Lec 6 philippines2

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Lec 6 philippines2

  1. 1. STATE AND THE SOCIETY MIDTERM PERIOD
  2. 2. THE PHILIPPINES
  3. 3. COUNTRY PROFILE COUNTRY NAME: REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES NATIONALITY : FILIPINO LOCATION – SOUTHEAST ASIA ARCHIPELAGO BETWEEN THE PHILIPPINE SEA AND THE WEST PHILIPPINE SEA, EAST OF VIETNAM GOVERNMENT TYPE : REPUBLIC CAPITAL CITY : MANILA
  4. 4. 3 BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT EXECUTIVE BRANCH LEGISLATIVE BRANCH JUDICIAL BRANCH
  5. 5. COUNTRY PROFILE POPULATION – 86,241,697 ETHNIC GROUPS:  CHRISTIAN MALAYS – 91.5 %  MUSLIM MALAYS - 4%  CHINESE - 1.5 %  OTHERS - 3%
  6. 6. 2 OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: PILIPINO ENGLISH - 8 MAJOR DIALECTSCURRENCY : PHILIPPINE PESO
  7. 7. Religions  ROMAN CATHOLIC - 83%  PROTESTANT - 9%  MUSLIM - 5%  BUDDHIST & Others - 3%
  8. 8. THE PHILIPPINE BUREAUCRACY A COUNTRY REPORT
  9. 9. TOPIC OUTLINE: CORRUPTION DEFINED CAUSES OF CORRUPTION THE PHILIPPINE BUREAUCRACY THE OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN CONCLUDING STATEMENT
  10. 10. CORRUPTION: The use and abuse of public power for private and personal interests and purposes. Engenders wrong choices and encourages competition in bribery rather than competition in quality. Wastes public resources affecting the delivery of public services
  11. 11. CAUSES OF CORRUPTION:  ECONOMIC ASPECT  CULTURAL ASPECT  HISTORICAL ASPECT  THE BUREACRATIC SYSTEM
  12. 12. Economic Aspect POVERTY – INSUFFICIENT SALARY OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES – CORRUPTION IS RESORTED TO AUGMENT THE MEAGER COMPENSATION (i.e. under the table transactions)
  13. 13. Cultural aspect  UTANG NA LOOB  PAKIKISAMA  FAMILISM  MAPAGBIGAY (GIFT-GIVING)
  14. 14. Historical Aspect Corruption was allegedly introduced in the Philippines during the Spanish Colonial period 1946 – post war reparations 1950- foreign currency corruption 1960 – smuggling 1970-1980 - Cronyism 1990 – land scams
  15. 15. THE PHILIPPINE BUREAUCRACY Privatization Streamlining Cuttingof Red Tape (official procedures) Reassessment of Bureaucratic Requirements Job Rotation
  16. 16. THE OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN
  17. 17. Former Oversight bodies: 1950 – Integrity Board (President Quirino) 1957 – Presidential Complaints and Action Commission (President Magsaysay) 1958 – Presidential Committee on Administration Performance Efficiency (President Garcia) 1961 – Presidential Anti-Graft Committee (President Macapagal)
  18. 18.  1966 – Presidential Agency on Refoms and Government Reparation (Pres. Marcos) 1973 – Office of the Tanodbayan (P.D. 1487) 1987 - Office of the Ombudsman (1987 Constitution 2000 – Presidential Anti Graft Commission (President Arroyo)
  19. 19. Roles of the Office of the Ombudsman MOBILIZER WATCHDOG OFFICIAL CRITIC DISPENSER OF JUSTICE
  20. 20. NATIONAL ANTI- CORRUPTIONSTRATEGY PUNITIVE APPROACH - REACTIVE METHOD OF COMBATING CORRUPTION - AGGRESSIVE INVESTIGATION AND PROSECUTION OF WRONGDOERS - CONDUCT OF ADMINISTRATVE PROCEEDINGS
  21. 21. THE PREVENTIVE APPROACH A) AGGRESSIVE AND UNCOMPROMISING INVESTIGATION AND PROSECUTION B) EFFICIENT AND RESPONSIVE PUBLIC ASSISTANCE PROGRAM C) INTENSIVE GRAFTWATCH OVER THE BUREAUCRACY
  22. 22. D) PEOPLE EMPOWERMENTE) TRANSFORMATION OF THE INDIVIDUAL PSYCHE THROUGH EDUCATION AND VALUES ORIENTATION SEMINARSF) LINKAGES WITH OTHER GOVERNMENT INSTITUTIONS AND INTERNATIONAL CORRUPTION FIGHTERSD) SYSTEMS AND PROCEDURES IMPROVEMENT
  23. 23. “ . . . the greatest obstacle we as a nation must overcome is inside us. The enemy to beat is ourselves”. . Pres. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
  24. 24. THANK YOU. . . . . /erikchoi

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