Apache Tomcat
(Version 6.0)
Presented by
Venkat pinagadi

NJIT
1
What is Apache Tomcat?








2

Apache is the most common HTTP Web Server on the
Internet. It is the Web server used...
What is Apache Tomcat? [Contd.]




3

Apache Tomcat is used to serve Java Servlets and Java
Server Pages. It's a comple...
What is a container?


Containers are the interface between a component and
the low-level platform-specific functionality...
J2EE Containers (Server)






5

J2EE server :
The runtime portion of a J2EE product. A J2EE server
provides EJB and W...
J2EE Containers (Client)




6

Application client container :
Manages the execution of application client components.
A...
J2EE Server and Containers
Client
Browser

Web Server (Apache)

Servlet

JSP page

Tomcat

Java Web Container
Application
...
Working environments




8

Java is already installed on PCs in the
NJIT PC labs and the Solaris and Linux
labs on the s...
Initial Setup




9

The Java Software Development Kit (JDK) is aimed
at Java developers. It consists of Sun's Java
Runt...
Installation of Apache Tomcat
Initiate the download of Tomcat from the site
http://tomcat.apache.org/
 View the correspon...
Start Up Tomcat




11

Tomcat can be started by executing the following
commands:
$CATALINA_HOMEbinstartup.bat
(Windows...
Link Details
http://localhost:8080/myapp/chapter01/sample00.html

Server is local

protocol is http

12

Can OMIT if using...
Shut Down Tomcat


13

Tomcat can be shut down by executing the following
command:
$CATALINA_HOMEbinshutdown
(Windows)
$C...
Enabling SSI and CGI
support
SSI and CGI are disabled by default for
security reasons to enable them:
 To enable and conf...
Security Managers URL
In order to grant security permissions to JARs
located inside the web application repository,
use UR...
Enabling invoker servlet:
(NJIT is non-standard)






16

Starting with Tomcat 4.1.12, the invoker servlet is no longe...
UCS at NJIT







17

Apache Tomcat is installed on UCS and
servlets can be run after configuration of your
account.
B...
Any other web server using
port 8080
This happens usually when any other web server (or any

process) has laid claim to po...
Out of environment space error


An "out of environment space" error
This happens when running the batch files in
Windows...
The 'localhost' machine isn't
found error


The 'localhost' machine isn't found.
This could happen if you're behind a pro...
Apache Tomcat Updates


21

The latest version of Apache Tomcat
changes regularly so keep updated by
visiting the link :
...
Advantages of Tomcat









22

1) It is an open source application server
2) It is a light weight server (no EJ...
References:
http://tomcat.apache.org
http://java.sun.com
http://jakarta.apache.org/

23
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Tomcat

  1. 1. Apache Tomcat (Version 6.0) Presented by Venkat pinagadi NJIT 1
  2. 2. What is Apache Tomcat?     2 Apache is the most common HTTP Web Server on the Internet. It is the Web server used at http://web.njit.edu The Tomcat server is a Java-based Web Application container which is used to run Servlet and Java Server Pages (JSP) Web applications. Tomcat has become the reference implementation for both the Java Servlets and Java Server Pages specifications. Tomcat was chosen to be the official Sun Web Component (JSP/Servlet ) Container Reference Implementation.
  3. 3. What is Apache Tomcat? [Contd.]   3 Apache Tomcat is used to serve Java Servlets and Java Server Pages. It's a complex piece of software and though the documentation is very comprehensive, it helps to have a good reference work to hand. It is an open source Java Servlet application server used to deploy Java applications after they are built with JSP and Servlets. It can be used as a stand-alone product or it can be integrated with the Apache server.
  4. 4. What is a container?  Containers are the interface between a component and the low-level platform-specific functionality that supports the component.  Before a Web, enterprise bean, or application client component can be executed, it must be assembled into a J2EE module and deployed into its container. 4
  5. 5. J2EE Containers (Server)    5 J2EE server : The runtime portion of a J2EE product. A J2EE server provides EJB and Web containers. Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB) container : Manages the execution of enterprise beans for J2EE applications. Enterprise beans and their container run on the J2EE server. Web container : Manages the execution of JSP page and servlet components for J2EE applications. Web components and their container run on the J2EE server.
  6. 6. J2EE Containers (Client)   6 Application client container : Manages the execution of application client components. Application clients and their container run on the client. Applet container : Manages the execution of applets. Consists of a Web browser and Java Plug-in running on the client together.
  7. 7. J2EE Server and Containers Client Browser Web Server (Apache) Servlet JSP page Tomcat Java Web Container Application Client Client Container Client Machine 7 Database Session Entity Bean Bean EJB Container JBoss, WebSphere, WebLogic, etc
  8. 8. Working environments   8 Java is already installed on PCs in the NJIT PC labs and the Solaris and Linux labs on the second floor of GITC. Tomcat is also installed on the Solaris machines. It is recommended that all work with Tomcat be done on AFS31 through AFS35. The installation guides on the following slides are for your own computers.
  9. 9. Initial Setup   9 The Java Software Development Kit (JDK) is aimed at Java developers. It consists of Sun's Java Runtime Environment bundled with programming tools. Java Runtime Environment (JRE) is the software required to run any application deployed on Java platform. Download J2SE Runtime Environment Install the JRE according to the instructions included with the release.
  10. 10. Installation of Apache Tomcat Initiate the download of Tomcat from the site http://tomcat.apache.org/  View the corresponding documentation and setup for help in running on various platform and requirements.  After downloading follow the instructions to start installation. 10
  11. 11. Start Up Tomcat   11 Tomcat can be started by executing the following commands: $CATALINA_HOMEbinstartup.bat (Windows) $CATALINA_HOME/bin/startup.sh (Unix) After startup, the default web applications included with Tomcat will be available by visiting: http://localhost:8080/
  12. 12. Link Details http://localhost:8080/myapp/chapter01/sample00.html Server is local protocol is http 12 Can OMIT if using ROOT as default Listens on port 8080 Path to file
  13. 13. Shut Down Tomcat  13 Tomcat can be shut down by executing the following command: $CATALINA_HOMEbinshutdown (Windows) $CATALINA_HOME/bin/shutdown.sh (Unix)
  14. 14. Enabling SSI and CGI support SSI and CGI are disabled by default for security reasons to enable them:  To enable and configure CGI support, please see the cgi-howto.html page.  To enable and configue SSI support, please see the ssi-howto.html page. 14
  15. 15. Security Managers URL In order to grant security permissions to JARs located inside the web application repository, use URLs of of the following format in your policy file: file:${catalina.home}/webapps/examples/WEBINF/lib/driver.jar 15
  16. 16. Enabling invoker servlet: (NJIT is non-standard)    16 Starting with Tomcat 4.1.12, the invoker servlet is no longer available by default in all webapps. Enabling it for all webapps is possible by editing $CATALINA_HOME/conf/web.xml to uncomment the "/servlet/*" servlet-mapping definition. Using the invoker servlet in a production environment is not recommended and is unsupported. More details are available on the Tomcat FAQ at http://tomcat.apache.org/faq/misc.html#invoker. WARNING! On NJIT Systems, the invoker “servlet” is in use, and needs to be maintained if you edit your web.xml. A URL must be in the form http://web.njit.edu/~<ucid>/servlet/<classname> for the servlet to be found and executed by Tomcat.
  17. 17. UCS at NJIT    17 Apache Tomcat is installed on UCS and servlets can be run after configuration of your account. Basic information will be available from link: http://web.njit.edu/all_topics/Servers/Tomcat/ Changes to servlets are seen immediately. The first time you set up Tomcat, servlets are visible only after the NJIT server is restarted which is done once a day at 6:00 AM. As of 03/2008 Apache is running on afs31-afs35.
  18. 18. Any other web server using port 8080 This happens usually when any other web server (or any process) has laid claim to port 8080 and this one is the default HTTP port that Tomcat attempts to bind to at startup. So for changing this, open the file: $CATALINA_HOME/conf/server.xml and search for '8080'. Change it to a port that isn't in use, and is greater than 1024, as ports less than or equal 1024 require superuser (root) access to bind under UNIX. Restart Tomcat. Be sure that you replace the "8080“ in the URL you're using to access Tomcat. If you change the port to 1977, you would request the URL http://localhost:1977/ in your browser. 18
  19. 19. Out of environment space error  An "out of environment space" error This happens when running the batch files in Windows 95, 98, or ME operating systems. Right-click on the STARTUP.BAT and SHUTDOWN.BAT files. Click on "Properties", then on the "Memory" tab. For the "Initial environment" field, enter in something like 4096. After you click apply, Windows will create shortcuts which you can use to start and stop the container. 19
  20. 20. The 'localhost' machine isn't found error  The 'localhost' machine isn't found. This could happen if you're behind a proxy. If that's the case, make sure the proxy configuration for your browser knows that you shouldn't be going through the proxy to access the "localhost". In Netscape, this is under Edit/Preferences -> Advanced/Proxies, and in Internet Explorer, Tools -> Internet Options -> Connections -> LAN Settings. 20
  21. 21. Apache Tomcat Updates  21 The latest version of Apache Tomcat changes regularly so keep updated by visiting the link : http://tomcat.apache.org/
  22. 22. Advantages of Tomcat         22 1) It is an open source application server 2) It is a light weight server (no EJB) 3) It is easily configured with apache and IIS 4) Very stable on Unix systems 5) Good documentation online 6) Java Sun compliant 7) Does not require a lot of memory at startup 8) It is free, yet high quality!
  23. 23. References: http://tomcat.apache.org http://java.sun.com http://jakarta.apache.org/ 23
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