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Customer Development in High Tech:
Sales, Marketing & Business Development in a Startup



                   MBA & EMBA 2...
You Are Here

       Plan                                                                      Liquidity


               ...
You Are Here

       Plan                                                                      Liquidity


               ...
How do You Get Here

       Plan                                                                      Liquidity


        ...
Entrepreneurship



                   Logical
                   Process




Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterp...
Entrepreneurship



                   Logical
                   Process
                                        Intuitiv...
Today


Part 1: Introduction to the Course


Part 2: Key Concepts
Course Introduction
          Course Objectives
      !

          Intro and Backgrounds
      !

          How the Class ...
Course Objectives

    Learn how to:
!

        reduce product/market risk
    quot;

        organize sales, marketing an...
Course Prerequisites

    Officially – none
!

    Realistically:
!

        Experience in bringing a new product to marke...
Introduction and Backgrounds

    Steve Blank
!

    TA
!

    Class
!




         Customer Development in the High-Tech ...
Introduction: Steve Blank
8 startups in 25 years

2 strikeouts                          Rocket Science, Ardent
2 walks    ...
Introduction: Class
Why are you taking the class?

    How many of you have:
!
        Been in start-ups?
    quot;

     ...
How the Class Works
    Syllabus
!
    3 Application Exercises
!
     quot; Individual projects

     quot; Max 2-pages

 ...
Class Issues
    “Tech-heavy”
!

    “Enterprise-heavy”
!

    For-profit versus non-profit
!

    Startups versus existin...
Customer Development
in the High Tech Enterprise




         Logistics

          Steve Blank
       sblank@kandsranch.com
How the Class Works
                                         Part 1
                 Class                    Case        ...
How the Class Works
                                         Part 1
                 Class                    Case        ...
How the Class Works
                                         Part 1
                 Class                    Case        ...
How the Class Works
                                         Part 1
                 Class                    Case        ...
How the Class Works
                                         Part 1
                   Class                  Case        ...
How the Class Works
                                         Part 1
                   Class                  Case        ...
How the Class Works
                                         Part 1
                   Class                  Case        ...
How the Class Works
                                         Part 2
                          Class                Case   ...
How the Class Works
                                         Part 2
                          Class                Case   ...
How the Class Works
                                         Part 2
                          Class                Case   ...
How the Class Works
                                         Part 2
                          Class                Case   ...
How the Class Works
                                         Part 2
                          Class                Case   ...
How the Class Works
                                         Part 2
                          Class                Case   ...
How the Class Works
                                         Part 2
                          Class                Case   ...
Study.Net

    All materials are on Study.Net
!

        Syllabus
    quot;

        Reading
    quot;

        Assignment...
Customer Development
in the High Tech Enterprise




       The Course

          Steve Blank
       sblank@kandsranch.com
Customer Development
    Business Plans
!


    The Value of “Models” for an Entrepreneur
!


    Key Concepts
!

        ...
The Top Ten Lies of
                Venture Capitalists

     “I liked your company, but my partners didn't.”
1.
     “If ...
The Top Ten Lies of Entrepreneurs

      “Our projections are conservative.”
1.
      “(Big name research firm) says our m...
One Way to Plan a Startup




Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise   Spring 2009
                             ...
Business Plans – Why?

    Why write a plan?
!

        VC’s require it
    quot;

        Planning (Strategic/Financial/O...
The Value of “Models”
    Model = shorthand for complicated idea
!


        Check to see if the results are static or dyn...
Timmons Model of Entrepreneurship
                    (The Business Plan)

                             Communication


  ...
Moore Model of Entrepreneurship
                 (Chasm + Life Cycle)




   Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterpr...
New Product Introductions
                       What’s the Model?

    New Product introduction models
!

        Checkli...
Venture Capital Model of a Startup
                              (Execution)



Concept/              Product             ...
StageGate™ Model
           (New Product Introduction)




Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise   Spring 2009
...
Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise   Spring 2009
                                                           ...
New Product Introduction
                      It Doesn’t Always Work


    New Product Development Process
!

    quot; W...
Issues in Product Intros

    Current models:
!

        Confuse product development process with
    quot;

        custo...
The Steve Blank Model
     of Entrepreneurship)




Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise   Spring 2009
       ...
The Value of “Models”

    Model = shorthand for complicated idea
!


    This class teaches a “model” for product
!
    i...
Customer Development
                     Product Development

Concept/             Product            Alpha/Beta         ...
Customer Development


This is what our class is about



    Customer                                                    ...
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Customer Development 1: Introduction

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Transcript of "Customer Development 1: Introduction"

  1. 1. Customer Development in High Tech: Sales, Marketing & Business Development in a Startup MBA & EMBA 295F Introduction to the Course Steve Blank sblank@kandsranch.com
  2. 2. You Are Here Plan Liquidity Company Timeline 1st Round Idea Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 2
  3. 3. You Are Here Plan Liquidity Company Timeline 1st Round Idea Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 3
  4. 4. How do You Get Here Plan Liquidity Company Timeline 1st Round Idea Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 4
  5. 5. Entrepreneurship Logical Process Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 5
  6. 6. Entrepreneurship Logical Process Intuitive Passion Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 6
  7. 7. Today Part 1: Introduction to the Course Part 2: Key Concepts
  8. 8. Course Introduction Course Objectives ! Intro and Backgrounds ! How the Class Works ! Customer Development ! Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 8
  9. 9. Course Objectives Learn how to: ! reduce product/market risk quot; organize sales, marketing and business quot; development when bringing a product to market Have Fun ! Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 9
  10. 10. Course Prerequisites Officially – none ! Realistically: ! Experience in bringing a new product to market quot; Entrepreneurship 295 or equivalent quot; Have written a business plan quot; Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 10
  11. 11. Introduction and Backgrounds Steve Blank ! TA ! Class ! Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 11
  12. 12. Introduction: Steve Blank 8 startups in 25 years 2 strikeouts Rocket Science, Ardent 2 walks ESL, Zilog 2 singles Convergent, MIPS 1 double SuperMac 1 home run E.piphany Private board: CafePress.com Non profits: Audubon, POST, Coastal Commission http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R2lE3fgj7QA for what you could be in store for Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 12
  13. 13. Introduction: Class Why are you taking the class? How many of you have: ! Been in start-ups? quot; Been in a startup that failed? quot; Raised or tried to raise money? quot; How many are: ! Sales, marketing or business development? quot; Engineers? quot; Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 13
  14. 14. How the Class Works Syllabus ! 3 Application Exercises ! quot; Individual projects quot; Max 2-pages quot; Use different company than the research project quot; Syllabus has assignment dates, due the week after quot; Electronic copy gets graded Research Project ! quot; Teams of 4 quot; Using customer development model analyze company success/failure, propose alternatives quot; Electronic copy gets graded Grading ! quot; Research Project (50%) quot; Application Exercises (25%) quot; Class Participation (25%) Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 14
  15. 15. Class Issues “Tech-heavy” ! “Enterprise-heavy” ! For-profit versus non-profit ! Startups versus existing companies ! Methodology focused on product/customer ! risk reduction Doesn’t work for technology risks (i.e Biotech quot; or Health Care Doesn’t match your experience or opinion ! Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 15
  16. 16. Customer Development in the High Tech Enterprise Logistics Steve Blank sblank@kandsranch.com
  17. 17. How the Class Works Part 1 Class Case Application Research Exercise Project Class 2/Jan 27 Three Types of In & Out Startups Burger Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 17
  18. 18. How the Class Works Part 1 Class Case Application Research Exercise Project Class 2/Jan 29 Three Types of In & Out Startups Burger Class 3/Feb 3 Customer E-Ink Market Type Think! Development Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 18
  19. 19. How the Class Works Part 1 Class Case Application Research Exercise Project Class 2/Jan 27 Three Types of In & Out Startups Burger Class 3/Feb 3 Customer E-Ink Market Type Think! Development Class 4/Feb 10 Discovery - Part 1 Webvan/ Team Selection Amazon Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 19
  20. 20. How the Class Works Part 1 Class Case Application Research Exercise Project Class 2/Jan 27 Three Types of In & Out Startups Burger Class 3/Feb 3 Customer E-Ink Market Type Think! Development Class 4/Feb 10 Discovery - Part 1 Webvan/ Team Selection Amazon Class 5/Feb 17 Discovery – Part 2 IMVU/ Draft Concept Linden Labs Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 20
  21. 21. How the Class Works Part 1 Class Case Application Research Exercise Project Class 2/Jan 27 Three Types of In & Out Startups Burger Class 3/Feb 3 Customer E-Ink Market Type Think! Development Class 4/Feb 10 Discovery - Part 1 Webvan/ Team Selection Amazon Class 5/Feb 17 Discovery – Part 2 IMVU/ Draft Concept Linden Labs Class 6/Feb 24th Discovery – Part 3 Motive Approved Concept Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 21
  22. 22. How the Class Works Part 1 Class Case Application Research Exercise Project Class 2/Jan 279 Three Types of In & Out Startups Burger Class 3/Feb 3 Customer E-Ink Market Type Think! Development Class 4/Feb 10 Discovery - Part 1 Webvan/ Team Selection Amazon Class 5/Feb 17th Discovery – Part 2 IMVU/ Draft Concept Linden Labs Class 6/Feb 24th Discovery – Part 3 Motive Approved Concept Class 7/Mar 3rd Validation Part 1 Wildfire Customer Discovery Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 22
  23. 23. How the Class Works Part 1 Class Case Application Research Exercise Project Class 2/Jan 27th Three Types of In & Out Startups Burger Class 3/Feb 3rd Cust Development E-Ink Market Type Think! Class 4/Feb 10th Discovery - Part 1 Webvan/ Team Selection Amazon Class 5/Feb 17th Discovery – Part 2 IMVU/ Draft Concept Linden Labs Class 6/Feb 24th Discovery – Part 3 Motive Approved Concept Class 7/Mar 3rd Validation Part 1 Wildfire Discovery Class 8/Mar 10th Validation Part 2 HPKittyhawk Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 23
  24. 24. How the Class Works Part 2 Class Case Application Research Exercise Project Class 9/Mar 17th Creation - Part 1 Ecton Validation March 24 No Class Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 24
  25. 25. How the Class Works Part 2 Class Case Application Research Exercise Project Class 9/Mar 17th Creation - Part 1 Ecton March 24 No Class Class 10/Mar 31st Interviews Creation – Part 2 Erox Done Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 25
  26. 26. How the Class Works Part 2 Class Case Application Research Exercise Project Class 9/Mar 17th Creation - Part 1 Ecton March 24 No Class Class 10/Mar 31st Interviews Creation – Part 2 Erox Done Class 11/Apr 7th Creation Cases Tivo Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 26
  27. 27. How the Class Works Part 2 Class Case Application Research Exercise Project Class 9/Mar 17th Creation - Part 1 Ecton March 24 No Class Class 10/Mar 31st Interviews Creation – Part 2 Erox Done Class 11/Apr 7th Creation Cases Tivo Class 12/Apr 14th Building - Part 1 Documentum Customer Creation Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 27
  28. 28. How the Class Works Part 2 Class Case Application Research Exercise Project Class 9/Mar 17th Creation - Part 1 Ecton March 24 No Class Class 10/Mar 31st Creation – Part 2 Erox Class 11/Apr 7th Interviews Creation Cases Tivo Done Class 12/Apr 14th Building - Part 1 Documentum Customer Creation Class 13/Apr 21st Building - Part 2 Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 28
  29. 29. How the Class Works Part 2 Class Case Application Research Exercise Project Class 9/Mar 17th Creation - Part 1 Ecton March 24 No Class Class 10/Mar 31st Creation – Part 2 Erox Class 11/Apr 7th Interviews Creation Cases Tivo Done Class 12/Apr 14th Building - Part 1 Documentum Customer Creation Class 13/Apr 21st Building - Part 2 Class 14/Apr 28th Wrapup Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 29
  30. 30. How the Class Works Part 2 Class Case Application Research Exercise Project Class 9/Mar 17th Creation - Part 1 Ecton March 24 No Class Class 10/Mar 31st Creation – Part 2 Erox Class 11/Apr 7th Interviews Creation Cases Tivo Done Class 12/Apr 14th Building - Part 1 Documentum Customer Creation Class 13/Apr 21st Building - Part 2 Class 14/Apr 28th Wrapup Final Paper Due 5/5/09 Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 30
  31. 31. Study.Net All materials are on Study.Net ! Syllabus quot; Reading quot; Assignments quot; Presentations (after each class) quot; Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 31
  32. 32. Customer Development in the High Tech Enterprise The Course Steve Blank sblank@kandsranch.com
  33. 33. Customer Development Business Plans ! The Value of “Models” for an Entrepreneur ! Key Concepts ! Market versus Technology Risks quot; Vertical Markets quot; Three Types of Startups quot; Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 33
  34. 34. The Top Ten Lies of Venture Capitalists “I liked your company, but my partners didn't.” 1. “If you get a lead, we will follow.” 2. “Show us some traction, and we'll invest.” 3. “We love to co-invest with other venture capitalists.” 4. “We're investing in your team.” 5. “I have lots of bandwidth to dedicate to your company.” 6. “This is a vanilla term sheet.” 7. “We can open up doors for you at our client 8. companies.” “We like early-stage investing.” 9. Source: Guy Kawasaki Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 34
  35. 35. The Top Ten Lies of Entrepreneurs “Our projections are conservative.” 1. “(Big name research firm) says our market will be $50 billion in 2010.” 2. “(Big name company) is going to sign our purchase order next week.” 3. “Key employees are set to join us as soon as we get funded.” 4. “No one is doing what we're doing.”. 5. “No one can do what we're doing.” 6. “Hurry because several other venture capital firms are interested.” 7. “Oracle is too big/dumb/slow to be a threat.” 8. “We have a proven management team.” 9. “Patents make our product defensible.” 10. “All we have to do is get 1% of the market.” 11. Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 Source: Guy Kawasaki 35
  36. 36. One Way to Plan a Startup Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 36
  37. 37. Business Plans – Why? Why write a plan? ! VC’s require it quot; Planning (Strategic/Financial/Ops) quot; Articulate Bus Model/Assumptions quot; What’s wrong with a plan? ! Static quot; Execution Oriented quot; Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 37
  38. 38. The Value of “Models” Model = shorthand for complicated idea ! Check to see if the results are static or dynamic quot; For example, … ! Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 38
  39. 39. Timmons Model of Entrepreneurship (The Business Plan) Communication Resources Opportunity Business Plan Creativity Leadership Team Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 39
  40. 40. Moore Model of Entrepreneurship (Chasm + Life Cycle) Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 40
  41. 41. New Product Introductions What’s the Model? New Product introduction models ! Checklist of what to and when to do it quot; Market size and business case quot; Models try to ensure that product matches market quot; Technology and development “gates” quot; Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 41
  42. 42. Venture Capital Model of a Startup (Execution) Concept/ Product Alpha Test/ Launch/ Bus. Plan Development Beta Test 1st Ship Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 42
  43. 43. StageGate™ Model (New Product Introduction) Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 43
  44. 44. Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 44
  45. 45. New Product Introduction It Doesn’t Always Work New Product Development Process ! quot; Works great for some new products, fails miserably for others quot; Products usually are late, over cost quot; Typically fails to understand and satisfy customer needs Why? ! Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 45
  46. 46. Issues in Product Intros Current models: ! Confuse product development process with quot; customer needs Treat all startups as the same quot; We need a New Product Intro Process ! Reduces Market RiskSimple, understood by all quot; Founders commitment quot; Cross function organization quot; Solid homework quot; Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 46
  47. 47. The Steve Blank Model of Entrepreneurship) Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 47
  48. 48. The Value of “Models” Model = shorthand for complicated idea ! This class teaches a “model” for product ! introduction How to reduce risk for customer/market fit ! Side effect is rethinking timing in Sales, ! Marketing & Business Development Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 48
  49. 49. Customer Development Product Development Concept/ Product Alpha/Beta Launch/ Bus. Plan Dev. Test 1st Ship Customer Development Customer Scale Customer Customer Discovery Company Validation Creation Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 49
  50. 50. Customer Development This is what our class is about Customer Scale Customer Customer Discovery Company Validation Creation Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 50
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