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The purpose of open access is to ensure that
scientific knowledge can be used and built-
upon by anyone
Open access is a means to a goal – not a goal
in itself
What if we could freely get to all the essential
knowledge contained in scientific articles,
without those articles necessa...
Nano-publication
in Science & Medicine



Jan Velterop – EUA Autumn Conference – Gießen – 9 October 2009
Current knowledge
     transfer
Current knowledge
     transfer




                    Signal to noise
                        ratio?
Current knowledge transfer – an analogy: needle transport
Shouldn’t we focus on the ‘needles’
and learn how to reason with the
essence of available knowledge?
If we did, we could have:

– access to far more knowledge than now
– access to knowledge in our own language
  irrespectiv...
Every problem has its solution
Every solution has its problem
What is needed?
What do we have to do?
What do we still have to overcome?
from Term

to Concept
42
The Ogden Triangle

                        Concept


                                  The relations between the corners:...
Terms – representing concepts
Terms – representing concepts




CAPN3_00265                    LGMD2A                 Jan Velterop


CAPN3:c.62G>A      ...
Terms are language-dependent

Concepts are language-independent
from Concept

to Statement
Concept
Concept
Concept
Introducing Triples

     Concept
     Concept
     Concept
Statements are Concept ‘Triples’


Jan Velterop              presented            these slides




CAPN3_00265            ...
Concept ‘Triples’ are language independent




Jan Velterop              presented           these slides


Johannes Velte...
Annotating

Statements
Statements are only taken seriously when they
  can show all, or most, of these attributes:
Statements are only taken seriously when they
  can show all, or most, of these attributes:
              authorship
     ...
Such annotated statements

           are
Such annotated statements

           are

   Nano-publications
What must a publication be?
What must a publication be?

Citeable and giving appropriate credit? – yes
What must a publication be?

Citeable and giving appropriate credit? – yes

Valuable to scientific progress and understandi...
What must a publication be?

Citeable and giving appropriate credit? – yes

Valuable to scientific progress and understandi...
What must a publication be?

Citeable and giving appropriate credit? – yes

Valuable to scientific progress and understandi...
Triples                      Open Access

<triple><is><reference>
                                   open access triples b...
Triples                      Open Access

<triple><is><reference>
                                   open access triples b...
Triples   Open Access
          International Reach

Triples   Languages
What’s to be done?
De-PDF repository content
(or at least add XML or HTML versions)

Convert literature to nano-publicatio...
Contact me:
velterop@conceptweballiance.org
Giessen October 9 09 Nano Publication
Giessen October 9 09 Nano Publication
Giessen October 9 09 Nano Publication
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Giessen October 9 09 Nano Publication

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Talk on 'nano-publication' held at EUA conference in Giessen, Germany

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Transcript of "Giessen October 9 09 Nano Publication"

  1. 1. The purpose of open access is to ensure that scientific knowledge can be used and built- upon by anyone
  2. 2. Open access is a means to a goal – not a goal in itself
  3. 3. What if we could freely get to all the essential knowledge contained in scientific articles, without those articles necessarily being open access?
  4. 4. Nano-publication in Science & Medicine Jan Velterop – EUA Autumn Conference – Gießen – 9 October 2009
  5. 5. Current knowledge transfer
  6. 6. Current knowledge transfer Signal to noise ratio?
  7. 7. Current knowledge transfer – an analogy: needle transport
  8. 8. Shouldn’t we focus on the ‘needles’ and learn how to reason with the essence of available knowledge?
  9. 9. If we did, we could have: – access to far more knowledge than now – access to knowledge in our own language irrespective of the language it was first written in
  10. 10. Every problem has its solution
  11. 11. Every solution has its problem
  12. 12. What is needed? What do we have to do? What do we still have to overcome?
  13. 13. from Term to Concept
  14. 14. 42
  15. 15. The Ogden Triangle Concept The relations between the corners: 1. Object evokes Concept (in writer’s or speaker’s mind) 2. Writer/speaker uses Token to refer to Object 3. Token evokes Concept (in reader‘s or listener's mind) 4. Reader/listener refers Token back to Object ‘cancer’ Term (token) Object ‘cancer’ Malignant Neoplasms Krebskrankheit C0-265 Etc.
  16. 16. Terms – representing concepts
  17. 17. Terms – representing concepts CAPN3_00265 LGMD2A Jan Velterop CAPN3:c.62G>A nCL-1 Johannes Velterop CAPN3:p.(Gly21Glu) Calpain p94 JJM Velterop dbSNP:rs28364364 Calcium-activated J Velterop neutral proteinase 3 C0000053 CANP 3
  18. 18. Terms are language-dependent Concepts are language-independent
  19. 19. from Concept to Statement
  20. 20. Concept Concept Concept
  21. 21. Introducing Triples Concept Concept Concept
  22. 22. Statements are Concept ‘Triples’ Jan Velterop presented these slides CAPN3_00265 has pathogenicity LGMD2A Dystrophin interacts with SNT3 Calpain-3 has GO annotation proteosome endopeptidase activity
  23. 23. Concept ‘Triples’ are language independent Jan Velterop presented these slides Johannes Velterop vertoonde deze dia’s JJM Velterop zeigte diese Transparantien J Velterop présentait cettes diapositives
  24. 24. Annotating Statements
  25. 25. Statements are only taken seriously when they can show all, or most, of these attributes:
  26. 26. Statements are only taken seriously when they can show all, or most, of these attributes: authorship context strength of concept relation provenance condition directionality time stamp comments
  27. 27. Such annotated statements are
  28. 28. Such annotated statements are Nano-publications
  29. 29. What must a publication be?
  30. 30. What must a publication be? Citeable and giving appropriate credit? – yes
  31. 31. What must a publication be? Citeable and giving appropriate credit? – yes Valuable to scientific progress and understanding? – yes
  32. 32. What must a publication be? Citeable and giving appropriate credit? – yes Valuable to scientific progress and understanding? – yes Conveying knowledge? – yes
  33. 33. What must a publication be? Citeable and giving appropriate credit? – yes Valuable to scientific progress and understanding? – yes Conveying knowledge? – yes Full-length? – no
  34. 34. Triples Open Access <triple><is><reference> open access triples benefit <reference><is><open access> authors and publishers, <reference><may be><cited> including traditional <citation><benefits><author> publishers <citation><benefits><publisher> Triples Languages
  35. 35. Triples Open Access <triple><is><reference> open access triples benefit <reference><is><open access> authors and publishers, <reference><may be><cited> including traditional <citation><benefits><author> publishers <citation><benefits><publisher> Triples Languages
  36. 36. Triples Open Access International Reach Triples Languages
  37. 37. What’s to be done? De-PDF repository content (or at least add XML or HTML versions) Convert literature to nano-publications it is cheap – current estimate ≈ ¢’s per kilo-character (≈ 1 typical research journal page) Share nano-publications (in an open triple store) Start with biomedical (life science) content simply because semantic concept methodologies are most advanced in that area
  38. 38. Contact me: velterop@conceptweballiance.org
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