ENERGY Indian Scenario (11th Plan) VenkatA Gist from Planning Commission Report
Highlights of 11th Plan• The envisaged growth rate of economy is 9%.• India is 7th largest energy producer and 5th largest energy consumer in world.• Estimated average peak shortage is 12% in 2006- 07.
Projected Energy requirement, 2030• The projected requirement of coal has been estimated assuming its calorie content to be 4000 kcal per kg and 2865 kcal per kg for lignite.
Available Energy 70%-HC Potential Resource 70%-HC Potential70%-HC 70%-Coal 6%-Coal 10%-HC Potential
Coal Reserves of India (April 2009) In Million Tonnes Formation Proved Indicated Inferred TotalGondwana 105,343 123,380 37,414 266,137CoalsTertiary Coals 477 90 506* 1,073 Total 105,820 123,470 37,920* 267,210* Includes 456 Mt of Inferred resources established through mapping in NE region.Source – Ministry of Coal site. Energy Mix of India
Way Forward• India is short of all energy resources. Need to expand resources through exploration, energy efficiency, renewables and R&D.• Additional sources of energy like CBM must be fully exploited. Renewable energy sources contribution should be increased.• More transparent policy framework that treats the different energy sources in similar manner.• Institutions promoting energy conservation and improvement need to be strengthened.• Subsidies and support need to be linked to outcome of renewable energy instead of capital investment.• Development of robust energy R&D systems.
Energy Generation In MWCapacity at Type Centre State Private Totalthe end of Hydro 7,563.00 25,785.62 1,306.15 34,654.77 Thermal 33,658.99 43,334.33 9,021.52 86,014.84 10th Plan Nuclear 3,900.00 - - 3,900.00 Total 45,121.99 69,119.95 10,327.67 124,569.61# Type Centre State Private Total Hydro 9,685.00 3,605.00 3,263.00 16,553.00 Addition Thermal 26,800.00 24,347.00 7,497.00 58,644.00 during Nuclear 3,380.00 - - 3,380.00 11th Plan Total 39,865.00 27,952.00 10,760.00 78,577.00
Development of alternative Fuels• CBM-Coal Bed Methane – 26 blocks already been offered in bidding.• Gas Hydrates – National GH Programme started in 1997. Seismic surveys conducted in KG & Mahanadi basin. Potential areas are Kerala & Konkan basin.• UCG-Underground Coal Gasification – ONGC & GAIL engaged for exploration.• CTL-Coal To Liquid – Two blocks allocated to Tata & Jindal.• Bio fuels – Planned for 5% increase of ethanol in Bio-diesel blended fuel.• Oil Shale – Identified in Assam, Arunachal Pradesh & Nagaland estimated about 100 Billion barrels.