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The Writing Process I<br />Venjie Oclaret<br />
Getting Started<br />Habits That Will Result in<br />a Poor Paper<br />Procrastinating<br />One-draft writing<br />Massive...
No Paper
Plagiarism </li></li></ul><li>
Questions for Discussion<br />What steps would you need to go through to create something like those ceramic jars from a l...
The Writing Process<br />Reflecting<br />Drafting<br />Polishing<br />Revising<br />Editing<br />Prewriting<br />
Prewriting:  Session I<br />
Getting Ideas<br />Writer’s Notebook or Journal<br />Strategies:<br />In a given situation (or from memory), make notes ab...
Record an interesting conversation, occurrence, or situation that you witness.<br />Save articles, pictures, and cartoons ...
Prewriting Techniques<br />How do you organize your ideas when you are preparing to write?<br />Listing<br />Outlining<br ...
Brainstorming<br /><ul><li>“Brainstorming” means thinking of as many ideas as possible in a short amount of time.
Write down your ideas so that you don’t forget them.
Write down everything that comes to your mind; don’t worry about sorting out “good” and “bad” ideas.
Don’t worry about spelling or grammar.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Rapid free association & listing of ideas about a topic.
The basic rule: write down all ideas that come to mind in single words or short phrases; omitnothing.</li></li></ul><li><u...
Put asterisks, stars, etc. Next to the most promising items;
Number key items in order of importance.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Analyze brainstorming by:
Group related items;
Cross out unpromising items;
Add new items.</li></li></ul><li>Example of Brainstorming<br />Topic:  What would you do if you won 100 million pesos in a...
Topic for Practice<br />Take 5 minutes to brainstorm ideas about the following question:<br />What are some of the most me...
Discussing<br />“Discussing” is similar to brainstorming, but you do it with a partner or group.<br />Assign one person to...
Topic for Practice<br />Take 5 minutes to discuss the following question with a partner or group:<br />What do you think a...
Freewriting<br /><ul><li>“Freewriting” is like pouring all of your thoughts onto paper.
Don’t take your pen off the page; keep writing for the entire time.
If you don’t know what to write, write “I don’t know what to write” until you do.
Don’t try to sort “good” and “bad” ideas.
Don’t worry about spelling and grammar.</li></li></ul><li>Example of Freewriting<br />Topic: Describe the most beautiful p...
Topic for Practice<br />Freewrite for 5 minutes on the following topic:<br />What makes a friend a ‘true friend’?<br />
Looping<br />“Looping” begins with “freewriting.”  It can help you narrow a topic.<br />Choose the best idea, word, or phr...
Example of Looping<br />Topic: Describe the most beautiful place you’ve seen.<br />	I remember climbing to the top of Mt. ...
Prewriting: Session II<br />
Questions for Discussion<br />Think about the prewriting techniques we discussed earlier (brainstorming, discussing, freew...
Listing<br />“Listing” is similar to “brainstorming.”  The idea is to write down as many things as possible.<br />Use sing...
Example List<br />Topic:  Describe your dream house.<br />Have a view of the mountains<br />Near a lake<br />Flood of sunl...
Topic for Practice<br />Take 5 minutes to practice listing in response to the following topic:<br />Describe your ideal sp...
Outlining<br />“Outlining” is a more organized form of pre-writing than the others we discussed.<br />It can be used after...
Example Outline<br />I.	Introduction:  Internet “dating” has advantages and disadvantages.<br />II. Advantages<br />	a) me...
Topics for Practice<br />Spend about 5 minutes creating an outline based on the following topic:<br />Do you agree with th...
Charting<br />Sometimes you will want to organize your ideas for writing in a chart.<br />Charting works very well for com...
Example Chart<br />
Topics for Practice<br />Spend about 5 minutes creating a chart based on the following topic:<br />Friends with similar pe...
Venn Diagram<br /><ul><li>A Venn diagram is used to help visualize the similarities and differences between two subjects.
Venn diagrams are very useful when brainstorming a compare/contrast essay</li></li></ul><li>Venn Diagram<br />Start with t...
Write similarities in the overlapping space.<br />family<br />friends<br />
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Writing process lecture 2 oct 12

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Transcript of "Writing process lecture 2 oct 12"

  1. 1. The Writing Process I<br />Venjie Oclaret<br />
  2. 2. Getting Started<br />Habits That Will Result in<br />a Poor Paper<br />Procrastinating<br />One-draft writing<br />Massive self-criticism<br />Thesaurus abuse<br />Marriage to first draft<br />Habits That Will Result in a Successful Paper<br />Prewriting<br />Developing<br />Revising<br />Tweaking<br />Writing Center<br />Conferencing<br />Habits That Guarantee Failure<br /><ul><li>No Process
  3. 3. No Paper
  4. 4. Plagiarism </li></li></ul><li>
  5. 5. Questions for Discussion<br />What steps would you need to go through to create something like those ceramic jars from a lump of clay?<br />How do you think this is similar to writing an essay?<br />
  6. 6. The Writing Process<br />Reflecting<br />Drafting<br />Polishing<br />Revising<br />Editing<br />Prewriting<br />
  7. 7. Prewriting: Session I<br />
  8. 8. Getting Ideas<br />Writer’s Notebook or Journal<br />Strategies:<br />In a given situation (or from memory), make notes about sights, sounds, smells, tastes, and textures.<br />React to what you read.<br />Record information that you find.<br />Record your significant viewing and listening experiences.<br />
  9. 9. Record an interesting conversation, occurrence, or situation that you witness.<br />Save articles, pictures, and cartoons on subjects that interest you or say something that you agree or disagree with.<br />As you remember details from your past, record them.<br />Note problems and issues that concern you.<br />Could you share other strategies?<br />
  10. 10. Prewriting Techniques<br />How do you organize your ideas when you are preparing to write?<br />Listing<br />Outlining<br />Charting<br />Mapping<br />Brainstorming <br />Discussing<br />Freewriting<br />Looping<br />
  11. 11. Brainstorming<br /><ul><li>“Brainstorming” means thinking of as many ideas as possible in a short amount of time.
  12. 12. Write down your ideas so that you don’t forget them.
  13. 13. Write down everything that comes to your mind; don’t worry about sorting out “good” and “bad” ideas.
  14. 14. Don’t worry about spelling or grammar.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Rapid free association & listing of ideas about a topic.
  15. 15. The basic rule: write down all ideas that come to mind in single words or short phrases; omitnothing.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>After initial brainstorming, analyze the list by doing the following kinds of things:
  16. 16. Put asterisks, stars, etc. Next to the most promising items;
  17. 17. Number key items in order of importance.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Analyze brainstorming by:
  18. 18. Group related items;
  19. 19. Cross out unpromising items;
  20. 20. Add new items.</li></li></ul><li>Example of Brainstorming<br />Topic: What would you do if you won 100 million pesos in a lottery?<br />Travel—Europe, Asia, S. America<br />Pay off our house<br />Share—give a scholarship, donate to charities<br />Buy a lot of books!<br />Invest/save and let the interest grow<br />Finish my graduate studies!<br />
  21. 21. Topic for Practice<br />Take 5 minutes to brainstorm ideas about the following question:<br />What are some of the most memorable experiences of your high school life?<br />
  22. 22. Discussing<br />“Discussing” is similar to brainstorming, but you do it with a partner or group.<br />Assign one person to write down the ideas.<br />Write down everything that group members say related to the topic; don’t worry about sorting out “good” and “bad” ideas. <br />Don’t worry about spelling or grammar.<br />
  23. 23. Topic for Practice<br />Take 5 minutes to discuss the following question with a partner or group:<br />What do you think are the most important events in a person’s life? (starting school, getting married, etc.) Why are they important?<br />
  24. 24. Freewriting<br /><ul><li>“Freewriting” is like pouring all of your thoughts onto paper.
  25. 25. Don’t take your pen off the page; keep writing for the entire time.
  26. 26. If you don’t know what to write, write “I don’t know what to write” until you do.
  27. 27. Don’t try to sort “good” and “bad” ideas.
  28. 28. Don’t worry about spelling and grammar.</li></li></ul><li>Example of Freewriting<br />Topic: Describe the most beautiful place you’ve seen.<br /> I remember climbing to the top of Mt. Pulag last summer; the leaves were on fire, like an ocean of gold red leaving me breathless with its depth. Stretching out for miles and miles it was all I could see and suddenly the grime and sorrow of the scenery was drowned with beauty, God’s beauty, God’s love for everyone, his artistic touch meant just for me at this moment.<br />
  29. 29. Topic for Practice<br />Freewrite for 5 minutes on the following topic:<br />What makes a friend a ‘true friend’?<br />
  30. 30. Looping<br />“Looping” begins with “freewriting.” It can help you narrow a topic.<br />Choose the best idea, word, or phrase from what you wrote; underline or circle it.<br />Take that idea and begin freewriting again.<br />Repeat the process at least one more time.<br />Follow all the rules for freewriting.<br />
  31. 31. Example of Looping<br />Topic: Describe the most beautiful place you’ve seen.<br /> I remember climbing to the top of Mt. Pulag last summer; the leaves were on fire, like an ocean of gold red leaving me breathless with its depth. Stretching out for miles and miles it was all I could see and suddenly the grime and sorrow of the scenery was drowned with beauty, God’s beauty, God’s love for everyone, his artistic touch meant just for me at this moment.<br />
  32. 32. Prewriting: Session II<br />
  33. 33. Questions for Discussion<br />Think about the prewriting techniques we discussed earlier (brainstorming, discussing, freewriting, and looping).<br />Which of these techniques was easiest for you? <br />Which was the best for organizing your ideas?<br />
  34. 34. Listing<br />“Listing” is similar to “brainstorming.” The idea is to write down as many things as possible.<br />Use single words or phrases, not sentences.<br />Listing works well for descriptive-type writing.<br />Don’t worry about spelling or sorting out “good” and “bad” ideas.<br />
  35. 35. Example List<br />Topic: Describe your dream house.<br />Have a view of the mountains<br />Near a lake<br />Flood of sunlight everywhere in the house<br />A cabin where to put up my study<br />Beds made of straw<br />Glass doors<br />
  36. 36. Topic for Practice<br />Take 5 minutes to practice listing in response to the following topic:<br />Describe your ideal spouse. ^^ haha<br />
  37. 37. Outlining<br />“Outlining” is a more organized form of pre-writing than the others we discussed.<br />It can be used after you have generated ideas through brainstorming, free writing, or other pre-writing techniques.<br />It works well for structured types of writing such as essays.<br />You can use complete sentences, but you don’t have to.<br />
  38. 38. Example Outline<br />I. Introduction: Internet “dating” has advantages and disadvantages.<br />II. Advantages<br /> a) meet people around the world<br /> b) not based on appearance<br />III. Disadvantages<br /> a) can you trust them?<br /> b) may be too far away to meet in person<br />IV. Conclusion: Some success stories, but too risky<br />
  39. 39. Topics for Practice<br />Spend about 5 minutes creating an outline based on the following topic:<br />Do you agree with the No Electronic/CP policy in PIQC? What are its advantages and disadvantages?<br />
  40. 40. Charting<br />Sometimes you will want to organize your ideas for writing in a chart.<br />Charting works very well for comparison/ contrast writing or examining advantages and disadvantages.<br />You can use many different kinds of charts, depending on your topic and the kind of writing you are doing.<br />
  41. 41. Example Chart<br />
  42. 42. Topics for Practice<br />Spend about 5 minutes creating a chart based on the following topic:<br />Friends with similar personalities vs. Friends with varied personalities<br />
  43. 43. Venn Diagram<br /><ul><li>A Venn diagram is used to help visualize the similarities and differences between two subjects.
  44. 44. Venn diagrams are very useful when brainstorming a compare/contrast essay</li></li></ul><li>Venn Diagram<br />Start with the two topics you’re comparing in overlapping circles.<br />family<br />friends<br />
  45. 45. Write similarities in the overlapping space.<br />family<br />friends<br />
  46. 46. Write differences in the non-overlapping space.<br />family<br />friends<br />
  47. 47. Topics for Practice<br />Draw a Venn diagram to organize your ideas about the following topic:<br />Chinese subjects vs. English subjects<br />
  48. 48. Mapping<br />“Mapping,” sometimes called “semantic/ idea mapping” or “webbing,” is another way to organize your ideas.<br />Start with your topic in the center, and branch out from there with related ideas.<br />Use words and phrases, not complete sentences.<br />
  49. 49. Start with a bubble in the center of the page, then write your thesis statement in the bubble<br />Mrs. J is the best teacher ever<br />
  50. 50. Add supporting evidence or information around the edges in connected bubbles.<br />Awesome musician<br />Funny<br />Mrs. J is the best teacher ever<br />Gives easy work<br />Cool room<br />
  51. 51. <ul><li>Go back around and explain why your evidence makes your thesis true.</li></ul>Makes up songs about school; easy to remember<br />Awesome musician<br />Makes class interesting<br />Want to pay attention<br />Funny<br />Mrs. J is the best teacher ever<br />Weird voices help me remember<br />Want to go to class<br />Can focus on material<br />Cool room<br />Lots of information<br />Gives easy work<br />High avg.<br />
  52. 52. Example Map<br />Instill a love of education in my children<br />Eventually get a PhD<br />education<br />work<br />Never stop learning<br />My future<br />Learn to love whatever work I am doing<br />Make them a priority<br />family<br />Stay at home while raising children<br />Use the skills I have learned in as many ways as possible<br />Stay close to my spouse<br />Raise healthy, happy children<br />
  53. 53. Topics for Practice<br />Draw a map to organize your ideas about the following topic:<br />How do you see your self 20 years from now?<br />
  54. 54. Credits<br /><ul><li>Buck, T. A. (2002). The writing process: An overview [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from Brigham Young University Web site: elcwebtest.byu.edu/classes/buck/w_garden/ppt/process.ppt
  55. 55. Elbow, P. (1998) Writing without teachers 2nd ed. USA: OUP.
  56. 56. Blau, S., & Elbow, P. (1992). The writer’s craft: Idea to expression. New York: McDougal-Litell.</li>
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