2014 KQA Yell Iruve - annual quiz on plants, animals and insects

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2014 KQA Yell Iruve - annual quiz on plants, animals and insects

  1. 1. RESEARCH BY: VIVEK KARTHIKEYAN AND VENKATESH SRINIVASAN Yell Iruve!T H E A N N UA L Q U I Z O N P L A N TS , A N I M A L S , I N S EC TS A N D OT H E R L I F E FO R M S
  2. 2. Rules  Written quiz for teams of 2  40 questions  *-marked questions to resolve ties  1 point per answer  For questions with multiple parts, 1 pt for each part  Top 3 teams get prizes
  3. 3. First conducted at the KQA session on Apr 26, 2014 for 2-member teams Total Points: 61 Highest Score: 44
  4. 4. Which bird can be added to this list, and what is this a list of? 1.
  5. 5. Answer…
  6. 6. The Indian Roller / Blue Jay State symbols of Karnataka
  7. 7. What 4-letter word is used to refer to the ingredients prepared from processing the outer skins of citrus fruits like orange and lemon, which is also used to refer to the flavour which these skins impart to food items? 2.
  8. 8. Answer…
  9. 9. Zest
  10. 10. The smallest member of the camelidae family, it produces some really fine wool and is found only in high alpine areas in one part of the world. An ancient civilisation valued the animal for its wool, and decreed that only royals could wear clothes made of this wool. A protected species, and the national animal of a country, identify the animal and the country from this coat of arms. 3.
  11. 11. 3.
  12. 12. Answer…
  13. 13. Peru Vicuna / Vicugna
  14. 14. Seen in this stamp is a bug from the family Reduviidae that injects its victim with a special enzyme that dissolves and softens the guts so they can be easily sucked out. And once all that's left is the insect's empty shell, the bug attaches those exoskeletons to its back using a sticky secretion, piling them high to create a thick layer of protective armour that also serves to confuse its enemies (as seen in pic 2). Due to its dramatic and planned manner of killing, what appropriate name is it given? 4.
  15. 15. 4.
  16. 16. Answer…
  17. 17. Assassin Bug
  18. 18. Seen here are different pieces of which place, the largest collection of living plants in the world? * 5.
  19. 19. 5.
  20. 20. 5.
  21. 21. Answer…
  22. 22. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew Southwest London
  23. 23. 6. A famous person, showing off his catch. His fishing passion would go on to inspire him to come up with an outstanding work. Name him and the species.
  24. 24. Answer…
  25. 25. Ernest Hemmingway Sailfish
  26. 26. 7. A minor deity named Kroncha once accidentally stepped on the toes of a sage called Vamadeva. The irate sage cursed him to become a ______, and realising he had over-reacted sent him to go and see a god. On earth, where this god was staying, there was a huge commotion. He came out to see a _______ the size of a mountain scaring the daylights out of everybody. He sent his divine noose flying in Kroncha’s direction. The radiant lasso whizzed through the air, looped itself tightly around Kroncha. The story of which animal becoming the mount for which god?
  27. 27. Answer…
  28. 28. Mouse / Mooshika Ganesha
  29. 29. 8. Rufus’ owners are the Davis family, who own many other such creatures; their business model is to use these creatures to contain a particular menace in London in various prominent places, including Westminster Abbey. Rufus’ predecessor was Hamish, who lived to be 18. Rufus is best described with an alliterative two-word name, and the category was named by James Audubon after his friend, financial supporter and companion. Why does Rufus hog the headlines every year for about a fortnight? What family/category does he belong to?
  30. 30. Answer…
  31. 31. The designated hawk to keep away pigeons at Wimbledon Harris Hawk
  32. 32. 9. What’s common and what record-breaker is missing from this list?  Latticed butterfly fish  Olive-backed Woodpecker  Red-crowned barbet  A species of pitcher plant  A species of ant  A spider from Sumatra
  33. 33. Answer…
  34. 34. All named after Sir Stamford Raffles Rafflesia Chaetodon rafflesii – Latticed butterfly fish Dinopium rafflesii – Olive-backed Woodpecker Megalaima rafflesi – Red-crowned barbet Nepenthes rafflesiana – a species of pitcher plant Protanilla rafflesi – a species of ant Theridion rafflesi – spider from Sumatra
  35. 35. * 10. A painting by a famous Flemish painter titled, ________ on the Gallows. The title alludes to the belief that _______ are gossips, and that gossip leads to hangings. Frequently depicted in medieval art, name this talkative bird, and the painter.
  36. 36. 9.
  37. 37. Answer…
  38. 38. Magpie Pieter Brueghel the Elder
  39. 39. 11. The phrase was first recorded in the late 18th century, when it was used to mean ‘something very small and insignificant’. Its current meaning dates from the 1920s, at which time a whole collection of American slang expressions were coined with the meaning ‘an outstanding person or thing’. It possibly alludes to the fact that “corbiculae”, or pollen basket, is located on the tibiae of these insects. What phrase?
  40. 40. Answer…
  41. 41. Bee’s Knees
  42. 42. 12. What gastronomic quality do these plants share?
  43. 43. 12.
  44. 44. Answer…
  45. 45. Carnivorous plants Clockwise from top left – corkscrew plant, bladderworts, rainbow plant and butterworts
  46. 46. 13. There is no known reason why this word is used in the name of this fruit whose leaves and rind are food additives. Due to its racially offensive connotations (possibly originating from the original meaning of infidel), The Oxford Companion to Food recommends using the word makrut instead. Common In SE Asian and creole cuisines, identify this plant with the genus name Citrus hystrix.
  47. 47. 13.
  48. 48. Answer…
  49. 49. Kaffir Lime
  50. 50. 14. Identify the species. Also for all sports fans, tell us what this action is called!
  51. 51. Answer…
  52. 52. Adelie Penguins Toboganning
  53. 53. * 15. Identify the creature being seen extracted in this picture. Its Latin name is Dracunculus medinensis reflecting the fact that which group of people were afflicted by this?
  54. 54. Answer…
  55. 55. Guinea Worm Hajj Pilgrims
  56. 56. 16. Quoting The New York Times: “Zookeepers around the world, facing limited capacity and pressure to maintain diverse and vibrant collections of endangered species, are often choosing between two controversial methods: birth control and _________.” The other method is essentially to kill the animals, who are otherwise healthy. What is this other method informally called – a portmanteau word?
  57. 57. Answer…
  58. 58. Zoothanasia
  59. 59. 17.  1988-1992 – A Springer Spaniel and a puppy  1992-2000 – A cat and a Labrador Retriever  2000-2008 – A female English Springer Spaniel, a Scottish Terrier, a cat and a Longhorn cow  2008 till date - _____________________ Fill in the blanks and tell us what this list is about – something that’s usually widely reported in the press
  60. 60. Answer…
  61. 61. Portuguese Water Dog US Presidential Pets
  62. 62. 18. Aptly named for the colour of its wings, what is this butterfly called?
  63. 63. Answer…
  64. 64. Dead Leaf Butterfly
  65. 65. 19. Engraving by Gustave Doré for an 1876 edition of a famous work of writing from 1798. What is the engraving called, and what was the original work called?
  66. 66. Answer…
  67. 67. The Albatross Rime of the Ancient Mariner
  68. 68. * 20. On the Eastern side, the Atlantic has only one such, and that too from another country. The Central region has two such names, as do the South East. On the Western side, the Southwest has two names, the Northwest one, and the Pacific, none. This makes a total of 8 such names out of a total of 30. What are we talking about?
  69. 69. Answer…
  70. 70. NBA teams with animal/bird names 1. Toronto Raptors 2. Chicago Bulls 3. Milwaukee Bucks 4. Atlanta Hawks 5. Charlotte Bobcats 6. Memphis Grizzlies 7. New Orleans Pelicans 8. Minnesota Timberwolves
  71. 71. Both males and females have one, so it is unlikely that it is an ornament to attract the opposite sex. It is also clear that it is not used in fighting, because the weapon of choice (among these creatures) is a pair of tusk-like teeth protruding from the lower jaw. Its actual natural purpose is unknown. What is this, that’s coveted by Yemeni men, among whom it is a sign of manhood and devotion, and is used as handles of curved daggers called jambiya? 21.
  72. 72. Answer…
  73. 73. Rhinoceros Horns
  74. 74. This full colour, large format title is published in association with the Zoological Society of London and its much-acclaimed Evolutionarily Distinct and Globally Endangered program. What is the title of the book, a subtle modification of a headline that often accompanies bucket lists? 22.
  75. 75. 22.
  76. 76. Answer…
  77. 77. This word was possibly first used as the name for the season when a particular type of waterfowl was a favourite dish. It was also during this time of the year that a filmy substance was seen on bushes or floating in the air in the calm weather, and it in turn took on the same name. The current usage spans ‘something very flimsy or delicate’, to ‘a delicate variety of cloth used to make veils’. What’s the good word? 23.
  78. 78. Answer…
  79. 79. Gossamer, from the Middle English gosesomer or Goose + Summer
  80. 80. Isadore of Seville in Etymologies said that these mythical creatures pursued herds of cattle, attacked their udders and drained them of milk. Later, in his 1758 publication Systema Naturae Linnaeus chose to name a genus of real creatures with the same name. What creatures that also lend their name to the fashion accessory (in the picture)? 24.
  81. 81. 24.
  82. 82. Answer…
  83. 83. Boa, from ox killer Interestingly, Boa Constrictor has the same common name and scientific name!
  84. 84. The man on the left is an English naturalist who suggested stuff about how some butterflies had evolved. The phenomenon is named in his honour. The man to the right, a German, identified a situation a little different from what the former had theorised. The German’s theory involved two noxious species, one aping the other, providing predators with a universal ‘stop sign’. For a point each, name both theories. * 25.
  85. 85. 25.
  86. 86. Answer…
  87. 87. Batesian Mimicry (after Henry Walter Bates, where the mimic resembles a noxious model, like the Viceroy and Monarch butterflies) Mullerian Mimicry (after Friedrich ‘Fritz’ Müller, in whose theory both the model and the mimic are toxic)
  88. 88. The Chinese made jade models of this creature’s likeness and placed them on a corpse's tongue before burial, as it was believed that it preserved the corpse. The Greek symbol for music was this creature sitting on a harp. It is said that two rivals, Enomus and Ariston were contending for a prize. One of them broke a string on his harp. This creature settled on the instrument, and substituted for the missing string so effectively, and that person won. Which insect? 26.
  89. 89. 26.
  90. 90. Answer…
  91. 91. Cicadas
  92. 92. In plants such as Myosotis sylvatica, Nyssa sylvatica, Fagus sylvatica, Rana sylvatica and so on, what does ‘sylvatica’ mean? 27.
  93. 93. Answer…
  94. 94. In the wild / of the woods / from the forest … from the Latin sylva meaning forest
  95. 95. Belonging to the Brassica family, the edible part is the stem, which looks like a turnip with cabbage-like leaves. Of the several varieties, the commonly grown ones in India are white Vienna with light green skin and purple Vienna, with a purplish skin. The common name for it is a combination of the Swiss-Austrian-German names for cabbage and turnip. What is it? 28.
  96. 96. Answer…
  97. 97. Kohlrabi (known as knolkhol in India)
  98. 98. These peppers Capsicum annuum make a sound when they dry up and the seeds inside start shaking. The common name for these peppers is therefore also used by Spanish speakers across the Americas to refer to a species that advertises its presence rather loudly. What is the pepper called? Spanish speakers liken them to what species, the large majority of which are found in the American Southwest and Mexico? 29.
  99. 99. 29.
  100. 100. Answer…
  101. 101. Cascabel Rattlesnake (the diamondback, for example, is called Cascabel Diamantada)
  102. 102. It is the principal crop in the area where the author comes from. In the narrative of this work by Mo Yan, it is a symbol of indifference and vitality. Amidst decades of bloodshed and death, it grows steadfast to provide food, shelter, wine and life. What crop? * 30.
  103. 103. 30.
  104. 104. Answer…
  105. 105. Sorghum
  106. 106. The Criollo has a distinctly reddish colour, and an equally distinctive complex taste. It is quite rare because of the tree’s lack of resistance towards disease. The more robust Forastero dominates the market. What are these? The fact that these are predominantly grown in the Chuao region of Venezuela make what 2011 ad campaign that ran in India sound quite silly? 31.
  107. 107. Answer…
  108. 108. Cocoa varieties The best cocoa today comes from Venezuela and the surrounding regions. Cadbury’s Bourneville campaign on Ghana was a fail.
  109. 109. The gular is chiefly used for holding catch, although some inflate it as an attraction in courtship displays. Some have also evolved a behaviour where a flutter of the gular helps evaporate moisture from their respiratory tract. You might ask how does the tract get wet. The answer leads us back to the first point. Where do we see a gular in action? 32.
  110. 110. Answer…
  111. 111. As a sac or pouch in birds like pelicans, cormorants and frigates
  112. 112. Once upon a time Okinawa was overrun by vicious, surly critters called habus. So in 1910, someone who had probably read Kipling’s Rikki-Tikki-Tavi had the bright idea of importing a ‘solution’ (X). The only problem was that the habu is a nocturnal and X is a diurnal, so their paths never really crossed. Instead of fighting habus, X started eating other creatures, and Okinawa is still left with the old problem, and a new one in X (which have since multiplied from 17 to 30000). What were they trying to solve, and what is X? 33.
  113. 113. Answer…
  114. 114. They had a problem with snakes and they introduced the mongoose to help fight them
  115. 115. It is known as Elang Bondol in Indonesia. A Malaysian island is named after the bird with the second part of the island’s name denoting an ochre- like stone used to decorate pottery, and a reference to the bird's primary plumage colour. Which bird that is also seen as the mount of Vishnu? Which island? 34.
  116. 116. Answer…
  117. 117. Brahminy Kite Langkawi, ‘kawi’ denoting the colour
  118. 118. Found in and around Tirunelveli, Pollachi, Kovilpatti, Sivakasi, and Madurai, this breed was given as gifts to the bridegroom before weddings, and was on dowry lists for a long time. Now a rare breed, its name is a reflection on the special value placed on a quality of the bride. What is it called? * 35.
  119. 119. 35.
  120. 120. Answer…
  121. 121. Kanni, meaning a virgin girl
  122. 122. They were colloquially known as Lapps although today the term is deemed somewhat derogatory. Lapp means a patch of cloth used for mending, suggesting poverty and tattered wear. Sami is the acceptable term to use today. They live in traditional dwellings called goahti, shaped like a Native American tepee. There are about 7000 of them living today, looking after something that number close to 300,000. What do the Sami do for a living? 36.
  123. 123. Answer…
  124. 124. They breed reindeer
  125. 125. Their relatives we see at home are usually noted as a pesky irritant, and while structurally this creature is quite similar to them, it is distinguished by its folded wings and long proboscis. It bites. Name this creature. It kills around 300,000 people every year. How? 37.
  126. 126. 37.
  127. 127. Answer…
  128. 128. TseTse Fly, that causes sleeping sickness
  129. 129. These last words “Crito, we owe a cock to Asclepius. Pay it and do not neglect it.” should help you identify this plant Conium maculatum. 38.
  130. 130. Answer…
  131. 131. Hemlock
  132. 132. 39. It started shortly after 1945. It was persisted with during the Cold War, when peace-minded activists and scientists spread it far and wide, presumably as a cautionary tale of destruction more than anything else. Scientifically, 100 Sieverts is an acceptable limit. So with the developments that have taken place in recent years, with potential going up manifold, it is safe to say it will not happen. What am I rambling about?
  133. 133. Answer…
  134. 134. Cockroaches can/cannot survive nuclear explosions
  135. 135. * 40. These creatures all have the same genus and species name. 1 (one) point for each (answer in order pls) Example: Bison bison
  136. 136. 40. A B
  137. 137. 40. C D
  138. 138. 40. E
  139. 139. Answer…
  140. 140. Iguana iguana Hyaena hyaena Gecko gecko Lynx lynx Cygnus cygnus A B C D E
  141. 141. Final Results soon…

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