Writing process lecture 2 b oct 12


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Writing process lecture 2 b oct 12

  1. 1. The Writing Process II:Understanding the Writing Activity<br />Teacher Venjie Oclaret<br />Presenter<br />
  2. 2. Sitting outside under the tree…<br />
  3. 3. Sitting in front of the computer…<br />
  4. 4. Sitting on the toilet…<br />
  5. 5. I. Writing Variables<br />Every writer considers the following:<br />Topic Audience<br />Purpose Form<br />Personal Goals Voice<br />
  6. 6. A. Finding a Topic<br />People should write about what they know<br />Knowing a lot about your topic beforehand is not essential<br />It’s more fun to explore a topic you don’t know anything about but would like to learn more about<br />
  7. 7. 1. Interest Inventory<br />An interest inventory might include categories like these:<br /> Favorite subjects Least favorite subjects<br /> Favorite sports Least favorite sports<br /> Favorite musicians Least favorite musicians<br /> Books I’ve enjoyed Books I’ve disliked<br /> People I admire People I would avoid<br /> Foods I like Foods I dislike<br /> Comfortable places Uncomfortable places<br /> Favorite TV shows Least favorite TV shows<br /> What I do well What I can improve<br /> Careers that interest me Careers I’m not interested in<br />
  8. 8. 2. Knowledge Inventory<br />Think about what you already know about the subject. Some questions you might ask:<br />1. What do I already know about ____?<br /> 2. Have I ever seen or experienced ____? What did it look or feel like? What impressions did it leave?<br /> 3. How do other people seem to regard ____?<br /> 4. What have I read about ____? Where?<br /> 5. What movies or TV shows have I seen about ____?<br /> 6. What unusual things have I noticed about ____?<br /> 7. What questions would I like answered about ____?<br />
  9. 9. 3. Recalling and Reflecting<br />When you RECALL something, you simply think back on it, trying to create an image in your mind.<br />When you REFLECT on something you have recalled, you ask yourself questions about its significance.<br />
  10. 10. 4. Observing<br />It means using your senses to gather information.<br />Observing means more than merely looking; it means becoming aware of what makes each person, place, thing, or situation SPECIAL.<br />Some qualities you can observe using your senses:<br />
  11. 11. 5. Imaging<br />Imaging is calling up pictures in your mind you’ve never seen before (imagining).<br />Creating imaginary images can be a great deal of fun because you are free to think about absolutely anything.<br />
  12. 12. 6. Trigger Words<br />The best trigger words are those that stimulate emotional associations, questions, memories, or fantasies.<br />When you’re stuck for writing ideas, you can simply flip through a dictionary and look at words at random.<br />Think about the feelings, images, and experiences you associate with these words until an idea for writing occurs to you.<br />
  13. 13. 7. Idea Exchange<br />Writers often exchange ideas with each other.<br />Such an exchange helps each writer to test the strength of his or her thinking.<br />It stimulates new ideas.<br />
  14. 14. 8. Creative Questioning<br />Creative questioning helps you to look at the world in fresh light.<br />Ask yourself questions that begin with the words “What if?”<br />Creative questions are only limited by your imagination.<br />
  15. 15. 9. Jay-Cuesor The Five W’s and How Questions<br />Questions that begin with who, what, where, when, why, or how. Questions such as these allow you to investigate an idea in depth.<br /> 1. WHAT? What happened? What is it? What does it mean?<br /> 2. WHO? Who is responsible? Who else is involved?<br /> 3. WHERE? Where does it happen? Where can I get information?<br /> 4. WHEN? When does it happen? When will it change?<br /> 5. WHY? Why does it happen? Why should people care?<br /> 6. HOW? How does it work? How can we change it?<br />
  16. 16. 10. Browsing<br />As you flip through source materials, ideas may simply “jump off the page.”<br />Those ideas may stimulate your imagination or memory and trigger new ideas.<br />
  17. 17. 11. Gleaning<br />If you pay attention to what is going on around you, you may find ideas in unexpected places.<br />Gleaning is the gathering of bits and pieces of information for the purpose of formulating writing ideas.<br />
  18. 18. Topics for Practice<br />Recall a time when you felt very happy and reflect on it. Freewrite in your Writer’s NB for 5 minutes about that time.<br />Browse through the newspapers to find several current issues that concern you. Have a dialogue with yourself to sort out your feelings on one of these issues. Record the dialogue in your Writer’s NB.<br />
  19. 19. Limiting Your Topic<br />Select one example or person that represents your subject.<br /> Subject Music<br /> Limited Topics Country [example]<br />Taylor Swift [person]<br />Limit your subject to a specific time or place.<br />Subject Children’s toys<br /> Limited Topics Children’s toys in the 1980’s [time] Children’s toys in Batanes [place]<br /> Children’s toys in colonial Philippines<br /> [time and place]<br />
  20. 20. Limit your subject to a specific event.<br />Subject Natural disasters<br />Limited Topics Ondoy catastrophe of 2009<br /> The night our house was struck by <br /> lightning<br />Limit your subject to a specific condition or purpose.<br />Subject Computer Games<br />Limited Topics Uses of computer games in education<br /> [purpose]<br /> Effects of addictiveness to computer <br /> games<br />