No Free LunchOpenPHACTS/Gen2Phen workshopJan Velterop – 19 September 2011
« And they sayunto him, wehave here butfive loaves,and twofishes »
« And they say                           h tunto him, wehave here but           u gfive loaves,          h oand two        ...
No miracle;   just a fundamental    difference between« And they sayunto him, we information goods andhave here butfive loa...
No miracle;   just a fundamental    difference between« And they sayunto him, we information goods andhave here but       ...
No miracle;   just a fundamental    difference between« And they sayunto him, we information goods andhave here but       ...
©         ©           ©               ©       © © ©©      ©           ©  ©     © © ©©    ©Copyright is an attempt to      ...
But information flows –       like water –  it just finds its way
©    ©     ©       ©  © © ©© ©     ©©© © ©©©        © © ©©© © © ©©©   ©© ©
©           ©            ©               © In science, © © is       ©         © copyright © the            © ©      © © ©©...
Noösphere    ✮                ✮✮       ✮            ✮                     ✮                ✮
(                     )   As opposed to the‘access-licence-sphere’      or L-sphere
Science is a bit like a parachute
Science is a bit like a parachute      It works better         if it’s open
Science is a bit like a parachuteDoes open mean free, gratis?
But what about Costs?
But what about Costs?
Clearly, there is tension     in the system
Perhaps more than you might           think
Hype
Hypothesis
Hypocrisy
t e m    S y s g oE
Men pay most attention towhat is their own – less towhat is common                     Ἀριστοτέλης
The four pillarsof sustainability
©
©Sell
©
Open Accessis a means to an end;  not an end in itself
What content in OPS?
What content in OPS?Should it be literature converted to‘nanopublications’
What content in OPS?Should it be literature converted to‘nanopublications’ on-the-fly?
What content in OPS?Should it be literature converted to‘nanopublications’ on-the-fly?Is that even possible?
And what does that makenanopublications?
And what does that makenanopublications?What are they?
And what does that makenanopublications?What are they?Data or publications?
And what does that makenanopublications?What are they?Data or publications?Copyrightable or not?
Content   is King
Content          X          is King
“Used to be”
©
What can be copyrighted?
What can be copyrighted?✓ Literature
What can be copyrighted?✓ Literature   (including articles, novels, song lyrics and instruction manuals)✓ Art
What can be copyrighted?✓ Literature   (including articles, novels, song lyrics and instruction manuals)✓ Art   (including...
What can be copyrighted?✓ Literature   (including articles, novels, song lyrics and instruction manuals)✓ Art   (including...
What can be copyrighted?✓ Literature   (including articles, novels, song lyrics and instruction manuals)✓ Art   (including...
What can be copyrighted?✓ Literature   (including articles, novels, song lyrics and instruction manuals)✓ Art   (including...
What can be copyrighted?✓ Literature   (including articles, novels, song lyrics and instruction manuals)✓ Art   (including...
What can be copyrighted?✓ Literature   (including articles, novels, song lyrics and instruction manuals)✓ Art   (including...
What can be copyrighted?✓ Literature   (including articles, novels, song lyrics and instruction manuals)✓ Art   (including...
What can be copyrighted?✓ Literature   (including articles, novels, song lyrics and instruction manuals)✓ Art   (including...
What can be copyrighted?✓ Literature   (including articles, novels, song lyrics and instruction manuals)✓ Art   (including...
What about data?
What cannot be copyrighted?
What cannot be copyrighted?✓ Data
What cannot be copyrighted?✓ Data    (Well, depending on what the data are. Factual data are not copyrightable. Creative o...
What cannot be copyrighted?✓ Data    (Well, depending on what the data are. Factual data are not copyrightable. Creative o...
What cannot be copyrighted?✓ Data    (Well, depending on what the data are. Factual data are not copyrightable. Creative o...
What cannot be copyrighted?✓ Data    (Well, depending on what the data are. Factual data are not copyrightable. Creative o...
What cannot be copyrighted?✓ Data    (Well, depending on what the data are. Factual data are not copyrightable. Creative o...
Access charges
Depends on ©Access charges
Depends on © Access chargesNot      compatible
Authority services
Depends on needAuthority services
Depends on needAuthority services          compatible
Authority services?
Authority services? Think:
Authority services? Think:✓ driver’s licence
Authority services? Think:✓ driver’s licence✓ diploma
Authority services? Think:✓ driver’s licence✓ diploma✓ acceptance in journal
Authority services? Think:✓ driver’s licence✓ diploma✓ acceptance in journal  ...
Authority services? Think:✓ driver’s licence✓ diploma✓ acceptance in journal  ...  ...
Authority services? Think:✓   driver’s licence✓   diploma✓   acceptance in journal✓   ... acceptance in OPS    ...
t e m    S y s g oE
t e m    S y s g o        Impact?E
“Scientific impact is the soundyou hear if you drop a featherdown the Grand Canyon andwait for the echo.”Paraphrasing Don M...
“The notion of impact is incoherent, likelyto reward the sensationalist and second-rate ... and risks turning academics in...
impact : citationfamous : known
t e m          y s     Citation,        S    g oAcknowledgement!  E
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>   publish or perish!   .
Articles>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>   publish or perish!   .
Articles        Data?>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>   publish or perish!   .
Articles                             Data?              This recent paper (September 7, 2011)                             ...
Enablecitation (acknowledgement) scores for                data
Enablecitation (acknowledgement) scores for                data  First step: provenance attribution
?
?Will authors/funders pay?
Convenience services
Depends on desire    Convenience services
Depends on desire    Convenience services                    compatible
Convenience services?
Convenience services?Think:
Convenience services?Think:         ✓ indexing
Convenience services?Think:         ✓ indexing         ✓ cleaning
Convenience services?Think:         ✓ indexing         ✓ cleaning         ✓ standardising
Convenience services?Think:         ✓   indexing         ✓   cleaning         ✓   standardising         ✓   ranking
Convenience services?Think:         ✓   indexing         ✓   cleaning         ✓   standardising         ✓   ranking       ...
Convenience services?Think:         ✓   indexing         ✓   cleaning         ✓   standardising         ✓   ranking       ...
Convenience services?Think:         ✓   indexing         ✓   cleaning         ✓   standardising         ✓   ranking       ...
Convenience services?Think:         ✓   indexing         ✓   cleaning         ✓   standardising         ✓   ranking       ...
Convenience services?  Doesn’t ‘open’ mean ‘free’?    Think:   It means ‘free’ as in ‘free to travel’, but if you want to ...
Does ‘open’ mean ‘immediate’?Not necessarily – Open after a short delay and charging forimmediacy may be an option.
However, paying money is not       the only way
However, paying money is not       the only way      Paying attention
Advertising & affiliations               compatible
Depends on usage,appropriate products Advertising & affiliations                   compatible
Authority services
Authority servicesConvenience services
Authority services Convenience servicesAdvertising & affiliations
Concretepractical small
Concrete   practical    small Grand, vague,pipe-dream-oid
Concrete   practical    small Grand, vague,pipe-dream-oid
Every problem has its   solution
Every solution   has its problem
Thank youvelterop aqnowledge.com      at
Pictures in slides – acknowledgements•   Loaves and fishes mosaic: Benedictine Monastery at the Church of the Multiplicati...
Ops gen2 phen oa datasharing 19 sep 2011 copy
Ops gen2 phen oa datasharing 19 sep 2011 copy
Ops gen2 phen oa datasharing 19 sep 2011 copy
Ops gen2 phen oa datasharing 19 sep 2011 copy
Ops gen2 phen oa datasharing 19 sep 2011 copy
Ops gen2 phen oa datasharing 19 sep 2011 copy
Ops gen2 phen oa datasharing 19 sep 2011 copy
Ops gen2 phen oa datasharing 19 sep 2011 copy
Ops gen2 phen oa datasharing 19 sep 2011 copy
Ops gen2 phen oa datasharing 19 sep 2011 copy
Ops gen2 phen oa datasharing 19 sep 2011 copy
Ops gen2 phen oa datasharing 19 sep 2011 copy
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Ops gen2 phen oa datasharing 19 sep 2011 copy

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Presentation in the framework of sustainability of OpenPHACTS (openphacts.org)

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  • Ops gen2 phen oa datasharing 19 sep 2011 copy

    1. 1. No Free LunchOpenPHACTS/Gen2Phen workshopJan Velterop – 19 September 2011
    2. 2. « And they sayunto him, wehave here butfive loaves,and twofishes »
    3. 3. « And they say h tunto him, wehave here but u gfive loaves, h oand two r Tfishes » f o o d F o
    4. 4. No miracle; just a fundamental difference between« And they sayunto him, we information goods andhave here butfive loaves,and twofishes »
    5. 5. No miracle; just a fundamental difference between« And they sayunto him, we information goods andhave here but es nfive loaves, red whe reasand two shafishes » Dec
    6. 6. No miracle; just a fundamental difference between« And they sayunto him, we information goods andhave here but ot* n es nfive loaves, ed red whe whe reas s *nand two shar shafishes » ease Dec Doe decr
    7. 7. © © © © © © ©© © © © © © ©© ©Copyright is an attempt to © eliminate this difference © ©© © © © ©© © ©© ©
    8. 8. But information flows – like water – it just finds its way
    9. 9. © © © © © © ©© © ©©© © ©©© © © ©©© © © ©©© ©© ©
    10. 10. © © © © In science, © © is © © copyright © the © © © © ©© ©wrong solution for the wrong © © problem ©© © © © ©© © ©© ©
    11. 11. Noösphere ✮ ✮✮ ✮ ✮ ✮ ✮
    12. 12. ( ) As opposed to the‘access-licence-sphere’ or L-sphere
    13. 13. Science is a bit like a parachute
    14. 14. Science is a bit like a parachute It works better if it’s open
    15. 15. Science is a bit like a parachuteDoes open mean free, gratis?
    16. 16. But what about Costs?
    17. 17. But what about Costs?
    18. 18. Clearly, there is tension in the system
    19. 19. Perhaps more than you might think
    20. 20. Hype
    21. 21. Hypothesis
    22. 22. Hypocrisy
    23. 23. t e m S y s g oE
    24. 24. Men pay most attention towhat is their own – less towhat is common Ἀριστοτέλης
    25. 25. The four pillarsof sustainability
    26. 26. ©
    27. 27. ©Sell
    28. 28. ©
    29. 29. Open Accessis a means to an end; not an end in itself
    30. 30. What content in OPS?
    31. 31. What content in OPS?Should it be literature converted to‘nanopublications’
    32. 32. What content in OPS?Should it be literature converted to‘nanopublications’ on-the-fly?
    33. 33. What content in OPS?Should it be literature converted to‘nanopublications’ on-the-fly?Is that even possible?
    34. 34. And what does that makenanopublications?
    35. 35. And what does that makenanopublications?What are they?
    36. 36. And what does that makenanopublications?What are they?Data or publications?
    37. 37. And what does that makenanopublications?What are they?Data or publications?Copyrightable or not?
    38. 38. Content is King
    39. 39. Content X is King
    40. 40. “Used to be”
    41. 41. ©
    42. 42. What can be copyrighted?
    43. 43. What can be copyrighted?✓ Literature
    44. 44. What can be copyrighted?✓ Literature (including articles, novels, song lyrics and instruction manuals)✓ Art
    45. 45. What can be copyrighted?✓ Literature (including articles, novels, song lyrics and instruction manuals)✓ Art (including photographs, logos, paintings, maps and architecture)✓ Music✓ Sound recordings✓ Films✓ Broadcasts✓ Drama
    46. 46. What can be copyrighted?✓ Literature (including articles, novels, song lyrics and instruction manuals)✓ Art (including photographs, logos, paintings, maps and architecture)✓ Music✓ Sound recordings✓ Films✓ Broadcasts✓ Drama (including dance and mime)✓ Computer software
    47. 47. What can be copyrighted?✓ Literature (including articles, novels, song lyrics and instruction manuals)✓ Art (including photographs, logos, paintings, maps and architecture)✓ Music✓ Sound recordings✓ Films✓ Broadcasts✓ Drama (including dance and mime)✓ Computer software
    48. 48. What can be copyrighted?✓ Literature (including articles, novels, song lyrics and instruction manuals)✓ Art (including photographs, logos, paintings, maps and architecture)✓ Music✓ Sound recordings✓ Films✓ Broadcasts✓ Drama (including dance and mime)✓ Computer software
    49. 49. What can be copyrighted?✓ Literature (including articles, novels, song lyrics and instruction manuals)✓ Art (including photographs, logos, paintings, maps and architecture)✓ Music✓ Sound recordings✓ Films✓ Broadcasts✓ Drama (including dance and mime)✓ Computer software
    50. 50. What can be copyrighted?✓ Literature (including articles, novels, song lyrics and instruction manuals)✓ Art (including photographs, logos, paintings, maps and architecture)✓ Music✓ Sound recordings✓ Films✓ Broadcasts✓ Drama (including dance and mime)✓ Computer software
    51. 51. What can be copyrighted?✓ Literature (including articles, novels, song lyrics and instruction manuals)✓ Art (including photographs, logos, paintings, maps and architecture)✓ Music✓ Sound recordings✓ Films✓ Broadcasts✓ Drama (including dance and mime)✓ Computer software
    52. 52. What can be copyrighted?✓ Literature (including articles, novels, song lyrics and instruction manuals)✓ Art (including photographs, logos, paintings, maps and architecture)✓ Music✓ Sound recordings✓ Films✓ Broadcasts✓ Drama (including dance and mime)✓ Computer software
    53. 53. What can be copyrighted?✓ Literature (including articles, novels, song lyrics and instruction manuals)✓ Art (including photographs, logos, paintings, maps and architecture)✓ Music✓ Sound recordings✓ Films✓ Broadcasts✓ Drama (including dance and mime)✓ Computer software
    54. 54. What about data?
    55. 55. What cannot be copyrighted?
    56. 56. What cannot be copyrighted?✓ Data
    57. 57. What cannot be copyrighted?✓ Data (Well, depending on what the data are. Factual data are not copyrightable. Creative or expressive data are – think e.g. photos. Even then, not the information and ideas expressed in them)✓ Any idea, procedure, process, system, method of operation, concept, principle, or discovery
    58. 58. What cannot be copyrighted?✓ Data (Well, depending on what the data are. Factual data are not copyrightable. Creative or expressive data are – think e.g. photos. Even then, not the information and ideas expressed in them)✓ Any idea, procedure, process, system, method of operation, concept, principle, or discovery (Regardless of the form in which it is described, explained, illustrated, or embodied)✓ Titles, names, short phrases, and slogans
    59. 59. What cannot be copyrighted?✓ Data (Well, depending on what the data are. Factual data are not copyrightable. Creative or expressive data are – think e.g. photos. Even then, not the information and ideas expressed in them)✓ Any idea, procedure, process, system, method of operation, concept, principle, or discovery (Regardless of the form in which it is described, explained, illustrated, or embodied)✓ Titles, names, short phrases, and slogans
    60. 60. What cannot be copyrighted?✓ Data (Well, depending on what the data are. Factual data are not copyrightable. Creative or expressive data are – think e.g. photos. Even then, not the information and ideas expressed in them)✓ Any idea, procedure, process, system, method of operation, concept, principle, or discovery (Regardless of the form in which it is described, explained, illustrated, or embodied)✓ Titles, names, short phrases, and slogans
    61. 61. What cannot be copyrighted?✓ Data (Well, depending on what the data are. Factual data are not copyrightable. Creative or expressive data are – think e.g. photos. Even then, not the information and ideas expressed in them)✓ Any idea, procedure, process, system, method of operation, concept, principle, or discovery (Regardless of the form in which it is described, explained, illustrated, or embodied)✓ Titles, names, short phrases, and slogans Nobody mentions nanopublications!
    62. 62. Access charges
    63. 63. Depends on ©Access charges
    64. 64. Depends on © Access chargesNot compatible
    65. 65. Authority services
    66. 66. Depends on needAuthority services
    67. 67. Depends on needAuthority services compatible
    68. 68. Authority services?
    69. 69. Authority services? Think:
    70. 70. Authority services? Think:✓ driver’s licence
    71. 71. Authority services? Think:✓ driver’s licence✓ diploma
    72. 72. Authority services? Think:✓ driver’s licence✓ diploma✓ acceptance in journal
    73. 73. Authority services? Think:✓ driver’s licence✓ diploma✓ acceptance in journal ...
    74. 74. Authority services? Think:✓ driver’s licence✓ diploma✓ acceptance in journal ... ...
    75. 75. Authority services? Think:✓ driver’s licence✓ diploma✓ acceptance in journal✓ ... acceptance in OPS ...
    76. 76. t e m S y s g oE
    77. 77. t e m S y s g o Impact?E
    78. 78. “Scientific impact is the soundyou hear if you drop a featherdown the Grand Canyon andwait for the echo.”Paraphrasing Don Marquis, 1878-1937
    79. 79. “The notion of impact is incoherent, likelyto reward the sensationalist and second-rate ... and risks turning academics intodoor-to-door salesmen for vulgarisedversions of their increasingly market-oriented products.”Stefan Collini, professor of intellectual history and Englishliterature at the University of Cambridge
    80. 80. impact : citationfamous : known
    81. 81. t e m y s Citation, S g oAcknowledgement! E
    82. 82. >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> publish or perish! .
    83. 83. Articles>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> publish or perish! .
    84. 84. Articles Data?>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> publish or perish! .
    85. 85. Articles Data? This recent paper (September 7, 2011) . PLoS ONE 6(9): e24357. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0024357 suggests not: >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> publish or perish!“A substantial proportion of original research papers published in high-impact journals are either not subject to any data availability policies, or do not adhere to the data availability instructions in their respective journals.”
    86. 86. Enablecitation (acknowledgement) scores for data
    87. 87. Enablecitation (acknowledgement) scores for data First step: provenance attribution
    88. 88. ?
    89. 89. ?Will authors/funders pay?
    90. 90. Convenience services
    91. 91. Depends on desire Convenience services
    92. 92. Depends on desire Convenience services compatible
    93. 93. Convenience services?
    94. 94. Convenience services?Think:
    95. 95. Convenience services?Think: ✓ indexing
    96. 96. Convenience services?Think: ✓ indexing ✓ cleaning
    97. 97. Convenience services?Think: ✓ indexing ✓ cleaning ✓ standardising
    98. 98. Convenience services?Think: ✓ indexing ✓ cleaning ✓ standardising ✓ ranking
    99. 99. Convenience services?Think: ✓ indexing ✓ cleaning ✓ standardising ✓ ranking ✓ aggregating
    100. 100. Convenience services?Think: ✓ indexing ✓ cleaning ✓ standardising ✓ ranking ✓ aggregating ✓ visualising
    101. 101. Convenience services?Think: ✓ indexing ✓ cleaning ✓ standardising ✓ ranking ✓ aggregating ✓ visualising ✓ integrating
    102. 102. Convenience services?Think: ✓ indexing ✓ cleaning ✓ standardising ✓ ranking ✓ aggregating ✓ visualising ✓ integrating ...
    103. 103. Convenience services? Doesn’t ‘open’ mean ‘free’? Think: It means ‘free’ as in ‘free to travel’, but if you want to travelfast, you still need to pay for the train
    104. 104. Does ‘open’ mean ‘immediate’?Not necessarily – Open after a short delay and charging forimmediacy may be an option.
    105. 105. However, paying money is not the only way
    106. 106. However, paying money is not the only way Paying attention
    107. 107. Advertising & affiliations compatible
    108. 108. Depends on usage,appropriate products Advertising & affiliations compatible
    109. 109. Authority services
    110. 110. Authority servicesConvenience services
    111. 111. Authority services Convenience servicesAdvertising & affiliations
    112. 112. Concretepractical small
    113. 113. Concrete practical small Grand, vague,pipe-dream-oid
    114. 114. Concrete practical small Grand, vague,pipe-dream-oid
    115. 115. Every problem has its solution
    116. 116. Every solution has its problem
    117. 117. Thank youvelterop aqnowledge.com at
    118. 118. Pictures in slides – acknowledgements• Loaves and fishes mosaic: Benedictine Monastery at the Church of the Multiplication of the Loaves and Fishes• Braided river: unknown• Earth: NASA• Coins: unknown• Parachute: Airborne Systems EPC• Mouse trap: www.wizzairsucks.com• Columns: unknown• Padlock: unknown• Fly swatter: clipart www.cksinfo.com• Louis XVI (by Antoine-François Callet): Wikipedia• Execution of Louis XVI: unknown• Grand Canyon: own photo• Problem Solver: www.funny-wallpapers.com
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