Biodiversity around my townPresentation Transcript
BIODIVERSITY AROUND MY TOWN
Blind mountain dog (Nannospalax leucodon)
The cragged blind dogs are species of small mammals. The length of their body is the 150-240 millimeters. They live underground and are fully blind. Their eyes are covered up with skin. The blind dogs dig tunnels with their well-developed incisors. The generative period of the blind mountain dogs is from March to June.
Spruce (Picea abies)
Spruce is a right and a slender tree. The stalk is high to 95 m and thick up to 4 m. The spicules of spruce are densely arranged on twigs, thin, narrow, with sharp tips. The spruce flowers from May to June. Its cones are hanging down. The spruce ripens in October. The seeds are tapered and have a long wing.
Ground squirrel (Spermophilus citellus)
The ground squirrel is a kind of small rodents of family Kateritsovi. It is active mainly during the day. Between October and March, in the mountains for longer, it falls into hibernation. The main food of ground squirrel are the leaves of herbaceous plants. It reaches sexual maturity in its second year.
Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris)
Scots pine prefers larger heights in the mountains - from 500 to 2200 m altitude. Its trunk is straight, beautiful and slender. It is High up to 50 meters and thick up to 1,5 m. Scots pine lives up to 600 years. It blooms in April and May. Scots pine cones ripen during the second year.
Otter (Lutra lutra)
Otters are species of a predatory mammal family Ferrets. Main food of the otter is fish. They skillfully catch their prey underwater. Their front feet are floating membrane. They are also protected animals in the Red Book of Bulgaria.
Squat (Pinus mugo)
Squat is a type of pine, commonly found between 1000 and 2200 m altitude, 2700 m in the southern parts of the range. In Bulgaria, occurs mainly in Rila, Pirin, Central and West Stara Planina, Vitosha, and others. The spinous dark green leaves are collected by two, and have a length 3-7 cm. The mature female cones are small (2,5-5,5 cm) with ovoid shape.
Brock (Meles meles)
Brock is the only representative of the genus brocks family Ferrets. It is active mainly at night. It roosts digs into the ground, fitted with long moves and several entrances. Brock feeds with a variety of food - fruits, small vertebrates, a variety of invertebrates and other. It hibernates during winter. Although it is very aggressive, brock attaches easily to people and can be farmed.
Chelidonium (Chelidonium majus)
Chelidonium is the only representative of the eponymous genus of herbaceous perennials Poppy family. There is an upright stem that reaches a height of 1 m. It flowers from May to June(in warmer weather from April to May). The flowers are nectariferous . The upper part is highly branched. The ground section is used as an herb after drying.
Grey long-eared bat (Plecotus austriacus)
Grey long-eared bat is a type of small mammals of the family Bats . They have well pronounced ears - long and well wrapped. On the back its color is grey with brown nuances, on the abdomen - is light and the face - dark. It feeds mainly with moths.
Field Maple (Acer campestre)
Polish maple is a kind of flowering plants of the family Sapindaceae. It grows in the lower and middle mountain belt. It reaches a height of 15-25 m and thickness of stems 1 m. The leaves are with 5 blunted partitions. Polish maple blooms from April to May after flushing. The seeds of the polish maple are flat.