Customer Development 1: Introduction
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Customer Development 1: Introduction Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Customer Development in High Tech: Sales, Marketing & Business Development in a Startup MBA & EMBA 295F Introduction to the Course Steve Blank sblank@kandsranch.com
  • 2. You Are Here Plan Liquidity Company Timeline 1st Round Idea Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 2
  • 3. You Are Here Plan Liquidity Company Timeline 1st Round Idea Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 3
  • 4. How do You Get Here Plan Liquidity Company Timeline 1st Round Idea Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 4
  • 5. Entrepreneurship Logical Process Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 5
  • 6. Entrepreneurship Logical Process Intuitive Passion Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 6
  • 7. Today Part 1: Introduction to the Course Part 2: Key Concepts
  • 8. Course Introduction Course Objectives ! Intro and Backgrounds ! How the Class Works ! Customer Development ! Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 8
  • 9. Course Objectives Learn how to: ! reduce product/market risk quot; organize sales, marketing and business quot; development when bringing a product to market Have Fun ! Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 9
  • 10. Course Prerequisites Officially – none ! Realistically: ! Experience in bringing a new product to market quot; Entrepreneurship 295 or equivalent quot; Have written a business plan quot; Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 10
  • 11. Introduction and Backgrounds Steve Blank ! TA ! Class ! Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 11
  • 12. Introduction: Steve Blank 8 startups in 25 years 2 strikeouts Rocket Science, Ardent 2 walks ESL, Zilog 2 singles Convergent, MIPS 1 double SuperMac 1 home run E.piphany Private board: CafePress.com Non profits: Audubon, POST, Coastal Commission http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R2lE3fgj7QA for what you could be in store for Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 12
  • 13. Introduction: Class Why are you taking the class? How many of you have: ! Been in start-ups? quot; Been in a startup that failed? quot; Raised or tried to raise money? quot; How many are: ! Sales, marketing or business development? quot; Engineers? quot; Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 13
  • 14. How the Class Works Syllabus ! 3 Application Exercises ! quot; Individual projects quot; Max 2-pages quot; Use different company than the research project quot; Syllabus has assignment dates, due the week after quot; Electronic copy gets graded Research Project ! quot; Teams of 4 quot; Using customer development model analyze company success/failure, propose alternatives quot; Electronic copy gets graded Grading ! quot; Research Project (50%) quot; Application Exercises (25%) quot; Class Participation (25%) Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 14
  • 15. Class Issues “Tech-heavy” ! “Enterprise-heavy” ! For-profit versus non-profit ! Startups versus existing companies ! Methodology focused on product/customer ! risk reduction Doesn’t work for technology risks (i.e Biotech quot; or Health Care Doesn’t match your experience or opinion ! Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 15
  • 16. Customer Development in the High Tech Enterprise Logistics Steve Blank sblank@kandsranch.com
  • 17. How the Class Works Part 1 Class Case Application Research Exercise Project Class 2/Jan 27 Three Types of In & Out Startups Burger Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 17
  • 18. How the Class Works Part 1 Class Case Application Research Exercise Project Class 2/Jan 29 Three Types of In & Out Startups Burger Class 3/Feb 3 Customer E-Ink Market Type Think! Development Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 18
  • 19. How the Class Works Part 1 Class Case Application Research Exercise Project Class 2/Jan 27 Three Types of In & Out Startups Burger Class 3/Feb 3 Customer E-Ink Market Type Think! Development Class 4/Feb 10 Discovery - Part 1 Webvan/ Team Selection Amazon Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 19
  • 20. How the Class Works Part 1 Class Case Application Research Exercise Project Class 2/Jan 27 Three Types of In & Out Startups Burger Class 3/Feb 3 Customer E-Ink Market Type Think! Development Class 4/Feb 10 Discovery - Part 1 Webvan/ Team Selection Amazon Class 5/Feb 17 Discovery – Part 2 IMVU/ Draft Concept Linden Labs Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 20
  • 21. How the Class Works Part 1 Class Case Application Research Exercise Project Class 2/Jan 27 Three Types of In & Out Startups Burger Class 3/Feb 3 Customer E-Ink Market Type Think! Development Class 4/Feb 10 Discovery - Part 1 Webvan/ Team Selection Amazon Class 5/Feb 17 Discovery – Part 2 IMVU/ Draft Concept Linden Labs Class 6/Feb 24th Discovery – Part 3 Motive Approved Concept Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 21
  • 22. How the Class Works Part 1 Class Case Application Research Exercise Project Class 2/Jan 279 Three Types of In & Out Startups Burger Class 3/Feb 3 Customer E-Ink Market Type Think! Development Class 4/Feb 10 Discovery - Part 1 Webvan/ Team Selection Amazon Class 5/Feb 17th Discovery – Part 2 IMVU/ Draft Concept Linden Labs Class 6/Feb 24th Discovery – Part 3 Motive Approved Concept Class 7/Mar 3rd Validation Part 1 Wildfire Customer Discovery Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 22
  • 23. How the Class Works Part 1 Class Case Application Research Exercise Project Class 2/Jan 27th Three Types of In & Out Startups Burger Class 3/Feb 3rd Cust Development E-Ink Market Type Think! Class 4/Feb 10th Discovery - Part 1 Webvan/ Team Selection Amazon Class 5/Feb 17th Discovery – Part 2 IMVU/ Draft Concept Linden Labs Class 6/Feb 24th Discovery – Part 3 Motive Approved Concept Class 7/Mar 3rd Validation Part 1 Wildfire Discovery Class 8/Mar 10th Validation Part 2 HPKittyhawk Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 23
  • 24. How the Class Works Part 2 Class Case Application Research Exercise Project Class 9/Mar 17th Creation - Part 1 Ecton Validation March 24 No Class Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 24
  • 25. How the Class Works Part 2 Class Case Application Research Exercise Project Class 9/Mar 17th Creation - Part 1 Ecton March 24 No Class Class 10/Mar 31st Interviews Creation – Part 2 Erox Done Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 25
  • 26. How the Class Works Part 2 Class Case Application Research Exercise Project Class 9/Mar 17th Creation - Part 1 Ecton March 24 No Class Class 10/Mar 31st Interviews Creation – Part 2 Erox Done Class 11/Apr 7th Creation Cases Tivo Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 26
  • 27. How the Class Works Part 2 Class Case Application Research Exercise Project Class 9/Mar 17th Creation - Part 1 Ecton March 24 No Class Class 10/Mar 31st Interviews Creation – Part 2 Erox Done Class 11/Apr 7th Creation Cases Tivo Class 12/Apr 14th Building - Part 1 Documentum Customer Creation Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 27
  • 28. How the Class Works Part 2 Class Case Application Research Exercise Project Class 9/Mar 17th Creation - Part 1 Ecton March 24 No Class Class 10/Mar 31st Creation – Part 2 Erox Class 11/Apr 7th Interviews Creation Cases Tivo Done Class 12/Apr 14th Building - Part 1 Documentum Customer Creation Class 13/Apr 21st Building - Part 2 Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 28
  • 29. How the Class Works Part 2 Class Case Application Research Exercise Project Class 9/Mar 17th Creation - Part 1 Ecton March 24 No Class Class 10/Mar 31st Creation – Part 2 Erox Class 11/Apr 7th Interviews Creation Cases Tivo Done Class 12/Apr 14th Building - Part 1 Documentum Customer Creation Class 13/Apr 21st Building - Part 2 Class 14/Apr 28th Wrapup Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 29
  • 30. How the Class Works Part 2 Class Case Application Research Exercise Project Class 9/Mar 17th Creation - Part 1 Ecton March 24 No Class Class 10/Mar 31st Creation – Part 2 Erox Class 11/Apr 7th Interviews Creation Cases Tivo Done Class 12/Apr 14th Building - Part 1 Documentum Customer Creation Class 13/Apr 21st Building - Part 2 Class 14/Apr 28th Wrapup Final Paper Due 5/5/09 Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 30
  • 31. Study.Net All materials are on Study.Net ! Syllabus quot; Reading quot; Assignments quot; Presentations (after each class) quot; Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 31
  • 32. Customer Development in the High Tech Enterprise The Course Steve Blank sblank@kandsranch.com
  • 33. Customer Development Business Plans ! The Value of “Models” for an Entrepreneur ! Key Concepts ! Market versus Technology Risks quot; Vertical Markets quot; Three Types of Startups quot; Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 33
  • 34. The Top Ten Lies of Venture Capitalists “I liked your company, but my partners didn't.” 1. “If you get a lead, we will follow.” 2. “Show us some traction, and we'll invest.” 3. “We love to co-invest with other venture capitalists.” 4. “We're investing in your team.” 5. “I have lots of bandwidth to dedicate to your company.” 6. “This is a vanilla term sheet.” 7. “We can open up doors for you at our client 8. companies.” “We like early-stage investing.” 9. Source: Guy Kawasaki Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 34
  • 35. The Top Ten Lies of Entrepreneurs “Our projections are conservative.” 1. “(Big name research firm) says our market will be $50 billion in 2010.” 2. “(Big name company) is going to sign our purchase order next week.” 3. “Key employees are set to join us as soon as we get funded.” 4. “No one is doing what we're doing.”. 5. “No one can do what we're doing.” 6. “Hurry because several other venture capital firms are interested.” 7. “Oracle is too big/dumb/slow to be a threat.” 8. “We have a proven management team.” 9. “Patents make our product defensible.” 10. “All we have to do is get 1% of the market.” 11. Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 Source: Guy Kawasaki 35
  • 36. One Way to Plan a Startup Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 36
  • 37. Business Plans – Why? Why write a plan? ! VC’s require it quot; Planning (Strategic/Financial/Ops) quot; Articulate Bus Model/Assumptions quot; What’s wrong with a plan? ! Static quot; Execution Oriented quot; Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 37
  • 38. The Value of “Models” Model = shorthand for complicated idea ! Check to see if the results are static or dynamic quot; For example, … ! Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 38
  • 39. Timmons Model of Entrepreneurship (The Business Plan) Communication Resources Opportunity Business Plan Creativity Leadership Team Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 39
  • 40. Moore Model of Entrepreneurship (Chasm + Life Cycle) Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 40
  • 41. New Product Introductions What’s the Model? New Product introduction models ! Checklist of what to and when to do it quot; Market size and business case quot; Models try to ensure that product matches market quot; Technology and development “gates” quot; Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 41
  • 42. Venture Capital Model of a Startup (Execution) Concept/ Product Alpha Test/ Launch/ Bus. Plan Development Beta Test 1st Ship Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 42
  • 43. StageGate™ Model (New Product Introduction) Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 43
  • 44. Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 44
  • 45. New Product Introduction It Doesn’t Always Work New Product Development Process ! quot; Works great for some new products, fails miserably for others quot; Products usually are late, over cost quot; Typically fails to understand and satisfy customer needs Why? ! Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 45
  • 46. Issues in Product Intros Current models: ! Confuse product development process with quot; customer needs Treat all startups as the same quot; We need a New Product Intro Process ! Reduces Market RiskSimple, understood by all quot; Founders commitment quot; Cross function organization quot; Solid homework quot; Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 46
  • 47. The Steve Blank Model of Entrepreneurship) Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 47
  • 48. The Value of “Models” Model = shorthand for complicated idea ! This class teaches a “model” for product ! introduction How to reduce risk for customer/market fit ! Side effect is rethinking timing in Sales, ! Marketing & Business Development Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 48
  • 49. Customer Development Product Development Concept/ Product Alpha/Beta Launch/ Bus. Plan Dev. Test 1st Ship Customer Development Customer Scale Customer Customer Discovery Company Validation Creation Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 49
  • 50. Customer Development This is what our class is about Customer Scale Customer Customer Discovery Company Validation Creation Customer Development in the High-Tech Enterprise Spring 2009 50