest city by land area in the Philippines. It is the commercial and industrial center of the Zamboanga Peninsula.* Zamboanga was the capital of the former Moro Province, now Mindanao, from 1903 to 1913. On September 15, 1911, the Municipalidad de Zamboanga was converted into a city by the legislative order Act. No.272. Known for Hispanic influences in its culture, it bears the nickname Ciudad Latina de Asia (Asias Latin City). Zamboanga is the third oldest city in the Philippines, Zamboanga with a mayor-council form of City government.
    37. 37. * Events/Celebration:
    38. 38. Ipil, Zamboanga Sibugay |February 22-26The festival commemoratesthe founding ofthe province. It is a ritualwhere dancers andperformers dressed in nativeSubanen costumes dance tothe tempo of soundsproduced from thekulintangs, gongs andtambols while offering fruits,vegetables, rice and otherproduced of the land to thegods placed in a containertogether with incense .
    39. 39. Every October the scenic City of Zamboanga, as the "City of Flowers", celebrates.its grand annual Z amboangaHermosa Festival or the popularly known as Fiesta Pilar with 12 days and nights of events and celebrations. The beautiful city of Zamboanga welcomes thousands to the regions biggest, most extravagant celebration of the year. The two day celebrations are mainly in honor of the miraculous image of Our Lady of the Pilar Nuestra Señora del Pilar de Zaragosa, which is also commonly known as the “Fiesta Pilar” at the legendary Fort Pila who has a special fiesta in October. The people of Zamboanga passionately believe that the lady has served as their unifying cultural and historical symbol.
    40. 40. * The city of Dapitan is due to celebrate its Kinabayo Festival in tribute to the celebration of its Patron St. James or Señor Santiago through a combining religious, cultural and sports events. The Kinabayo Festival will kick off this July 16 and will culminate onJuly 31 with different events taking place within Dapitan City “The Shrine City of the Philippines”. One of the highlight events isthe Kinabayo Festival Street DancingCompetition and the search for Miss Dapitan. Kinabayo Festival is a free interpretation contest open to all interested groups based within the city. The interpretative dance mustpervade the “Sinug” with the use of San Fransico leaves as a form of adoration to the City’s Patron Saint. Kinabayo dance step called “prancing” and the musical piece “Gozos ni Sr. Santiago” are stronglyadvised to be used during the dance ritual.
    41. 41. * Megayon Festival is a colorful thanksgiving festival for rich harvest of crops in Tigbao, Zamboanga del sur, Mindanao, participated in by thousands of participants from the Subanean ethnic group. The festival also portrays unity and solidarity as it showcases, through street and ethnik dance, the living traditon and diverse culture of the province.
    42. 42. * CELEBRATED FROM MAY 20 TO JULY 1 EVERY YEAR The term “Pagsalabuk” is of ethnic origin that means “gathering” that came from the early tribal settlers called the Subanos or river people who were part of the second wave of Malay migrations to the Philippines.* At the earlier days of the festival, the presentation was not actually Subanen or ethnic, it is just distinct ballroom dancing, on the streets, where dancers promenade in the tune of Tango, Samba or Swing without the use of any musical instrument except with the accompaniment of drums in any sizes with a beat creating a melody of the dances mentioned above. It was later changed into a more ethnic in nature.
    43. 43. *END * Benzar Madendog BSSW