Daily Tourists 2010: 54,87775% increase by 2040: ~35,000,000
Strains transportation and wears out physical infrastructureOnly 2 million Venetians throughout history, and 24 million tourists a year – huge wear on the physical infrastructure, all of those people walking over the same bridges/roads every day
Traffic makes normal travel impossible - Safety Concerns. Outliers now becoming the norm.Can’t plan for – Reactionary instead of proactiveSays to like show a graph that the summers a peak time because like at that time I’m explaingwhats becoming a norm cuz I want to talk about the tourist forcastAdd graph so that I remember to add it later comprendecuz I will forget
Put pictures of police, One Way Bridges, temporary bridges, etc.
A model would provide users with accurate pedestrian traffic predictionsWould allow for preventative measuresUses limited data to provide a comprehensive picture of future trafficApplying what has been done with automobiles to pedestrians
Model will Predict Traffic and fill in data gapsThis information can provide information proactively for dispatching local authorities, creating pedestrian barriers and one ways, and if available to the general populous could allow individuals to reroute themselves to help alleviate traffic congestion
15:00-18:00 total (holiday and non-holiday) weekday average into study area
15:00-18:00 total (holiday and non-holiday) weekday average out of study area
Traversing the Labyrinth: A Comprehensive Analysis of Pedestrian Traffic in VeniceChelsea Fogarty Steven GrecoChemical Engineering ‘13 Biomedical Engineering ‘13Geordie Folinas Cassandra StacyMechanical Engineering ‘13 Environmental Engineering ‘13
Sponsored by: In collaboration with:• City of Venice • Cody Smith, Santa Fe Complex• Department of Mobility and • RedFish Group Transportation Advisors: Professor Fabio Carrera, Ph.D. Professor Frederick Bianchi, D.A.
Mobility Infrastructure• Walkways averaging 2 meters wide• 294 squares• 433 bridges• Limited infrastructure – Hold capacity of 25,000 visitors per day – 157.85 km of walkways
A greater influx of tourists isbeginning to affectpedestrian mobility.
Tourism in Venice Throughout the YearsIn 2010:● 20,000,000 annual tourists● 55,000 daily touristsDetermined from information received from the City of Venice Statistics Office.
Effects on Venice• Degrades Quality of Life• Strains Infrastructure• Safety & Security Compromised
Festivals and Holidays• Carnevale• Redentore• Biennale• Salute
Outliers Become Everyday OccurrencesPopulation levels during thesummer months andholidays could become thenorm for everyday life inVenice…
Managing Pedestrian Traffic• Used on Holidays One way bridges• Largely Reactive Deploying police Temporary bridges Barriers Separate queues Seasonal Actv lines Close Piazzale Roma to incoming cars
Managing Pedestrian Traffic• Will need to be usedmore frequently• As peaks becomethe norm so too willpreventive measures• Need a way todetermine when andwhere peaks will form
Solution: Pedestrian Model• Traffic Predictions• Allow for Preventive Measures• Interactive Traffic Model centered about Study Area
Study Area• Based on Tourist Triangle• Western San Marco
The Modeled Pedestrians• Analyze the difference between pedestrian types and behaviors VENETIANS TOURISTS
5000 Study Area Total Day Ridership Comparison 2009 4500 4330 4000 3500Number of Passengers 3000 2500 Full Day Disembarkment 2243 2087 2116 Full Day Boarding 2000 Totals Full Day 1500 1153 1131 963 1000 608 523 500 0 SantAngelo Santa Maria del Giglio San Samuele
Calle Lanza No data because the stop was out of service. Non ci sono dati perché la stazione era fuori servizio.
Sant’Angelo Riva del Carbon - - San Toma Fondamente del Vin Campo del Traghetto -San Samuele Calle Lanza -Ca’ Rezzonico
1400 Total Traghetti Passengers Per Day 1267 Study Area ComparisonStudy Area 1200 Number or Passengers 1000 800 779 Arrivals Arrivi Departures Partenze Totale per Day Total per giorno 600 505 488 400 335 223 200 170 147 76 0 Carbon SantAngelo San Samuele
1000 Ponte dellAccademia 900 Weekday Total Flowdell’Accademia 800 700 600 500# of Pedestrians/15 minutes 400 300 200 100 0
1000 Ponte dellAccademia 900 Total Flowdell’Accademia 800 700 600 500# of Pedestrians/15 minutes 400 300 200 100 0
PO NTI Ponte de la Cortesia Ponte San Moisè Ponte dell’Accademia
1000 Study Area Comparison Ponte de la Cortesia 900 Averaged Day Total Flow Ponte San Moisè Study Area 800 Ponte dellAccademia 700 600 500# of Pedestrians/15 minutes 400 300 200 100 0
Study Area Comparison Highest Number of Pedestrians Entering Study Area Exiting Study Area Total FlowStudy Area 905 547 468 433 358 298 232 198 201 14:30 12:00 12:00 14:30 14:30 14:30 16:00 17:00 17:15 Ponte de la Cortesia Ponte San Moisè Ponte dellAccademia
COLLECT & COMPILE RAW DATA PO NTI Available Data Ideal Additional Data
Recommendations • Graduate from• Development of a archaic, sporadic, expensive data collection Fully Functional • Use software counting to improve data collection Computer Model • One time cost for all of Venice • Perpetual collection • Couple current networks with new cameras set at key locations • Develop mobile app • Improve quality of life for Venetians & Tourists • Provide data for computer model • Implement Turnstiles with iMob • 30% - 100% • Guarantee profits • Works in every other major city in the world