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Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
Bootu kaavyam-01-05
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  • 1. ÁÆúÃ¥ÁÏúà üÁÓ Á©Ã úÁÏžÁë §ÊŽÂ ©Ã¨Â¡Á¥ÁÅ €þÁä öÁ¬Áê§Á¬Á ¡Áë£ÏŸÁÏ ©Âë³Â§ÁÅ.ƒ¦ÁþÁ 18 ©Á ªÁœÂ£â¡Áô ©Â™ÁÅ. ¡Ã˜Â¡Áô§ÁÏ ±ÂëÏœÁÏ ©Â™ÁÅ.¡ÁúÃÖ £ÆœÁŨœÍ þÃÏ™ÃþÁ ƒ Â©ÂêþÃä 20 ©Á ªÁœÂ£âÏ ¨Í¡Áë¤ÁÅœÁíÏ þëʞÃÏúÃÏžÃ. ‚ύ þëʞÁÏ ¨ÍþÊ „ÏžÃ.ƒ Â©ÂêþÃä 1922 ¨Í Â¥Á ÁëÏŸÁ¥Á ¨ ©Â§ÁÅ¡ÁôžÁÅúÊÖ§ÃþÁÅϙà ¡ÁëúÁŧÃÏú§ÁÅ. ¬ÁϱžÁÁŨÅúÃþÁä¦ÁêÂ§ÁÅ. œÁ§ÂíœÁ ¥Á®Äò ‡©Á§ÁÆ ¡ÁëúÁŧÃÏúÁ¨ÊžÁÅ. Â©ÁêϨÍþà ÌþÃä ¡ÁžÂê¨Å: _ÁϏà ¬ÁÅ¥Ä ¥ÁÅþÁÅ ¡Ê§ÁÅþÁ¤ÁÇϏà ¬ÁÅ¥Ä þÂýêÁ¨þÁ ¡Ê§ÌÑþÁ ¥Á§ÁÅ ³Â§ÁϏà ¬ÁÅ¥Ä žÄþÁ¥ÁéþÁÅžÉϏà ¬ÁÅ¥Ä Â¥Á §ÁœÁŨ žÃýÛ™ÁþËœÃþ÷úÁ¨¥ÊýÍà §ÂÌ¥Á §ÁŨţ¨Å©ÁôÁ úÁÆ™ÁϏÁ þžÁÅ ¡ÁüØþÁÅ ©ÊÁþ÷ÁŨō̡Áå ©ÁúÃÖ ¤ÁÁ¥ÁÅ ¡ÁÁ¨ žÉϏÁÅ¥ÁÅ úÁÏ™ÁÅì¡ÁýÃà Á¬Ã œÄ§ÁϏÁþ÷
  • 2. ³Ì¥ÁÅé¨Å ÍÁ¨Å §ÁƍÁ¨ÅœÉ¥Áéþà þÃþÁÅ úÍÁÅÑ ¬Ê¦Á ŸÄÌþà Ž§Á£ÏŸÁ¥ÁÅéþÁ žÉϏÁÅ¥ÁÅ ©Á™ÃÂþÁ¥ÁÅé¥ÁÅ ¡ÉÊѨ ©Â§Áþ§ĨͨÂ ±ÍÂ §Áƍ͍ ¥ÊÂ ¥Á§Ê¥ÃÌþà ‚úÉÖþÁÅ œÂþčœÁþÃœÍ þÊ¡ÁþáÁõÂ ¦ Á§Á›Ãþʨ ±Ì§Á¨ÉžÁ ©Á¦Á¦ÉÂœÁŧÁÁ¨ ¥ÉÅ™ÁݨŠžÁƞʍÁÅ ¥ÉÅ™ÁݨŏÁŨÂì¡Áô ¥ÉÅ™ÁݨŠÌ¨ì ¥ÉÅ™Áݨ £Í¦Á ¥ÉÅ™ÁݨŠ€¨Â¡Áô ¥ÉÅ™ÁݨÅúÁ¨Ã ¥ÉÅ™ÁݨŠ³Â¨É ¥ÉÅ™Áݨ£Ã¬Ä¨ ¥ÉÅ™ÁݨŠ¡Á£Å©Áô¨ ¥ÉÅ™Áݨţ¡ÁþÁ ¥ÉÅ™ÁݨŠ¤Áýì ¥ÉÅ™ÁݨÃϏèÄüŨ ¥ÉÅ™ÁÝ ¨Ä™ÃÁ ¥ÉÅ™ÁݨšÃÏü§à ¥ÉÅ™ÁݨŠ£Ê¬Áà ¥ÉÅ™ÁݨÉþÃä žÁƧÃÏúà žÉϏÃþÁ þÃÏúÁōËþÁü™Ã¦ÁÁÅϙɞÞÂþÁ ©ÂªÁÖ§Áê¥Ã¡Áô™ÁÅþĨ þÁ§Á¡ÁœÃ úÁúÁÅÖ ¥ÉÅ™Êݨ þčÁōÂϯÁ ËÍÁťɠžÍ¬ÁÂ§Ã ¡ÁõÁ
  • 3. N{ªçp{¨=ç VÃQNø Ûe^¤_{ {{ z T{=Ûbm¶P|øo|zep{¨¨ {Ûec{p¨|q}ßztp{¨¨ z {ÛûN{=[{¨={¨ k{¨V=Q{kªr^¨{¨ k{£tÙk{ª_{ ze=T}#zt¨{ { zÐu½N}Z¾ze inÛe_}ze e¦m{mx¾ b{x{ t=úx{^¨= } z z { zN}q¾ÈVßn N¶qf}q{¨{¨ Ûîq{ªo|=N{¨={¨ m{¨Ûb{¨={¨ _} {ùN{= ë=_{nf}Z¡ ñnd{¬eîd+ ùx¢=T{¨ d¶Û_Û{ _l¨d+ z {@x{l¨ j}zv§Q{mß p{¨vs}zt¨m{ b{¨m{¨ÙO T{x¨m¾Þnt { { ~ { zÛb}x{t b{x¨nd+ tp{¨m{m=Q{p¨¨o¾d{ Ûîq{ªnc}m{T¶ z { z { {úx{l²¨¨d{m¢Æ q¾^¡_{ p{¨q¶rp{¨¨ ÛQ¾öd{ b{¨m{ b{¨m¨^} z à Ã{c{Úx{¨ð ñnk{ªøk{¨ð _{bl¨¨ ðÓmd¨ W·l¨¨ Q}p{¦_{d+ Ò { { { { {Ðti q{i ÛQvb{ßl{¨¨{¨ t=p¶r_¾ z Ó Ò z{ z ~ËÐ_}np}n¨={¨ N{m}w{p{ÛVN{mÁq{ b{=Üs} ÛNNT{ k{l¨=N{m{ p{¨ü { Ë {{ {øÐt¬_{ p{#N¨={¨ øze¦n b¥Äm{ z {eZ¨_{m{ N{vN{v t¨ÖZ T{Z¨ øN{Z|ËZz z z z üzt ðÒm{ý_{ p¶b}={k}={¨ }o¾N{ N}o|d{o|õn øzt¨Öm{ d¶ÔÛ_¨={¨ OÃtðÔk{ ðq}_{ { z{d{Om{¨{¨ ~vm{^ÚN{úze¦ ød}q{N{¨={¨~t=zvQ¢m¢p{Ðm¢ l{¨Q{¨ d{m{~t=zvp{¨©Ðm¢l{¨{m{¨ ç=_{nf}Z¡ ño|Ûb¢d{¬ze¦ð
  • 4. tm¢l¨¨ Q{mß= i{=Q{=Q{ W·l¨¨ Q}_{~ { { {ñmbñnpm¨{¨ q{¨ñp{mp}zv§¨ øb¨Úb}k{ ø { { Ï{ { { { {u}Öm{ VZ|k{m{¨=¨ iv§qrÕtp¨ðß_{ b¥mp¶¨Û]¨ {= { z z{ z { Ä{ {k¾m{¨zvQ{m{Ø p{¨ÐztN{ øk{ª~r_{ zvÐztztm¾í } p¨ü {¹k²m{p{¦ ¢T¨ÆQ}_{ d{q¨k{=i¨n¨ ñnd{¬f}np{¨ÀýN¢d+ { {@d{¨zep{¨ øÛN{p{¨ ÛN{p{¨ ztzvÛztk{¨W|Ãm{w{ k}ztp{¨|d{ u}c{dë_{ tbu}c{Út¨m{b}d{p{ b{x¨{¨ b{x{ûám{ O= { ~Ó { z {{d¨ {Q{¨ ùm{k{Ûb{¨{¨ N{{=N{d{¨ ç=_{nf}Z¡ ñnk{ª {Vd{eîze¦=Q{p¦{ ðßk{pu}m{øvd{¨ðQ} d¼d{m¨Æ_{d+ z { £ {d{n¨p{Q{¨ m{ÐN{p{¨|nÚp{ztd{=i¨n¨ {=i¨Q{b}öÆ N{d{¨Ônd+VnVn j}zrÕò=b{¨p{¦n¨ W|n¨N¼d{=Q{ T²n=Q{¨T{¨=¨ d{ {N{Án¨p{¨¨nT¶²l¨NÁ NnN}np¨¨ ñnd¬f}n¨ ð=Z¡o¾ { { { { {N{öze¦m{¨s}d{¨zr=Q{ l{¨l¨ Q}]{m{îd{ÔZ¡l¨=T{¨Q}p{¦_{d+@d¨b¢d{ pÛ{ Np¨|mm_¨o² Tm¢l¨=T¨T¨ p²m¢pmp¨¨o+ { { { à { { {¹ { { { ¹ Ã{ { {_{d{m{ zem{ztÕm}_{Ù_{d{¨ b}öç p{¨=Q{w{§{¨ Ãd{¨m{¨={¨d{¨d+q{ðl{¨¨d{¨ m}zv§p{¦ ðÙQ{¨n tp{¨Ùî b}ßb{qVd{Ùm}q{¨nd+ z {Q¼dN¼ððöÆ ñnd¬eN¨=Vm¨ð d{_¶Ðm{¨ m²=_{l{¨¨d+ { {z { { à {õp{¨N{ø m}p{¨ö=Q{ðtp{¨d{Ùa{¨² T²n=Q{¨ Ûûd}a{N{ød+#£ ¹m}p{¨N{ø p{¨¨O¨Únd{¨ Ûf½Òb}p{¨Q{î= ëÐ_{ùc¢ _{nç N{=Qd+ { {BÞZ¨ ztN{nb¶p{_} Ûf}Ñm{d{=i¨d{¨ zt¨N{øVd{_}ôp{=b{d{=i¨d{¨ N}ø=ç l¶¨d¼N{Á üztÚm{ztÛzec}d{p{¨Q{¨Ûzei=c{=i¨ zt¨N{øðN{m{ p{¨d¾d{¨m}Q{ zt=c}l¨N=i¨Q} mçl¨=e d¨b¾ÚQ¢=ç l¨¨dÔ { { { z { { {
  • 5. tp¨l¨=i¨d{z { {_{d{ l{¨zeN¥Ðm¢ p{¨|b{Ú_+ N{¬ÏzrN}N¢N¢Q{¨m{¨_{m}W|={=i¨ Q{ª{¨ N}Q{_{d{ o¾k{Q¨^ ød{©_{d{ b{¨m}nk{ n_{ {N{Ëzrb¢q{o+ Ûp{¨|N{¨¹o² T²n=Q{_{d{ ze=b{_{d{p{¨d{¨ zRd{_{p²©ø_{îN¢izv§Q{¬zv=i¨n¨ ¹qnQ¨vn¨ N}Q{ ² {z_{db¨ W|m{_ßT¾m{¨d{N¨ t=N{mqmÙ { { { { z {{{d}ZN{= iÑm}=Vd{=i¨ N}Q{@p{ð b¥~e=T{¨ T{=Ûb{m¶P|ôc}d{p}m{d}m¥ÛîN¾^ zt=p{Óm{p{¨|d{m{tem¢e¦_{ t¨OQ{b} Ûp^N¢^}=N{ z z zÞ z {k{ªzr^¨=¹²d{ ño|Ûb¢ kªø¨e¦={¨ { zp²=¢l¨¨ dO={ k{ªp{¨=n p¨={p}l{¨p{¨|d{ p{¨|d{p}c¢d}a{ u}c{¨l{¨©c{ ðm¢Ôm¾c}p{m¾c{ { { { {ztk}k{p{d}k{Ú=_{m{ ð_}=_{ p{Ïm{ñl{¨ N}nN{ªZ N}N{ N{ÈVn O=Vm¥Z N{=iw·=Q}n N}np{¨|Èm}nQ{=¾zen zRd}zRd{ Q{=c¶k{ i=k{m{ N{b{=i zt=k}ztp{¨| d}d{©d}=_{ b¢Q{=_}ÛN}=_}el¨q¾p¨={n¨={d{¨, zt¨k{Q{¨={¨d{¨, p² ¨m}p{^ m}p{^ N{¨=k{N{Ïm{ N{¨=k{ðN{¨=k{ q{¨=k{ðq{¨=k{ z { { ¹V=k{ v¢=i Ûzen=i f¿o¾p{¨ iN{ p{_{âN{ j}^ T}^ªm{ zRZ¾_{ÁT{ N}nd¶ø¨ Om{ b{ªzr^ Ûîúm{ ~p{¨|m¥T{ p{¨|ö zt¨p{¨|ö p{¨N{m}x{ c{ªÛp{¨|x{ q¾^¡_}x{ Ûzep{¨¨O m{x¾b{x{ ztb{¬x} x{¨Ûb{ ðm¢ÔÛb{ Ûb}~RËzrb{¨Òm{d{¨ b{¨Ãm{¨^}c{Úx{¨={¨d{¨, tm}ßp{nx{^¨={¨d{¨, N¢m}_{Q{¨^ Q{m¢Ëzr¨=¨d¨, z { {b{¨m}ÙÃmÛ{ eù^}ztÕb{¨=¨d¨, Ûj}vÙ^ÛbpÚkx^bx¢_¨={¨d{¨, j}nm{=}ztp{¨|N{m{ z { { z {{ {{ { { ÏáN{¨_{ªvn¨={¨d{¨, ðm{=_}d{=_{ b{¨m}=_{Ûf}=_{ N}=_}m}=_{m}w{ N{m}w{p¨|Ãm}d{mw{ t=T{mbpl¨ z Ò { Ã{ z Ã{ { { {Q¾p{¨|l{¨¨ Q¾ze¦T{Ç N{¨m{=Q{ q{q{ p{¨m{ÁZ¾ nªN{ ÛQ}p{¨ztªN{m{ Ûzep{¨¨O ÛzeN{Z p{¨¬Q{l{¨|øüm{øq}m{b¨={¨d{¨, p{¨±v©d}Ùb{¨={¨d{¨, t¨N{øðN{¨m{=i øb{ß_{Áb{=i p{=b¢t=b¾zv { z z p²^¡NÛ{ q¶^¡N} ¹p¨d¾mc}m{ pÚm¥Nm^} t=üm^}N}m^} ðml¨u}ß=_¨={¨d{¨, øQ{_{q}=_¨=¨d¨, { { Ñ {Ñ {{ z { { Ò{ { { { { {
  • 6. izv§p}m{d}m¥ Vd}ö=Q{d{ b{¨m=c{ i=c{¨m{ k{Q{ T{¨=id{ _}{d{ e{d{ b{=_{x{_{ d{Ox{_{ p{¨~vzr Ã{ £p{¨|Èm}n p{¨m{ÁZ N{¨N{¨ÁZ N{¬N{¨m{ Ûzep{¨¨O i=c{¹d²ze¦^¤ Q{¨^Q{m¢Ëzr¨={¨d{¨, b{¨Èm{d{Ûq¶Ëzr¨={¨d{¨,Ûûp{¨çÆ=_{nf}Z¡p{=q{ f}m}p}m{ ±R¨|m{W|VßnÚp{¨|d}d{©d{ úP|zt=b¾zv t=b¥Ðe z zi{j}d{n¨={¨d{¨, T{nçÐ_¨={¨d{¨, zt=Q{m}=Q{^õm{¨={¨d{¨, øzrl{¨q{ªm{¨={¨d{¨, {ñT{f}T{N}c}m{¨={¨d{¨, zem{p{¨ b{¨m{×n b{¨m{Øm{ q{m¥m{¨={¨d{¨, AïÙl{¨ b}ztøo|~tñVd{ p{¨d¾c{d{zeq{Ú_¾zvm{¨={¨d{¨, ze_{l{¨|w{§={¨d{¨, @Q{¨ ño|Ûb¢ m}Vd{Úze¦=Q{p{¦= ¼N{Ád}{¨p¶Zp¶e¦n¨ eb¢p¶n¨ p{¨çÆN{ù¨y z zp{¨©îd}N{¨T{¨ b{={ p²¨¨y¨Q{¨T{¨={y¼p{¨¨Ù_{±eÕZ nªð ÛN{ø¨Ù m{u}o|n¨W¾üm{d¨T{¨ p¶Zu»=ze¦ _²n¨ze {_{¨m{N{d¶Ðztn¨ zt¨m}zem¢p{¨w{= j²ztQ{=Q{T²øT²=_{ p{¨d{p¦{ n T²e¦ÕT{¨={ zm{tf»N{¨Á n{m{ p}m{#£tn¨ p{¨¨=Q{n z_}¹a² l{¨Z=T{¨ d{¬_{Ú=i¨ tn¨zezød{l¨p²¨tN{=Q{ N{¨=Z³ded{¨n¨ µtl{¨¨ { z z{µtp{N¨n¨ b}~tN{n¨ }~t ÛN¶pðn¨p{ { {@nm{¨ N¼f}ÕN{ ÛQ}p{¨t=üztd{p¨¨d{ ~ {N{N{ _{w§N¼Ð_{ µem¾nQ{p¨¨d{ d{¨=¢ { { {tm{u}ÛQ¶tm{¨ N{ªçp{¨=çN{¨n k}ztßb}ßÑm¢ m}N}øc{¨d+z z çm{N¥Ðm¢d+ izv§w}=Ûc{nx{^øb{¨d+ Ûûp{¨ÈVQ{d}Ôa{ zt¨ Ñ~tm{ N}m{¨^ÚN{Z|x{nÓi N{ø_}c¥l{¨¨ÐN{¨ðd+ VÃQ{m} {ßm{d}p{¨|=N¢_¨ d{d¨Ô T{ªç eöN²d+ p}Þnk{Ú÷o|Q{îd+ { { zm{çl¨=çîø p{¨¨d{¨Ô m{tN{¨oÀd{ð p²¨T{Æ ~t¨m{¨çm{ W|d{Nem¢^l{¨=i¨z ¥z p{çl¨=çîø N{øÛp}_{p¨¨ o¼ÕQ{{=Q{ {
  • 7. b¢ßzeb{ m}c}N{¬Ïzr b¢p{ÚT{m¢_{p{¨¨T{Æm¢=çîø øb{ßT{Æl{¨=i¨ d{¨î=zeT}Z¨Ûei=c{p¨¨o+ q{_Np¨¨n¨d{¨ z { {{{p{¢ RZ¡=çîø Bm{¨p{b¢m²={¨ p{Ïm{d{o+ zm}^¡=zeQ} zt¨k{Ûb}øp}zvp{¨|=Ûc{nx{^nx{Ú=i¨ nm{~td}p{¦k{ªm¢m}Vd{Ú t=ze_+ Ûee«ë_{¨{p¦{ z z zk{ým{ ñ k}Q{Úp{¨vp{¨ T²eÕ=Q{ _{mp²¨ ~ z {VÃQm}V N{ù=Ûb{ p}T}zg^¤=Ûb{ {@Ïmpp¶¨On= Q{n p{¨üN{øN¾Z¨no¾d{ d²=_{l¨¨d+ {{ {e«Ïm¨{ùp{¦ t_{Áø_{; iª_{¨nm¥_¨n Q¾m{¨ N¼={Q}z { z { p{Ïm{d{µtl{¨ d¶m{¨_{¨p{¦ p}_²p{¨¨ ínÁQ{ zen¨Á p{¨©Âm{¨nd+ _{ªmp²¨ îËZ¡ T{=ze¦b{¨p{¦ c{ªÐm{p{¦, f¿m{¨zrq}öp²=_{l{¨¨d+ Ï{ ðÏm{l{¨ ø¨Ð_²m{=Q²m¢Q¢ d¶m{¨Õd{ ðd{¨Ô izv©N{m¢=çd{d+tßÏmøk{ªr^}=im{ Q{V c{ßV T}p{¨m{ Q¾c{d}q{ß b{¨ z { z m{ßm{ øçÛ_{ f}Û_{ izv§m}VÚ m{p¨|m{p¨^¤l¨e¦Û_{ t= Ï { { {z z N¥Ïm{ ztp{¨Ðztp{Ðzt¨ p{m{ Q¶zv ztp{¨=ç_{ k¾Q{k}Q{Úp{¨¨o+ N{mtp{¨|d{b}d{p¨¨ d{O={em}ÛNp¨q{ÐN¢, ð_{Ú b{¬ Ï z{ { z {{ N{ÁÏm{ N{¨÷d{ p}Q¢ßk{p{QÀm{p{ p{¨|Ûú_{i=c{¨m{x{^¾ b¥m{ N{¬f}m{t=i¨d{¨ d{îtm{i¨Ób¢, çm}l{¨¨p{¦d+, t¨c} Ï z ~Ñ z p{ml¨q{=i¨d{¨d+ N{öQ¢ p{m¢nW·_¨p{¦ VÃQt_{Áù Ï{ { Ó { z{@ð l{¨d¶NÛ{ eN}m{=i¨n= Q¼ðl{¨|¢ l¨|{¨o¶ð p¶{¨N{= T{=Ûb{m¶P|ôc}d{ p}m{ p}m{^m}Vl{¨|d{ zl{¨©m{¨Ûeb¶q=i¨d{ úm{=i¨ p²©e em{¨=¢ ÛN¢=b{¨ T{ªT{¨T{¨ d} m}W|_{Ùí=¢Zðl²¨ z { ~ z Þp¶=N{Zq}#t¨n¨ p{¨|N{¨ d{ zn=N}m{ÛQ{=a{p²¨¨N{Z¡ nö zt¨m{k}zrd+
  • 8. i=N¢=T² A=Ûc{N}p{Ú=i=N¢_{ p²¨¨d{m¢=ze¦ ù¨p{¦ d{Zd² p{¨|N{¨d+ Þ@ð p{¨¨d{¨Ô t_{ÕÝi=c{= zj¼d{m¢=e¦p{¨Z=T{¨ T²eÕl{¨¨=Z¡ø¨ p²t d{ z ~ zÞZd² m{ztp{¨¨Q{ T²~eÕî p{b¢Q¼d{ ðze¦{¨ c{d=i¨ o¶b¨ N¼b{¨p{ nô=T²d+ { {ød{¨ p{¨b¢l²¨ÞZd{ p{¨d{¨ín¨ d}ù¨b{òËZ¨Q{ T{np{¨©ð øVl{¨m}p{¨c{m^¤q¨_¾ T²eÕ b{={¨Q{ zed²Ô={¨ { { zp¶nm{ªf}l{¨n¨ p¶QQ¼ðl²¨ {ðT}Çze¦m{=i¨o¾ d¶d¼N{Á n=V_¾k¾Q¢=ç ðÒb¨m{ j¾p{ T¾m{¨ {o²nø¨ ¶m} T¼çÆ in¨¹p²d{ Q{¨æy=i¨p²=¢zeÞnp{¨¨ zeb¢p¶np{m}nu»p{¨¨Ù b¼=Q¢öf½l¨m¢ u»p{¨¨ÙzeN¢Áu}Z¡b¶q{=i¨ m}l{¨k{ªzr^¨{¨ Ûb¼j²×_{±eÕ k}Q{Ú=i¨ ðm}ØQ{Úb{q{ nô=T²_{øö zt_{¬Áî Q¼d{ zeb}Ñm{=i¨ o¶b{¨@b¢l{¨¨d{¨= Q}N{t_{¬Á_{¨n¨ p{¨¨d{¨Ô m}í nzt=OÚQ}Q{z d{=b¢ m{øl²¨Þn VQ{î d{=b{=b{ l{¨^Q²Rd{_{ VQ{b¶NøP|Úî N{n¨Q{bl²¨Ú z { { p{Úmp¨l²¨Ú eb}Ñm=i¨ p}m¢b²n Ñ{{ z { Þ
  • 9. @zeN¥Ðm¢l¨¨ N¥Ðm¢l¨¨ k{¨ø { {d²ze¦{¨= f½N{¨={¨; N¥Ðm¢ N¢l¨ÚQ{pnl{¨¨d+ { {øze¦np{¨¨Q{ c{dp¨¨; p{¨|N¢e¦ {{ z{¨zeN}m{p{¨¨ Q}Q{ T²ze¦Õ p²¨¨N{N{¬î ztm{Q{d+T²eÕ{¨p{¨¨ üztÚm{ztp{¨¨Q{ ~Q{¨ze¦Õd{ p{¨¨=b²p{m{¨ T²ze¦ÕN¼d{ðb¢Q}Bze¦Õ{¨ d}N{¨d{¨ d¼ze¦ÕnN{¨eÕN{¨ C T{=Ûbm¶ON{¨d{¨ p{¨¨b{p²¨¨b{pd+ z { {Q{=Q¢ zt¨ù¨ p{¨¨d{¨ µem{¨d{k{¬=Q¢ zt¨ù¨ d}ZÚN{nd{ µem¼Ád{ p{¨m{¨ u}m{=Q¢ t¨ù¨ b¥dp¨Ùd{¨ z {{b²=Q¢ zt¨ù¨ N}p{¨m{_{¨n b¢ËZ{¹d²îd+p}m{NdÚN{ l{¨ð ñp{¦ N¶mpnb{¨ { { {{b¥ð_¾ d}N{¨ d¶Ðzt=i¨ ze«d{ W·~tN{{N{¹p²¨ d}¢p¨w{ä p¶=N{Zp{¨ñ~r {b¥ð_{öð øzrl¨=T{¨ b{¬rN{nd{ Þ ~Ëj¾Q{p{¨¨p}m{=b{m{¨ d{T¾Æ Q{¨=k{dp²¨tQ{ p{çÆT{ª{Q{ d{_{} { zl{¨|Q}l{¨_{dp¨¨ o¾ t= {{ zl²©Q{p{¨¨ Q}ø=zeW·±t d¼Q¢ ðm{¨ßm{N{¨d+A_{ðN¢ N{ª_{¨m{Q¨Zd+ {T}_{¨m{Úp²¨nm{Õ d¶m²Õ TÀûîQ{_¨o+ {P|ÚîQ{ ðb¢ d} p{¨b¢N¢d+T¶_tâ=W|_{ t¨p{¨øúO¹p²¨ d}Z³d+ z{ z
  • 10. b¥ð p²¨¨Q{=i¨ {=i¨ p{¨m¢ b¥ð øn=iN{¨T{=i¨ n=b{p¨¨d+ {b¥ð Rd¾m{¨N}={l¨¨Q{ b¥møN¥mt¨N¶qf}q{p¨¨d+ z { Ä { Ï z{ { {b¥ð p{¨c{¨e_}c{mp¨¨ b¥ð p{¨±v©d{Ô_{ m¾p{¨m}ël{¨¨d+ zÞ {{b¥ð t¨j}zv§p{¨©nm{¨ç _²np{¨ d}N²bj}l{¨ p²e¦Õ{¨d+ z Þ { zu}d{¨n Q{ª{d¾ p{¨¨d{¨ze¦ - T{NÁð çN{Áð ðN{¨Á p{¨¨N{¨Á ±e {d¾Úd{¨n T{ª{d¾ N{¨ tp{¨¨Vßn e=N{Ve#_{ øÛkp¨| { z z z {{d{©d{ øo|ztµeq{n p{¨d¾zvm{ l²©ðN¢ u}Z¡µtl{¨Q}N}d{Qm}b{¨ p{Ðt¨p{b¢ N{d¨Ôn N{Z¡d{ l{¨Z _¾T²¢d+ { z { Ë ÞT{=Ûbò=iztªÖÐm¢ TÀN{µtl{¨Q{ T}n¨ {p{¨¨Òb{¨Q}m²¢ d{p¦{ ßp²©p{¨¨ _¾{N{n¨p{m¶N¨n}n¨ N{{N¼Ð_{Q} T}n¨ {_¾m{=e¦ ð{¨b{N{=b¾l¨ _¾{ zN{m{Z¡N{¨=k{=i¨n zem¢k{ø=zeQ{ T}n¨N{m{Áq{N{¨T{l{¨¨Q{ÙN{=i¨ _¾{i=c{¨ìp{p{¨¨n _¾{ ÛeîzRZ¡=eQ{ T}n¨ z zm}Q{t=l²©Q}c{m=i¨ _¾{ z {u»Q{t¨ N{¨n¨N{=Q{ d{¨em{î T¼N{ÁW·t z z ~N¼ztm¢ d} p{¨|d{zt=j²Þn N¼Þno|¢d{d¨Ô b}zt¨ðQ}d¶o² d{ðÔQ{_¨n { {b¥ð p{Ïm¢=ze¦p{¨| m{u½b¥Ïm{p{¨¨Q{d{¨HðÔ øc{=i¨n b²=Q¢d{_{dÔb{¨ îËZb{¨ p{m}n¨ c}d{Úp{¨¨ u»p{¨¨Ùo+ {ztd{Ôze¦ N¾N{n¨ _²p{¨Ùðd{dÔ{¨Q{b¨ l¨ËZ¡ p}m{d}m{¨n¨ N{nm¶ { {
  • 11. k{Qp¨¨ òQ¢ p²¨¨Q{p¨¨ ëQ¢l¨¨d{¨ {{ { {çQ{¨m}N{d¾ÙøN}ø T²eÕQ{_mp¨| z {{{_{Q{ d{d¨Ôd{¨ b¥ðð N{¨ { {u»Q{zt¨Q{ p{Ïm¢=zep{nl{¨¨ zt¨N{øp{_{=u}@ð l¨_Ú=_{ Ûµep¨|îm¶N=i¨d{ p¶¢d{ d¶ ðÞZ=Z¡ { { { {Ab¢ e¦m¾v_¨o²d{ _¶W¾p¨©Ðm¨ z ~ {¹ { {nd{¨ Q{_}l{¨¨nN{{ N{ðed}p{¦ ~u}c¨ Vl¨=î p¨üb¶p{¦ p{¨|d{Ú=i¨ { { {o²nø¨ N}u}n=V N¢çÆd}p¦{m}l{¨p{m{=i¨ ø¨m}úb}m{¨n p²w{äQ¼ËZ¡ N¼=zen zezt¨o+ N{ËZ¡d}p{¦c{m}Ù_{¨Ù¨d¨ _}__p¨¨Ù{¨ d{Q¨ m}l{¨ { { { {{ {øk{¨ ðm{¨b¾ÚQ¢ N}ø=çd}p{¦j¾l¨Q¼o|p¨¨o¾ N}t¨ f½Nl¨¨={ { Þ { z { {p¶=N{Zp{¨ñ~r T¶_{ ðm{=N{¨q{Q{îÛN{_¨p{¦ µtl¨=çîø ñN{¨ N{¬îl²¨¨d{mÕ { {d{ãm{p{¨Q{¨d{ÞZ¨ T¶_{¨ ño|Ûb¢m}V@ðd= Ûev¬rb¨rv¬bl¨¨=² úm{>N{=ze=i¨ µtl{¨ d¶d{¨d{¨ zem{p{¨|d{=b{N{=b{ý_{ { z z zË { zË z { { ¹p{¨|d{u}m{ø=b{¨={¹d² p{çÆ l{¨_{ðN¢ zrËzrÚ=_{=i¨ ÷ ÛzeN}m{=i¨d{= T²zeÕ= iªðîñT}c}m¨dN¨ p¨ü { {{ {l{¨|T{N{ q{¨N{ q}nÙ÷ Ûb{¨p{¨|N}m{¨d{N{¨d+Ûf}T{¨m{ÚøN}m{¨d{N¨d+ {m}çd¬eN¨o|ò Qmwmtu}m¨dN¨d+ { z { Ó { { { z{ { { {
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  • 14. p{¨m¢l¨¨ _{ÃÜb}p{¨p{¨¨d{ d¼N{ p{¨|n±eÒb{ {T²m{¨p{¦ Û_{øß=T² Vd{¨n N{T²Æm{¨p{¦ N}Q{@=_{ N¼=_{N}n=i¨d{N{¨@f}Õm}p{¦d{ N¼N{ N{¬îT²eÕ d{_={Q{ d{=b{¨ T¶m²d¨ ød{l¨= z { { { {j¼zeÕd+ p¶=N{Zq}#zt¨n¨Q{¨e¦Õd{ d{_}¢p¨w{ä N{¨n¨ ²d{Ô=Q{d+ z { {p}ð Ûf}Ñm¢=e d¼N{ ±ed{¨f}N{ T{ªze zp}ztp{¨¨Q{ d{=b{¨ p{tl¨=ç p{nd{¨ù¨m{ ~N¼{¨N{¨n¨d{¨ _}d{¨ p}¢T¨Æ N¾n¨ îd{¨T{¨ {B{¨p{¨¨nN{¨ d¾m¢Æ N}n=i¨ Q{¨e¦T{¨=¢ {zño|Ûb¢øk{¨d{ N} N{¬îp}o|l{¨p{¨¨ ðçÆ tm{¨n¨ p{l¨Q{ p{o²d= ~ { { {T}o¾n çÐ_p¨¨d{ _} {{d}o¾T{d{ µtl{¨¨T{¨=² d}_{ÙV _¾{d+@=_{N{ZN{ze¦ p¶=N{Zu}ðN¢øZ¨{Q{¨Zd{¨ d{©Vù{¨ ø¢ç l{¨T{Z¡N¢d+_{Z¨N{¨d{ N{ª_{¨= b¾¼Áðp{¨Z¨p{¨|l{¨n¨ ed{¨ÔN¼d{¨T{¨ p{¨çÆN{ T¶m²d+ zT¶m¢d{ b}ð d{_¨ Q{ð { {N{ªm¢ø¨_¾ NÀQ¢ö=T{¨N¼ð p{¨N{¨Áp{ d}
  • 15. üm}b¢N{=i¨ ö{¨T{¨d{¨p{¨|m{ÛN¥n T²n=Q¢ p{¨d{Ôd{ d{¨ðT²d+ {@b¢ l²¨Z¡bðd{ Ë {e¦ËZN}o+ u»ËZN¶o+ p{Z¡Ûp¶n¨= W³p¦{ o+z ËeZ¨ o¶NZ¡Z¨ òËZ¨ N{bn¨ z Ë Ë{ Ë { ø¨ËZze=Þ¨d{¨ ±ed{¨o¼ËZ N{dpl¨¨d{¨ { à {{ { òËZ¨¹o² T{¨ËZ¹o² ðËZðQ¢¢ b{Zp²¨ in¨ N¼=Q{eZ T{Z¨p{nd{¨ Ë ¹ ~ Ë Ë N¼ËZ=Q{ ztp{¨N{ËZ¡d{ËZ¡ _²n¨ze¦ m²Z¡=e dÀb{ni¨ËZ¡ T²=enù¨b{ Ë z z d{ËZ|{¨ CN{nN{Z T{¨Z Ë Ë_¼ËZ¡±eb{p¦{ n¨ _{¨=zem{n¨ËZ¡e²¨ z {T{ËZ¡N²d{l{¨Q{¨ d¾m{¨d{¨ Q{ËZ¡o¶N{N¼ËZ¨ø¨ËZ|{¨ in¨ Vd{¨n¨ËZ¡e²¨ z {l²©ðQ{nl{¨b¢ p¶=N{Zu}ð p{¨m¢l¨¨ {N{Þn¨ ±eÞn¨Q{Ûb}ø N}m{¨N{ª_{n¨ N{ªl{¨¨p{¨|nð ¹d²d{d{¨ p{¨m{¨n¨Q¼n¨ÕN}zt¨ùzt=i¨n¨ p}~tQ} n=N¢=çí¢Q¢ d²o|Þwo¾ W¾Q¢ T¶t Þ { ~l¨n¨ p²wäQ} N¼ËZ¨ d²N¨Áp{_N¨Áp{ { { {{p{¨|Zo|{¨d{¨ p{Z¡iªZN{p¨¨n¨ Ë {p¶=N{Zq}#t¨n p¶qÚ d²pßm¢_¾{ z { {d{p{ßb{=T{¨d{¨ Vd{¨o+ d{p{¨Ù îm{¨Q{¨N{ª_{¨d{N¨ Hp{ßð= b²çÆ N¼p{¨m{¨N{d²Ô {
  • 16. Ûf}l{¨ ø¨~eÕ=ç Im¥î Ûein¨d{Z¨ z ÞT¶±tb{p¼ l{¨=T{¨ T²øo¾d{ T²e¦ÕT{¨={¨ zq}#tQ}m¢N¢ p¶=N{Zu}ð l²¨e¦{¨ ~ zCztm{^¡ _²n¨ze d}_{=} u}ð= í|ç eöN² d{öp¶^¡! p{¨b¢d+ zp¶tm{N{ _}ýl{¨¨={¨p{¨¨ zñ zt¨_{N{¨d+ N{ªm¢Ù N{ªÐm{¨ ño|Ûb¢d{¬ze¦d+d} N{¬îN{d{ÚN{N{¨d{¨ N{d{b}N{¬î l¨| N{d{ÚN{N{¨d{¨ d{_{ð= iîQ}ñN¼d{ W·td{ p{¨d{N¨d+ ~ {T¶N{¨m{¨ k}Q{Ú=iZ=T{¨ T²~eÕ m{l{¨p{¨¨d{d+l{¨|Q{p¨¨ µem{¨T²eÕN¼ð @Ñmp¨¨ k{ªÛeV p¶¢ _²çÆd{d+ { ~ {{ zk¾Q{p{¨¨ µtl{¨p{T{¨Æ ðVze¦#_{ zt±v©b{m{ b}m{ i=c{¨ zt=l²©Q{p{¨¨ Q}Q{ d{=T{¨ p{¨b¢ d{©v l²¨¨d{m¢Æ l{¨_{= {O={ p{¨| zl{¨|Q{¨^ b{ªr_}_{¨Ù{l¨ l{¨T¼ÆZ¨ p²nߢ l²¨n k{ªp{¨¨nd+ ~ ÞñT{_ßp{¨¨d{N¨ m¾l{¨N{ { {T{ªçd{ d{m¨o²n p¶¢ zt¨¢p{N{ N{{¨d+ { Þ {l{¨|T{d{ T¶t eb}Ñm{ p{¨ ~ zQ¾T{mp¨¨Q{ t=ÛQv=T{¨N¼ð p{çÆ p²td+ { { z ~{ zp{¨|np}ð T²m¨p{¦ p{¨m{¨p{¦d{ e=b¢w§ä { z {u}nn¨d{¨ RZ¡=ç t=Ûkp¨p{¨¨d{ z z {{l{¨|VN{¨n¨d{¨ ±eÒb{¹o²d{ øÛze¦n N{ªm¢Æb¥x{ iªð ðVztîl{¨¨d{¨ _}d{¨
  • 17. N{N{ b{x¢^}Q¢Ô Q}ãme_}Úzvp{ { z{ñl{¨ p{v§Ôn=b{¨ ðö~e p{¨=ç zp¶¨N{f½_{¨Q{p¨¨n p²¨b{nN{¨={ p{c¢=ç {p²m{p{¦ ù¨m{ d{=b{¨ p¶n¨ÆT{¨=¢p{¨Op{¨¨ T{ª{ p{T{¨Æ p{¨d{¨ín N¢Ë~rË~rN}Q{ @d{Ôø¨{¨, Q{b¨p{¨¨{d¨T{¨ { { {N¼{¨N{¨_¾{ _{db¨ N{ª_{¨p{¨Q{ð_¾{ { {T²eÕ p}m{¨ o¾k{çÐ_¨nQ{¨T{¨ z {N¼=b{m{ N¼N¢=_{ N{ª¢¢N¼=b{mN¨= N{ªm{o¼ztQ¢ N¼=b{mN¢{N¶ {{ {b{={d{ µtl{¨¨T{¨ Q²=Z¨T{¨N¼=b{m{ îËZ¨T{¨d{¨ p²wäQ¼ËZ¨T{¨ N{{N{d+ {ze¦{ø¨m¶={=~ed{ Q{¨{ b{c¢ ±¹ vl{¨=Q{ Þùd{p¨¨o+ o¾ð=Þ{o¾d{ b}ç {N{m^=i¨ n=~ed{ N{=b{ ±e={np{¨¨n¨ {eb¢n=i¨Q} d¶n f}î¹p²çz Ûj}zvÙ^¨Òo²çÆd{ izv§øc{gnp{¨¨n¨ z o¾o¾d{ _{d{b{¨ T{¨ËZ|nN¢çÆ N¾p{¨Z¨ _²çÆd{ Q{¨m{¨_{m{ p{Ðzt¨p{¦o+ Þ p²¨np²¨nd{ _}m² Ûø¨=Q¢p²ç Þ Þ ¹zeze¦Õo¾ d{¨ze¦Õ ø¨N¢Áö f}m{VÞöd¶îo¾ Ap{¨¨b{p¨¨Ùd{¨ ð={ ð=~e {e¦n¨zt¨o¾ Q{=ë ø¨N¢Áö N{nl{¨j¾~tz k{xÚp{¨¨no¾d{ ø¨m¢l¨=ze¦ eb{{¨ N{ö~e { { z
  • 18. p{¨=ç iªm²n¨ f»^N{n p{¨|Z¨p²Z¡ Ëe=¢iªm² o¼N¼ÁN{Áp{¨¨N{Á ±eÒb{p}m¢~ øÐtm{¨no¾d{ f}m{=Q{ øztm¢p²ç z ¹ N{tm¢N¼ËZ¡d{ øÛe¦ o|N{Zd{¨ o¶ç z zq{el¨=T{¨T{¨ H={nT¶ ~_{~el¨=T{¨T{¨ d¶Z¡N¶ø¨ _}w{§{Z=T{¨d+T{enu}ß=_{¨= ¥_¨ z { {N{zeZze¦ l{¨ÊV=i¨ µtl{¨ N{Q² d{Z=T{¨d+ {T{eÕÞZ¨ T{mT¨N¼=T{¨d{¨ z { {p{¨¨ze¦Õd{ ð_{¶n ÛN{_{¨p{¦ p²¨¨d{~t l²¨¨d{m²Æd+p²¨¨±eÕ_{d=i¨d{, @Ñmp¨¨ { {{Q{¨e¦Õd{ BN{ÁeZp{¬Ðî N{ªm²Æ d{Z=T{¨d+ z zVp{ßd{=i¨d{ p¶=N{Zu}ð l{¨c{m{p{¨c{¨p{¦ ÛQ¾öd{ m¾_{p¾ p{¨b¢_{n=çp{¬bbq{ u½p{¨f}d{ ø¨øßc¢ d¼d{m²Æ Ó { {N}ð ztßÃm}zep{Ãm¶T{Ç N}b{¨ zt¨={¨@d{¨T{¨ Vd{¨o²Þn ðiØ=Q¢ d}{¨T{¨=¢m{=_{ p¶=N{Zq}#t AQ}l{¨_{dp¨¨ ~ {{ÛzeN{Zp{¨¨Q{ T{ª{ ç=_{nf}Z¡ ñnd{mpmÛ{ Q}p{¨^¡ p{¨d{=i¨d{= b{n=ç {{j¾Q{p{¨¨ ø¨¢p¶¨w{=i¨n¨k}Q{p{_{¨n¨ p¶ZN}=Û¨ k{rN{Tl¨=i¨o+ { z { {p{¨©Q¢ _{dp²=Z N¼n¨p{Q{ {p¶Q{=i¨d{ _{m{ö l{¨Z Ûzep¶q{=il²¨Úd+
  • 19. BÞZ¨ Ûep¶ú=ç l{¨øßÛee¦=Q{p¦{ b{m¢à=ç l{¨¨{¨Q{m{o¼zt=Q¢ q}o|ztù¨ze=i¨d{= z z zzeZN{¨Z¤m}k{Ú=_{m{=i¨d{ ðöç _{b¥l{¨ ÛN{_{¨p{¨=Û_{_{=Û_{ Ûzel²©Q{ Ûzec}d{ øc}d{=i¨ o|o¾N¢=ç üý= Qd¨T¨=²; d{l{¨Úp{ztm{=i¨d{ { { {øro¾eö e¦TÆøÐ_¨n Qî N{ze¦Õ zÏ z z { { {Q{n Q¼ÃQ¢e=Þ{ t=Q}mp¨{m{ z ~ {{øze¦Õ N{Ãöd{ µeN¨eÕo¾ e¦m¨p¦{ n { {z z {T¼ze¦Õd{ N¼ze¦Õd{ t¨p{¨p{¨¨ np{¨m{ zN{zeÕçzeÕn f»n¨âN{={ nª²¢ m¥îèN{¨N{d¨Ôn e¦zt¨ o¶e¦ù¨m{ { z zd{©îT²=Q{Z Ûp¶n¨ d{¨d{¨_{=i N}l{¨ntm^¡ f»N¢Áöb={ Td¨Ôo¼eÕz { { { { zQ{Íj¼Òb¨ p{o²d¨ p¶¨d{¨ N}ð~e=ze ¢ { {j}m{NÛ{ mn _²mQ¨d{ j}zv§nnm{ { {{Vd{Nl¨|Q{=i¨ T{ªpT²Æd¨ ÛîN¾^ { { {{ {u}=Ûb{_{m{ m¾p{¨m¶O A T{=Ûb{m¶OBZ¨p{o² d{TZ¡N¢ p{T²Æ{¨ {øZN{=ZN¢ T{ªç çÐ_øÛkp¨ p²¨¨b{pd+ { {{ {_{Z¨N{¨d{ ñnd{¬zeî zv¬_{¨ÕZp{¨¨d{ u½n¨T{¨d{¨ b}ð f»Q{b¼{=Q²d+ {VN¨T¨Æd¨ p²¨{±vT{¨Æd{¨ {{ { {d{{Q{T{¨Æd{¨ j¼T{¨Æ±em¢Q¢ d{n¨p{Q{¨ p¶¨d{¨d+ð{¨b{Q¨ _¼{n j²{=Q{¨d+ {N{{¨ p{np{¨Q{¨ d{{¨p{¨¨ N{n¨Q{¨ N{öN¢b¢ k{ým}
  • 20. ðN{¨Á f»Q{e{¨_{ N{b{m} ~p{¨¨N{¨Á; p²¨¨Q{=j²dÔ N¾îp{¨¨Op{¨¨d{ N²dl¨À { { {f»N¢Áö p²¨¨no¾ _{Q{¨ k{ý@N{ÁVze¦= d{©d²~tÒb²oÀm{ N{¨T{=i¨o+p²©ø el{¨©zrp{¨©m{¨d{¨ N¶pnp{¨¨Q{ £ {Q{pßb{wtm¢ e=Þü! N{öN¢p¶¨ð { z{ z {p{¨¬b{¨p{¦ N¾m¢=_{N=en Q{b¨p{¨W|n¨ {z {T²N¨Ánnm}m{¨ o¾zve¦d{N¨Á oÀm{ { z {T{ªe¦ N}N¢Tªe¦ d¶f}m{¨N{d¨Ôn¨ z { z {eöN{d¨n Q{b¨p{¨ d{¨Þn~tÞn¨~ Þ { { ztßm{p{¨¨ Q}Òm{k{p{¨¨d{¨ zem¢zv~t=zeQ{ W|n¨ p{¨b{dtb{dp²¨n p{¨=Q{n=i¨ z{ { ÞCñZ¨ u}ð d²TÆZ {N}d{p¨¨Q{b{ p{¨¨d{¨Ô; d¶{¨ Q{ËZ¡Q{ b¥ðd+ {f½ñN{ m{î Q{n=zeN{l¶¨ d¶ÛN¢l¨ _}w{§p}{ ðN{ ðT¾ÆZd+ {k{zrN{ N{~e T{ZN{ Q}Òm{k{p{¬rk}b¢N{ i=c{Q_¨n p¶p¨m{¨ b¥ðd+ z { { {øzrl¨=zeN{ Io|Q{¨d{øzrp{¨q{m{¨ N{m}ý j}c{ù{¨d² d}N{¨d+j}nm{={n eb¢p¶n p{¨m{¨o¼öÕ z ÃN¾m²Á b¥mQ{ p{¨¨d{¨Ô N{ª¢d}{ {p{¨Q{p}=Û{ ±eN{Á=Û{ p{¨çÆN{nQ}ø=çN¼=T{N{ m{_¨n T¼N¢Á=çd}{ {
  • 21. b}~tN}Vd{¨nN{¨ N}zt¨ùzt=óN{p²t Q¼Þnp{=e¦n¨ p²Z¡d}{ z z Ëu}ðj¾Q{p¨¨p}=Û{ T{dp¦{ iöÙð iËZ¡ { {zen¨p{¨|m{¨ m{îN¶ý N{n~td}{N}ð l¨|u½l{¨Q{p¨¨d{¨ C N{öN¢ù¨b¢ {Ûµep{¨p{¨¨d{¨ ±em{T¾Z nô=zeo¶b¨ {p{¨m{¨ð p{¨|l{¨|øN}m{p²© p{¨Q{¨p{ p{¨T{¨Æp{¨=b{¨ T{o²d¾ d}p{¨b¢ p{¨=b{Q¢=T² ÞC p{¨|£e l¨=îð d}N}p{¨|_{¨m{_p²¨n ïm{ Q}]{_mp¨ü { Þ {{{Ðu½p{¨|l{¨_{ Om{i=c¾Òb}p{¨_{ p²¨m{l{¨=Q{ b²=Q²b{d{¨ p{nf}m{d+e¦^Ú=j¶b¢d{ d¶bñ, Vd{¨n¨ Q{¨=ze¦Ãnª¢ N}b{=T{¨ N}z { m{Õ^ÚÛeÛN¢l¨ _²öÕd{= _²n¨zeñ, m}ío+ p{¨üb{¨m¨^} z { Ã{ Q{^¨Ú={=T{¨d{¨ eöÁd{= en¨N{ñ, NÀ_{ªv n=j¼zeÕ ñ z z z ze^Ú#£t p{¨c{¨m}c{m¾b¢_{ zt¨c}f}d{=i¨ N}ø=T²b{d+T²N¢Áöd¼N¢Á p{¨¨Òb¨Q¼ð çN{Áð T{NÁð Q{¨i×T{d¨Ôn= { { {b¼N{ÁZ Q¾m{¨n¨=ç ëQ¢l{¨©m{¨p{¦ n=Z¨T{¨ N¾m²Áïm{Q}N{¨N{¨ÁZi=c{¹p²Om{¨n N{ª¢dQ}N{ p{¨d¾íc}Z¡T¶ {BN{Á{ ðnßQ} _{mp²¨ l¨=T{¨N{l¨¨d+ ±em{p¨|Z o¶Z¡N¢d+ { { {@ð l{¨ðp}m¢_p²©vp{¨¨ { zp{¨d{p¨¨d{ ±ed{Q¼d{Q{ d{_¨ p{¨m¢p¨m¢ T{ª{d+ { { { {p{ð_{l¨¨ d}_{ð _{eÕN{ { zN{d¨Q¼ð l{¨d{¨m}Q{p²¨¨b{p{ N{N{ d{¨î=T²d+ { {
  • 22. em{¨p{=e¦ Ûf}l{¨=ze¦ _{¨m{Nòð m¥îz z { Í { p{¨Z¨ù¨m{Q{ f}Q{ T{¨Z¡d}{¨ Ë Ë N{¨n¨N{¨Vp{ßd{e¦ io+ Q{¨Vm}î f}zeð z ùn¨Q} Ûf½Q{¨n¨ p²Z¡d}{¨ Ë A{¨k}Q{p_¨ð W|{ Q{Ò{p{¨¨ p{¨©î { { d{¨d{ÔQ} Q¼m¢Q¢=T{¨N¼d{Ô p}{¨ {¨i¨{N{Á N¼p{¨m{¨{¨ {¨=N{ ðW|m{¨d{¨ ze¦{ø¨ìm²¢ d{Q{o+ _¼¢Q¢d}{¨p{¨{¨Q{¨o¾iÍ{ p{¨vr=i¨ p{¨|¢Á p¶¨d{ ~ zd{=b{p¨¨Q{ p{¨=çQ{=b{ p{¨n=b¢d}{¨ {k{ým{ l¨| ñnd{¬eî_¾ N{nl{¨ N{n¨Q{¨ zj}öN}p{¨^¡b¶ N{b} k}Q{Úp{¨m{l{¨Om{ R¬Ïr tb{¬q{ _¶í{¨ z ~ zzem{p{¨|_{ÙV _{¨nÚ m{ªzeq}ö zt¨k{Q{ k}t¨m{pbd¨{¨ vm¢tðÔk{z { { { z z Q{¨m{¨_{mQ¨^¨ ¢Z¡ m}T{N¼p{¨m{¨{¨ N{n¶ {{ ËQ{¨vÚN¶q{ _{¨nÚ Q{¨m{¨p²kp¦{ ={¨ e z ¹ { £d¾m{¨q}ö ztp{¨m{õm{¨ {¨m¢ßVd{¨n d{p¨n¨i¨Ób¢ T{d¨p}¢_{ð _¶m¢ { {p}zt¨b¶p¦{ ²Z¨ T¶±td¼N²Á ÞA p}n¨N{d¨Ô n=b{p¨¨ { {ep{m{ k{¨Vb{={p¨¨n¨d{¨ e¬a{¨Q{={p¨¨n¨d+£ { z { N¶pn q¾k}_{d¨¥ { { k{ªp{m{¨ {m¢Ùöð d}N{¨ j¼íQ{Q¨ d¼N¾Á {
  • 23. iªm{¨Q{¨ ±ed{¨Ûp{¨|d{¨ f»{p{¦, Q}d{¨Q{m¾Z¡p{nl{¨b¶vp{¨¨, b}N{p=Z¡ d¾m{¨ z {±ed{¨m{te¦= j¼Þö±eb{p¦{ n¨, @n¹p²¨d{ zzi¨Ûmp¨¨N{¨Ád{¨, ÛN¼Ð_{ j¾¢Q{Í{ {{p{¨n W·ÚrN¢mpQ¨ p²w§e¦p²¨¨Q{=i¨d{¨, zË { { { { zf»{N=_{ _{nN}l{¨, N{¨¢î Q{ªd{ {j¾o²¨ j¼ÈVl{¨¨, f»nzt¨N{d¨Ôn¨, o|p{¦ { {d{{¨p{¨¨, m}f}²{¨ @{¨Q{¨ oÀm{±eb{ l¶¨d{¨Q{¨N}n=_{ N{b¨ úq{Ô Ò Ò {ø¨ËZ¡ u¿=b{m{Úðc¢ k{¨ø ze¦ËZ W·~td{Z¡ _}p{¨m{eZ¡ d¶mÕm{l¨ _{mp²¨ Ë z Ë { { {T}n T{b¢ød{ p¶=N{Zq}#~t¹N²d{d} e«m{ße¦^Úzgnp{¨¨d{ z zC e¦m{¨r¨ð_¾{ d¶Ðztp²¨d{~td{ N{ªm¢Ùd+ z zm¶eT²Æb{ p{¨|~eT²Æb{ ~N}zeZÚp{¨¨o¶ð ð={¨ NÀQ¢ö_{ðN¢d+V{ N{Z¡tp{¨ _{ªn, ð{¨Vd{¨Ôn¨ m¼p{¨¨Ùd{ Ûp¶n, N¼ze¦Õ p² £d{Ô{m¨T{¨ ç=b{¨o|{, ze¦m{¨s}l¨_{i=c{ N{w}Ûzeù^_{d+ {T²{¨Q{¨{¨o|¢ ùð Rd{úq{ÔeZ¨_{ß p{¨v_{ß p²¨d{¨ÔT{¨d+ z z zø{¨p{N{ ùð N{ª¢ p{¨b¢ p²Ûm_Q¨o¼Ád{ T¶l¨¨Z³dÔ¾ ¢{{ { {N{ª_{¨i¨{p¨, p{¨mp¨|_{=Q¢ AN{¨d{¨ { Þ{{p{¨©Û_=i¨_¾ d{©m¢ p{¨¨ÒbT¶t { { ~eçÆzed{t _¾{ j}Q{¨Q} p{¨Òm¢=çz z d{©d²_¾{d¨ N{ªm¢Æ p¶¨d{ d{n¨Q{¨ {
  • 24. ±eZ¡d{ d{¨p²¨ÙÐ_øÐ_¨n¨ Q{¨=²_{ Ë { {n{f}N{¨ etm{¨ d{¨o|ztp{¨¨d{d¨Þ z z Þ { N}nÙ¢ N{öe f½N{n¨ b}ðo¾zen ~ d}ð=ç l²¨=¢=ç o¾ðN¢p¨¨{{ù¢l{¨p{¨¨_¾{ ±eZ¡d{ ø{¨p{N¢_¨ Ë { {i=Z¨ _²m{Q{¨d{ d} p²d{¨p²=Z îm{¨Q{¨d{Z¨ µtl{¨Q{ @_{ ²dÔ {i¨×d¼N¼Á Þ {p²¨np²¨nd{ N{nc{d=j²n b¼i× Þ Þ { ÞN¼=b{m{¨ p{¨nl{¨¨ÐN{p{¨¨Q}p{¨=b¢¨b{¨m{¨ p{¨m{¨n¨N¼d{Q{ p{¨| p}m{zt_{¨o+ {p{¨=b{_{ T²=b{¨d{¨ øZ¨{Z¨ð=b{ Q{b} l{¨Z¨n µtl{¨ d{¬zep{m{¨Úd{N{¨d+Io|Q{¨ p{¨|Zo|{¨b{¨Io|Q{¨d{ p{¨m{¨n¨ N¼ö~e l²¨nl¨=_{¨d{¨ d¶d¶o|Q{¨ o¾n¨W·l¨¨b{¨ {d¶o|Q{¨d{ N{n¨Q{¨øÐ_{ p²¨n vm¢=_{¨d+ Þ z@ð T}n W|öd¼=b{¨T{¨T{d¨Q{¨i×n ±¹ eZW|m¢Æ T{NÁQ{d¼Ð_¨d+ { { {p²¨¨d{p}¢Tªe¦ T{ªT{¨d{¨ { z±ed{¨N¼zeÕZ¨ W|m{W·t òm{òm{ p{¨¨{¨T{¨d+ ~Ap{ Ûb}ød{ etm{p¨ Zb¢ p²¨n=Q{ z z { ÞT{ªç ño|Ûb¢kªeî u»p{¨Ù~tö { z Þp²¨np²¨nd{ _²öp¼=b¢ N{n¨Ûb}ø Þ Þ Þem{pq_{ d¼=b{¨ T{=}n¨ eQ¢b¢ _¾çz {{ z
  • 25. p{niÍ{ ù¨d{¨ N²p¢, ðze¦ÕÛb¼N¢Ád{ ¹ {N¾î k}îð, p²Ûm¢Q¼d{Ô N{¨N{Áebî, N{¨¢îo¾ e¢d{ p{¨©~rN{p¨Z¨,z Ó { z {Þq¶rÙ=i¨o¾ CQ{ ÷n, tðÔ Þz z f}î T{=b{p¨¨d{, p}_{=e¦Q¼Í¨ ø { z { c{=i¨d{, o|~vm¥b{w{p{¨¨ ø¨Q{¨n îðd{ f}q}Æ_{¨Úð ïm{¨d{, Dm¢p{ {Íex¢ Np¢, ±ed{¨f}p{¨¨ zeQ¢b¢, z ¹²{ k{ª_{p¨©ðd{ p{¨d{¨íð f½öÁ, j²Z¨ { Ë p{¨=b{¨ p²¨tød{ p{¨|d{¨Ú p{¨|¢Á, b¶v z z p²¨m{¨Q{ N²=_{l{¨¨ N{w{p{w{=j²ztQ{ b}ð±¹ e _{n=~e¢ N{d¨Ô p²©{ÕN{ l{¨_{={¨ {_{nd¼~eÕl{¨¨ _}zeVßm{p{¨nztZl{¨¨d{¨ ø¨Q{¨n f»{p¨ d{t¨m{t¨ m{d¨T{¨d+ { z z {ðn¨p{=Q{ inp{¨¨ T}nN{_{öp{¨p{¨¨¹±e Ûp}ö b}ð _{nT{¨T{¨ d{¨=²d+@ð d{=ò d}m{~t=zv§={d¨p¼zeÕQ{ ðÞZ¨ T²eÕ d} _{=iý ù { zm{d{ l{¨|p{öN{a{ o²ztâQ{ød{l¨=i¨d{ T²e¦Õp{¨d{¨T{¨ p²t p¶¨Zl{¨¨d+ { z z {ñT{Tm¢Û_{ p}m{mp¨^¤kQ{ m{¨ÐN_Q}Û_{ ð_{Ú b{¨ { {{ { { {m}ÚT{N{ø¨Û_{ ztÈVd{zeb}Ñm{ em¢ÛQv^³NtªÛ_{ b{¨ z z{ ¹ z{s}ÁT{ ~eq{=Q{d¶Û_{ d{¬zeN{m{Ù p{¨ünîN} nøÛ_{ Ûûm}ç d{¬f}n Q¾Û_{ p{d{m}ú N{d{b+ i{j}Q¢Ô±v©Û_{p{¨|
  • 26. b{¨m}o|ze b{¨Òm¾zr b{¨m}ÙÃm{ p{Ðm¥ c{m}p{¨={nP|Ú_{ cÀÐm}ÚzeN¥Ðm¥ zem{#£t m{_}ztÐN{ k}p{Ûzeze«Ðm¥tm}l{¨¨Ñtâm}W|_{ b¥Äm¾ÛQ{p{¨©Ðm¥~Ñ ~Bb¢ Ûûp{¨ÈVQ{d}Ôa{b¶p{ N{m{¨^}N{Z|x{ ùx{^}d{¨x{^ zt=nÓi ztm{ztN{ø_}øçÛ_{ ztnö_}zeÐzt=iztªÛ_{NÀ=¢dÚtQ¾Û_{ N{ªçp{¨=çN{¨n eøÛ_{ Q{=Q{d}p{¨|_{Úe¦Û_{ p{¨|ð_}d{©d{ tp{¨|d{ d}d}øc{m=Q{ {z z z z {Ûîö=Q{b¶q{ k}s}øq¶zr k{ª~r_}q¶zr N{ø_}øo|zt k}zt¨m}Om{ß ztm{ßnx{^u}m{ zt=ÛQ{±v©Òb}p{¨q{¨Ób}=Ûc{m}p{¨|l{¨^ Ûzep{¨¨O izv§w{ Ûzei=c{ ði=c{d{ i=c{¨m{øc}d{ d{ùd{q{Òiq}q{d{ òm{¨b}ôm}p{¨îp{¨ÙN{øu}m{ßkÀp{¨t±v©b{m{ Q{¨m{¨l{¨q¾p¶¨b{¨m{ øøc{øb{ßÈVd{øc¶l¨ VQ{d}Ôa{d}p{¨c¶l¨ z { {Ûze^¤_{=¹j²d{ T{=Ûb{m¶P|øo|ze= id{¨ üztÚm{t Ûei=c{m}V=i¨d{= Ûia{p¨|q}ßzt=i¨ t=ze«Ïmp¨¨ z z { z {{
  • 27. N{ªçp{¨=ç VÃQ{N{ø Ûze^¤_{ T{=Ûb{m¶P|øo|zep{¨¨b¢ßïl{¨|q}ßztp{¨¨Ûûm{v_{Q¶v! T{=Ûb¥ ~ zp}m{p{c{ª p{¨b{d{ztb{d{ p{Óm¢_{ zt¨Om¾Q}m{ª]¢_{ p{¨¬b{¨b¶v! p{ zñm{=Q{ øüm{u}=Ûb{! ñnd{m¶=Ûb}!AN{m¢=e¦p{¨¨ _}p{N¥d{ N{a}øc}d{=i¨ l{¨a}Ñm=i¨Q} b¼Þö Ûûúp{Ûj}zvÙ^ p{Ïm}ÛQ{Q{^¨Ú=¹²d{ Ï z {ùm{kÛ{ bkZ|m{¨d{N¨ Ûûp{¨ºb²ßP|d{t p{=q¾Ð_p¨¨={Q{¨ d{=ò d{m{~t=üT}m{¨Ú= {pßöN{a{ l¨ÞZð { Ë{ { z {{ {T²eÕ=b¼{=Q² z@N{Áp{¨o¶x^ l{¨b¢ Q{ð {çN²Á=j¾ ù{¨ d}b{¨ T¶îN{Z=T{¨d+ðN{¨ÁT{¨ _{öN{N¨ T{ð Þ {{p{¨N{¨Áp{ d{NÁa{ l²¨m{¨=Q{ p{¨m{¨p{¦d{ _²n¨zed+ {BÞZ¨ b²n¨ze p¶=N{Zu}ð l¨ÞZðl²¨ñ _{=Û¢ ÛN_¨p{¦ N{d¨Q¼d{ { { {d}_{_Qî ñnd{¬eî l{¨m{¨b²=ç ðd{¨d+ {{ zm}îm¢ Q{ð p²©v=T{¨Z ~o|_{¨no¾ _¶d²e¦ËZ¡dZl²¨Ú N{b¶ z Þ{Ip¶¨ø¨, ñnk{ªeîzñù¨b{= N{d¨Ô¹p²ç ðËr¨m{Vp{p{ { z_}Áp{¨ q{m{W|n ðÒm{ý_}p¶¨l{¨ u}ß=_{¨{l²¨Úd} p¶¨n¨k{þ
  • 28. N{ª_{¨m{, l{¨|_{¨m{ e¢ ñ zp}_{ð T¶m=Q{j¾N{¨, p{¨Z¨_}w{§p{¨¨, p} {¶_²=T{¨ t=T{¨nd{¨ c{d{ zp{¨|_{_Qî ð=T{¨N¼=T{¨ p}Úp²©vp{¨¨d{d+ {{ zp{n±e=_{ ñN{¨ N{öQ¢d{N{¨nc{mÙp{¨¨ _{eÕm}b{¨ N{¨p{¨Ùm{e¦m{¨p{¦= { z zio² îm¢Q¢ f»ËZ±e=zeQ{p{o² íp{¨|Ù p{¨¨Òb¨Q{¨p{¨Ù p{Q{ d}l{¨p{¨|Ù {@ð l{¨d¶N{ÛzeN}m{=i¨n o|ö=ç p¶¨o²=ç _{d{N}n=i¨d}Z¡ d}ZN{=i¨n¨ iªZN{=i¨n¨j¾Z¡bd=i¨n¨ ñZ¨n¨ N{ªZ=i¨np{¨|Zn¨ T}Z¨p{¨|Z¨o¶N{ _¶Z_²n=i¨Q} d{j¾×Z¡_¾ { { ÞT}Z=b¼{=Q²p¶=N{Zq}#t¨np{=Z¡ ð zm{=N{¨q{¨nd{¨ p{¨m{¨n¨ N¼öÕ l{¨mp¨¨ T}nd+ Ñ{{n=N¢=ç d}N{¨ d{ø¨Ùd{N¢=N{m¨n¨Q{ T¶tN¼=Z¡ N¢p¨Ùd{N¨={d+ { ~ { {p{¨¨d²Ô=_{p}{¨ p¶¢d{N{d²Ôm¢N=óN{ ù¨b{¨Q{Z¡î ñ¹N² { Ëp{¨d{Ôd{ Q²N¼p{¨Ùð øZ¨ ¹nðÔ_{Úp{¨¨ p{¨|l{¨T¶t n=N¢=_{¨ p{m}o+ ~KN{{¨ N}d{N{¨={ d¼N{Áð m}ø=çKN{ðT²=_{ N¶Q¨T{¨=¢ d{¢ø¨ {b}m¢ d¼N{ð N{ª¢ _{ò×i¨× Q}ø=çc{dp¨¨ N¼ÞnQ¼=b{¨ _{øö p{¨¨=b{¨ {{p{¨=b{¨n p{¨=Û_=i¨nT¶ {ø=b{¨nT¶ e«_{T¶_{ ù²=i¨nT¶ z
  • 29. _{=b{deb{p¨¨n AZn z{ {p{¨=b{¨nN}ø=ç øZ¨n p{¨|d{N{ b¾_{¨d+@=b{np{¨¨o+ q{_}=Q{p¨¨n¨ @q{ßT{l¨=i¨n¨ f}nN¥n¨d{¨d+ { {p{¨=b{mq²nm}Vðk{ p{¨Ð_{Q{V=i¨n¨ p²=Zd{=Z¡ m} ¹{p{¨¨=b{m{ f»=b{¨Q} c{d{p{¨¨p{¨©Zn¨ p¶¨Z¨n¨ N}d{Án=~e d}p{¨=b¢mtp{¨ Q}_{¨ m{tp{¨|d{ d{¬f}nN{¨p{¨|m{¨ o²e¦Õ{¨d+ £{ z zñN¶ø¨ T²eÕp{nl{¨¨d{¨ zo¾N{¨o²m¨=Q{¨b{¨m{¨ d}Z¡o¾ p{¨b{d¨{ü { {d}N{d¨td{Ôn p²¨nQ{¨d{¨ {zN}N{¨=¢d{ ð=_{u»p{¨¨Ù Q{¢l¨=_{¨d{Z·@f}Õm}l{¨ð ztk{o¾p²¨f»Õ=b¢î u}Z¡ u}ðp¶¨w{=i¨no¾T²eÕd{ eQ²Q{ ñp{¨b¢ ~ z ÃN¢ze¦Õ{¨ _¾T{¨d{¨, p{¨m²p{ßm¢T{ÆZ u}x{¨o+T²np{¨N{¨ eZn¨ T¶m¨ ~ Ë ² {f»n¨ze¦d{ d} l¨=Z¡T¨Z¨ k¾Q}ôm{îd+ {Ëzen¨Q{¨ Q{¨o|p{¨¨n¨ _{¨m{N{n¨p{nQ¼ð N}d{¨N{n¨ N¼d{¨T{¨ p{Ð_{¨m{¨ zt¨ù¨ÙN{ËZ¡d{N¾N{n¨ N{ËZN{±eËZ¡d{ p{¨^¡k{ªzr^p{¨¨n¨ ±eËZN{ ~tm{¨n=b¼ËZ¡ øZN¾Z¡ N¼n¨p{Q{b¢Z_{d=i¨d{d¨ N¼n¨p{¦b¥Ðm¨ N{{=N{d+ Ë { { {í|b{=i¨n eZ¨ù^} zd}b{=i¨n b{={o|ztÚd{Zd{p¨¨n p{¨_{¨o+ {k¶b¢=ç øZVd{=i¨nT¶ b{={¨Q{ N¼=b{¨ c{dp¨¨ T²eÕQ{ d¶o| {{ z
  • 30. p{öe T²=Q}ø f}p{{ N{Z¡Ñztö _}öÆ zën¨¹Q²d{ tm¢Q=T{¨èm{ N{Z¡ z { ËN{¨n¨N{¨Q{¨i×n ù¨b{ p{¨nl{¨W|_{p{¨¨ ze«~tN{Z¨p}zeð N{=T{¨N{=i¨ _¼¢Q¢ Ë÷nQ} ~tQ{p¶~t ze«nb{={n¨ T{¨Z¡ Ëp{¨¨_}Ún_}Z=N{p¨¨n¨ c{m¢=ç {N{¢l{¨|n¨ N{¨=Z·w{§ä Q{=Z o¼Í}^=i¨iøm{n¨ j}ø÷o+ id{Ôztm{¨n¨D=Q{m=i¨n¨ N²=e¦n¨ p{¨¨=Q{ml¨¨d{¨ { z { {p²¨¨b{n¨Q{n u»p{¨¨Ùnd{¨ b}öÆ p{¨¨m¢±ep{¨p{¨m{îm{¨Q{¨T{¨d{¨ øZN¾Z¨n c{¬î N{n=ç±v§d{¨Ôn¨ Q{¢=_{¨ p{¨m{¨d}d{ çd{Ôb}d{d} p{Q{ d} l²¨¨ztzem¢d{{d} p}n¨=í|ze¦N¾ze¦ d} p{¨|Znïm}p{=_{l¨¨ ñ p²m¨Q{ p{ { {ü p{d²ÔnN}ðN{ª_{¨m} l¨b¢ p¶¨m}T{=¨ e² e=Þ¨ N{bo²d¨ Þ { z z { { {N{=ÞN¨ T{_}ßm{ p²¨¨b{p² N}l{¨p{¨¨ p{¨¨b¢±td+ {{Q¾=Þ¨d{¨ k{Qp¨¨d{¨ òQ¢T²¢ { {{b¢={ îm{¨Q{¨ d¶m¨Õ _{±eÕ c{¬î p{¨m{e«d²d+ Þ { zp{¬b_ß ø¨øßc{=i¨d{ Ó { {tb¢=T²d¨ N}ð l¨ze¦{¨ çÞnm{øZ¨nd+~Ó {iÓb}d{¨m}Q{¨n¨Q{ @ðm{¨bVd{N¨ N¶ý _¶öÆ m¾ p²n N¼d{d¶ Ó { {N}d{ ñp{¦d{¨ d}p{o² N}p{¨¨N{¨nd{¨p{=T{dp¨¨ T¶t øÐ_p¨|Èm¢=T{pnl{¨¨ {{ ~ {{ {
  • 31. N}N{ l{¨|_{ð±¹ e p²©vN}=x{ e«d{ z zVd{¨d² p}²=_{ u¿=b{m{Úq}ö ¹l²¨d{@ztb{¬N}Áp{¨¨N{¨ÀZT¶ _{d{¨ _{b¥l{¨|=Q{=i¨ d{=b²=_{l¨¨d+ {m{ztf»N{¨Á n×n¨òÞw{n¨ d{×zv§w{ ±R¨|m{ u}Öm{ W|ÛQ{_{ÕÝ p¶¨zvzt¨Op}Úc{¨n¨ p{¨|d{N{¨={¨d{¨ ztb} ü p}ð f»=b{ªðd{d+p²zt d{=Z¨=Q{b{ ñ k{Q{Ñ~tî k{l{¨|øm{ªØ_{ k}p{=i¨d{d+@b¢ T²¨Z ñp{¦ T²{¨Zl²¨ {N{b{ l²¨p{ßm{¨ ðd{¨Ô _¶m¢ N{d¨Q¼d{Nl²¨ d{ { {p{¦ßb{¨ m¼N{ N}zt¨ d¼zt=Q{m{¨_{¨b¢ ñ Ûi_{¨N¶ø¨ l{¨Q{¨d¼ _¾T{b¨ d}N{¨d+ {@d{¨T{¨ j¾c{µtl{¨¨d{Z¡ p{¨|l{¨np{¨ö Ë Þj¶ztj²Þö p{Q{np¶ztp²ÞöDöN¢_²Q{¨n¨ j¼Þö d{¨Þn~tÞo²{¨ _{ÞöT{ªç l{¨| j¼í=Q{¨W¾Z¡ eo²Á z@p{¨|Ù d} p{¨|d{zt ø¨ze¦{p¨|Ùð~tm¶ð ù¨b{ @=Z¡ p{bn b¢= { {N¢p{¨|Ù¢Á T²eÕ d¶Z¡N¢ zj¼p{¨|Ù p{¨m{¨T¶îN¥n¨j¼p{¨|Ù tm{Qd+ z {c{dp¶¨ø¨ Ûf}î d} N{b¢ {Rd{p¶¨ Rd{p¶¨T{N{ ÛeN{Z N{T{ p}¶z z z ±ed{¨p¶¨Z¡ ±eðø¨Z¡ N{b} ød{¨p¶¨ ðN{Á=i¨ ød{Ôø=T²b{ _{÷ Þ±en¨ N{nnÞö j¼Þöp{¨|Zn T{ö Þ Þ Þp²¨np²¨n BÞn¨ Q{¨nµtl{¨¨ Þ Þ Þ_{öN{n¨Q{¨ n=W³ d{¨o¾np{¨î T¶m¨ Þ Þ {enp{¦nN{¨ u¿OÚ ø¨Þn VQ{îz Þ
  • 32. m{p¨Ù=T{¨d{¨ d{ø¨Ù=T{¨d{¨ {f»p{¨Ù=T{¨= N¾N{ o|N{¨ f½N{o+ m{ªN{o+ÛN¼ø¨Ù=T{¨ u»p{¨¨Ù o²ø¨Ù=_²p{¨Ù=T{¨d{¨ o|Q{¨ n=W³ _²Q¢ øZp{m{¨nd+nzR¨p{Ïm{ Q{¨m{¨p{Ïm{ nx{^= im{l{¨N{tm{teb}Ñmp¨¨o+ t=ÛQv=çz zz { { z ~{ p{¬Ð_k=Q{p¨¨d{N¨ p²me=_{l¨¨d{¨ o¶N{ { { { { ~{ { Q{^ðÏm{l{¨ðm{ª]¢ zRd{_{ N{d{N{ @zeq{ip{¨¨nN{¨ m¾l{¨N{ t=c¢øÛQv Ò z z{ Ûf}^üð øT}m{em{_{ b{N¢Á z k}p{= j²m¨=Q{N{ e=¢_¾Ð_p¨¨n_¾ { z {{ N{nl{¨ d¼ÞnN{ p{¨üN{zeZp{¨©ðl{¨_{¨n f½d}¢ p{¨©Âmt=Q{î p{v=ç z{ ~îm{¨Q{¨ p²nj¾Z¡ ìp{dtî Q{^¡=e ~Ñ{ zN{¨N{ø N{¬_{ N}p{Ú m{ªf}d{¨Q{¨^_{ ze«ð@m{t T{ªçd{ ðu}âm{p¨Q{¨d{¨ eb{e ~ { ~ zn=W³l¨¨d{¨ óm{N}l{¨l{¨¨ {p{¨¨=W³l{¨¨ j}nÚp{¨¨d{ T}n p²©zvp{¨¨ Q¼n¨ze¦d+m{=Vd{T²¢ p{¨¨b¢td{ p²d¨ ~ {N{= T{ª{m{¨ p{¨¨ËZj¾m{¨Q{b{ d{m{¨o²=b{¨d+en¨p{n¨ T²=_{W·m¢ l²¨¨N{ f}îN{ d¶i¨n¨ T¶îN¢çÆ êz p²¨¨nQ{n iËZø~eÕ _{Q{ p{¨¨=b{¨Q{ f}d{¨Õd{ d{¨=¢ p}m{ o¶ zen¨Q{¨b{d{=ze¦ Q{ªZp{¨¨n j}c{n¨ p²ËZ¡d{ d¾m¢Æ ze«ðN{d+ N{¨n¨N{¨T{¨d{¨={¨ @zeÕ{¨e¦N{ªZ¡ p²n=b¢ N¼n=i¨±ebl¶¨ z Ò {zem{c{d}N{ám{^Ûf}=_{=i¨ u}ß=_{=i¨p{ÚÑm{p{¨|l{¨| p{T¾p{Úztd{ m{ztd{
  • 33. q{[øZ¾çÇËs}b¢ tb{d=i¨ p{bd=i¨ { z { { {zen¨ j¼í=Q{¨n T¼=Q{j}ø p²©øenp{kl¨b{ N{¬f}^¨n¨ f}^¨n¨z Þ { { N{¨Z¡o|zRø_{_¨n N¾ze¦ T{ªe¦ { z N{¬Ûîp{¨Q{¨^Q{^ Q¶v=i¨ b¶v=i¨ z z ~rÃb{zt=zR=i¨n ±tÈV j¼ÈVe=T{u}l{¨N{ m¾Q{ Ûee=T{ ±R¨|m{z z z l{¨|_{d} b{ªl{¨p{¨|d{ Ûel{¨|_{ øZze z p{¨b{ztön l{¨¨ÐN{p{¨Q{¨ b¾ð p{¨nze¦l²©ð N{d¨Q¼d{Q{ p¶qÚ µvl{¨k}Vd{p¨¨ N}b² { { {BËZ¡ p¶q}ÚN{¨n=i¨d{ b¢Zp²d{ Ë ¹ñN{¨ Vðl¨=ç l¨d}Ô w{äd¶N{ øZ¨nzen¨_²m{=Q{¨n j}c¢=ç izv§c{d{=i¨Q{ªm¢ÆîN{ ðzeÕ{¨ze¦Q{ª{¨ N{¨{¨p{ d¼ÞneZ¡dð d{d¨Ô b{l¨ T¶z Ë { { { zeËZ¡ l{¨_{ð _²çÆ N{ªm¢Æ izv§k}Q{Ú=i¨o+ Q{Z¡Q{ N¼d{ d¼Þnp{l²© Ë N{ËZ¢ø N{bp¨Ù o¶ç N{{ N{Z¨ f»p{¨|Ù {{p{¨|_} W|p{¨|_{ el¨d+ ziª_{¨nf}_{m{n¨ ï~tf½l{¨¨b{¨ m{Zp¶P|Ú_} ztÃb{¨^Q{^ zt=R|_} e«_} øo|zt N{nd¾µe_}z zT{_¨m{¨d+ ze¦^ÚVd{¨d+ ztb}Q{¨^l{¨¨_{¨d+ u¿=b{m{Ú q¾k} ztp{¨ {ðß_{¨ðd+ ç=_{nf}Z¡ p{=q{ k{p¦{ ðd+ ño|Ûb¢d}p{¨ ÛeW| zzeî ðÞZ©m{N{ ð=b{µt±tb{p{¦ d}zeËZ©d{o¶ N{l{¨Úl²© p{¨î_{eÕ=Q{b{ d¶¨ ñN{¨ Vd{ñ p{¨|l{¨|p{¨l²©b¾ÚQ¢ñ z {
  • 34. Io|Q{¨d{ ¹d²d{d{¨ d¶ño|Ûb¢d{¬f}n¨ T¶m¢ d²l{¨Úp²¨nm{Õd+÷o|o¾n_{ d{¨={¨b{¨T}n¨d{¨ ñn=W³W|î zt=i=c{ ø¨N{d+@ð _{öù¨b{ N{dn¨T{¨ Þ {N{d{¨Q¼d{nd{¨ j}zrÕp}m¢ N{¨ p{¢ W|m{d+ {T{ð ðV q{l¨|Ú_{np{¨¨d{ {_{d¨ p¼l{¨Úd{ T¶m¢Æ l{¨_{ð _{nT{¨T{¨ d{¨=²d+ {@Ð_m¢ T{=Ûb¢ð çÐ_í { {{Ðî p{¨±v©d{ÙÐ_{ u}l{¨N}p{ý ÛN¾c}l{¨Ð_p¨î ð=ze ±e=zem¢ {{zeÐ_{çm¢Q¢ ~t={øm¢Q¢ ze¢ p{¨©m¢ÇÞo²d+Am¢Æ µem¢Æ p{¨|m{¨ }m¥î d¶T=Q{ {N{ªm¢Æ N{ªm¢Æ u}{¨ N}m{¨ÆN¼d{¨T{¨p{¨©m{Ç _²ö~t _{d{b{¨ p{¨¨=W·l¨ l²©ðo¾b{ªm¢Æ l{¨_{ðQ{ªm¢Æ b{¨>Oze{¨T{¨ü @îu}m{ t¨=b{m{ _{m}=ç_{ øÛQv! ðd{¨Ô T{ªç d¶ z z{d}l{¨_{ p²©vf}q{ p{qd²îð td{ÔN{td{Ô ðze¦Õ¶ z ¹{ z z}l{¨Q{ p{çÆ d} k{Q{ _{Z t¨ÖZ RZ¡_{ e=T{u}l{¨N} z z Ë zp¶¨l{¨ ú÷p{¨¨OT{ÇZn ù¨Z¡ m{ø¨=ze¦p{¨¨ ñnk{ªp{m}p}m{#tnN{¨ p²¨T{ÆQ{¨ £p{¨|m{¨={ p{Z=T{¨ Vd{¨n¨ p{¨m¢p¨m¢ l²¨d{Ô= {Q} m{ª]¢Q{ øðl{¨¨=b{¨ d{¨b}m{ øm{v_}ze p{¨|m{Æ_{Qb¶ ñN{¨d+ z {T{ªçd{l¨e¦Õ² ±¹ ei{ {zT{ªç p{¨m{¨n¨N¼=Z¡ p}m{t¨=b{m¢dQ¨Zd+ z {{
  • 35. ñ T{_¨m{ N}m{Úeb_¨ { z Ó { {o¶T¼ze¦Õd{ d¼ze¦Õ d{d¨T{¨ H=_{l¨¨ Ûµep{¨d+ { {p}T² p²¨¨Q{=i¨ k{Q=i¨d{¨ {ñ T{m{^p{¨¨ o|d{ l¨=N{ ñøZ d}N{¨d+Q¾T{m¨{p¦{ N{p¨¨Ù p²td+ { { zm}çd{¬e N{¨p{¨|m{ p}m{mp¨^¤ p{¨|m} z {{p{nm}í T¶_{ l{¨|_{d{in¨p{l²¨Úd{¨ _}w{W|n Ûze_{Úx{¨{p² ¹T²öø¨ð m{ø¨=ze¦ ø¨=b{¨d+N{¨n¨N{¨T{¨ ño|Ûb¢k{ªze N¾p{¨nm{ªf}T{np¶¨Z¡N¢ m}N¼p{¨m{¨n¨in¨p{¦Q{ T{ª{=Q{ d}b{¨ zeÈVd{¨ p¶Q{d+N{¨n¨N¼zeÕ p{çÆ k{Qp¨¨ e {{ zQ{n b²=Q{¨p{¨¨ T{={¨zeËZ¡ N{~t ïm{=Q{d+ Þu»p{¨¨Ùn¨ N¾N{n¨ m{ªN{n¨_²p¨Ùð ðd{¨ çN{¨Áµtl{¨; b¥N¼ð Om{i= {c{p¨¨Ùd{ b²=Q{¨p{¨¨ p{¢Q} {d{p¨¨Ùp{¨¨ ±eN¶Án p}m{d}m¥ o¾o| {T{np¶¨Z¡N¢ m{ø¨ÙN{ N¾p{¨nm{ªe eq{=Q{d¶Û_{ p{¨d{Ùa{j}c{o+ z ~_{nQ{=Q{ p{¨d{t¨ ïm{Q{ zin¨p{¦Q{ b²=Q{=Q{ d}b{¨ zeÈVN{¨ p¶Q{d+@ð p{¨±v©d}Ùb}p{ÑztT¶ b¶zvu}ßÑztÚ=i¨ o¶N{ èN}N{¨ ze{¨T{¨ b{¨m=c{i=c{¨m{=j² Q¼Ûm²p¨¨N{¨Á p{o² Ã{ ¹ {@d{pm_=i¨ Ûbø=T{¨ _{d{ l{¨¨zet= í|ç l{¨¨zet_¾ ðÞZðl²¨ {{ { { zÑ zÑ
  • 36. eø¨Ùd{p¶Á Ûp}_{eð f}p{{ ¹±eN²Q{b¥~t¹p²ç T¼z { z N{Áp{¨¨ÙQ{ Q{¨bÛ{ N¢=b{ d¼N{ N{p¨¨Ùnb{¨eÕZ¡ d²Ð_¨ p²Z¡ p¶¨ Ò { z { Ë Û]p¨¨Ù ðQ{¨¢Æ o¾ðN¢ b{}n¨d{ @=T{¨n¨p²©l{¨ b{ªm¢Æ ñ {{ îø¨Ùm¢ïm{ p}²e¦{¨ ïN¼ð _}N{¨d¼ l²© ÛîN¾^p{¨| zH=b{m{¨ f»=b{¨Q{ª¢ øzrl¨=çd{ ðÒÜmpp²¨ ð_}=_{p¨¨d+ { ¹{ {N²=b{öm}N{¨ }o+±v§l{¨n¨ N¥o¼Ád{ f»=Q{¨T{¨ b²=Q{¨p{¨=T{¨ o¾N{=b{N{ ïZïm{N{ øN}zt_{d¼=b²¨ ñN{¨ _{¬ÐeQ} { ~p{¨=b{¨{¨ ñnm}W³ze¦{¨ p{¨Qp¨¨p²Z¨d¾ l²© ÛîN¾^p{¨| Ã{{ ËAN}? f½N}? m{ªN}?N¾N}? p¶¨N}? p{¨m¶ø¨ N¼ðl¨T²Æd{¨ _}ñN}_{ð_¾ d¶zeðe«N}! l¨|N{m^¡ d¶n f»m{o²b{ p{l¨l²©!z { {_{¨m{Nn p²¨¨Ín¨ b{ªb¶N¨ p²¨¨Ín¨ { { { {Q{¨o|ze¦ p²¨¨Í{n¨ Q¼Þn p²¨¨Í{ Þo| j¾l{¨ p²¨¨Ín¨ @n N}ze¦ p²¨¨Ín¨ { {T}N{ö p²¨¨Ín¨ u}o² p²¨¨Í{ {nò£tn p²¨¨Ín¨ ei¨p{¦n p²¨¨Ín¨ { z {j}zed{ p²¨¨Ín¨ k{Z p²¨¨Í{ { Þö=Q¢÷ín p²¨¨Í{ ÷¢Q{ p²¨¨Ín¨ {e=W|m¢ p²¨¨Ín¨ j¶t p²¨¨Í{£ { Ðzo²ðÔ b{ªm¢=ç b²=Q¢d{ ð=T{¨N²d{ ¹V¢l¨N{¨=²¢ b}d{ p}q{Æm{Úø¨ze¦{¨ {ñnd{meî T{T¨Æp²¨¨Í¶n ñN{¨ z{ {N}=x{ Q²N¾N{¨p²© b¾ztN}m¢ e«N{! ¹ zÛ_¨ýäze¢l²¨b¶n çÞöo¾zen p}ð {T{¨np²Z¡ ðd{¨Ô Q¢öN¼d{¨T{¨ Þ Ë Þ
  • 37. @ÞöòÞö b²=Q{ d{¨nto²bp¦{ ñ Þ ~Þ {m{¨öf}l{¨ T}l{¨ Q¼ÞöN}l{¨ Þ@ð p{¨m¢l¨¨ p{¨d¾W|_{ ðq}_{ T{ª_{u}l{¨N{Ûp}_{ R|_{ l{¨|_{d}c{ª_{ T¶_¾m{ø=b{l²¨, N{=b¢ { z ¹N{¨=b{¨T{¨, N¼=b{n=i=b{¨T{¨, p²pmÚ=i¨ T²=b{¨T{¨, f}d{¨Õzel¨ e{¨T{¨, f»m{n¨T{¨, o¶T¨T{¨, ¹ Ï{ { z {p{=Q{¨={¨T{¨, _¼=Q{¨={¨T{¨, b²=Q{¨={¨ b²=Q{¨={d¨T{¨, Ûp}n¨T{¨, u½n¨T{¨, Dzet= { zÑVm{T¨N¼d{¨T{¨, Ûp¶ö{¨N¼d{¨T{¨, p²N¢Áp²N¢Ál¶¨{¨ÆT{¨, p²p= Q{d¨Ôn¨ _¶np¶l¨¨T{¨, { {² { { {øzvßö=T{¨T{¨, øzt¨p{¦T{¨, ød{Ô=j¾p{¦T{¨, ù^= j}^¨n p{¨¨ËZN{, iËZN{ZN{, j¾d{=i¨ p²¨tp{N, Ë z {zt¨m}f}d{=i¨ µtl{¨N{, Ûf}_{j¼í=Q{¨n= in¨N{m¢=zeN{, zt¨¢p¨T{¨, Ût¨N{¨ÁT{¨, { { z@zt¨m{¨t¨m{d¨T{¨, d{¨d²Ðî p²¨¨Ð_¨N¼d{¨T{¨, Al{¨|zt=i¨ f»=b{¨T{¨, Am}Z=i¨d{= Q{¨=b{¨T{¨, z { { {ç=î=T{¨T{¨, T¶_¨n¨ etN¢N¼d{¨T{¨, çd{Ôj¾p{¦T{¨, t_}Ám{=i¨ µtl{¨¨T{¨, ç¢p{¨¨¢ p{¨T{¨, { ~ ~ £ {èN}N{¨ d¼=b{¨T{¨, T²p¨ÙZn= b¾Q{¨T{¨, zenp{m¢=T{¨T{¨, ze=Þ¨ N¼m{¨N{¨T{¨, j²n¨ NÀQ¢ö=T{¨T{¨, { { ¹zem{p{q{= iQ{¨T{¨, j²=Q{ N¼d{¨T{¨, òztm{¨ü=iN{¨= b¢ËZ¨T{¨, òm{òm{ q{m¥m{= j²m{¨=Q{N{ p{¨m{¨p{¨=b¢m=i¨d{= Q¢m¢N¼ð Q}]{=i¨¹o² p{=N{mo² p{mn¨ ð{¨b{u½Q{ ±v§m{=Q{¨ p²¨m{¨=Q{¨ p²=Û¨N{n¨ { ¹{ { { _²Q{o|Q¢ f}m{p²T¨T{¨, d{n¨b¢N¨Án¨ N{nl{¨= í|T{¨T{¨, d{p¦{ ßT{¨ "ü! ño|Ûb¢ d{mf}nze¦=Q{p}! ¹ { { { p{çÆ_¶!" l{¨ð o¶ç "d}N{¨m{¨p{¦ el¨= Q{ªm{¨Æ={¨" p{¨d{¨T{¨, em¢em¢øc{=i¨n p{¨îb{eÕ, z z z ~ p²Ûm¢Q¼ðd{ p¶e _²m=Q{¨d{, Aö u}o²e¦m{¨p{¦ T{=b{=i¨d{, p{¨Q=i¨o¾ d}²¢ d}² N²p, ~ { z Ã{ ¹ { ¢ p{¨c{¨f}d{=i¨ T¶td{ p}d{m=i¨ f½öN{, p{¨|ø N{m¨T{¨ d{NÁ Z³N¨Ád{, e{¨Q{¨ p²¨¨Ðîd{ Vd{¨ð ~ { { { { ~ T{=b{=i¨d{, p{¨©Q{ o|Q{¨d{, p{¨¨Þo²f½l¨ f»m{n¨ p{¨¨={ øc{=i¨d{, p{¨¨N{¨ÁT{¨, p{¨©Ãn¨T{¨, p{¨¨m¢N¢eÐ_¨n¨ eÐ_¨T{¨, p{¨©N{¨{¨p{=Z¡ p{¨©Û_b}ßm{=i¨ p²¨¨Q¢øze¦ÕT{¨, p{¨¨{¨T{¨T{¨, p²¨¨Q{=i¨ ~ { ~ { { b¢Qp²T¨T{¨, p{¨©m¢Çn¨T{¨, _²öl{¨¨T{¨, p²©v b}üî_}ze=i¨d{= b{n¢n¨T{¨=²; ¹{ { Þ z Þ Þ d{l¨Úp{tm{=i¨d{ { zp¶=N{Zu}ð N¢b=_{l¨¨ { {N¢=N{m¨ o²m¢Q¢=e, b{¨>ON¥ö_{p¨î¹l²¨ { z {N¼=N{¨T{¨ N{ª_{¨m¢ d{¨d{¨ e zm{Ú=N{p¨¨ T¶m=Q{j¾l¨ ü ü l{¨d{¨T{¨d+ { {òÒm¾ ñN{¨ p{¨¨d{¨e¦={¨ @ÍQmn¨ { z {{{±eN{¨Áp{¨|m{¨n¨ _{Q¢öd{ Ût¨N{ÁN¥p² z
  • 38. p{¨|d{¨ÕN¼=Z¡ø l¨Z¨p{=Z¡ p{¨p{¨_{ d}{¨N{n¨Q{bl²¨Úd{¨ p{Z¡ b{¨rÁm{Ùp²¨¨b{p² { Ë zAm{l¨ ñnd{¬f}n¨ð {µem{¨d{¨ ±e=µeø¨? @_{ð ±ebn¨ p{¨¨d¶Ô Ò {ïm{¨d{ d{¨=¢m¢? l¨| ~tm¢ùm}ÛQ{^¡ øVl{¨m}p{¨øk{¨ ¼ztQ² Q{b}!B=_²N}ð, Vù¨=b}m{¨¶ l{¨_{={¨?zem{p{¨p{¨©Âm{¨={¨ izv§o¾ô f}zeçÐ_¨ {}_{Ùb}£t m{_¨{¨ p}ð N}zt T²=b{ {Bzvem{t¨O=i¨ o¶b¨ ñb¶Z¡ p{ne¦ z z { zHb{¨m{¨p²Z¡ p¶Á T{bm=Q{p¨|²¨ Ë { {{ { {eQ¢b¢ ñN{¨Q{n¨ e{¨e¦Q{ªZ¡z à z z u»p²¨¨Ùzt=Q¢ T¶mmp¨Ùd{Ô Q²N¼d{¨ {{{ ¹ d{Zp}{¨ p{¨¨Òb¨eZ¡ ød{¨p{¨¨ Ë ¡ {z Ëe=Þ¨ _¾p{¨{¨ Q{¨b{Ûzex}w{d{p{¨¨ µtl{¨z { {p{¨p{zt d}¹²d{ vm¢b¢d=i¨ z { d{=¹b²d{ N{{¨ d{©m{ze=b¢ p{¨|=ztp{¨¨ o¶N{ N{ª{¨ k{¨ë=ze{¨ Q{¨m{¨p{¨¨O=i¨ N}{¨ _{p¨¨Ùn T¶mñ{¨ t_{Áp{¦nN{¨ { { z ¹p²q{¨Ún ±e=Þ¢={ p{nd{ p{T{¨Æ Þ N{ZÔp{¨¨o+ _} b{¨m}ÛQvp{¨¨d{ n=N¢=ç z{ n=W³n N¢T¨Æd{¨ nÈVp{¨|ö {ød{l¨p{¨¨d{ _{=Û¢ _{b¢dp¨¨d{d¨ øÛe¦ { Ò {{ { zeöç KN{ N}zt¨ _{p²ß{¨ òl{¨Ú ù¨{¨~eî_{¨{¨d{¨ o¾ô ç=_{nf}Z¡ ñn z m}í, ê ê @_{ðù¨b{ p²©Vb¶n?
  • 39. ze«çd{ q}nÙ÷Ûb¨p{¨p{¨¨ f½öd{ o¾~v_{ b¥m{ b¶vp{¨¨d+ { Ä zN}T{ztp{¨|d{ £e_{ m{ç ÛQ}o²¨ N¼=T²e¦ N{d¨Ôb¾l¨ W·Ú { z {s} T{eo|x¢ Ûp¶n¨{¨ øq}n_{m}ztÚp{¨¨ N{n¨ p}ð t=Ë z à z N¾T{p¨¨o¶N{ T{ªç p{nQ¼=Z¡p² p}m{pcªúm¾p{¨^¤ { { {u}d{¨nN{¨ Q{ò×j²i¨×öe«ð N{d¨=Q¼ðd{ p}{¨ f½ñ{¨ Q{b¶z { üð l²¨¨d{m¢=T{¨ ü! m{î N{ªd{! tm{Q{ f}m¢f»p{¨¨Ù N¼ËZ|p{¨¨d{N¨d+ z {d{Þnp{¨=b{¨d{¨ Q{=W|l¨ N{Þn¨ f½_{¨eT{¨ÆN{n p²¨N¢Á ðd{¨ p}{¨ eÐ_{ b²=Q{¨~ ~e_{ çðQ¢d{ ø{¨p{¶ f}~e p}ð z Ð b{¨¨p{o²d¨={¨ p²¨¨Í{¹±e b{¨=Q{o²Ð_{! Í { {N{¨Ð_l¨¨ eÐ_l¨¨ çd{QQ{ { { z { { {p²¨¨Ð_¨d{¨ p{¨Ðîö ñb{¨ p²¨¨ÍN¨ b{={= { Þ {{j¼Ð_N¨p{¨ð p¶¢d{ ød{ {{{Ð_¨n¨p{j¼í=Q{¨ p}ð N}~t=_{¨m{Z·? {f}~e ød{¨ p{Z¡l¨|ztn¨ Ë {T{ªel{¨Ú{¨ {i¨× n=W³u»p{¨¨Ù k{¨ë=T{¨d+ ~f}f}_{¨Ù{¨ eq{¨N{m¨Ù{¨ z {p{¨|zeð m¶eð Ûkø¨=ç p{¨Qp¨¨ p²Z¨d+ z { Ã{{ ËeT{Æn¨ p{p¢ m}l{¨Q{~ ¢{ N{¨T{¨Æn¨ p²¨l{¨Ú=Q{ p}{¨ Q¼d{N¼ð _}N{¨d+ Q{TÆ=_{ eQ¢ö tn¨ze¦T{¨ { z z T{T¶Æp¶ T{=Ûb{m¶O u}=Ûb{zt¨m¶P|±ebn d²m¨Q{¨ p{¨|Zn Ò { { {zeÒb{¨n¨ zeT{m¢=T{¨ Q{m¢ß k}p{¨ N{¨m{îo¾
  • 40. HÒb¨ p{o² p²¨nQ{¨ ñN} {i¨Ób¢ p{nb{¨ p{¨|d{¨p{¨p{¨Ù e¦Ð_¢j¼p{¨|Ù z {On¨¹²d{ ñnd{¬e¦ ¥ zl¨n¹±e ðd}Ôw{§ä Ûi_{¨N{¨d¶ d{mu}=j} {Q{w{ N{ö_{ N{dNp¨l{¨ p{¨= {{{Q{w{ztªÛ_¾_{¬ÁËzr p{¨~vp{¨ Q}N{ N{¨p{¨|m¥m¼N{Áø¨T²Æ{¨ øZ¨ í|ç b{N¢Ád{Z¨ Þ_{N{¨ÁT{¨d{¨ j¼Þöp{¨|Zn _{d{¨ze¦; N}ððN{Áp{¨¨Q{ p{¨|d{zt=ól{¨ ðq{Æl¨=çp}m{N{d{ÚN{ l¨|m¥î p{nT{¨ d{Zp²?HN{Á¢ ño|Ûb¢d¬e¦={z²NÁ¢ l{¨¢l¨|zt p{ne¦ öø N{ª{ øN{= { { zÛQ¨N¢Ád{µed{¨ _²m=Q{¨d{ { {N¢N¨Ám{¨p{¨d{N¨={ T{d¨p{¨¨ Q¶v=i¨d{N¨d+ { { { z {@ð ød{l¨ øÛt=k{ Q{=õm{ t=m{=k{=i¨n¨ Q{¨=ô=ze en¨N{, d{çÆn¨N{nN¼öN¢ N{=_{N=_{N¨ { z z z { {ø=_{ø=_{n¨Q{ b{¨m{=_{ ð_}=_{ øÛen=k{ p¶bd}k{m=i¨ k{m¢=em}N{¨={ N{m{=i¨ b{w{=i¨Q} z { { zem{pq_ß=i¨ d¼=b¢ p{¨|m{¨p{¨|Z|{ d¾¢, L¢d{ N¾¢ T{=b{=i¨d{ _{n Ûp¶n¹p²T{¨N¼ð, N{b{n p²¨b{nz {{ { d¶mN{ N{d¨Ôn¨ p{¨©~tN¼ð, Em{N{ q{m¥m=i¨ ñm{¨ ø{¨p{ q{l¨Ú d¼l{¨Úd{ Ûp}ö _{ªn= N{d¨=Q¼ð { { { { { j²=Q{d{¨ o¼=Q¢ b{¨>P|=k¾c¢ p{¨c{Ú=i¨d{ p{¨¨ð=Q¢ N{ñÔm{¨ o¶m{¨¹o² f}m¢ p²Þöøm¢l{¨ ¢ne¢ Þ z _{n{=i¨d{ d{¨n=iøl{¨ p²¨np²¨nd{ d{eÕÞnp{ p{¨d¾k{ª_{=i¨d{ N}_{_Qî T{nðzed{¨n¨ Þ Þ Þ Þ z {{ Þ µtl{¨=b{n=ç _{d{ b}~tN}Vd{=i¨n¨= b}d{¨d{¨ b}ð ðVq{l{¨|Ú_{n=i¨d{= W·m¢ k{Qp¨c{Úp{¨¨d{ p{¨=ççQ{¨ m{¨ze¦Õ N{ªm¢=ç {{±¹ e N¼={d{Þo¶m{¨ ÛzeÐztm¢=ç n=i Ðtd{ Ûeb¶q=i¨d{ m¶p¢ z z { { b{ªnQ¼=¢ çQ{¨w{§ä Q¥n¨N¼ö~e N{d{¨Ôno¾d{ d{m{Áx¥m{p{¨¨n¨ ð=ç
  • 41. p{¨¨N{¨ÁQ{ª=Þd¨ Ap{p¨¨Òbn¨=ç { { { {ùd{¨no¾zen p¶¢d{©ðl{¨ f½~td}n¨N{ W³p¨¨{¨f}o+ T}n f»¢ç {p¶¨d{ m}zt¨d{Ô p²¨=_{l¨¨ p²¨Ðî, d²Ðî {Q¼m¢Q¢, ðp{¨Ùze¦n¨zt¨ Q{=Z ÛQ¨ø¨Ù, o¾ð Þ {N¢p¨¨{ d¶f}w{p¨¨ o¼zt=Q¢ l¨ÞZ¨ úúm{ { {N{¬_{Úp{¨¨n¨ µtl{¨, @ze¦Õ {NÁ_{p{ p{ð_{ ¢i{i{ eÐ_¨n¨ eÐ_¨T{¨ ~ { ~ {i¢i¢ izv§k{=Q¢ ù¨m{ f}m{¨T{¨ p{¨m¢ _}d¼{o²m{¨Q{N{ ±ed{¨p{¨©m{Ç=N{{¨ u½nQ{ _{Þö N}=ç N{ZN{Zze{¨T{¨d+p¶=N{Zu½p{¨l{¨|ë N¢b¢ p¶Q{p²¨m{¨=Q{Q{ T²zeÕN{¨=¢d{d+N¢=N{pv=ç b{¨>Oze{¨ N¶pn p{¨|_{² b¥ð N{dÔp} ~{ { {¢=N¢Z d{¨={dn l{¨ð l¶¨{¨ÆT{¨ d}_{ð T¶m¢ l{¨=_{l¨¨d+ ¶ {V=N{N{ T²eÕ d}_{{¨d{¨ zt=Ûk{p{¨ b{¨>O k{l{¨|ÒÜm{ çÐ_¨² z {¹p²Ûm¢n=W³p{¦, N}N{¨d{Ô øzrp{¨i¨Ób¢úúm{N¬_{Úp{¨¨ ÷m¥î T¶_¨ p{Zp²? { {T{nl{¨¨d{¨ @d{Ôp{¨¨d{¨ j²Z¡ d{np{¨=b{¨ Þ Ë Þo¾ðN¢eÕ=ç T¶l¨=ze¦ _}d{ø¨ze¦² ~CT{=b{=i¨d{ T¶td{ ~C çd{Ôb¢ Ûi_{¨N{¨ ðze¦{¨ ðN{Áp{¨¨ b}ð=T{ªT²bdd{ ÛN_¨ p{«ðî { { { {C T¾Z¨= b{m{öm}Q{ ðb¢ T²¨d{¨N{b} {T{d¨Ôn T{=b{d= inb¢ W|d{¨nd{=Z¡ çQ{¨w{§ä N{eÕ p} { { ~nd{¨Ôn N{e¦Õm{=e¦ N{öN{=ò¢ j}zv§p{¦n=b{¨ f»=b{¨Q}à z z
  • 42. îd{Ôð _{ª=Þ¨ T{¨Z¡ d{¨d{¨b¶ðl{¨ p²©øð çnÁ p¶Qp¶¨ { Ë {çd{Ôb¢ _²ößd¼=b{¨ ðN{ çÐ_p¨¨o¾ p{Qiªd{ d¶Z¡N¢d+ {{ {@b¢ o²ztâQ{ d{¨d{Ô=_{Zp{¨¨b{p¨¨d{ ño|Ûb¢m}í p²©v=i¨d{ ñ { ztb{dp¨¨d{ N{m¨Q{¨b²=T{¨d{¨z {{ {eb{e¢ p{¨d{ N¢m¨p{¦m{N¨d{¨ k}Q{Úp{¨¨ öT{¨Æd+ z z { {p{Ðu}{¨ ñnk{ªeîz_²Ðu}{¨ c{d{=i¨ ñ N{îÛzep{¨b{p{¨¨Q}ðÐu}{¨ øm{vp¶bd{ z {T{Ðu}}? d{p¨¨Ù p{¨b¢ð t=b¢l¨ p¶¨o|? { z {@d{¨T{¨ _²öl{¨W³eÕ d}p²©b{v¬b{l¨l²¨ z z {¹tm{Q{ d{m¢Q¢ l{¨Z¨ tn¨ze T{=Ûb{z Þ z m¶O m¶Q¨i¨p{¦ß p²Om¢ _²ößT¶ { ¹ p{ne¦ Q{¨nN{m¢=e d{nm{¨T{¨=² z zño|Ûb¢ d{¬e¦={T¾Æ zu½n¨T{¨ øm{üd{o|Ðm¢ Ût¨N¢Á p{QT¨T{¨d+ z { {W|ö=j¼=b{¨T{¨ d¶¨ÆT{¨ {p}o|m{¨T{¨ ð=N{ d¶Z¡ p{ned{¨N¼=T{¨d+ zb}ð W|d{Q¨ l²©ðo¾ d{Z¡=eð p{¨±v© { zb={ b{m¢Õ_{ N}p{¨b{={p¨n?Ò { ¶ b}ð N¾p{¨n t¨c}c{mp¨¨ ÛQ¾nð p{¨c{¨ z {{ m{tm{¨ç p}Úo¾n m{td{l¶¨n? z z b}ð n=iÐtd{ _}{d= ii×ð z { p{m{ N{p}Z¾zep{¨ p{x{p¶¨n? b}ð W|d{¨l{¨¨Q{ p{¨mdp¨¨ µtl{¨ð b¥m{ Ò{ {{ Ä b{m¥ßztp{¨|d{ zvÐt=i¨o¶n? z
  • 43. b}ð ðm{Øm{ p{¨c{¨ p{¨b}£vd{ b¶zvQ}]{ em¢m=k{ t=k¾Q{ N{nd{ o¶ð z { zk{ªm¢ øÐu}m{ q}nÙ÷k{ªV _{¨nÚe¦Ërl{¨¨_{ Rd{ p{¨b¶v l{¨r l¶¨n?z ~ z Ò z ~Ëb}ðð p{¨N{¨Áp{ _¼{¹±ee«ð N{d¨=Q¼d{ð m}Vj¾Q{= j¶o|?z { l¨| d²mpl¨µto|? l{¨ð {{ { p{¨|d{ð ç=_}k{mp¨¨d{ p{¨m{¨Q{¨T{¨ p{¨m¢l{¨¨d+ {{T{=b{¨m{¨N}ø f}p{l¨¨ ±¹ tN{e¦i=Q{m¨Ûp}_{ èm{l¨¨d+ { { z { {p{¨¨=b{n N{¨T{¨ÆQ{T¨Æ _²öp²¨¨ÃQn N{=T²nø¨=T{¨ T¶p¨e« { { {zQ{¨=b{de¦= Q{¶n¨ p{QQ¨o²Á¢ ÛN¼p{¨¨Ù¢ zeËZ¨j¼=b{¨ u»= z{ {{e=b²¨ b}ð p¶¨ð u»iQ{b¢m{ d}p{¨b¢ N¼Þno|²¢d+z { Ò@ð b{¨m{=_{ ç=_}ÛN}=_{ u}ß=_{¨=¹²ÛQ¨¨ Ûîe¦Õd{¨ e=Þ¨ N¼m{¨N{¨d{¨ p{¨©Ãn¨d{¨ {Þ { z z {ñÃn¨d{¨ ø¨Q{¨n N{ñÔm{¨ ð=T{¨@zt¨m{¨t¨m{d¨ e=Q{¨etN¢N¼d{¨d{¨ d¾m{¨ z { ~ ~ ~p²©b{¨N¼d{¨d+ n=W³p¨¨={ l¨T{Z¡ {N¶n p{T²Æd{¨ b}ð d¶nT{ªç øm}ýT²=b¢î d{d¨N¼d{¨ T²¢î e¢î { zd²pßm¢ e=ze¦b{¨ d¶m¥îd{b¢pT¨Æ { z { {l¶¨ø¨ µtl{¨¨b{¨ b²pø¨ÞZ¨ p²_n ¹ { {f}n¨Q} W·±t u}Z¡ d{¬f}nN¾Z¡o¾d{ d{Q{¨j}Z¨nl²¨Ú N}nªd{m}ðøm{v em¢_}ze k{mp¨¨d{ p¶Q{ _{mp²¨ z z {{ {@=T{¨ enø=T{¨ _{np{=T{¨ d}Ðm¢Q}=T{¨ z
  • 44. _{p¨¨n=i¨ îd{{¨ j¾Q{p{¨¨p}m¢ d}¢=e { z{dÔ=i¨ N{¨{¨p{¨ td{Ôp{d²Ô { { zN¾N{n¨ N{Z{¨ N¼n¨p{¦ N{ªm{¨Æ={¨ Ë {VnN{p{¨|{¨ Q{=b{p¨nb{¨N¼d{¨ { { {p¶e¦n_¾ _}d{¨ p¶ZN{¨ f½p{¨ z {d{{¨ze¦N{Ð_²n N{ª¢ d{p¦{ ßN¼d{¨ {p¶=N{Zp{¨P¡ l{¨Vøc¢ N{d¨=Q¼d{¨ k} Ê { {Q{p_¨n p¶rp²Om{¨n¨ N{d¨ { { z ¹ { {N{ZN{Z| T{=Ûb{m¶P| øN{Z N{Z|x{ùx{^}x¥^ p}_{ªn øë_{ b¶v zj}nk{ªm{¨v§ {Q¨T{¨d{Ô ñnd{¬e¦{¨ z { zzem{p{q{_{ o¶ç p{d{ n_} _{m{¨n T{ªçN{p¨Ùøn¨N}ð _{ªed{ { z@p{¨ÙOq}o|=Q{^p{¨¨d{ @Q{e¢ T{d² d¾ zl{¨¨p²¨ÙÐ_N¼p{¨Ù! ñp} {ÛN¼p²¨ÙÐ_ðp¶¨ð u}ðN¼p{¨Ù= Q{dp¶ { {ø=Z¡p¼ o¶b¾ q{¨d{Ne¦ z{b{=Z³p¨¨ p{o² òÛmòQ¢t _{nQ{ð p{ne¦= { { ~ zQ¼=Z¡ð N{ðd{b¢ p²¨¨b{n¨Q{_{=Z³ze¦p²©N}! l¨b¶ø¨ _{ò×j¾× N}?N{e¦Õøze¦Õ N{n¨Q{¨ Q¼zeÕ N¼zeÕnm}m{¨ z@f»Õn=î T¼ze¦Õ Ûîze¦Õ N¢ze¦Õ¼ze¦Õù¨m{ ù¨m{¨ T²eÕm¶ Q{¨e¦Õd{ z zp²¨e¦ÕöÐ_¨ d{¨eÕîzeÕo|m{! z { ~ù¨m¢=b{ m¼N{Z¡l²¨ f»n¨ ¹f}m{= b¢Zp{¨©d{ zeöÁ l{¨îm{l{¨p{¨¨d{ d¾
  • 45. N¾m¢=b{ ¼=N{o|m}u}m¶=b{¨p{¨¨P¤no|p{¨ W|{ _²n¨zem¶p{¨|m}Ðm¢ d²=_{ p¶¢d{p{¨| m}N{{ _²öl{¨W³~eÕ p{¨|m}{N{ l²©W¾m¥Q{o|m{ ù¨m}d}m¥m{_{Ôp{¨¨d{¨ _²çÆ d}N¼ztQ{m{¨Q}ç=_{nd}Z¡ N{¨÷d{¨{ç=_}zt=_}ze T{ö_{ç_¨{ ðd{¨ d¶ Ð {ç=_}p{¨^¡Q} d²d²Ôb{ç=_}! @N}Á=_{ _²m¨p{¦ T²e¦Õp{¨¨ d}N{¨d+ { zÛp{^N¢^}=N¢_{ l²©ð Q{^¡N}no|p{¨ d}o¾N¢=em¶ _{¨p{¨Ù Ûp¨|N{¨o|m{ z {_{¨=ózgnztp{¨|d{ n=ip{¨|d¾m¾Vf»{Q}d{m¶ zeËZN{{¨p{¨¨o|m{l¨=Q}w{N=iw{ q{¬=Q}m{_m{ N¶q{ { {f}q{ ñx¢=em¶ f}q{o|m{ zÛNNTb=s}=N{¨m}ÛQ{ p{¨¬b{¨_{ß t=l{¨¨ÐN{ { { { { ÜË zb¶v N}d{m² îzeÕïQ{o|m{ zDËr m{bd{ T{Çb¾zep{¨|d¾Ërò=i Üz { zñ{ T{ª{m² ù¨m{¨ ëÞo¶¨o|m{ {p{¨mwtp{¨|d{ øzem¥_p¨c{Ú T{=Ûb¢ Ò { z{ {{N}=T{m¶ ðN{Áp{¨¨Q{ d¶¨ N}m{o|m{ {f½{¨nÛp²©{¨o|m{ N{¨ e«çd{ £ eîm¢_{¨p{¨Ùo|m{ io+ { zj}¢b{T²ËZ¨o|m{ zgnk}Q+ øzrp{¨¨Ë~rN{¨V=i¨o|m{ Ap¶¨N{NÐ_² çÐ_p¨¨d{ p¶{¨N{ù¨m{Q{ p¶Q¢m{=i¨ ù¨ { { {{ñ{N¨ ñ{N¼N{Áztm{^¡= zem{_²=T{b{¨Q} p{ç=zem¶ {
  • 46. j²=} p{¨©m¼Á=} l{¨|b¼=} ù¨ @={N¢ze¦{¨ _¾m{p{¨¨ù¨m{d+_}={pp¨|{¨T{¨ p¶¨öze {{~t={=b²nT{=Ûb¢ m}b² T²T²Æm{ T²e¦} zd}N²bo¾zen øm{vp{¨¨ { zèN}Q{¨Q{ T¶l¨W¼T²Æ T²T²Æm{ ðze¦¾ {N}N¥ RªN¥ N¶N¥ ze« N¥bQ¨p¶¨ðu}ð f»{ T{ªzem{¨Q}z {{N{¬N{p}N{¨o|m{ p{¨|b{Ú_{¬ÁN{o|zep{¨¨o|m{ Q{pl¨ N¢q{ q{q{ q{¨ñ { {p{¬N{W|_{¨o|m{ j¾Q{e¦ ztN¢l¨ n_{n ø¨d{Ô T{=Ûb¢u}ð= N{d{m¶z {Dm{¨ _}ze N{m^ N}m{^ {p{m{ _}p{¨m{u}q{¨Q{p{¨¨n¨ ¹p²ç p{¨m{¨{¨ øt¨Öm¢_}=Q¢ T{ªe¦ø¨ze¦ ¾z z l{¨¨m{¨_} p{¨|p{¨|Z µtl{¨d¼~eÕd{ N¼m{_}ze=b¥ ñ Q}Û_{ ztb{¬N+u¿=b{m{Ú N{w}øo|zt T{=T{d{¨Ùm{ëd{Ô=b{d{ p{¨=b¢m{ l{¨Q{¨ AB=b¥p{m{zeÛ_d¶Ûî ðZ¨ T{ªeQ{b¶ { zñïm{¨ N{n¨Q{¨ m{ªep{¨¨ zT¶_d+ øZN¾Z¡ d{pl¨W·l¨¨T{¨ N{{N{d+ { { { {f}_{m{o|²¢ e{¨e¦= z zQ¾îð ùx¢=çd}p² N¾ï Ûeîd+ £N{Þn¨ N{¨ Û_}ø Ûµen¨T{¨ {v÷tN{p¨|{¨N¼d{¨T{¨ @b¢ BT{ÆZ¡ N{¨z Þz {
  • 47. b{ÚÞ÷n m}b² iÞ÷~eÞ÷ N{¨p{¨¨Òb¨ën¨N{¨ enn_{÷ { { ~ Þ Þ ño|Ûb¢m}V d}p{¨¨{ p}o²=i¨d{ b}ðí|ç p{nçî d¶}tªo¾zeu}ðß_{ Q{^¡zÑ Ñ N} nnd{d+ T{=Ûb{m¶O Q{=Z¡p² Om{p{¨|@ð p{¨m¢l¨¨d{¨ {p{¨d{tVp{¨|l{¨n= b{Q¢ö Ûp¨|N{¨n _{¨eÕn ex¢W|_{¨nd+ ~ { z zp{d{ p{¨¬Q{N¾Z¨n= b{nç p}m{N{ l¨|Q{î p¶¢ p¶ñ ¢m{¨ d{l{¨d{f}ý W|n¨N¼d{ m¾b{dp²¨=_{l¨¨ T¶tN¼=T{¨ e« { { ~ zçd{ øzrp{¨¨Ër k{ªm{¨vp{¨¨ T²=Q{Z ñnúo| _{n=i¨d{d+ ~ zT¶m¢ N{w·im{ p{¨T¾ÆT¶m¢ç ü T{=Ûb¢ d}N{¨ T²eÕN{ em{p= z z {N}m{^p¶¨ø¨ p{¨m²pßð{N¾m¢N{ ïm{Õ=Q{ _{nT{¨N¼=Z¡p¼ T²e¦p{¨| zN¾N{n¨ m{ªN{n¨ AN{¨n¨f½N{n¨ p¶¨N{n¨d{¨ eZ¨j¼=b{¨n¨ u»p{¨¨Ùo+ z Ëd}N{=Z³ ø¨N¢Á÷Q{nm}N¼p{¨m{¨{¨ N{n² C c{m}p{nl{¨p{¨¨d{d+T{NÁðp}{ m{ktp{¨¨d{ { z{N{¨N{¨ÁZ p{¨|Èm}n q{¨d{N{ N{ªm{Ù m{_¨nT¶ {T¼N¢Á=ze=Q{n p}{d¨ {çN{¨Án¨p²Z=Q{ ñN{¨ T²n¨d² T{=Ûb¥ Ë Þm{p¨|Ù d} l{¨ôp{¨_{ ø¨ze¦ {¢p¨|Ù l¨p{¨|Ù¢Á d¶Td¶Z¡N¢ ±v§d{¨Ôo+ { {
  • 48. N¼p{¨|Ù tp{¨ÙîðT²Æb{ zN¼p{¨|Ù p²np{¨¨Òb{¨Q{¨p{¨Ù Q{¨i×nQ{¨p{¨|ÙW|np{¨¨T¶t p{¨|m{qmW|np{¨¨ f}n¨Q{W·l¨ d}l{¨p{¨| ~ {{ {_}w{QW|n ñøm{v_}zek{m=i¨ N{m=i¨ ±vT²Æ ñ { z { {_}w{go¾zep{¨|d{ tp{¨¨b{ÛQ{ N{¨T{bßl{¨ p{¨N{¨ÁW·m¢Æ ÷ z z {o| nö_¾zeQ{ªvd{ N{w}N{nd{d+ zt¨P¡l¨=zeW·l{¨¨p{¨| zq¾~r=T²d+ p{¨b{d¾ze_}zep{¨¨d{ @x{¨Ûb¾d{Ô_{ tªn ð zÑm¾s½b{Ú_+ _{d¨l{¨r e¦ËrQ{d¨ p{¨=b{¨o+ T¶td{d+ N}b{±v©Ò { ~Ë z ~ { ~ m¾zr=iªd{N{ d¶ {f}m{Nm¨^} m{ª]}_{Ù e=N¶Vp² {{ z ¹ l²©rÛb_Ôp{¨ T{=Ûb¢ ñ @c{mel{¨©zr=i¨ d}N¥l¨p¶ ~ { { £{ {±eN{¨Á_²m{=Q{¨n ñN{¨d+Ûp²¨¨N²Áb{ T{np¶¨n d}b{¨p²©vp{¨¨ ïm{d+ zT{N²Ám{øÐn¨ð N{ªZø¨ø¨N{¨ÁZp{¨¨Q{ _¶öÆ In¨ù¨ b}zt¨ðQ}d+p¶¨o²=T²b{ u}Ûp{¨|VÚ=j¶ö=T²b{ _¼=Z¡t_{¨n l²¨nm{N=Z³d+ z Þ {o|ö=T²b{ f}ö=T²b{_¶ö=ze¦p{¨¨ m{_{¨n d{d{¨Ô _¶N{¨p{ ù¨m{d+T{N²Ám{øÐn¨ð j}m¢d+çN¢Áî ñ f}b{l¨¨Q{ N{¨q¶ql¨p{¨¨nN{¨d+ { { {Ûp²¨¨N¢Áî b{N¢ÁîðN{ ñ_{N¨Án¨ b¢QÛ{ b¼N¢Á d{d¨Ô b{l¨T{ª{Qb¶ { { { {Q{=c{ p{¨Ð_{m{¨ Vp}ßb¢ N{Ðzt¨m¢l{¨¨d{¨b¼Íl¨¨Í}^p{¨¨d{¨ N{p¨Ùb¾l¨ ÛN¼Ð_{ { ² {eZ¨èm{n¨ N{¨T{¨Æn¨ j}ø÷n¨z Ë m¼N{Áø¨b² N¼p{¨¨Ù ñ n=W³ZN{¨Á p{¨|ð
  • 49. _}w{W|nd{¨ ñø=_{ W|np¶¨nT¶±tb{p{¦ d{d{¨Ô ø¨N¢ÁöT²öø¨ m{_{¨nd¶n¨ù¨ p¶Q{ p{¨|Z|¢ h}nn~t_{ztm{zt d{p{T{=Ûb{m¶O L T{=Ûb{m¶Oîl{¨Úð p²¨¨Òb{¨p{¨|Zn¨d{¨ _¶ðl{¨Q}m²¨ j¼Þöp²©øl{¨¨d+ {el²¨Úb{N¼=Q{¨o¾ f»b{n¨ io+Td¨Q{¨i×n¨ p{¨=Q{n=i¨_¾z { { N{l¨Úp{¨¨µtl{¨¨ p²©p{¨¨ d{¨öN{d{¨Ôn¨ _¾m{ze¦NÀd{¨ d}N{¨ T{ª {el{¨Ú{ p{¨|m{¨N¶ý N{¨ d¶n¨p{¨¨ W|np{¨¨µtl{¨ N¢=_{l¨¨d+ ~ { {@p{¨n=¹j² _{m¨^}m{¨^ b{¨Úîztp¶¨_}q{ß_eÛ_}k{p²¨ { Ñ z{ ¹m{p¨^¤l¨ t¨ÖZ b¥m{ ö=Q{l¨¨_{p²¨ m{=Q{ÜÒbp¾µe_{p²¨ { { z Ä { ¹ { ¹tp{¨p²¨ m¾p{¨ø£vd{p²¨ p²bl²¨ W|d¼ze¦Õ ñ p{¨|m{Q¶z ¹ ¹ { ¹{ zvp{¨¨ d} N{m¢Ùö T{ª~e Ûf¿]{m{î d¾Þo|¢=T{¨ T{=Ûb¥ b{l¨d+ {@ð p{¨m¢l¨¨d{¨ {ü l{¨d{¨ T{=T{m¥N{ ðT{l{¨|=ç_{ N{¨=ç_{ m¾p{¨ N}p{¨Q¶ü l{¨d{¨ b}d{ p{¨|ð_{ p{¨üb¢ße p²©vd{ p²©vd²N{ j} z z z ¹ü l{¨d{¨ N{=N{ N}N{ p{¨~vs}ú_{ b{¨m{Øm{ ðm{Øm}î b¶ü l{¨d{¨ T{=Ûb¢ _}w{dvü l{¨d{¨ õ_{úm¾m{¨ü l{¨d{¨d+ z{}l{¨Q{m}N{¨ d{d¨Ô p{¨m{¨} l{¨d{¨ IT{Q{d¶n m¢N{Ám¶ {} l{¨d{¨ p{b¨p{b¨ T{d¨} l{¨d{¨ u½N{N{f»p{¨¨Ù Q}ö£e Ò { Ò { {} l{¨d{¨ T{=Ûb¢_ö p{m} l{¨d{¨ p¶=N{Zq}#~t d¶{¨ m} Þ{ {} l{¨d{¨ N{ª_{¨ N{ªm{Õ _{Q} l{¨d{¨ IQ{î b¶p¦{ } l{¨d{¨d+ {AN{m^¡ d{¨¢ø ¶m} {p¶¨N{¨p{o²d+ òÛmòQ¢t ø¨ËZ¡e{¨ ðW| { ~ zÐu½N{ t¨p{¨N}p{¨b{={p¨¨ z {T¶N¼ð èN{¨T{¨d{¨ i¨Ób¢ T²eÕ b¼{=Q²d+ z
  • 50. T}zenp²©e¦ T{=Ûb¢ ðd{¨ T{NÁQ{ T{N²Ám{ø=Z¡b=Z ±ed+ z { {N}ze¦m{~e=Z¡o¾zeöN¢ ÛQ{N{¨Ád{ b{ªm¢ zt¨P¡=zeN{¨={ zt=_}zep²¨¨d{m¢Æ l¶¨Q²dZ¨ _}w{§p{¨Zd{Ôd{¨ _}w{N¶n l{¨¨ {b}Úzed{qÐ{N¢ T{ª±eb{p¦{ b{={p¨¨ ñN{¨ p{¨d¾Vb{={p¨| { {Q{T{¨Æn¨ p{¨T{¨Æ nT²Æm{¨p{¦Q} N{nd+ p²bVn¨ T{=Ûb¢ io+ { { ÞzeT{Æð m²N{Áb¾l¨Q{n zeN¢Ázv§p{¨|l¨p{ìm{¨ð=Z¡o¾T¼T{¨ÆT{¨ p{T¨ÆT{¨d+ ø¨Q{¨n T¼N{¨ÁT{¨ ÛN¥{ l²¨¨d{m{¨ÆT{¨={Q} {ðT{Æn¨ _{¬ÐeT¶±tb{d¨ ðnßp² N¼=T²p¨¨µte¦ b{={p¨| ~ { { z {±eN{¨Á_²m=Q{¨n= N{mðe{d{ p¶¨ d¼d{m¢=ç p{=çd{d+ { {£Ût¨N{ÁN{ ø¨ËZ¡ø¨ËZ¡ _{ní|ze¦T{¨ td{Ôðze=T² ç=T{¨T{¨d+ z zp²¨¨N{Ánf}Z¨ T{ª±eb{p¦{ p{¨¨d{¨Ô ÛîN¾^p{¨¨ o²ðÔ T{ªeîd+~Ûp²¨¨N²Áb{ ðN{¨Áp{¨|d{¨ p{¨îp{¨©Âm{ p{¨d¾k{pb¥mb={p¨| { Ä{ { {N}l{¨n¨N}T² ñb{¨ _{nN}l{¨ l{¨ü zt¨N{¨p{¨|m{ p}m{ N{d}Úl{¨_{ N{TÇf½zep{¨ k{Q}=_{m{ ð_{ÚQ{_}Q{_{ ÛNp²© { {ÛU¶l¨ tp{¨ÛQ{ RZd{ øq¶r_{m}zeb{ d²d{ ð=N{ d¾ { z z Ë z ¹N}l{¨Vb{={p¨| øzt¨p{¦Q²N¼ð l{¨©m{N{d{¨={ o¶p¦{ Q} { ¹ze=N{p{¨¨n=Z³ d}N{¨ izv§k{=Q{¨n ñN{_{d{d+ øo|ztp{_+ze=N{VzeÛ_{d¶Û_{nd{¨ iöÙð zeËZQ{ _{b¢ßq}n ù¨d}=N{Q{¬ü=_{m}w{ k{m¢_}_{ÙVn Þze¦_{ f}=q{¨ ztø¨Ùw{_+ze=N{p{¨¨ ñN{¨ d{=Z³ Q{b{ f}zeze¦p¶¨Û]{p{¨ l¨ÞZ¨µt_{¨m¶H=b{m¢ p¶¨N¼=Z¡ p{¨m¢l²¨=b{m¢ f}b{p{¨¨n=Z¨N¼=Z¡ p{¨¨ {b²=b{m¢d}Ûql¨=çî ðN²=b{m¢N¢d+ Ûe^ø¨ÞnW·±tb¾ { zN¼=b{np{¨=b²¢d+ p{¨d{t¨ Q¼i¨×d{ d} p{¨d{p}nN¢=ç l{¨| zi=b²np{¨|m¢ T{=Ûb¢ k{Q{k}Q{Úp{¨¨ N¾m{N{¨ p{¨|m{b{={p¨| {N{p¨nzeÛ_tªÖÐm¢ N{d¨eZ¨ k{Qp¨¨n¨ { z{ {z Ë {{ø¨=T{¨ZÒbp¨¨Ùn ø¨=T{¨ k{Q{p{¨¨ {{
  • 51. nq{ßÑ_{ f}={¨b{w}N}m{ k{Qp¨¨n¨ {{ed{t_¼d{n f½n¨ Rd{kQp¨¨n¨z z z {{{ b¢=Z³de«p{¦np{=Z¡ k{Q=i¨n¨ z{ { C_{Q¢=Vnm¥î d²tQ{¨ k{Qp¨¨ z {{ nn e=b¢p¨¨ËZ³np{o² d{¨={¨ k{Qp¨¨n¨ z { {{ N}N¢ennd¾w{äQ{î k{Qp¨¨n¨ ~ Þ {{±eN{¨Áí|~eî ñp{¦d{¨ ðN{¨ÁN¼d{¨T{¨@ðÔ o¼{pZ¡ p²{öîp{N{Z l¨ze¦{¨ ˲T{=Ûb¢kQp¶¨ø¨ k}Q{Úp{¨| ±¹ te¦p{¨| p{¨¨ {{ z{¨=Q{¨ö=Q{p¨| T}nf»{¨=Q{¨ p{¨|ð {_{¨n¨p{n¨ p{¢p{¢ _}N{Q{nö çðQ¢d{ e«N{¨ b²=Q{¨nN{¨ p²mT¨d² ñ z { {_{n ÛibnQ{¨d{¨ b}ð= Ò {_{nç ðQ{¨{j¾N{¨ p{¨b{db={p¨ l¨=N{d+ { { {N¼=N¶b¢ j}ðztQ{¨¢±tn¨ b{ªm{¨Zem¢N¢=ç T{ª{ ñN¼m{N{¨ N}b²z iÐîð b¼p{¨Ùm¢_¼Ð_¨n ðn¨ÕZ { Q¼d{N¼ðl{¨¨d{Ô ñN¼m{N¨ N}b² { Q¾¢Qnd{¨ Q¼ðQ{ª{¨n N{ËZ¨Z { N¼=T{N²=T{=Q{ ñN¼m{N¨ N}b² { j}nøc{pnN{¨ d¾ö p{¨|d{Úp{¨¨öT{¨Æ { Zm{~t T{ª{=Q{ ñN¼m{N¨ N}b² {p}m{NdÚN{nN{¨ d¶ d{p}m¢_p¨¨Q{ { { {{N¾N{n¨d{¨ m{ªN{ö{¨Z ñN¼m{N{¨ N}b²N{ªw{_{d{p{¨©d{¨Z³Þn ñN¼m{N{¨ N}b²L p{¨N}m¾_{ßp{¨| q}=_{p¨©d{¨N¼d{¨p{¨ {
  • 52. _¶ðl{¨N{=ze¦ ±e=ze¦ Q{n _¶Vp{¨¨ m{XÞn¨d{ ±eÞn¨p}m{Q}Q¾d²n÷n _¶m¨ T{d¨Q¼={n¨ ~t={l¨¨ _}={ø=zeQ} { { {Q}d{¨Q{m¾n¨ f½n¨ p²¨l¨ N{=~en ¹±eN¼ð p¶¨Û]b={p¨| { { {b}ð eN}m{Q¼p{¨¨Ù p²{ _}N{Q{ Ûp{N{Án¨µtl{¨¨ Z³d{Ô¾ zN{¨N{¨ÁZ T{ªýN} k{QdQ¼Þö d{O=i¨nQ¢ö p²¨nd¶ { { Þ ÞT¼N{Áe¦ p{¨d{Ùa}nl{¨p{¨¨ T{¨=id{p²¨=_{l¨¨ T¶t b}ðo¾ z { ~ÛQN¨Ád{ p²©ø b{ªm¢Æ p{Q{ Q²N¼ð eöÆd{ T{=Ûb¢ ø¨N¢Áö= {{ ¹ £W¼N¢Á m{ø¨=zeðT{¨Æ Q{b{ u»=ze¦Q{ d¾ np{} _{}n¨d{d+A k{ª_}N{¬î T{=Ûb¢ u}=Ûb{_{m{ m¾p{¨|=T{ÛîN¾^=i¨o¾Ak¾Q{ zt¨ÖZ T{={ _}={p{ p{¨üp}Úf}m{ N¶þN{o|o|k{=i=b²b{ d{=T{¨ ðN¢Á d{d¨d¶o| u}m² Q}m¢=T²b¾ {q¶kÐ{t=k{p¨ b}ð f»=b²Z¨p{o²d+ tb¢=T{¨ ñN¢Ð_m¢d+ z { ~Ó {Q¼Þo²dN=k{p¨=_{ ð{¨Q¼Þö T¼N}m{ze¦ d{ÞnïQ²n {{ {ZöN{Q¼d{Ô m¾p{¨p{¨¨n¨ @Ûb¢Q¨±v©zep{¨p{¨À òn=i¨d{d+Þ Þ { _²nð N¼ÛmQ=ë et ø¨=T{¨ Ûbp=i¨d{¨ N{n¨ T{=Ûb¢ p{¨| Þ {{ z z {{ à m¢o²e¦¥p¦{ u»T²Æb{p¼ ±vT{Æm¢Nd+ izv§b¥múq{Ôp{¨| Þ z { Ä{ñT{_{N¾m¢Æ i=c{¨Vd{ð=b{N{¨ m¾l{¨N{ _¼Þö Q}Òm{ôd+T{ªçl{¨¨ ñp{¦ ø¨ËZ¡ze{W¼çÆd{ ñ T{en=i¨ ïm{ÕQ} zo¾ç_{p¬Ðî Q²N¼ðl{¨¨ KÒb¢Nù¨m{Q{ b}ð l²©ð b{ª { ¹ {m¢=çd{p}{ N}b² ðd{¨ m¢Ð_{Q{W·l{¨N{ d}b{¨ p¶¨Û]{p{¨|ød{¨ød{¨ p{b¨p{b¨ @øp¶Np¨¨ e«d{N¨ T{=Ûb¢e«N{¨±¹ e Ò { Ò { {{ z { zp{¨d{~t{N=T{¨ T²eÕd{d¨ p{¨|d{N{ ø¨ËZ¡e¶p¦{ T¼çÆd{d+ { ~ { zRd{p¨Q{¨ e¦=Þ{¨d{¨d+ ±tQ{l{¨¨ Q{Ín¨ d{=Z¡ T²¶p{¦ p{¨|d{¨ù¨z { z { @d{¨zep{¨m{ªzeðÈm¢_{ p{¨üQ{Vb{={p¨ p{¨|m{b={p¨| { { {BÞZd¶N{ ÛeN}m{=i¨n p{¨d¾øN}m{=i¨T¶_= T¶_d}T¶_d{ W|d{ ø£vd{¨=¹² l{¨| z { { { Êño|Ûb¢m}Vd{Úq{_{p{¨d{¨Ú= {¨b={=i¨Q{ b{={d¨=¢ Q{={¨N¼ðp{T¨Æ N{¨t¨p{¨|l{¨¨c{øc{¨ Ò { { { z
  • 53. p{¨nl{¨|T{nztp{¨|Q{_{p}_{ f½_{ p{¨c{¨Ûp{_{ zem{k{¬_{ N¥m{ q}m¢N}p}m{=i¨n Q{¨m¢=ç b{ª~r=ze=b¼{=Q²p{¨b{d} p{¨b{d}q{¨Q{Tl¨ { {p{¨b{d} T²nm¶Q¢ l¶¨l{¨ d}_{_{ q{q{k{¬b{ßb{d} p{¨¬b{¨o¾zeu} Ñtb{d} l²¨b{ d}Z³ðe¦{¨ q{=im{p¨a{d}z z {tN{ne«m{¨r v¬b{l¨|Ðm¢ t=zRZ¡=T{¨z z z z { z u}ð ñ T{=Ûb{m¶P|ôc}d{p{¨©ð N¶m{¨T{¨d{Ôb¢ b}ð¹±e N¢d{¨N{p{¨|ð _{b¢ßm{v d{d¨Ô d¶T=Q{bQ¨d² T{=Ûb{ ~ { { {{g^¡m¾p{¨m¶O l{¨Q{¨ d{z ÃQ{^¡N}=Q{d{ ù¨b{ f½p{Q}p²m{ç ztù¨ m{^p{¨| p{¨p{¨¨ d¶T{Q{ N} m{^p¶¨ø¨ _{n=Q{¨ zt_{ßm{_{ tb{¨×Ób¢d+ zø¨p{¨¨Ù Vl¨=T{¨ ø¨=T{¨Q{n p¶¨ö d{¨d{¨= j²d¨Q¼ze¦ÕT¶_{ d¶ {p{¨p{¨¨Ù p{¨d¾k{p{ ÛeN{Z p{¨|Ãm^W|np{¨¨ f}n¨T¶t _} z { ~N¢p{¨Ùd{N¶Q² b}ðb{m¢ Q¶m{m{¨ T{=zeN{Q{=c¢ l{¨=T{¨d¾_{¨p²¨Ùb{o|m{ ù¨m¢T{Z Û_{¨w³äb{m{N{ÁZ qÀm{Ú£vd{¨¹o²A p²nf»n=î N{ð d¶N¶pn øm{üÐm¢T¶_{ N{¬úl¨=T²¢T¾ {ñp{¦ T²p{¦o+ ç=b{m{Q¼d{N¾p²n N{ªl{¨N{¨p{¨¨ ðd{¨Ô N¼m{¨_{d+ p¶l¨d+ {em{e¦m{¨s}Ñm= i=_{l¨¨z z { {vm¢l¨=T{¨d{¨ d¶T¨ T{=Ûb¢ @=ç_{ò=j} z { c{mp¨|ð t¨P¡=eN{ _{ {{ z z _{Õm{p{q{¨ d{d{¨ d¶T{d¶ø¨ zgnp{¨Q{¨ çn¨N}
  • 54. @ð @ðp}m{Úp{¨|d{ p{¨b{d}zeb{T¶ ztN{nÛzeze=T{p{¨¨d+_{d{¨p{¦d{¨ µem{¨d{¨d+ p{¨m{ç _{d{Ùzvñl{¨ øl²©Q{p}Óm¢o¾p{¨¨d{¨Q{¨T{¨ _¶n¨T{¨d+ em{p¨p{¨©Âm_T¶ enø=T{¨N¼=T{¨ @ z { { { zÈVd{pme¦=Q{p¦{ ={¨ N{{¨ ztÐ_{ßp{¨¨ ±e=ze¦b¼m{=Q¢ p{¨©m¢Ço²d+ { z{@d{¨T{¨ Ûû d{=ò d}m{t=üm{Úp{m¨Ú ~ {}d{îçÆd{ úp{kªt¨m}ÛQQ^¨Ú { z {{¹²d{ ùm{d{ øð @b{¨Ø_}_{¨Ù{Q¨T{¨ {eb{e N{a{ T²e¦Õ {_{¨ö_{ Û£eî d{d{¨{¨ ~ z zp{¨|m}N}m} N}m}Q}m}=_{m{ øzvm{^¾ÛQ{N{m{Ù[{ f}m}p}m}p{¬_{ c{m^¤_n { {p}m{pcªW|n ð_{Úp{m¢_ûo| { { Ï {zvm¢Q{¨^Q{^P¶o| @=Q{Vp}Úc¢o¾o|em¢ç_{øZW|o| j}nm{=}d{¨N{ªo|z ðm{_{ m{ç_{W|o| ñT{b}µtl{¨f}o| b{¨m¢_Tl¨øq}o| b{¨m¨^ÀzR|np}o| { { { Ã{Bb¢ Ûûp{¨ÈVQ{d}Ôa{b¶p{ N{m{¨^}N{Z|x{ ùx{ ^}d{¨x{^ zt=nÓi ztm{ztN{ø_} øçÛ_{ ztnö_}zeÐzt=iztªÛ_{NÀ=¢dÚtQ¾Û_{ N{ªçp{¨=çN{¨n eøÛ_{ Q{=Q{d}p{¨|_{Úe¦#_{ p{¨|ð_}d{©d{ tp{¨|d{ d}d}øc{m{=Q{ {z z z zÛîö=Q{b¶q{k}s} øq¶zr k{ª~r_}q¶zrN{ø_} øo|ztk}zt¨ m}Om{ß ztm{ßnx{^u}m{ zt=ÛQ{±v©Òb}p{¨q{¨Ób}=Ûc{ m}p{¨|l{¨^Ûzep{¨¨O izv§w{Ûzei=c{ ði=c{d{i=c{¨m{øc}d{ d{ùd{q{Òiq}ztd{ òm{¨b}ôm}p{¨îp{¨ÙN{øu}m{ßkÀp{¨zt±v©b{m{ Q{¨m{¨l{¨q¾p¶¨b{¨m{ øøc{øb{ßÈVd{øc¶l¨ VQ{d}Ôa{d}p{¨c¶l¨ { {Ûze^¤_{=¹j²d{ T{=Ûb{m¶P|øo|ze=id{¨ üztÚm{ztÛzei=c{m}V=i¨d{= b¢ßïl{¨|q}ßzt=i¨ zt=ze«Ïm{p{¨¨
  • 55. N{ªçp{¨=ç VÃQ{N{ø Ûze^¤_{ T{=Ûb{m¶P|øo|zep{¨¨_{¬ïl{¨|q}ßztp{¨¨Ûûm{îtï p{¨d¾zvm{ zT}m{¨_{m{ Q{¬ül{¨p{¨|d{ q{s}Õp{¬_{ øÐu}m{kQ}ðß_{ T{=Ûb¥ {ñm{=Ûc}q¶p{Úo¾n ñnd{¬f}o|AN{Ïm¢=ze¦p{¨¨ _}p{N¥d{ N{a}øc}d{=i¨ l{¨a}Ñm{=i¨Q} Ûûúp{Ûj}zvÙ^ p{Ïm}ÛQ{Q{^¨Ú=¹²d{ ùm{kÛ{ b{k{ËZ|m{N¶=Ûb{¨d{N{¨ Ûûp{¨ºb²ßP|d{zt p{=q¾Ð_{=zt=iQ{¨ d{m{~t=üT}m{Úp{m{¨Ú= {pßöN{a{ l¨ÞZð {T²eÕ=b¼{=Q² z@=_{Z eZzRZ¡_{ Q{¬ü zk{Ú=_{m{ p{¨~vs}d{¨ze¦zrÕ i=c{¨m{ inp{Òb{=_{l{¨¨_{ q{l{¨Ú d{p{¨Ù~vN}=_{¨{¨ o¶N¨d{Ô b}~tN{n¨ }~t N{{¨d+ {N{wpwp¨=b{¨T{¨ p{¨d{ø¨Z {{{{Q¼nQ¼np{¨d{¨N¼=T{¨ T{¨Z¨N¼ð l{¨¨={Q{ N¾ Ëp{¨nQ{î d¶{N{¨ T{d²d¾_²öl{¨b{ü ¹b²p{p{¨|l{¨ ïm²ÞZQ{¨d¾~eN{Á nªm{¨n¨ N}w{§ä ~eÞnµtp{N{¨nT¶ ÛQ¨b¢=T{¨N¼d{¨T{¨=² N¼=_{µtze¦ {Ò f}ZN{¨o+ zem{_¶m{ f}¢=T{¨N¼=T{¨d{¨ N¼n¨ßb¥m¢çl{¨¨=² N¼=_{µtze¦ ~v_{p{¦ù¨m{Q{ k}Q{p{_{¨n p¶¨o¶ßu}n ø=_{ N{d¼d{¨T{¨=² N¼=_{µtze¦ Ã
  • 56. p{¨b²nÛp²©l{¨=Q{ Q{¨bîe¦ÕT{¨d}{¨ Ò Ò { zB=î N{d¼d{¨T{¨=² N¼=_{µtze¦ Ãp{¨=T{p²¨N¢Á l²¨¨N{Á_²_¾{ p{¨b{dNbd{ {{ {p²¨=_{l¨¨d{¨ T¶l¨¨T{¨=²d{¨ N¼=_{µtze¦ { {_{p¨np{¨¨ p²¨t=Q¢ f»Q{T¨ËZ Û_}Q² N¼=_{ { z {µt ze_{= {=_{ d²=b¶Q² T²eÕm{p¨Ù z {In=W³ l¨=Z¡N¶Q²d¼I ÷o|p{îð iöø¨ d²dl¨=T²d¼ _} {d¶o|Q{¨ p{¨|l{¨p{¨l²¨Úd{¨ño|Ûb¢d¬e¦={¨ N}ø¨ño¾n¨{ü {zp¶=N{Zq}#t¨n l{¨Vp{¨¨ z Êf»=N{p¨¨ T{ª{=Q{ o¶çf½l²¨d¼ o¶ b} {p{=N{ ze¦ö Ûø¨=Q¢f½l²¨d¼V=N{l¨Ú¢ T²zeÕm{p{¨Ù Vp{ßd{¨o|m} ²B=b{¨ _} p²nߢ l²¨=b{¨ p¶=T¶±td¾p{¨|u}ø¨ T{ªzem¶ Ûp{¨|N{¨o|m{ztd{ÔN{ztd{Ô d¶ ztN¢ Q{ª¢l¨¨=²d¾ {p{¨| m¶ð T{ªem¶ p{¨b¨o|m{ z Ò {p¶ze¦n zeËZ¨N{ p¶ZN{¨ f½l²¨d¾p{¨| b¼m{ T{ªem¶ p{¨{¨Q{¨o|m{ zB=b{m{ Ûkø¨l¨=ç l¶¨Z¡N¢ f½l²¨d¾ {p{¨| m}í T{ªzem¶ W|m{¨o|m{p{¨p{¨¨Ù d¶öd{ ño|Ûb¢p¨d{¨Vøk{¨{¨ {e«nf}d{¨Õd{ ±ed{¨ðÛb{ f½l¨f½l¨z o¶ç KN{Ám{¨{¨d{¨ p{¨|N{Q¾T{m{p{¨¨Q{ HT{ÆZ d{{=Q² T²zeÕm¶ zeT{¨Æo|m{
  • 57. HÞ÷ p{¨Þ÷ zeÞ÷ze¦Þ÷ p{¨| m}íN{ªzt¨f½p{N{ ù¨ù¨Q¼Þo²d{¹N² m}{¨N{b}N{nn¨ p{nb¢=N{ T²zeÕQ{b{m¶ p¶Q{d+ Þd¶nm¶¨o|m{ p{¨=çd¶Ðt¨o|m{ øÛNp¨| { z {{õn q{ªm{¨o|m{ ~ed{Ô±eÒb{o|m{ Q{¨ze¦Õd{d+ze«nf}d{¨Õ¢Q¢ l¶¨{ j¾l¨d}¼ T{ª{m¶ Ãñn N}q{Úep{m¨={¨ ðd{Ôm¶l¨ KN{Á{¨d+ £ {@ð Q{ÃQ¾n¨Q{ p}m{¨ m¾b{d{p{¨¨ µtl{¨d+ d}l{¨N{¨o+ Q}l{¨N{¨o+T{dpm¨d+ Q{^¡N}Vd{=i¨ nd{¨ío+ u}p{¨=_{¨n¨d+ p{¨=Û_¨n¨d+ { Þ{ { {øð q¾N}N{¨nçÐ_¨o² N{b¢t _{b¬ßÐ_}=_{p¨|ö=ç A {¹ ~ { {l{¨d{ d{d¶ßzrp{¨¨ µtl{¨j¾l¨m¢ ztù¨f}m{^Úp{¨c{Ú=i¨d{d+Q{Z¨n b{m¢ e¦ËZn N{{ Ë zT²Z¨n T²=Q{Zd{¨ T²m¨p{¦ T²=_{n in¨ ±e Ë {Ãd{¨ËZn zt=b{¨n Q¼=b{¨nzeËZ¨Q{ Ûep{v=T{¨ IZ¡enp{¨¨n=b{¨d+ z ~ z Þm¾l{¨¨T{¨ ±v© l{¨ð N{ªN{n¨p¶l¨¨T{¨ ü ñnk{ªe øztÙl{¨p{¨¨Q{ ñ { zp¶l¨{ N¶Q¢_¼ p²zt m} ²p¶ l{¨d{¨T{¨d{¨ p²©b{¨N¼d{¨T{¨ øzvßn¨nQ{¨T{¨d+p{¨©Q¢ @m{l¨=Q{ A_{ð {_¾ N{ª{=Vðd{ p¶Z _¾m{e¦N{¨N{Áo+ z¹±tQ{n¨ µtl{¨¨T{¨ u}Q{Q{A Q{î N{ð T{ðm¢ p}m{n=b{m{¨ p²=Zd+T{ð N{ðm¢ T{=Ûbm¶P| {_{d¨m{ªeøo|zt p{vÔ b{Qqm¥m¨d+ { z ~ Ó{{ {
  • 58. zRd{ ç=_}k}m{¨d+ d{©_{d{ Vð_{ b{q}øN}m{¨ _{d¬Ôzep{¨|m{¨d+ {BÞZ¨ N{d¨=Q¼ð tN{nem¢p}m{=i¨ n_{ð= íËZ¨N¼ð l{¨|ÛN=b{d=i¨ µtl{¨¨T{¨ d}q{Æm{Ú c{¨m{Ú { z z { {p{¨|d{zt=i¨_¾ ðÞZðm¢p}_{p¨¨ eZ³d¼ p{ð ±ed{¨ { z Ëk{ª_{p¨¨ N¼ËZ³d¼ p{¨m²Z¡ f»{ N{¨ËZ³d¼ ü { Ëü _²öl{¨ b¶ø¨ p{¨|l{¨l²¨¨C_{¨ e¢l¨¨d{Ô T{=b{ p²¨=ç N{d=Q{d+ { z { {izv§w{ b¢ßVÛbpÚ k{x^¾b{Øp{ p{¨ü {{ {f}_{N=i¨d{ d¾m{¨e¢l¨ d¼N¼Á { z ²N{øp{¨|d{Úvm{^ b{¨rÁm{Ù Ûek{ª_}î z z zN{n¨zr=i¨T¶ ëzvß zen¨N{b¼N¼Áem{tïÛp_{ k{=Q{Nm^Ûek{p{ e=N{z z { {{ z z Q{î b{¨m{×o|=Q{=i¨ N{bnb¼N¼Á {t¨Vd{¨n T²í|T{¨ T{ª¢Á T{¨Z¡d{ N¼n z { Ë Q{¨ N{d¨=Q{p{ p{¨©_{p¢l¨ d¼N¼Á { { { ²ðm{_{ ðVb}~tN}Vd{ ðN{mp¨¨nd{¨ {{iöø¨¹p²¨ zeËZzeQ{ ö=Z zeËZ¡ ø¨Q{¨nztp{¨m{_{¨n _¶n f»{p{¨¨ b¾ztp{¨¨d{ d¼N¼Áñnd{m{d}a{¨ ¢ÞZ¼=Z¡ N{ªöd}{¨@ð p{¨üb{¨>P|p¶q{=i¨d{ @=b{m{¨ ðÞZðm¢N¼n¨p{¦ ïm{Õp{b¶ø¨ Q{¨m{¨_{m{ _{m{¨u}m{k}zt¨m{ nx¥Ùøo|ztp{¨¨d{d{¨N{ªm{¨Æ={pb¢l¶¨ø¨ R¨p{¨ R¨p{¨|p²©b{ Q{¨= { z zô_{ t¨T{=b{d{ N}Ìre[{p¨¨d{d¨ z z £ { {_¶m¢T{ª{pb¶ø¨ b{¬]{_m{ o|p{^Ú { {
  • 59. Q{^Ú e^Ú#t ðN}l{¨p{¨¨nd{¨ z £zen¨N{m¢=zep{b¶ø¨ izv§p¶zr k}s}îi=c{¨m}Ûú_{ j}nk}Q{p_¨n { {d{N{Z ño|Ûb¢m}V k¾Q}d{¨m{ÐN¢p{¨|ð C ±R¨|m{ N}=_}m{p¨vð e={ {~ zN}m{^=j¶ø¨ Im¢±¹ e N}N{e«ð z_²Q¢ l¨ZN{¨ p{çÆ l¨ÞZ¨ ðÛb¢=T²b¢e¦{¨ zN¶þk{p{d}=_{m{ zem¢N¥ö_{ p{¨Þ÷ n_}=_{ N¶p{n q{l{¨|Úo¾n¨{p² l{¨¨={N{ C ¹d¶nel¨= e={d¶n ñnd{¬f}o| z zøVl{¨m}p{¨ x{p¨|øk{¨{¨ enßQ{ e=T² { ~ zm}çm}V N{¨p{¨|m{ o¶çm{p¨¨Ù{Hm{¨N{¨p}¢b² e=b¢d¶t p{¨|=ztp{¨¨ _²çÆ z ~N}T{¨N{l{¨¨d}Ô{¨ o¶çm{p¨¨Ù {p¶ZN{¨N{Án N}d{Áp²ËZ¡ ze=~em¢ b¼m{o+T{ªçp{Ð_¨p{¦Q}ð o¶çm{p¨¨Ù { {N¼Ð_{ f}m}p}m{¨ N¼n¨p{=Q{p{çÆm¢m}T{l¶¨d{¨Q{¨Q{¨d{Ô o¶çm{p¨¨Ù {b}~t l²¨¨N{Á_² ñf»=b{¨ N}ztT²=b¢p}çl{¨¨d{Ôb¢ øzrl¨=ze o¶çm{p¨¨Ù{ztn¨ze¦ Q¼o²Õ¢ e¦=Þ{ iªT{¨nN{¨ p{¨=b{¨ zm}çN¼d{ ñnd{¬e p¶Q{ o¶çm{p¨¨Ù z {@ð p{¨m¢l¨¨d{¨ {N{bn{¨ en¨N{¨ c}_{¨p{¦ { z {eb{ N{mp¨¨n d{¨={ T{ªç Ûi_{¨N{¨d¼ o¶b¾z {{
  • 60. j²bmN{ T²e¦Õ p{¨b²Z¨ {{ z Þd{Ôb¼ l¨|_{ð N¾ p{¨¨{¨=òd{m{u}T}m}Ú@ðd{ A_{={¨ b{Qm{ N{m¢Q¢ c}_{¨ Ã{Q{î em¥x¢=ç l¨_{ðN¢ N}p{¨m¾Q{ zp{¨=N{¨m¢=çd{ b¢N{ ù¨m{¨ V=N{¨p{¨|ðtm{Q{ úúm¾zeT}m{p¨¨o+ tn¨ze o¶T¨z { z {@ð T²~eÕd{ p}m{=b{m{¨Vð_}p²©b{=i¨_¾{ T{nð ed{¨ o¶ Þ zze¦d{ T¶l{¨Q{ ztp{¨N{ËZ¡m¢p{¨d{¨W|c¢e¦ T²=_{T¶m¢ p{¨N{¨Áp{ù¨m{d+ zet¨ze¦d{¨ d{©d²l¨¨ N{meb{z z { z{ òztm{¨vp{¨¨n m}ç øztp{¨¨ e=¢ úm{p¨¨d{= z ~ { b¢zt¨p{¨=_{ Q¼m¢Q¢ p{𢠢 p²t T²ø p²n¨Þö Eb{ p¶Qp²¨ _²ö±td+ z Þ { _²öt Dzt¨âm{d¨T{¨ d{n¨b¢N¨Ánd{¨ T{ªç ~ { {±¹ tQ{µtl{¨ p}m{¨ T{nQ{=ë Þ p{=ZN{=i¨ etN¢ p{¢f½l{¨ p²¨nd{ ~ ~ Þ Q{¨Z¨N{¨Q{¨Z¨N{¨m{d{¨T{¨ ÛQ¾ö u½ö_²eÕm¢ N{ªm{¨Æ=¢ @_{= ~{ze¦Õ{¨ _{d{ T{=b{p²¨n AÐze¦n_¾{d+ ÞQ{¨e¦Õd{ IN}=_{=i¨d{ zT²~eÕd{ øð n=W³ l²¨=_{ T¶±td{Z=T{¨d+j¼N{d}~t, Q{, ±tQ{l¨¨d{¨ Í { {@N{Z| l¨| ñnøk{¨ð N{=Z¡=çd{ l¨=Z¡N¢ d¼=Z¡N¢ üð N{b}ÛeN{Z=i¨Q{ e¦m{¨Q{¨ n¨m{öe¢ T{T¨ÆQ{b} z z z {
  • 61. eZ¨{¨ N{ËZ¨{¨ N¼ËZ¨{¨z Ë Q{Z¡Q{ _{n j¾¢T¶~t Q}¢bù¨b{d+ Ë { ±eËZ¨{¨ e¦m¢ p²{n=Q} z N¼ËZ¨ {ðm¢ @=b{m¼N{Z N¾zep{¨¨ù¨m{d+@ze¦Õ{¨ ño|Ûb¢ k{ªø¨ze¦={¨b}ð zeËZiªd{¨ _{ëóí N{d{¨Q¼d{¨u}ð ðÞZ¨µtl{¨ T{db¨ d}N{¨ { {N{ªm¢Ùù¨m{ ù¨m{¨ N{¨Ðtm¢= çZ¨ _¾¢ z_²çÆ N{ªm{Õp{nl{¨¨ ðq{Æl{¨p{¨¨Q{_{n Q¼m¢Q¢=T{¨Z N{=Z³d+p²¨¨n Q¼m¢Q¢=T{¨Zl²¨ p¶¨n¨ p{¨¨ÓQl¨Q{¨Z io+ { {tn¨ze¦d{ N¾m{ßN{ l{¨¨=çd{z b¢n øZ¨nN{¨ B=_{k}Q{Ú p¶¨b¥ VQ{îd+tp{¨p²¨ m¾p{¨m{v_{p²¨z ¹ ~ ¹ @ø¨_{p{¨¬b{¨_{ß=i¨ N{öQ¢ @q{ßÑ_{b{w¾ep{¨p²¨ tÔÓQ=j² p²w§ z ¹ ~ {¹ { zep{¨m²{¨ k{Q{ø¨T{¨Æ k}Q{Úp{¨=b{¨m{¨ q}#zt¨o+BðÔ nx{^=i¨o²dÔ b}ð ÛîN¾^ {f}ý d{¨={¨d{d¨T{¨ üý d}b{¨ {d{=_{m}_{Ù _¾T² d{l{¨Úb¢ u¿k}Q{Úp{îl²¨ t¨p{¨¨Ù ±eN{¨Áp}N{¨Áo¶n zb}ð l²©ð ïm{¨ b}ð T{d¨Ôn T²d¨Ô { {b}ð p²©p{¨¨ Q¾p{¨¨ b}ð p²©øN}ø [¥ø T²zeÕQ} p{¨|N{¨q{N{Úp¶¨m¾p{¨p{¨¨n¨ p{{=N{¨ õp{¨m}V
  • 62. tb}=îø ze=¢_¨{p¦{~Ó {tbm¨Ù={p{¦d{¨ d}N{¨ ztO¨{ p²e¦{¨ d¶zÓ {{ zd{¨Ób{î b}ð m{ø¨=T²b{q{¨bQî= W³e¦Õ q¼=[¢t¨i×l{¨ p{¨|N{¨d+ Ó {{ z z@ð en¨N{¨d{e¦Õ{¨ e=¢_¨={¨d{¨ ðËs}Q{m¢Ìzr¨={¨d{¨ t¨ÊW|d{ðe¦^¨={¨d{¨ ~v_{¨={¨d{¨ z z z { z zÛj}zvÙ^}ÛQQ^¨Ú={¨d{¨ q}=_{¨={¨d{¨ tN{nVd{ tp{¨Ù_{¨={¨d{¨ T{_¨m{¨={¨d{¨ {{ z z {Ûzel{¨|Q{p{=q¾Ð_{=zt¨={¨d{¨ @Q{¨ j}zed{Ô Azed{¨Ô=¹² A eQ¢b¢ p}f½p{¦T{¨ N{d¨Ôn¨ _¶np²T¨T{¨d{Ô z { ¹ {A ño|Ûb¢ p{¨d{¨Ôm¶ð= N{d{¨=Q¼ð ød{l{¨ øzt=Ûk{ Q}=õm{Ú=i¨n¨ Q{¨=ô=ze Q{=õm{ k}zr=i¨np²¨np²¨nd{ l¨ÞZðl²¨ Þ Þzem{d}m¥ u½b{m¨{p¦{{em{__ß øq}m{b¨{p{¦ izv§m}V ztk}=z { { { _{m{ d{¨_{ N¥Ðm¢ø p¶q}Ú _{m¨^¤p²¨a{¨d{p¨¨ µtl{¨ _{ne= _{Q¨d¶ { ¹ { z {T²mp¦{ T¶tîøQ} T²nQ¢ j}{p{ ÛN¢=b{ { ~tÛb}í o²dÔ tp{¨¨Ûbp¨¨Q{d¨z { z {{ { p{d{p{¨¨ ðöÕîøQ} p{Ïm¢=zem}N{¨={ ùN{ d{m{ÞZ N{¨f}ÕN{ d{¨p{¨ { p{¨|d{Ú ø¨çÆîøQ} p{¨vr p{¨©n=i¨d{ ~ ~ q¼=[¢zt¨i×l{¨ÚN{¨ x{¨Ûb{k{ªø¨ d} N¢çÆîø N{b} d}n¨¹Q²b{¨ p{m}n¨ µeq{nQ{îð p{ám}q{d{p{¨¨Q{øøc{ zt=ÛQ}p{¨ Vl{¨m}p{¨ øVl{¨m}p{¨m}V N{m{¨^}N{Z|x{ ðm}ßÚV nÓitN{nu}Ûp¨|VÚ Oðø ñ p{NZ l²¨¨N{Áz { { ze¦~eÕ j¾Q{ze¦n=W³¹N² f»Q{¨nb{Q{¨d²
  • 63. BÞn¨d{¨ Kw{§äd{¨ Q{¨ÞnQ{¨±eÞnnm²¨ m}VÚnx¢Ù±e=ze¦ vm¢=T{¨d+ { zQ{¨Þo|ze¦ u}ðb}ðd+p{¨w{äð _{ø¨ N¾m¢ïp{¦ p{¨m¢ m{î ztn¨zed+p{b¨ t¨ù¨ l¨b¢ N{ª{ð Ò { zeb¨ t¨ù¨ d}b{¨ p{¨|Z f}ö=çîp}z Ò { z p{¨¨Òb¨ t¨ù¨ A u}ðb¢ { z p²¨¨Òb¨ t¨ù¨ b}ðb²=Q{¨ p²©zv=j¶o| { zVÃQ{ N{øm}í T¶_= {eQ²l¨¨ tm¢ p¾p{ îÞZ¨p{¢îø T{=Ûb¢d+z à { ~ p{¨Qp¨¨ p²Z¡d{ p²¨¨b{o¶ Ã{{ Ë d²ÃQ{p{l²© ñnk{ªze d{¬zezt¨p{¨T}f}@ze¦Õ {zeÕn¨N{¨n¨ øð N{ZN{Z=i¢ N{Zp{¨b{m{ e=Þ¨ ±eZ±eZ= Q¼m¢N¢ T{Z¨n ÛN¾c{ z {N{¨Z¡o|m{¨^o¾T{d¨=¹² _{b¥l{¨ Ûzec}d{ Ûzec}d{¨={Q{¨ Ab{¨Ðm¢ õp{¨ d}p{¨ p{¨=Ûî @_{ð N¢ÞZðl²¨ {Ûek{¨çÐ_{ p²¨øßc{=i¨d{ zÛek{ø=T{¨d¼ @ÞZ³ ñp{¦ en¨N{N{ p{¢ ð z zZ¨ k{l¨p{¨¨ p{¨|ð eöN²bp¦{Þ { z {tk{o¾ p}m²n N{{¨ d{ztzvÚ_{ ze{Q{d+ z ÞL=k{ªn¨ T¶tN¼=T{¨d{¨ ~V=k{=i¨n¨ N¼ËZ¨N¼d{¨T{¨ V{p¨î d{q¨k} { {m{=k{p{¨¨ nm{l{¨¨T{¨ îm¢Q¢ ²b{=k{e¦ øÛe¦d{N¨ ñN{¨ _{Qb¢b¢ T{d¨p{¨| z z { { {zeze¦Õb{zeÕw{=i¨o¼zeÕ _{f»Õze¦Õn¨±te¦ÕN¼=T{¨ _{N{ øze¦ÕN¼=T{¨ z {T{b¨p{¦N¼=T{¨ îm{¨Q{ U}=b{t¨o+ ù¨m{n¨ { zm}T{N}m{Úp{¨¨nN{¨ m}Q{ _{Q{¨d²
  • 64. N²qÚ=j¶o| øc{pN¨¹ { {{ ¹p²q{¨Úd{N{¨d+ ztp{¨m{ øVl{¨p}=U{ np¶o| p{qÚ l{¨l¨ N{¨öN¢ ±¹ ei{¨ { p¶q}Úm{ît¨Op{¨¨ p¶bp¶b¨Úd{ N¶o| z { {@ðd{ d{p{¨Ù=ÛîVd{ ze¦=Q{p{¦d{ N}_{ ¢Zðl²¨ ÞðÌzrø£vd{¨={p¦{ Rd{ zðÌr¨m{ p{¨|l{¨|Ûeo|zeðze¦^¨{ ùp¶ z zW·r ø_{ðð ðl²©Q¢ zÌW·Úr¨n o¾zend{¨ T¶m¢Æ T²eÕQ{d¶o| zÌ zîm{¨p{¨^¡l{¨¨ _{¨n~tµem{¨n¨îm{¨p}m}c{d{l{¨¨ ±eÒb{ îm{¨Q{ª{ p²ztd+c{m¢l¨=ç p{¨¨ËrN¢e¦Õ² ~ z_{mn¨p{¨¨ p{¨=Û_}=Q{p¨¨¢Q¢ b}ztm¢p{Q{¨T{¨d+ { {i=c{¨{¨d{¨ e=¢_¨{¨ N{ªm{f}Z¡ m}l{¨ z {p{¨=Ûîp{m{¨Ú= {_ð _¾n¨ p{¨{_{p²ËZ¡ {N¼ËZ¡ td}Ú~t W·tî øËZ¡p}{ z ~ø_{ð N{¨nq¶Om{¨ð T¶l¨¨Z³=_{ ñN{¨ {Bl{¨Úñl{¨p{¦Q{b} H=_{ t_{Áø p{çÆ zÛeÐt¨î=çd{ e«ZiÐ_²p²¨d{ z z z ¹D={ñl{¨p{¦Q{b} T{={e=¢_{ m}V zp{¨={n=i¨d{¨ tk}p{¨=Zzep{¨¨d{ zðnßñl{¨p{¦Q{b} ðø¨zrp{¨|Û_=j²d{ {¹Aûm{ßb¢=T{¨ c{m}p{¨m{¨nd{¨T{ª{ñl{¨p{¦Q{b} p¶{¨N{_¾f}{¨Q}d{øb}Ú Ûf¿]{Q}l{¨N{¨nd{¨
  • 65. N{ªt¨p{¨_{ p{¨|Ãmm_¨{p² N{¨np{¨¨ ø¢ç z {{ { ¹îm¢Q¢ ñø=b{¨W·m¢ p{¨=Ûî_{ßp{¨©ðÛîeÕ ño|Ûb¢m}ëÞZ¨ p²¨¨±eÕl{¨l²¨Ú zõN{m{p}ÚV Ab{¨Ðm¢ õp{¨m}V u}p{¨=j¶ø¨l{¨¨ o¶b{¨ u}=_{ßd{p{T{ztâ=b{m{Øp{¨¨d+ d}Ð~t b{¨m}p{¨^Ú= ic¢N=i¨ N}p{¨¨N{_l¨¨d+ N}zeZÚp{¨¨d+ ±vT{¨ÆQ}Üà { { { õp{¨|p{¨|_{¨Ú{p{=T{¨ zen¨Áb{¨m{¨ ðd+ ze¬c¢ßd+ l{¨b}Óm{= i±v© ñ p{¨=Û_}=Q{p¨¨T¶_{ d¶¨ T²¢l²¨d+ ño|Ûb¢m}W³=_{l{¨¨d+ { {Q{^¡N{Ûq¶Ëzr¨{ p{l²©ÚQ{^N}=Q{^f»=b{¨ m}íQ}m¢N¢ _{Q{b{=T{^¨p{¨|Û_p¨¨ T²eÕp{¦ ñ {{ zQ{¨^p{¨¨ _²ötp{T²Æ i¨Ób¢N{¨q{n¨{p{¦ k{þ ~@ð p}m¢m¨p{¦ ðZ¨p{o² {zRd{ zRd{m{p{ ztb{¬q{ d}b{ Q{Ãb{b{Q{w{§¹o²N¢d{¨N{ øp}b¢=ze=Q}øð ç=_{nf}Z¡ ñnøk{¨ ¢Zðl²¨d+ Þù¨m¶Z¡N¢ p}b¢=T²b{m{ªm{N{ l{¨¨={¨={¨ T²öø¨ l²¨¨f}Õm{=Q}QÀm{pp¨¨d{ d}p{¨b¢Qn {{ {Am}Zp{¨¨ ïm{Õ j}ze {tp{¨m¨{¨Q} z Ó{m{îç=_{ T¶_{ ðze¦Õ{¨p{¨îp¾l¨d{ m¥îd{¨={¨ p{¨|N{¨d+ zt¨Òb{¨o+~v_{p{¨î T²±eÕb{¨ f½f½eîçÐ_{ p²¨m{¨=Q{o¶p¦{ j}ze{pl¨¨Úd+z { {@ð l{¨_{ðù¨b{ m¾zrt=zRZ¡_{ çÐ_¨={Q{¨Z Q{d{¨=Q¼ð _{_{âðÔc¢Q{np}m{ o¶Q{¨p{¨ðd{ d{_{={m¢Q² z {d{=_{ õp{¨m}í= í|ç l¶¨N}=_{=i¨d{ ðÞZðl²¨
  • 66. j}ze{ð d¶Ðzt¨{ðl{¨¨d{¨d¾~eN{ T¶tîð Q}ð l²¨¨{¨_{¨d{¨ íù¨Ù ~f}zep{¨¨d{ N¾{ N¢p²¨Ùl¨j}zed{Ôd{¨ õp{¨m}V eZ¨N¾zep{¨¨d{d+ z@ðd{ õp{¨m}V_{ð N¢Zðl²¨ Þ@b{¹d²d{ ze=b¢ f»{p{p¼Hb{¨m¢=çd{ e¦öð f»{p¼ IÃd¨ f»{p{p¾ z {N{b{d{p{¨¨d{ q{Û_{¨ f»{p{p¼p{b{m{¨T{¨ d²b{¨m}{¨ d{ËZ¡ f}m{¨ f»{pp¾ {@ð õp{¨m}í zeöN¢d{øð p{¨d{p¨¨d{ t=_{t=ç p¶¨N{_¾ ð { z ~ {Zðl²¨d{¨ T{=Ûb¢ð p¶Q=Þ { id{¨N{ªnp{¨¨ µtl{¨N{¨d{Ô ü l²¨Z¾Ðm¨d+ Þ {N¾N¢n N¥m{ q}m¢N{n N{ªN{nN{¨d+ N{nzv=zt N¶N¢ñõN{m{ ðm{Øm}m{ØZ¡N¢ ±eÃQ¢öîd+ p{¨m¢ T²eÕd¾ze d²= zb}N{ tv=T{¨p}{ p²zt b}ðÛîN¾^p{¨¨ _²çÆT{ªze¦p{¨| z~d} N²bo¾ð p{¨d{Ùa{ N{db+ Rd{ f}p{N_}ze p{¨|m{Qd+ { { z { {p{¨m¢ øT}m¢=ed{b¢ A¢p¨w{ä p¶=N{ z {Z|ôc}d{ Û_W|zeî @=q{ e¦ËZ³ { ztN{n m{îi=c{ T}_{¨m{Útm{^¡ N{ðl²¨z ze«ð p{m¢=e b}ð N¶u}ð ztp{_{¨? z Ï zN}p{¦d{ p¶=N{Zq}#~tN¢d} p{n±em{¨Q{=Q{ T²~eÕd{d{¨ d}_{¨ _} {d}p{öeð tp{¨N{ªm{¨Æd{¨ z zp¶p¶Qp²¨ õp{¨m}V øT¶Æl{¨p{l¨| { {
  • 67. @ð T²eÕ ~eðçd{ d}_{¶Q¢ N{d² k{=ë_{ ñn_{m}VN}l{¨ zt=z Vð_{ N{m¾Z¡N{ªZp{¨¨ p{u}zt zR¬_{ Þze¦_{ zt_{Õo|q{ p{¨|=t ðN{m{ p{Óm{p{¨|d{ ønzt_+ zeZ¨ p{~vÔúP|Ûzek}Z p{¨ z _{Úd{¨ep{¨ p{¨=Û__=Û_Nm{ l{¨|VN{ m{X|Zp{¨¨ l{¨Vp}Zp{¨¨d+ z { { {{ ÊN{d{¨Q¼ð _{T}Ço|=_{m{p{¨¨d{ b{x¨{¨j¾o² b{ÊV p{¨¨ÛQ{=i¨d{ _} {d¼d{m¢=T{¨ p¶=N{Zp{¨P¡d+T{d{p{¦d{ N{ð m}VN}m{Úzt=Q{î _²ö±ed+_²ö~ed{ p{¨P¡ @_{Ú=_{p¨¨ {e¦n¨ze¦p¼{p¨ õp{¨p{¨=Ûî e¦=Q{p{ p²t _}z { z z _{nçd{ eð tp{¨N{ªÐm¨d{¨ z z { T²öø¨ p²nl{¨ ñ p{¨O=i¨ T²öd{ eb{ed+ Þ ~ zb}_{l¨¨ b²pp¨¨ d¶_l¨¨ { ¹ {{ { {Iïm{¨d{ N{dÔ d{_² l²¨e¦Õ{¨ N}d{d+ { { zñ_¾{¨ õp{¨m}W|A_{ð eðµtl{¨¨ Z¨ç_{p¨Q{¨ Q{b{ p{¨|N{¨d+ z {@ð m}íQ}m¢ N{=_{l¨¨ {ød{l¨=i¨d{ _²n¨ze¦p{¨d{¨T{¨ p¶¢d{ d{_{¨d+ { {T{ð l{¨Z T²eÕ ño| Þ zp{ðøk{¨{¨ Q{¨}m{p¨¨d{d¨ p{dm¨T{¨d{¨=²d+ { { {{@d{=_{m{=i¨d{ d{l{¨|Úm}p{¨Ûb}ø{ j}{j}ÛQQ^¨Ú={Q¨ p¶=N{Zu½p{¨ea¢ ðm{_em{¨Ú~r {{ { £ z{_}d{Ôb}d{øc}d{ t=ÛN¨b{ t¨Ûetb{ p{¬b{ k{ªù¨zt¨m{ p}m} ðp}m¢_{ k{ªm¢_{m{ b}m{¨^ k}s}øq¶zr z {Ó z z ~ Ó Ób{ªr_{=i¨d{¨ ÛeT{={_{m{ T{=}nztm¾p{m{ zem¢ztm{ zem¢N{öÕ_}d{nÕ øq}n q}o|_{Z _{Z¨n ~ zN{¨Z¡o|T{Ç p{¨_{âÚze¦T}ÇT}Çb¢_{ N{¬£eZ zt=f}b{Úp{¨| d}£vd{ ze¦m¾}q{Ûep{¨¨ P|l²©Q{Úp{Ðt¨ z zl{¨|Q{k}Q}d{¨ m}Q}m{v_{ ø~v_{ p{¨~v_{ i¬=b}m{N{i¬=b{=i¨d{¨ l{¨a}øc¢p{ðÔÓm}m¢_{ ~
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  • 69. N{m^ N}m{^ NÀo¶l¨N{=i¨ p¶=N{ { {Z|ôc}d}îñT{ p¶q}Únl{¨=i¨BZ¨d{Z¨ N{d¨Q¼ð o¾ðN¢ {o¼Zo¼Z T{ð p{¨=T{p²¨N¢Á o¾n_{ d{b¢ _{Ð_Zp{¨¨d{ N{ªm{¨Æ=¢d{ d{ {N{¨ÁZ¡o|_{¨Ù{¨ NÀQ{ö=T{¨N¼ð l¨ÞZðl²¨d+H=_{k}Q{Ú=i¨ T¶tî ø¨m{¨p{¦m{p¨¨d{¨ ~ {N}zt¨ø{N{¨={ l{¨V=i¨ N{öQ² T{=Ûb{ Êm¶Od{¨ _{nç ño|Ûb¢m{¨ ø¨Q{¨n ¶p²©v_{¨={l²¨Ú k}Q{Ú p{¨|p²©b{p²¨¨b{p² ~ño|Ûb¢ m}í ø¨N¢Áö_}w{N{ N{¬úl¨=T² øm{vb{vd{p¨¨T¶ ñ z z {p¶w{= VT{¨Æd{¨ p¶Q{=j}o¾n_{ T{=Ûb¢d=e¦ p{¨|_{ðN{{N{¨d+ {ze«nÛp¨|N{¨n¨ ñp{¦ ñze¦#îN{l¨¨d{¨z { { T{ªT{¨p{n l²¨m¢=Q¢ j¼íQ{¨n p{ne¦ Þ z p²ö Q¼n¨ze¦T{¨ in¨p{¦Q{ øÐ_p²¨n Þ { Þ o|Q{¨b{¨m{¨ c}Ûî ù¨p{=Z¡ n=W³o¶m¢d¶¨ ñN{n¨}l²¨d{¨ ñnd{¬e¦{¨ { Þ zN{ª_{¨m{¨d{¨ ñp{¦ d¶d¨d{¨ N¼b{po¶ð { {~tm{¨n f»b{o²bø¨=N{ C çd{Ôb}ð {N{N{ N²µtl{¨¨p{¨ð T{=Ûb¢ N}=ç eöN² { ¹ zj}nm¾ ñp{¦ ø¨Q{¨n u¿k}Q{Úp{îøKN{ j¼íQ{¨p¾p{ p{¨m¢l²¨¨N{Á {¨Ð_p¨¨={¨ {{b¼m{N² ño|Ûb¢m}í ztT{Æm¢_{¨¢e¦{¨ zðd{¨ÔQ¾m¢ en¨p{d=±e d¶{¨ ñp{¦ ~ {
  • 70. Io|Q{¨d{ d{nl¨=T²b¼Io|Q{¨d{ ñnøk{¨ð p{nl¨=T²b¼ p{¨p¶¨Ùo|Q{¨d{ m{x¢=T²b¼j¾o² _²Q¨ ñb{¨ k{Qp¨¨ e¦^Úp{¨¨T¶_d+ { { {{ z {@ðd{ T{=Ûbm¶O l¨ÞZðl²¨ {T{ªe¦N¾ze¦nT¶_{ T{¨=id{=i¨nT¶_{ zb{=_{x_{ d{Ox{_p¨¨nT¶_{ { {{_}{d=i¨nT¶_{ e{d=i¨nT¶_{ { £ {Q}]{ em¥m=k{Nnd{T¶_{ z { {Dzem{îQ{_¨nT¶ N{eZp}N{Úp{¨¨nT¶ { z_}=iªnb}d{ øc{=i¨T¶_{N{ne=i¨ze«_{T¶ Q}m{ø=ze¦nT¶_{ zQ}d{ d}ZÚ Ûet=Q{p¨¨nT¶_{ z z {p{¨=b{¨ p{¨=Û_=i¨nd{¨ ñnp{¨d{¨Vp{m¨ð { {o¾n¨ Q}ø=ç N{nc{d{= j¾ö o|Q¢eb{e W¾Q¢Q{ Q}ø=ç p{¨b{p¨¨¢=ç~ z { _²Ð_{¨ ù¨ztðÔc¢ d} ÛzeîÊV ød{¨{¨b¼Íb¼Í{ _{¨m{N{òÍn d} _¼{ { {n=b{¨ ðm{N{iËZ¡ @{¨Q{¨d²î бeËZ¡ o¾n¨W·~t p²ËZ¡p}ðQ{W·_{¨ñnd{¬e¦{¨ d}N{¨ T}nQ{n² z@ðd{ ñp{=_{ d¶mÕm¢pQ¨b{¨ p{p¨Ù { {{ {o²p{¨Ù p{¨¨Ð£ti¨ N{p{¨Ù ûÛzRp{¨¨ÙQ}d{¨f»p{¨Ù A_{ð_{ø¨ ïm{Õ N{p¨ÙøÐn¨ {T¶î i=Q{m¨j¼p{¨Ù L çðÔN¼p{¨Ù {
  • 71. d}p{¦ {n T{=Ûb¢ l{¨e¦Õ{¨ zk}p{=inm}m{ o¶ç zem¢zem¢Q{_{¨nd+p¶p¶Q{ T¶l¨b¼{Q²d+ {N¶pn q{¬=Q}m{ p²¨¨{n Q¥n¨N¼d{=Q{d+ {ño|Ûb¢m}í p²©p{¨¨d{ÛQ}o²{¨ Q{Í=i¨m¥î N{d¨eZ¡ p{¨ü { {z ËÑztªo¾zeÑu} k}u}õn_{ d{©m{¨vp{¨¨ nðÔ òm{òm{ ±em¢N²d+ zA_{ð ±ed{¨ j}÷zt¨nk}îd+ N{{¨f»{p¦{ nQ{¨T{¨ Ûein¨ N{¨T{p{¨¨n= zb}_{_{ p{¨nl{¨|T{n t= zW|_{ t¨Q{=c{=i¨ ø¨Q{¨n W|d{¨Q{ d{nb²d+ zk{¨Q{k{¨Q{ zt¨Q{=c{ i=c{¨m{p{¨Q{¨T{¨=²{¨ c{ªzeø¨¢l²¨ Ad{=b{p¨¨d{d+ {ðQ{ðQ{÷d²¨ _{d{ Rd{ { zk{Q{b¶p{_{ N}_{Ùp}=U{ zgöl¨=T{¨ZN{¨d+Q¼Ûm²j¼T{¨Æ N{=Z³ HÛm{¹d² çÛm{oÀN{¨Ûmp²=Û{¨N{nd{¨ N{ª{b{¨øß {_¼Ûm{N¼ze¦Õp²ËZ³ d{Ûm{¨ù¨b{d{¨ T}nøÛmùQ{¨N¼=T{¨ òÛmòQ¢l¨ { { {vm¢p²¨¨Q{p¨¨ _²Q¨ p²¨¨Q{p¨¨d{z { { { { zvm¢b{w{p{¨¨d{¨ b{w{p{¨¨Q}Q{ d{nb¢ p{¨ü ~t= c{¨m{_m{ d¶Û_l¨¨Q{=i¨d{ { { { N{m{ p{¨m{¨b}m{=Q{ p{¨=b{¨ N}Z¨N{ p²Z³d+ ËztÐîN¢ ~t=Q}m¢=çd{BÐ_{¢u»p{¨¨Ùnd{¨ j¾ö HztQ{Q{ p¶¨d{d+
  • 72. e¦Ð_¢u»p{¨¨Ùn¨ _{d{ N}z { zeÐ_}m{^ N}m{^p{¨¨Q{ j}Q{¨Q{ _}o²Æd+N{=T²no¾zen N{Z¡ ò ËQ¢=T²d+ T{d{¨N{ËZ¨b¾l¨ Q¢m¢d}Q{¨n d}¢=T{N{ v_{¨=¢N¨{¨ p{¢ ~ {p{=T{d_¾ ±eZ¡dZ¡ p²Nm¢ _¾zed+ { Ë Ë{ ¹ {C÷n d{n=N{¬_{l²¨ ¹l{¨|o¾n p²ö=Q¢ d{ze¦Õ }q{Æm{Úp{¨¨Q}ño|Ûb¢m}í zeËZ=j¾ o¾n_{ p²¨m{l{¨¨ ±eÒb{ k{ª_{p²¨¨ l{¨d{Q{d+@ze¦Õ{¨ u½p{¨l{¨|ín¨ _{b}N{¬î p¶=N{Zu}ð l{¨¨ÐN¨²{¹m²eÕn¨ p²©{Õ N{m¢Ùö d²m¢= N{ð N{ª_{¨m{ ñN{¨ _{¨nÚl{¨À zKze¦ÕnN{¨eÕ Bze¦Õ{ø¨ d¼N²Á{ T{ª{p¨¨ o¾np{l{¨¨Ú j} z {Q¼±eÕ{¨ j}n÷n N{¨ d{©ðî p¶¨o+ iý l{¨=T{¨ p²¨T{ÆQ{d+ {ño|Ûb¢m}í p}m{#£to¾n¨={l²¨Ú ð=N{ T²¢ ¹p²_{m¢^¡d+N{ªn¨ ðZ¨nd{¨T{¨ _²o²Õ¢f½öN{ d{=k¾c¢ ÛN¨=N² Ûf»Òb¨ m{l¨p{¨¨d{d+ { { {@zeN}m¢ ñnk{ªeî z@zel{¨q{ p{¨n øËzrzep{¨¨n d{np²¨ d{d{=Q}øze¦np{¨Q{¨ N{Z¡NèN{Z¡ {øze¦o|Ñztö d{=im{p{¨¨d{ øze¦ÕQ{ N{±eÕd+@=_{d+ _}m{n¨ _¾T² d{=im{p¨¨d{= b} ñnk{ªf}c{p¨¨= { {²=_¶ T{=Ûb¢ð N{ª{ _{Ð_d¨p{¦d{= b¢=_²d{ t=b¥l¨ N{ { { ¹ z {_{Ú=_{=i¨d+ m{tf»N{¨Á öÞZ¨ p¼{p{¨¨d+ _{a{Ú= iZ=T{¨d+ d{k{> zN}=_}m{_Ôp{¨¨ _²o²Õd¾ l{¨d{ p{¨ü Q}]}î cÀ_{TÇöd+ { {
  • 73. _}d{¨ T{=Ûbm¶Od} d²t=Q{¨b{¨ d{=T{¨ { zu}ð ~e~eÕ_¼Ð_{¨ o¾d{ d{¨i¨×b}ð d¶_¨ d{=T{¨ _} N¾zep{¨¨d{ p{T²Æ {d¾ l{¨d{=Q{ T{=Ûb¨ {¨b¢_¨{l¨Ú { { ²@l{¨Úp{tm{=i¨d{ zp¶=N{Zu½p{¨l{¨|ël{¨¨d{¨ p¶=N{Zu}ðl{¨¨ Ûqb¨o² N{{¨d+ Ó{ { ¹f»=N{e¦ p{¨|Zn¨d+ p{Q{n¨ i¨Ób{¨n¨ _{Òb{l{¨¨ T²ze¦ÕN¼=T{¨ o¾ zQ¼=N{N{ ñnk{ªøk{¨ð Q¼Þo²d{ o¾ðN¢ b}ð b{ªm¢Æ e« zN{=N{Z¡ T²=Q{Z ðÔn¨ze N{Ãd¼ð A d{m{ze¦={¨ p¶{¨N{d+b¢ÃQ{¨d{o¶ç b{={ø¨¢ c¥pm{ l{¨Vp{¨¨ T¶td}p{¦ p{¨¨d+ { Ê ~zeÃQ²Q{ p¶¨p{¨¨ p{¨d{Ùa{øzeÒb{q{ d{¨=¢ _¼n=Q{ ðze¦Õ¥~tÃQ{m¢N{d²Ô _}m¢Æîø T²zeÕQ{ q{N{Úp²¨ ñÛzek}p{ ù¨p{Q¢ø Q}N{ j}ze{p² Am{l¨ p¶=N{Zu½p{¨ea¢m¾ à { £l²¨Òb{¨p{¨|d{zt¨{p¦{ l¶¨b}=_{¨Q{¨{p{¦ u½p{¨|b{¨Q{¨{¨p{¦ ñp{¦ p{¨|p{¨p²î ¹p{¨|N{¨ e¦d²Ô p²¨nø¨ T¶Nªm² dÀ T{=Ûb{ z {m¶O ù¨m{¨ T{=Ûb{m¶O p{nd{d}p{¦{¨ d{_{ ¢Zðl²¨d{¨ Þb¶p} _}p{N{ N{Z|x{b¬r p{nd{ d¶ { ~ËN}ø=çî ÛN{_{¨øze¦ ¢b¢ñ p{ðÔl{¨ T{ªç p{nT² ñnd{¬f}o|¹N²q{Ú=i¨ N{=b{=i¨ zRd{ Q¾c¢ T{=Ûb{p{¨>O={=i¨ Ûk{ª b{ß=b{ßN{p{¨¨ c{d{¨zt¨âT{x¨t¨ân¨ T{N¾m{ex{¨ o¾Ìr=i¨ e {z z z £l{¨©zrztm{zt¨â zel²©c{mp¨¨n¨ {{p{¨|_{=Q{N¨=k{p¨¨o+ p{¨öd{m¾p{¨|ý e { { ~
  • 74. £eöN}Ûq¶^¡ Q{=õm{d}ôøzrðc¢ N{Z¡ p{¨üøze¦n t¨p¶b¢ e z zÐ_}p{¨m{t=i¨ p{¨b{dtb{dp¨¨ z z{ { {f}={¨ m}q{ß_kªm{¨v eÛ_{ ø¨ËZ¡ Ñ { { z ztm{t u¿=b{mÚp{îl{¨Q{¨ T{=Ûbm¶Oz z { { ñN{¨ b¼m{N²d{¨ zt=k¾Q{ ð~v_{÷n b{NÁ d¶n¨p{¨¨ ño|Ûb¢ c{m{^¡f}n {b¥ð_{ö l¨|p²¨ d} d¶Ðt¨m}n¨ p¶¨ Þ zø¨m{¨p{¦m{p¨¨d{¨ ñN{¨ v_{¨n p²¨Z¨ { ~ Þu}N²bp¼ l{¨Z=T{¨ T{=Ûb¢ vtp{¨¨ _²çÆ { z Ðz@_{ðT¶_{ d{¨=ç @zeÕQ¢=çp{¨¨zeÕb¢l¨|m¶=b¢ p{¨¨= { Þ {b²e¦Õ{¨ d¼N{Ám{¨ð f»=b{b¶o|Q{¨d{ ñ zøze¦Õ{¨ b¢Òb{¨N¼ðl²¨b¾p²¨¨±eÕ_{d{p{¨¨ p{¨|d{Õp{nl{¨¨ p{¨¨=b{m{ zeðo¾@ð p{¨m¢l¨¨d{¨ {N{= µef}m²{¨ p{¨=çQ{=c{p{¨¨d{¨ i¨N}Á ÛN¼Ð_{zeñÔm{¨ N{Ûe=ze¦d+ p{NÁn¨ d}N{¨n¨d+ b{i¨N{¨_¾ em{Ú=N{p¨= b{¨=ç _} z { z {b{=ze_¾Ú q{Æm{N}n k¾Q{Úp{¨d{¨ p{¬Ð_{=i¨o+ p{¨üzeztßm{=ò=f}m{d+ e[¢l¨=ç p¶=N{Z p{¨ñ£r=Ûb{¨={¨ p²©b{=i¨d{d+ z_}m}p{¨|Ãm{p{¨¨ T{ªç p{¨=Q{w{p{¨¨zv©Ðm{= òze¦Õ ¶_²=T²Q}L m}W|ÛQ{^¡ ze¦Ð±tN{ËZ¨ø¨N{ W|Q{ªd{=Q{ d¶o| Ûc{¨p{=_¶ m}W| p{m¨^¾ l{¨Z=T{¨ d{¨{¨p{d+ _¶V=i¨ b¥e=ze _{ { ~d}Ôm¥N{=[{p{¨¨d{d+ zRZ¡=T²d{¨ zt¨p{Ïm{Ûzezt¨Öm{_+ ztªÛ_p¨¨d+ {{
  • 75. _{nÛj}n¨p¾l{¨ d{ø ënën W|o¼Áð p{¨b{dtb{d{ tÔÓQtö¹±e z{ ~ zÑ{f»öT²d{¨ k}ø zt¨m{_{ zt=N{ö_¶=Ûb¢l{¨ ø¨ÞZ¨ ¹±eð N{ze¦Õd{d{¨ Q{îd+@d{=_{m=i¨d{ p¶=N{Zq}#t l¨ÞZðl²¨ { ~l{¨k{tß e¦~rÕ^¤= T{=Ûbm¶ P|p{¨n p{¨P¤ø¨p{¨|= z z {T{=Ûbm¶P|= k{Qpï= _{ß= ño|Ûb¢ ÛeW|ze_¶ { {{ z_{ßd{Ù=b¢m¶ izv§w{ N}=T{d{ ~tÓb¢m{Ðzt¨p{=q}ôp{¬Ób¢ m{c¢N}Ðzt¨ úp}m{p¾Ðzt¨j}o|m{ÁN¾Z¡m{çm{Ðzt¨ p{¨o¶_{m}ztÚño|Ûb¢ ze¦^ÚVd{p{m{Ú zvm¢Ûzeu}b}_+@ð l{¨|ûm{ßb¢=ç l¨ÞZðl²¨ztÙm{p{¨=b¢ m}=Q{^=i¨d{N{m{ b{=_{ x{_p¨¨n¨=ç Q}]{m_¨n õ {{ { {N{mk=Q¢ T¶l¨ N¢e¦Õ{¨ { { { z_{¨m{_¨m{ d{ p²ßd{¨N{ p²¨n Û_¾l{¨Q{ p{nl{¨¨d+ { ÞAN{¨ f½N{ p²ËZ¡ o¾N{¨p{Q} iËZ¡e«N{¨ p²¨n ðø¨m¢ d{©N{pnl{¨¨z Þ { }N{ T¶t p¶Q{ _}N{=Q{f½p{b¨ ~ Ò { ñN{¨ b{N²Á T{=Ûb¢ ñnk{ªe z@ze¦Õ{¨ p¶=N{Zu}ð l¨ÞZðl²¨j}n zt¨ù¨ Q¾n zt¨ù¨j¶n zt¨ù¨ Q}]{m_¨n ±e=µeb{ N{{¨d+ { {
  • 76. u½ö=zeN{ _{ªö=zeN{f}ö=ze¦p{¨¨ T{=Ûb¢ ñb{¨ f}nl²¨Ú ðN{d+}~t={¨ ø²p¨¨ p{¨m{¨T¶ {Q}~t= {ÃQ{m{N{ p{¨¨d{¨ÔQ} p{¨çÆN{Q}T¶~t={¨ u»p{¨¨Ù eb{ed+ ~ zñµt_{nN²Þn d¾m{¨Æ ñnd{¬f}o|@ð T{=Ûbm¶O= í|ç l¨ÞZðl²¨ {tT¾Æ} zei¨ù_{¨z { l²¨T{Æp{¨¨d{N¨ eT{Æp{¨¨d{N¨ l¨T{Ænl¨¢Q} { z { l¨T{¨Æd{¨ ±vT{¨ÆQ{ N¼n¨p{¦p{¨¨ ztT{¨Æ l¨Z¨n µtm{j¾N{ zt=b{m{ o¶N}b¶p¶m¢ N¶m²b{p{¦ ztb}ßp{=i¨d{ ð_{{¨ T¶_{iËZ¡d{ ñ p¾e«p{¦=j¾¢m¼ øZ zt=z k}p{d{¹±e _{nze¦ø¢ç iÐî N¼n¨p{¦p{¨|f}Zf}{¨ p{¨Zd{Ô f}{N{ l²¨n¨Q²Ðîzeb{m¢ m¾b{d{p{¨¨ T¶±tb{p{¦ zt¨p{¨¨ÙN}w¼äÐ_¨p{¨ð p¶{ N{¨p{¢ d¼Ð_N{ { { {Hb{¨m¼Ð_{p{¨ð zeöN²b{p{¦ zt¨p{¨¨Ù_{p¨¨np{¨=b¢p¨Ùd{Ô _{ø¨ ñN{ ÛNp¨Ùm{ { { {{d}N¢p¨ÙZ=T{¨ ±ed{Q²b¨p{¦ t¨p{¨¨Ù { { zm{îN¢m{p{¨Ùð ~enß m}Q¢Þö }l{¨N{@b{d{¨d{ N{N¨ f½l²¨b{p¦{ zt¨p{¨¨Ù {{_{¨m{N{b{=¢ N}{¨ b{ªb¶N{¨öl{¨¨ N}{¨et¨np}{¨ N}{¨ iËZ¨ N}{¨z z
  • 77. p{¨d{nd¶n¨d{Z¡ p{¨d{¨Vd}a{¨¢_={¨ Ë {±teÕd{Z¨ ñp{¦ µtl{¨¨ T{=Ûb¢ ~ Þd}p{¦{¨ d{_= ¢Zðl²¨ { Þe¦Ð_¢ N¥n¨j¼p{¨Ù l{¨d{j¾o²¨ j¾o²¨l²©ð T{=b¢m¢d+z { { {vÐ_Q{ _¾¢_²çÆ øm{üÐm¢ vm¢=eQ{ T¶td}p{¦ ñ z { z z ~ N{¨Ð_p¨ k{ªr^}=im{ tp{¨¨_{Ám{ ø¨T²Æb{ p¶Qd=b{¨p²© {{ z z { { l{¨Ð_{ p{nQ{Ô ðÈm¢_{ øl{¨Ð_n p¶=N{Zu}ð W|d{¨Q{d+ {@d{ d{p¦{ ßT{¨ p}m¢bm¨ Ò {{T{ð m{=_{Z ñnøk{¨{¨ T{=Ûb¢ð N{ð d{©_{d{ p{¨b{dN¶ý _¶o²b{ {d{ð o¾zen p²©vp²¨¨b{ø vÐtp{¨¨ eZd+ z z z z Ë_{np{=ç eZ³N=N{Z¡ z Ë {Q{n b{={p¨¨ p{Z¡ p{bnQ}d¼ÞnN{ _} { Ë {p²np²n j¾p{¦T{¨ ~tÃQ{¨=Q{n j}öN{p¾o² ±ed{Q{Q} d}_{={¨d+p{¨¨=Q{Z¡ N{¨T{¨ÆzeZ¨N¼ð p²©vp{¨¨d{d+ _{d{ q{l¨Ú T¶m¢Æ p} Ë z {m}=Q{dø=_{ tQ¨p{{ d{mp²¨ l²¨=b{m{ T{NÁj²Z¡_¾ { ~Ã{ ã{ { Ëb¼=Q{_{d{=ze¦ Z¤ p{Qn¨Ûb¾ç vtd{¨ÙP¡pl¨¨Ú NÀQ¢Zd+ { z z { {o¼=Q{QiZ¡ d{d¨Ô m{îo¾n¨ð T¶l¨¨p{¨¨ ñN{¨ Ûp²¨¨N²Áb{d+ { Ë { {T{=Ûb¨{¨ ø¨=Zd{=Z¡ ztm{zt=i¨Q{ d{Q¢ÔN{m}w{ øzt¨Öm{ {T{Æ=Ûb¢N{ N}l{¨W¼T²Æ t¨p{¨T}ze¦{¨ j}^p{¨¨o¶l{¨W¼T²Æd¾ zT{=Ûb¢ øo|zt øÛk{p{¨ øq}n N{w}m{zt÷n ù¨m{Q}u}=Ûb{ N{¬f} N{Z|x{p¨¨d{ T{NÁQ{ N{d¼ð N¾m²Áïm{¨Õp{¨| { { ÃtN{nk}Q{Úp{¨¨öÐ_¨ T{NÁm{N²p²©Ùøz { { T{p¦{ n¨ T{ªe=zep¶ T{=Ûbm¶O ~ {
  • 78. q{=im}=_{N¨ T¶î q{mp¨¨n N¾m{ßd{¨ { {{T{NÁ NÀQ¢Z}T{¨ T{=Ûb{m¶O {T{np¶¨n ze«d²b{¨ p{nze¦ ðnÕQ{W|nT{d¨Ô n=ZQ{ ðp{¨¨Ù T{=Ûbm¶O { {_}w{W|nd{¨ ñb{¨ N}öN¢Ûp²¨¨N²Áb{tÙm{p¨=b¢mp¨¨ T{ªe¦ T{=Ûbm¶Oz { {{ z {N{N¨ f½p{N{ d²p²©Ùp{¨¨ p{¨¨{¨T{¨N¼d{N{ {{tQ¨ ø{d}¢ d{d{¨ N{Z|x¢=ç ñb{¨~Ã{N{d²ÔÛf}l{¨=ze¦ m{îN¶ý N{nl{¨ðp{¨¨ÙW|Q{¨µtl{¨N{ N{ZN{ze¦ T{=Ûb{m¶OñN{¨d+ b}ztÚp{¨¨ T¶±tb{d}N{¨d+ Q{n c{d{p²¨¨zt=Q¢ d}d}Q{_{¨nd+¹±eN¼ð m{î d{d¶Ôn¨p{¨¨Ûf}N{Zp{¨¨Q{ T{=Ûbu}ð enp{f}^¤ { z ÞtQ{ ø¢W|m{ p²©p{¨¨zel¨ T²p{¨ÙZò=b{¨p{¦nªm{ Q{ò× T{~ d¼ÙQ{{n¨ ðN{¨Áb¶m{ _²Q¢ p{¨¨Ð_²ze¦µem{¨n¨ q{l{¨ÚT¶m{Q} k{Q{ p{¨î u}m{p{¨©m{ Vnze=N{ N{w{=N¢_{ ìn¨p}m{Q} p{Q{ ze¦m{¨s}l¨_{=i¨d{ @p{q{Úp{¨¨ d¶n¨p{¨¨ T{=Ûb{m¶Om¾d} øð q{m}p{ztðÔk{N¶pn t¨~tÔÓQ{ p{¨b{dQ¬vp{¨¨ T²p¨m{Õ= { z {{z {Q} p}n¨ j²w§N{¨T{ªe¦n { z_} p{nd{¨Q{ d{_ðp²©p{¨¨ _{eÕN{TªT²d+ { z {BZ¨p{o² T{ªçd{ d}_{¨ {_{Z¨N{¨d{ Bb² tp{¨l{¨p{¨d{¨T{¨ _{ø¨ïm{Q{ NÀ zQ¢Zd¼Ðî p²©øp{¨c{¨p{Z¨Q{¨Z¨N{¨Q{¨Z¨N{¨m{d¨T{¨ N{{¨ze¦N¼nb¢d+ ÛQ¾o²d+ {
  • 79. i¨Í¢N¨={np{=Z¡ i¨ÃQn¨ T{¨=ò=ç { {Q¼Ûm²j¼Èíd{¨Q¶m{¨ N{¨m{¨n¨ ðø¨m¢N{eÕçzeÕnp{=Z¡ N{d¨Ôn¨ p{¨¨Òb}¢ z {Eb{j¼Í{¨d{ N{m{= iªb¢ ðö~eN¼öø¨îÐ_¨nj¾n¨ N{¨T{p¨¨n¨ e¢=ç { { £p{¨m{Q}w{ä _²Q²¨ N{mp¨¨n=Z¡ { { {{N¼=Q{N{=[{p{¨¨p{=Z¡ N{¨_{¨N{ Q¾m{¨nð=çe¦öj¾d{¨j¾o²{¨ ze«N{¨ T{ø¨m¢zp²b{ N{¨=T{p¨¨o¾ Ûp¶n¨p²Z¡dZ¨ { { Ë Þ{l²©ðo¾ N}p{¨b{={p{¨¨ d¼Ðî b{ªm¢Æp²d¨N{N¨d{¨ p{¨¨=Q{öN¢ d{©Q{¨N¼d{¨T{¨ ñn { {c}m{¨^¤q¨={¨ p{p¢ _}N{ d{b¢l¨¨ { ¢{ {p{¨¨d{¨ d{np{¨=b{¨ p{¨|íp{¨¨ Þîðl{¨¨d{Ôb¢ Q}d{ p¶¨d{¨ îø¨Ùm¢Q¼ð l{¨|_{ð _}N{¨nN{¨ T{ö=zeN{_{d{ d¶m¨e¦N¾ze¦ T{ªeb{nç N{{=N{d+ {z zk{Qp¨¨ øN{t=zeW·l¨¨T{¨ {{ ~ {òQ{iZ¨T{¨ o¾d{T¼m{ d{k¶bÚ=i¨Q{ _{ Ë {eÕQ{ Û_¾l{¨¨T{¨ j²^N¢=T{¨T{¨z òQ¢_¼{n= T{¨Z¡eZ¡ òËZnm¢=T²d+ Ë z Ëf}m{b¾zep{¨ ùm{Úc}m}_{_{ k{Q{=i¨Ðtd{ T{mÙ k{#tN} _}{p=i¨ z { ~ {N{x{Ûzeb¶q{ ðÃm{_{ zRm{Ùztön=i¨T{ÛNÛ{ Np¨ T{µeZ T}nd{=i¨ {{k{ªm¢_m}f}d{ p{¨|m{¨_¾Óbª_{=i¨ { {Rd{ b¶vb{¨m=c{ Q{=c¢n=i¨z z Ã{
  • 80. q{¨d{Ni=c{øq¶r ød{ø¨_{ p¶¨Û]=i¨ { z {ÛN¥}m{ç_{ f}b{_}{d{=i¨Q}Òmktßm{ ðztâm{b+ ÛQ}p{¨Úp{Td{ { z{ {p{¨ø¨_{ m¾b{d{Vn ze«m¢_}d{d{=i¨T{=Ûb{m¶P|ôc}d{ p¶q}Úd{o|ztÚÛea{p¨t¨m{_=i¨ ñnk{ªeî N{m=T² z {z { z {Bøßc{=i¨d{ ztp{¨m{î Q}ø=ç d{ze¦Õ {eÕ{¨ze¦=j¾Z¡ø¨d{Ô p{¨¨d²Ôm¢N{=i¨d{ zd{ñÔo|Ûb¢m}Vze¦=Q{p{¦¹±e n=~R=ç zv§=N{m¢=ç V=N¢=T{¨N{l{¨¨o¶N{ zt=N¾T{=i¨ p{¨|ð B=N{ d}T¶_{=ëN¢Áî p²NÁ¢N¢ j¾l²¨b{p{¦ ðn¨ðn¨ d} l{¨¨zem{î T{p{¨_}Ám{=i¨ _¾m{=i¨Q} í|±eb{ zem}N{¨ {N}N{¨ m}N¼p{¨m} p{¨|m}{N{ d}N¶ø¨ p²¨e¦Õ öze¦Õ ¢T²Æb{p¾ p{¨b¢ d²=T{¨N¼p{¨¨Ù @ð T²N¢Áöd¼N¢Á zl{¨N{¨Ád{= ÛQN¨Ád{= _{d{ n=ip{¨|d{ £ed{ Ðztd{=i¨n¨ Q{b¢l¨=ç d{¨d{¨b¼{n N{¨b¢l¨=ç p{bnð {{ {p{¨b{=i¨d{ p{¨¨b{=i¨d{= _{d{ p{¨b{dtb{d=i¨d{ d{_ð p¶¨vd{=i¨d{¨ d{p²©R=i¨Q} _{Q¢ö=T{¨N¼ð z{ { { z zp{¨¨p{¨Ùm{p¨¨ÙQ} b¼p{¨Ùm¢N¼p{¨Ù Q{{N{b{~t A{¨ T{=b{=i¨d{ t=Ûkø¨=T{¨T{¨ o|Q¢p²T¨ T{=b{=i¨d{ { z { ¹ {d¼Ð_¨T{¨ p¶¨d{¨ p¶¨d{ vÐî=ze¦T{¨ _{Ð_m¢=eN{ N¼=T²e{N{ b¢Z_{d=i¨ _²T¨ÆN¼ð øT{Ænø¢ { z { z z Ë { {p{¨¨T{ÆZo²n= b¥m{ T{d¨ø¨ËZn Q{Z¡Q{ òQ{iZ¡ l¨ËZZ¨ j²tQ{N{ _{{=i{N{ Q{¨Z¨T²N{ T¶_¨n¨ Þ { Ë Ë Ë z Ë { {eZ¨ø{N{ Hb{¨m{¨b{ËZ¡=ze¦p{¨ð T¶l¨ p{¨|m{¨Õp{¨ð @{¨Q{¨_{±eÕd{ð ø¨=T{in¨N{¨T{¨ N{¨n¨N{¨T{¨z Ë N¾²Ûf}l{¨=ze¦ d}²=e¦ u}o²p}{¨ zRw{§N{¨zRw{§N{¨p{¨d{ zenN{ T{¨n¨N{Q{ b}Z¡=T{¨ p}Z=i¨d{ z d¾Z¨p{{N{ ñZ¨í|ze¦T{¨ zem¢Ûk{p{¨^p¶Q{=i¨d{= N{m{ f}b{ k{ªzr^ øq¶zr=i¨n¨ zRÞn¨zRÞn¨p{¨ð õzr^=i¨Q{ ±R¨|~r=ze d{ p}ßm{l²©s}no|p{¨=i¨ ±eb{ø±eb{ø= Q{b¢l¨ _{d{ ð{¨b{ p}¢ { p²¨¨d{e=Z¡=iËZ¡ en¨ÆT{¨ çÛm¢N¨Ûmp²=Û{¨N{n¨ _¼Ûm{N¼ze¦Õù¢ l{¨N{ÁZ¡Ûeb¶q=i¨d{ d{Z¡l¨=ze z £ { { z { N{¨={n=i¨n¨ Q{={_{n=i¨d{= _}={ø=ze Q¾m¢bN¼=ze u»=ze¦d{= ±e=f}m{¨ N{=e¦p¶¨d{¨n { ztp{¨|d{=i¨Q} ÛNp¨¨Ù p{¨¨p{¨Ùm{=e¦ T²p¨ÙZu½d{ n_{ð b{¨m{Øm{_{m{ zt=p{¬a{p{¨|d{ z {{ z { b¶zvq}nÙ÷Ûb{¨p{¨=i¨d{=b{¨ b¢Q{W|m{ ùm{¨n~tp{=j²Ðîd{ o|Q{¨d{ d{©Q{¨o|{¨T{¨={= Q{ð l{¨|ÛeW|zeî z µtb{b¥m¨ÆN¼ð ÛNp¨Ùm{ d{p¨Ùm{¨b{¨m{=i¨d{ N²b¢m¢=ç p{bnð T{np{¨¨Ù ±vT{Æ= j²T¨Æ ±em{¨Q{¨ { {{ { { { p{¨T{Æm{=i¨d{ tp{¨b{p¨¨ÙQ{ d{b¨p{¨¨N¼ðd{ d{b¢l{¨¨ p{b{nN{ zeb{m{¨T{¨ Q{¨b¢N¼d{Ô _{p{¨N{p{¨¨Ùd{= z { { b{n=N{N{ d²b¨m{¨b}N{ c}N{ ðÒbm¨= _{bl¨¨ t=Ûkp¨=i¨d{¨ T{n=i¨d{¨ Vl{¨N}=x{l¨¨ p{¨d{=i¨d{= { {{ Ò { { z {{ { j²d=Q¼d{ d{Qn=i¨Q{ ðÃQ¨T{¨ p²d¨N{N¨= b{Q¨T{¨ p²¨¨ÃQm¢=T{¨T{¨ eQ²n¨ ±te¦ÕN¼d{¨T{¨ T²={¨T²={¨Q{ { Ã{ { { { Ã{ { z à z i={i={Q{ _}N{¨o|{¨ d²{ d{T{Æ=Ûb{m¶O izv§øZVd{ zt=l²©Q{ Vð_{ T}_{¨m{Ú N{w}c{¨m{Ú N}p{¦d{
  • 81. p²¨¨ÃQp¶t l²©Z¨p{{= W·l{¨ ztp{¨N{ËZ¡d{ d} b¢ËZp{¨ËZ¡m{¨d{¨ izv§Q{^¡N}øo|~tñ b}~tN} zt=k¾Q{ {~ ¶t=k{¬_{ d²e¦^¤ Q{¨^Q{^ Q{^¨Ú{¨ N}p{¦d{ p²d{¨b¥l{¨N{ d{¨d{¨_¼{n= b}ðd{¨p{¨¨ òQ¢=çz ¹ z { p{¨|m¼Í¨T{¨ _²i¨N{¨_²i¨N{¨p{¨d{¨ T{e¦Õ{¨ n¨zeÕîÞn òËZËZ¨µt_{n d²ËZ¨N¼ð Q{¨ËZ¨ p{b{nN{ zeËZ¨p{ËZ¡ { ztªZ¡_eÕN{¨={ Q{={¨ù¨m¢ p{¨©m¼Ád{Ô p{¨vr=i¨n {=i¨d{ çÐ_N¨N{Án øc{=i¨d{ è=j¾_{¨n z z{ ~ z {{ k}î p{¨|np{¨|ztZ¤=Þ{= j¾o² p{¨|Èm}n=i¨n ¹N²p¢ p{¨tN{=e¦ ±ed{¨j}p{¨¨n T{=b{=i¨d{ p{¨b¢=çd{ { z z N¾¢e¦=ín p{¨|¢Á nN{¨p{¨¨N{¨n o|Q{¨d{ Q¼Ûm²f»ËZ·wä k}î Q{¨=Z¨N{_¾n¨ ÷n N¼Ðmp¶td{ N²p¢ z { {~ ¹ { çËZ|p{¨¨b{p{¨¨n ÛQ{¨p{¨¨Ù d¶m{¨Õd{ Q¼=N{¨V=N{¨ o¶N{ ztp{¨m{î l{¨¨zem{î i=c{=i¨n= b¶n ënën p{¨m{¨Vn=i¨n¨ W|n¨N¼ð _{b¥l¨ q{l¨|Ú_{n=i¨d{=i¢ p²öøm¢t ±tnl¶¨m{¨o²f}m{ p{¨ü¹p²¨a{¨d{ { { Þ ~ ¹ zt=N{nÕ zt=k¾Q{ ÛN¥}ød¾b{=i¨n¨ tª~e @n~t u»n~t _¼{n_¼{n¨d{¨ j}zv§p{¦nj}zv§p{¦n¨d{¨ z p²©øðp²©øl{¨¨ p²¨¨Q{=i¨d{p²¨¨Q{=i¨d{¨ zeb{=i¨nzeb{=i¨n¨d{¨ d{¨m{=i¨d{d{¨m{=i¨d{¨ k{Q{=i¨d{ö=Q{=i¨d{¨ Q{b¢l¨ NÀQ¢ö=T{¨N¼ð b¥mðÛb} tp{¨|l{¨¨ÐN{ d¶Û_¨o² e¢l¨¨=¢ m{d{=_{m{=i¨d{ { Ä{ z {¹ z {_{p¨¨Ùn T{ÛNp¨¨Ùn d{c¢ { {{N{p¨¨ÙQ{ j}c¢=T{¨ m}í N}=îb¼m{Q¢ p¶ {Q{p¨¨Ùd{ ÛN¨=N²d+ _{bî { { à {ÛQ¨p{¨Ùm{¨ ño|Ûb¢m}í ÛN¨=N{Nl¨¨d¶Ô { { { {@n ño|Ûb¢ p{¨ve¦= £ z²nø¨ð T{=Ûb¢ð m{ø¨=ç l²¨=_{l{¨¨ _¶W¾in£vd{¨{Q{¨Z _²n¨zed+_²n¨ze¦p¼{ø¨d{ÞZ¨ _{ªm{¨Õ _²n_²np}m²d+Bd{p{=q{zt=k{p{¦=¹²zRd{ztd}ÙÃm{=i¨ b¼m{Q¢ N}p{¨¨N{¨À ñnd{¬zeî N}b{d{ N¢d{¨N{d+T{d¨b²=T²dd=Q{ d{e¦{¨ tø_{¬{¨ _¾T²d+ { { { z z@=_{ ç=_{nf}Z¡ ño|Ûb¢m}íp²¨¨Q{p¨¨ p²np²nj¾p{=Q{ ðQ{¨¢o¶T² {T{=Ûb{m¶Ol{¨¨ p{¨¨ON}=î zt{ö N{d{¨nd{¨t¨p{¨¨N¼=T{¨d{¨ p¶¨o|Á=ç p{¨tn¨T{¨=² z z
  • 82. @Ð_m¢ d} m}W¾Ð_p¨¨={¨ b}ð= Q{ªm¢Æ l¨ÞZðl²¨ { {{d}p{=Z¡m{~tN{¨ ²=b{p¨¨ {N¶pnp{¨¨Q{ N{mQW·t N¶m¨T{¨ ø¨Q{¨nd+ { {{ ~ {k}p{kpN¶ý b}zt¨ð {{N}ø=çî ñN{¨ u}Z¡ N} m¶u}d{¨o+ñp²¨¨Q{p¨¨ ñÛîN¾^p{¨¨ {ñ p²¨m{¨Q{¨=Q{d¨Ôb¾l¨ ñ d{¨d{¨b¼{n¨d+ {ñp²©ø ñN{¨T{=i¨n¨d}p{¨b¢ðN{ p{¨m{pW|n d{p¨¨Ùp{¨¨ j}o| { {u»p{¨¨Ùn¨ èm{n¨d{¨ p{m}o+tp{¨Ù_{p¨¨d{ ñN{¨ðÐ_¨ t_{Ú=òN{ d}z { { z u»p{¨Ùl¨l{¨¨={¨p{¨¨ øZ zt= zRp{¨¨Ùn_¾ T²öø¨p{¨|ð N{öN¥ Hze¦{¨d+u}ðb}d{d=T{¨ e«ð o¾o¾ p²TÆ { z {N}=Û{N{ª{ d¶d{¨ N}=çd{ze¦²T{d{¨Ô p{¨¨N{¨Á l²©ðd{¨d{Ô Q¼Þöl{¨¨ ëÛm¢N¼ze¦ÕN¾~t p²wäQ¼ËZ¨p}{ {m}l{¨p{m=i¨d{ ñ N{ {_}Úl{¨_{ Q¶v=i¨ N{Z¡ l{¨=b{¨=T²b{ ñ z Ëp¶l¨{N{¨f½N{ l{¨¨={¨p{¨¨ ²ñl{¨={d² l{¨¨={¨p}{ d¶dT¾ÆZd+ {d}p{¦{¨ d{b¢Z¨nðl²¨d{¨ b¶p{ d}N{¨ Ëñp{¦ b{l¨ b{={ çN{¨ÁZ N¶p{np{¨¨Q{ {tN{n u}Ûp¨|VÚø¨T{¨ÆZ³ t=q{l¨=i¨z { z { o¶b¨ ñb}d{d² l{¨¨=b{¨ p²©b{p¨¨d{d¨ { ¹ { {
  • 83. ñN{=Z³ o¾ðT{¨Zp{¨¨ Ëd}N¢TÆ{¨p}{¨ N{n² d}d}Q{_{¨nd+ ²T¶N¼ð N}f}{¨p{¨¨ t¨Q{¨ z^}N{m{ l²¨p{ßm¢ðW·m{ d{m¨Q{N{ l{¨¨=b{¨d+ {@=_{ d{=_{N¨p{¨¨d²Ô Q¾îl²¨¨Òb{ d{NÁ T{=b{=i¨d{ b}ßm{i=c{p¨¨Ù N{{ N}T{¨N¼ðl{¨¨d{Ôp}{¨ { { {N}p{¦d{ p¶=N{Zu½p{¨l{¨|ë l¨b{=_{l¨¨ d}nN¢=ç _{Z¨N{¨Ád{ o¾ðN¢= Ûip¶ú=ç l¨ÞZðl²¨ {Bzr¨ød{¨p{¨¨ T{=Ûbm¶P| {k{rN{p¨¨p{o² ðd{¨Ô T¶miZ¡ l²¨p{m¢ðd+ z { { Ëøzrl¨=zeñl{¨ Q{ËZ¡Q{p{¨¬zr N}b{ð zeöN² ø¨Q{¨n Ûµep{¨b{öm{Õd+@l{¨Úp{tm{=i¨d{ zÛf}_{e¦ËZp{¨¨N{Z¡ e«_{T²=b¢mp²Z¡ z Ë z {Ëf}_{T²e¦Õn¨p²¨Z¡ T¶_QZ¡ z Ë { Ë{N¾nf½n¨T{¨iªð T}n p{¨b{Ú=j}ðÛµen¨N¼=T{¨d{¨ Q{ªd{¨ ÛQ}n l²©ðze¦=Þ{ N¥Qn¨Ûp}n T{=¨ j¼Í{¨d{ _{ªn { Þ {N{=Þ{ ze¦zt¨n¨ N}m{ m¼=Þ¨ Ûp¶n {d¾m{ b¶Q{¨{¨ N}m{ Em{ j¶m{p{¨¨ ù¨m{u}m² zel²¨Úb{W|m¢ l²©m{W·m{b}m¢ d²p¨¨N{¨T{¨ i{i{ b{Q¨N¼d{¨T{¨ { Ã{@ze¦{¨ p¶=N{Zu}ð ño|Ûb¢m}íQ¼Þo²dN¨ d}_{¨nZ¨f}l{¨ N¼d{¨T{¨ o¾ð {{N{m¢Q¢ T¶l²¨ÐîÛp²¨¨N¢Á l¨ÞZd{¨T{¨ zeöN²ñj}ðzt_¼Ðîb¢ b{l¨ {T¶ j}ztnðçÆ T}n T¶eZ¨ø¨N{d+ z Ë
  • 84. Q}j}Q{ªòQ{ T¶l¨N{ {ñ i=îð N{ª{¨ N{¨{¨ze¦ ño|Ûb¢d{¬f}@ðd{ d{_= {_Ú=_{ t=_¾zru}ß=_{¨=¹² l{¨ÞZ T¶±tb{d{ð b}ðN¢= ó_}=im}b¢N{=i¨ o¼zt=Q¢ { { zT{=Ûb¢l²¨ o¾N{=i¨Q} p²¨n=Q{¨T{¨=²m{îW·t l{¨n~td{ c{¬î b}ð p{¨d{Ùa} ~Q}m{ Ûbp=j²n N{¢Q¢ _{¨{¨T{¨ {{ ÞAN{¨T{¨Z¡l²¨¨zt=Q¢db¢ _{p¨Ùnp{¨¨µtl{¨ Ë { {b{p¨Ù Q²N¼ð d¾m{ÛQ¨ø¨Ù d{p¨n¨ { ¹ { {@b¢ p{¨b¢m{ N¼d{=Q{ d{b¢ p{¨=çb¶l¨ð{_{T¶Çrün p²©b{p¨¨d{ Û_}p{¦ z {ðb{¨m¢=T{¨_{m¢ b}ð eb{p¨¨n¨ _¼{n¨ Ûî z {N¾^=i¨ zt¨Op{¨¨Q} ÛQ{¨Òb¢ ~ezt¨N{¨p²¨nd¶ b}ð p{¨=T{p¨¨ d{ö T{=e¦ Þ { Þ zo|p{¦Q{¨i×n Q{=b{p¨n=b¢ ð{¨b{ {ÛN¼p{¨¨Ù¢ð e«p{¦Z³Ð_¨nQ{ªm{¨Æ p{ne¦ z { zN{¨n¨N{ ño|Ûb¢k{ªf}n p{¨nzvm{¨={¨BÞo²m{¨Q{N{ zeËZ³m{¨Q{N{l²¨nc{dp¨¨ b}ðN¢çÆ l²¨Q¨d{¨ tQ¨d+ Þ {{ Ã{ ~Ã{T²nQ{ _{_}Õb{bßl{¨ Þ {enp{p¨¨n b{={ p{¨¨m¢~tze¢ N}ze¦=²d+z Þ {ze¦{ø¨¹±e Q{ªb{n=W³N¨ i¨ÍpÁ { {¶ {N}{d²¨ p{¨|Z T{=Ûbm¶ON{¨d{¨ ñn { {c{m^¡pm¨d{N¨ T²o²d¨ _{_Áa} ø { {{ { Þ { {c}d{ p²¨m¢Q¢=çîð ñN{¨ _{aÚp{¨¨Q{d¨ { {@d{¨T{¨ _{=iw{ ùm{kÛ{ b}m{Úp{¨^¡N¢d{=ò d{m{~t=zv§ {_¨ö_}d{=b{ v¬b{l¨ { z {
  • 85. N{p¨n¨¹² T²eÕ l{¨=_{Z tp{¨¨ç_{Qî { ~ z {d{_ð ù¼Áð T{d² b¶p_}m{Æd{N¨d{¨ { { {p}T}Q¾T{mp¨¨Q{ k{¨ø {{d}T{=Ûb}m{Á=i¨ N}Q{ üztÚm{tp{¨¨T¶ zd} T{=Ûbm¶O N{al¨¨d{¨ { { {ñ T{m¢_p¨¨ T²eÕd}{ ñnd{¬f}o| {{ ~C N{¬îN¢ tp{¨p{¨¨Q} N{¬î zd¶ N{p¦{ n¨d{¨ T²eÕW|n m¢b¢ òm{¨b{p¨¨ k{ª z {o¾N{p¨¨ m}íno¾zen {ñN{¨ b¼m{N² üztÚ÷n ñnd{¬f}o| c{m^¡l¨¨ p¶¨Rp{¨|Ãmp¨¨d{ _}m{n¨ _}p{¨m{u}Ðe T{=Ûb{ b¢ { { z {{ z N{Ám{Z¡ Q¢m¥=Ûb{ q¶zrzg^¡ N{=c¢ N¢Z¤q{ßm{ N{ªm{Ùd}l{¨N{¨o+tm{p¨¨Q{ d²=_{N}np{¨¨ p{t=_{¨m{¨ _{îÁÝl{¨ ñ Ûei=c{ p{¨¨~Ñ { ~ z m{ßm{ ztm{u½Ð_{p{¨¨o+ N{p{¦n¨ p{Ïm{d{µtl{¨Q{ d{¨={¨Q}p{¦_{d+T¶Z¤ p{cªZ¡N} N{¨T{ {N¾Z¤ zt=nÓi øze¦n N¾p{¨n ze=N¾_}ÕZd{Nm{ Om{dOm{ ð { {q}Z¾zep{¨ ±R¨|m{m{ªze Am{Úb{¨m{ªf}m}çm}W|d{ßl{¨| m}p{¨b}p}d{o|l{¨|T{N}Ðu½N{ p¶¨RÀzR m{X=m{X|ðo| zñT{p}m}=Q{d} ð_{Úm{_}Úb{m}f}T{N}c}m{ ðm}ØQ{Úb}p²©b{m}Bb¢ Ûûp{¨ÈVQ{d}Ôa{b¶p{ N{m{¨^}N{Z|x{ ùx{ ^}d{¨x{^ zt=nÓi ztm{ztN{ø_} øçÛ_{ ztnö_}zeÐzt=iztªÛ_{NÀ=¢d{ÚztQ¾Û_{ N{ªçp{¨=çN{¨n zeøÛ_{ Q{=Q{d}p{¨|_{Úze¦#_{ p{¨|ð_}d{©d{ ztp{¨|d{ d}d}øc{m{=Q{Ûîö=Q{b¶q{k}s} øq¶zr k{ª~r_}q¶zrN{ø_} øo|ztk}zt¨ m}Om{ß ztm{ßnx{^u}m{ zt=ÛQ{±v©Òb}p{¨q{¨Ób}=Ûc{ m}p{¨|l{¨^Ûzep{¨¨O izv§w{Ûzei=c{ ði=c{d{i=c{¨m{øc}d{ d{ùd{q{Òiq}ztd{ òm{¨b}ôm}p{¨
  • 86. îp{¨ÙN{øu}m{ßkÀp{¨t±v©b{m{ Q{¨m{¨l{¨q¾p¶¨b{¨m{ øøc{øb{ßÈVd{øc¶l¨ VQ{d}Ôa{d}p{¨c¶l¨ z { {Ûe^¤_=j²d{ T{=Ûb{m¶P|øo|ze=id{¨ üztÚm{ztÛzei=c{m}V=i¨d{= _{¬ïl{¨|q}ßzt=i¨ ztm{ß=i¨d{¨ z {¹t=ze«Ïmp¨¨z {{ ============================

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