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2007 09-21-aos-8-1202546690765572-4
 

2007 09-21-aos-8-1202546690765572-4

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    2007 09-21-aos-8-1202546690765572-4 2007 09-21-aos-8-1202546690765572-4 Presentation Transcript

    • Rome, September 21-22 2007 8. AOS workshop Agricultural Ontology Service – AgStandards -AIMSFood and Agriculture Organization helping to build a world without hunger e 2000 – 2006 and the next steps of the UN Dr. Johannes Keizer, Knowledge Exchange and Capacity Building Division © FAO
    • Rome, September 21-22 2007 8. AOS workshop This presentation 1.Achievements and Impact 2.AOS - 2001 and now 3.Lessons learntFood and Agriculture Organization helping to build a world without hunger 4.Partners and Resources e of the UN 5.AOS and the semantic Web 6.Questions Dr. Johannes Keizer, Knowledge Exchange and Capacity Building Division © FAO
    • Food and Agriculture Organization 8. AOS workshop of the UN Rome, September 21-22 2007 helping to build a world without hunger eDr. Johannes Keizer, Knowledge Exchange and Capacity Building Division 1. Achievements and Impact© FAO
    • Rome, September 21-22 2007 8. AOS workshop 1 Preparation and Experiments 2000 • Brussels meeting and AGstandards (AgMES) initiative • First participation in DC 2001 • AGROVOC expert conference • Launch of the Agricultural Ontology Service 2002Food and Agriculture Organization • AOS Workshops helping to build a world without hunger • Work on “Ontology Prototypes” 2003 e • Release of AgMES NameSpace as first AOS element of the UN • Metadata Elements for “Document Like Objects” • Fishery Ontology Project started 2004 • AGRIS Application Profile DliO released • Working Groups on AGROVOC structure Dr. Johannes Keizer, Knowledge Exchange and Capacity Building Division © FAO
    • Rome, September 21-22 2007 8. AOS workshop 1 Preparing the Basics 2005 • Intensive Discussions on AGROVOC OWL model • Implementation of AGRIS AP in various bibliographical databases • 4 new language versions of AGROVOC • Booming downloads of AGROVOC as a de facto Standard • AIMS website released • DC KeynoteFood and Agriculture Organization helping to build a world without hunger 2006 e • AGRIS repository in AGRIS AP XML published of the UN • AGROVOC OWL Model ready and coding of AGV-concept server started • 800 K USD Grant from the EU for a system of fishery ontologies in a 4 years project • Ontologies for geopolitical and organization Information started • ConceptPaper to transform the AGRIS repository in an Ontology • AIMS website attracts a lot of traffic (for many reasons) Dr. Johannes Keizer, Knowledge Exchange and Capacity Building Division © FAO
    • Rome, September 21-22 2007 8. AOS workshop 1 Starting Large Scale Implementation 2007 • All AGRIS centres use the Application Profile • Architecture Paper for Agricultural OA Services based on common semantics (AGRIS AP) • GFIS adopts AGRIS AP and Events AP • AGROVOC in 16 languages available • Enormous Request for AGROVOC (ca 100 downloads/month) • Geopolitical Ontology releasedFood and Agriculture Organization • First Set of Fishery Ontologies Released helping to build a world without hunger • Starting Contacts to Gene and Plant Ontology Initiatives e • Draft for Application Profiles on Organizations, Events and of the UN Projects available • Organization Registry project launched • AGRIFEEDS application released • DC Keynote • December release of AGROVOC concept server workbench • A Google Search on “Agricultural Ontology Service” yields 12700 references. They are all about us – and relevant Dr. Johannes Keizer, Knowledge Exchange and Capacity Building Division © FAO
    • Food and Agriculture Organization 8. AOS workshop of the UN Rome, September 21-22 2007 helping to build a world without hunger 2. eDr. Johannes Keizer, Knowledge Exchange and Capacity Building Division AOS - 2001 and now© FAO
    • Rome, September 21-22 2007 8. AOS workshop 2 Two of our first explanations (from 2001)  Insufficientand Knowledge + Existing Thesauri subject Dedicated KOSs Organization Systems (KOSs) language coverage e.g., ASFA thesaurus e.g., the Multilingual  Only very simple encoding Forestry Thesaurus of semantic the Sustainable e.g., relations Development  Common concepts are website classification not declared e.g., biological taxonomies suchFood and Agriculture Organization as NCBI and ITIS helping to build a world without hunger  No or very limited Other thematic thesauri e interoperability of the UN Non-dedicated KOSs  Very limited machine CABI Thesaurus readability AGROVOC NAL Thesaurus  Severe maintenance GEMET problems Dr. Johannes Keizer, Knowledge Exchange and Capacity Building Division © FAO
    • Rome, September 21-22 2007 8. AOS workshop 2 Two of our first explanations (from 2001) Components: terms, definitions, relationships KOS uses components to build an applicationFood and Agriculture Organization helping to build a world without hunger Agricultural Ontology Service (AOS) e Federated storage and description facility of the UN Components: terms, definitions, relationships Users search and browse application using components Discussions and choices for amendments to User feedback components Dr. Johannes Keizer, Knowledge Exchange and Capacity Building Division © FAO
    • Rome, September 21-22 2007 8. AOS workshop 2 Changing Conceptions • A slight bias was in the first diagram (UMLS) • Basically right from the beginning (Community ofFood and Agriculture Organization helping to build a world without hunger Practice e of the UN • Slight rethinking and regrouping was necessary in the years Dr. Johannes Keizer, Knowledge Exchange and Capacity Building Division © FAO
    • Rome, September 21-22 2007 8. AOS workshop 2 The AOS now • The AGROVOC Concept Server • Subject Ontologies and specialized thesauri • Crop Wild Relatives • Fishery: gears, vessels, water bodies, fishery commodities, biological entities • Rice • Application Profiles for Knowledge Objects • DliOsFood and Agriculture Organization • Learning Resources helping to build a world without hunger • Organizations e • Projects of the UN • News and Events • ........ • (Application Ontologies) • Food Nutrition and Agriculture Journal • Geopolitical Ontology • AGRIS • Alertsystem for Fishstock depletion Dr. Johannes Keizer, Knowledge Exchange and Capacity Building Division © FAO
    • Rome, September 21-22 2007 8. AOS workshop 2 The AOS now – some Problems • Internal coherence within the AOS • Relationship between AGROVOC CS and specific OntologiesFood and Agriculture Organization helping to build a world without hunger • The URI problem e of the UN • Feedback from Application Ontologies Dr. Johannes Keizer, Knowledge Exchange and Capacity Building Division © FAO
    • Food and Agriculture Organization 8. AOS workshop of the UN Rome, September 21-22 2007 helping to build a world without hunger eDr. Johannes Keizer, Knowledge Exchange and Capacity Building Division© FAO
    • Food and Agriculture Organization 8. AOS workshop of the UN Rome, September 21-22 2007 helping to build a world without hunger eDr. Johannes Keizer, Knowledge Exchange and Capacity Building Division 3. Lessons Learned© FAO
    • Rome, September 21-22 2007 8. AOS workshop 3 ... Do not give up early • Internal Acceptance was Difficult Initially • Implementation of the AGRIS AP ……. many discussions main points: - too many elements - too complicated - but we did not surrenderFood and Agriculture Organization • Debate around AGROVOC structure helping to build a world without hunger – SKOS discussions (Our model too complicated) e – Some weeks ago Alistair Miles from W3 working group send out a of the UN proposal for Label relations  • Some Failed projects are not really a problem – Antimicrobials Online, Swetfos, ecoterm, faster, ipfsaph, progress Dr. Johannes Keizer, Knowledge Exchange and Capacity Building Division © FAO
    • Rome, September 21-22 2007 8. AOS workshop 3 ....Ontologies only on demand • First AOS workshop decided about Ontology prototypes (Fishery, Food Safety...) – Fishery a big conceptional work was undertaken without a real demand from an application. Result was a bulky construction with no real use case. This changed radical with the involvement of FIGIS in the NeOn projectFood and Agriculture Organization – Food Safety Ontology helping to build a world without hunger a food safety ontology was created using AGROVOC, expert e knowledge and text mining, but then it became clear that i did not fit the needs of the application (IPFSAPH) of the UN • This were useful experiences, but not the way to go for developing full fledged ontologies Dr. Johannes Keizer, Knowledge Exchange and Capacity Building Division © FAO
    • Rome, September 21-22 2007 8. AOS workshop 3 .....killer applications needed • standards have never been sexy - well, is there anything more boring than reading ISO specifications? • people want applications, not standards • if we want to produce interoperabilityFood and Agriculture Organization standards, we have to marry application helping to build a world without hunger e developers of the UN • or develop our own applications • there is no automatism in the uptake of standards Dr. Johannes Keizer, Knowledge Exchange and Capacity Building Division © FAO
    • Food and Agriculture Organization 8. AOS workshop of the UN Rome, September 21-22 2007 helping to build a world without hunger eDr. Johannes Keizer, Knowledge Exchange and Capacity Building Division 4. Partners and Resources© FAO
    • Food and Agriculture Organization 8. AOS workshop of the UN Rome, September 21-22 2007 helping to build a world without hunger 4 e NetworkingDr. Johannes Keizer, Knowledge Exchange and Capacity Building Division© FAO
    • Rome, September 21-22 2007 8. AOS workshop 4 Approximative Investment into the AOS Project 700000 600000 500000Food and Agriculture Organization 400000 Donors helping to build a world without hunger Partner 300000 e FAO of the UN 200000 100000 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Dr. Johannes Keizer, Knowledge Exchange and Capacity Building Division © FAO
    • Food and Agriculture Organization 8. AOS workshop of the UN Rome, September 21-22 2007 helping to build a world without hunger eDr. Johannes Keizer, Knowledge Exchange and Capacity Building Division 5. AOS and the Semantic Web© FAO
    • Food and Agriculture Organization 8. AOS workshop of the UN Rome, September 21-22 2007 helping to build a world without hunger ©Berners-Lee eDr. Johannes Keizer, Knowledge Exchange and Capacity Building Division … everyone knows this© FAO
    • Rome, September 21-22 2007 8. AOS workshop 5 Rethinking the Semantic Web • Some remarks from recent talks of TBL and Wendy Hall – A web of data – Channelling existing structured data into the semantic web – Using existing large databasesFood and Agriculture Organization – Creating data exchange profiles helping to build a world without hunger • This is the AOS project in our area e of the UN Dr. Johannes Keizer, Knowledge Exchange and Capacity Building Division © FAO
    • Rome, September 21-22 2007 8. AOS workshop 5 Our Vision Aggregated Aggregated Database Subject- Subject- specific Open URL Open URL or OAI Web Web Information Information Value-added Value-added Services System (n) Database View View specific Portals Portals or OAI based based Services System (n) Information Information services services Services ServicesFood and Agriculture Organization XML Bus XML Bus helping to build a world without hunger Shared layer of AOS Shared layer of interoperability interoperability e of the UN Subject ontologies Metadata ontologies (Application Profiles) Distributed Distributed Database Websites ... Database Datasets Datasets Database Websites Database Dr. Johannes Keizer, Knowledge Exchange and Capacity Building Division © FAO
    • 8. AOS workshop Rome, September 21-22 2007 A Semantic WebSpace by a Community of 5 Practice • But Not a semantic web, but a semantic space in the web for communities: Network of Data and Service Providers with agreed procedures and standards – and common ontological layers • Data Provider: exposes institutional open archives of data and informationFood and Agriculture Organization – Development Agencies and NGOs helping to build a world without hunger – Research Institutions e – Industry Information Centres of the UN • Service Provider: provides services based on these institutional open archives – Libraries and other traditional Aggregators – Thematic or Regional Centres of Excellence – The data providers themselves Dr. Johannes Keizer, Knowledge Exchange and Capacity Building Division © FAO
    • Food and Agriculture Organization 8. AOS workshop of the UN Rome, September 21-22 2007 helping to build a world without hunger eDr. Johannes Keizer, Knowledge Exchange and Capacity Building Division 6. Questions© FAO
    • Rome, September 21-22 2007 8. AOS workshop 6 Fake Questions, which need always answers • Is the investment in metadata, controlled vocabularies and Ontologies running behind the web development: – Social Bookmarking, Wikis, … • Yes and NoFood and Agriculture Organization – Many applications (bibliographical metadata at example) helping to build a world without hunger need a rethinking e – But no Web20 application has resolved the questions of of the UN coherence and machine readability posed by Tim Berners Lee (“The web is like a big relational database without relations”) • Semantic Social Bookmarking – Web 20 application might be used to create semantic knowledge structures Dr. Johannes Keizer, Knowledge Exchange and Capacity Building Division © FAO
    • Rome, September 21-22 2007 8. AOS workshop 6 Real Questions to discuss at this workshop • Priorities, • what do we need most, • what can we achieve in measurable time • Impact • how to reach out more efficiently • killer application/sFood and Agriculture Organization helping to build a world without hunger • Community, e • how can we improve collaboration, of the UN • how can we exploit synergies and comparative advantages • Sustainability, • how can we assure services for a long time range, • who will give us the money Dr. Johannes Keizer, Knowledge Exchange and Capacity Building Division © FAO
    • Rome, September 21-22 2007 8. AOS workshop Credits The Team at FAO: Johannes Keizer, Stefano Anibaldi, Andrew Bagdanov, Caterina Caracciolo , Marta Iglesias, Gudrun Johannsen, Stefka Kaloyanova, Kim Soonho, Boris Lauser, Irene Onyancha, Stefano Pesci, Valeria Pesce, Gauri Salokhe, Margherita Sini, Imma Subirats , Virginie Viollier, KrisFood and Agriculture Organization helping to build a world without hunger Jelinek, Maria Folch, Kirsten Geist e (name.surname@fao.org) of the UN And the network of collaborators Dagobert Soergel, Anita Liang, Chang Chun, Asanee Kawtrakul, Aree Thunkijjanukij, Wang Zhong, Ze Li, Jai Haravu, ARD Prasad, Jayanta Chatterjee, TVP Prabhakar and many others Dr. Johannes Keizer, Knowledge Exchange and Capacity Building Division © FAO