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Cwa Sustainability May8 Final
Cwa Sustainability May8 Final
Cwa Sustainability May8 Final
Cwa Sustainability May8 Final
Cwa Sustainability May8 Final
Cwa Sustainability May8 Final
Cwa Sustainability May8 Final
Cwa Sustainability May8 Final
Cwa Sustainability May8 Final
Cwa Sustainability May8 Final
Cwa Sustainability May8 Final
Cwa Sustainability May8 Final
Cwa Sustainability May8 Final
Cwa Sustainability May8 Final
Cwa Sustainability May8 Final
Cwa Sustainability May8 Final
Cwa Sustainability May8 Final
Cwa Sustainability May8 Final
Cwa Sustainability May8 Final
Cwa Sustainability May8 Final
Cwa Sustainability May8 Final
Cwa Sustainability May8 Final
Cwa Sustainability May8 Final
Cwa Sustainability May8 Final
Cwa Sustainability May8 Final
Cwa Sustainability May8 Final
Cwa Sustainability May8 Final
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Cwa Sustainability May8 Final

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Professor Carole Goble's slides, presented at the inaugural meeting of the Concept Web Alliance, New York Hall of Science, May 8, 2009

Professor Carole Goble's slides, presented at the inaugural meeting of the Concept Web Alliance, New York Hall of Science, May 8, 2009

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  • Transcript

    • 1. Concept Web Alliance Sustainability & Governance Professor Carole Goble University of Manchester, UK [email_address] Concept Web Alliance, New York Hall of Science, 8th May 2009
    • 2. What is an Alliance? <ul><li>An Alliance is a group of organizations working together to solve problems that cannot be solved alone. </li></ul><ul><li>Consensus </li></ul><ul><li>Interoperability </li></ul><ul><li>Pooling </li></ul>
    • 3. What is CWA? <ul><li>A Forum : to unite stakeholders to share complex Life Science data in a new way, through triples. </li></ul><ul><li>A Facilitator : to promote the development of triple content services and promote the development of triple professional services. </li></ul><ul><li>A Facility : A “warehouse”, distributor and agent for triples on behalf of contributors and users. Develop our own services. </li></ul>
    • 4. What is CWA. A Forum. <ul><li>For commons-based sharing : </li></ul><ul><li>Bringing together commercial and public stakeholders in life science data and scholarly publication </li></ul><ul><li>The definition and adoption of a common, interoperable model of rich annotated triples and the mechanisms to generate and use them </li></ul><ul><li>The specification of best practice, policies and use cases </li></ul><ul><li>The specification of compliance obligations to the model and the rights to and governance of the content. </li></ul>
    • 5. What is CWA. A Forum. <ul><li>For commons-based sharing : </li></ul><ul><li>The promotion of widespread adoption of the model and the triples described by it. </li></ul><ul><li>The identification and promotion of the services needed to enable widespread adoption </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss legal and access and reuse issues </li></ul><ul><li>Ensuring the adoption of current technologies, standards and practices </li></ul>
    • 6. What is CWA. A Facilitator. <ul><li>Work with established entities to identify, develop, promote and oversee: </li></ul><ul><li>Triple Content services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Base: identity, mapping, provenance tracking… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tools: capture, browsing, distribution, access… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Added value: reasoning… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Triple Professional services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Directory, Content aggregation, service aggregation, quality control, guarantees and certification, governance of content suitability and compliance to model, stewardship, content access negotiation </li></ul></ul>
    • 7. What is CWA: A Facility on behalf of the community.... <ul><li>A “ warehouse ” for deposited triples. </li></ul><ul><li>A distributor for deposited triples. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Infrastructure framework </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Governance and legal framework </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial and sustainability framework </li></ul></ul><ul><li>An agent for triple contributors and consumers. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Infrastructure framework </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Governance and legal framework </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Incentive models for contribution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Negotiate to access data services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial and sustainability framework </li></ul></ul>
    • 8. Linked Open Data http://blog.larkc.eu/?tag=linked-data-cloud
    • 9. Linked Open Data http://blog.larkc.eu/?tag=linked-data-cloud + + +
    • 10. Start Small. Incremental Value. One thing well. Triples. Triples. Triples. Jam today. More Jam Tomorrow.
    • 11. Roadmap and timetable: Year 1 - Proposal <ul><li>August 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Set up, incorporate the CWA, define governance </li></ul><ul><li>Get started on Working Groups (see next) </li></ul><ul><li>January 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Define the triple model, exchange format and core services </li></ul><ul><li>Define the technical framework for contribution, distribution and access to a trustworthy triple pool </li></ul><ul><li>Define the operational and governance framework </li></ul><ul><li>Build a partnership with small number of key triple suppliers, triple consumers, tool providers and users </li></ul>
    • 12. Roadmap and timetable: Year 1 - Proposal <ul><li>April 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot demonstrate CWA in operation and issue a grand challenge </li></ul><ul><li>1 st CWA Conference </li></ul><ul><li>Secure funding and resource commitments </li></ul><ul><li>May 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Membership with key organisations </li></ul><ul><li>BioIT Alliance, Pistoia Alliance, PRISM, ELIXIR, SAGE, CODATA, Shared Names… </li></ul><ul><li>W3C, LarKC, CrossRef, Creative Commons…. </li></ul><ul><li>User groups in libraries, e.g. CNI </li></ul>
    • 13. Organisational Structure - Proposal <ul><li>Executive Committee / Secretariat </li></ul><ul><li>Governing Board (Magnet Group) </li></ul><ul><li>Operations Core team </li></ul><ul><li>Operations Working Groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>O1. Technical O2. Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>O3. Content O4. Operation practice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Championed by Core CWA team </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Members: charter, regular, sponsor </li></ul><ul><li>Invited advisors and specialists </li></ul>
    • 14. Operations Working Groups <ul><li>O1. Technical – identity, provenance, federation, discrimination, triple boundaries… </li></ul><ul><li>O2. Services - distribution, directory, warehouse, citation tracking, multi-linguality… </li></ul><ul><li>O3. Content – capture, quality, packaging (walled gardens vs jungles), mixed licensing on triples, negotiation to content… </li></ul><ul><li>O4. Operation practice – incentive models, micro-attribution, distribution, legal, claims arbitration, penalty models, policy, triple licenses… </li></ul><ul><li>Are these the right groups? </li></ul><ul><li>Would you commit to joining in? </li></ul>
    • 15. User oriented <ul><li>Take up depends on user need </li></ul><ul><li>No user ghettos! Users blended into Working Groups </li></ul><ul><li>User-driven demonstrator </li></ul><ul><li>No jargon - Triples? What triples? </li></ul><ul><li>Invisibility – incorporated in normal tools and normal work practice </li></ul><ul><li>User groups: pick out early adopters and triple-ready users </li></ul><ul><li>Clients of researchers and scholars: Libraries, data centres, publishers </li></ul>
    • 16. For a Facility <ul><li>‘ Guarantor’ of interoperability (quality control) </li></ul><ul><li>Spam protection </li></ul><ul><li>Aggregator (many-to-one-to-many) </li></ul><ul><li>Partnering with inferrers, disambiguators, removers of redundancy (adding value) </li></ul><ul><li>(Re-)seller </li></ul><ul><li>Commission/royalty arrangements with sales agents and triple proprietors </li></ul><ul><li>Revenue stream. </li></ul><ul><li>Long term persistence </li></ul><ul><li>Management company? </li></ul>
    • 17. Governance of Alliance <ul><li>Purpose and scope </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative and management structures </li></ul><ul><li>Powers and Procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship to other organisations </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct, obligations and benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Membership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Charter Members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>major contribution, benefits, governing votes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regular Members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Institutional (academic), Personal, Corporate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sponsors </li></ul></ul>
    • 18. Why Sustainability for CWA? <ul><li>Alliance operation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organisation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conferences / WGroups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partnerships and advocacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal advice </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Content and professional services operation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Small team </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Define the guidelines and rule book </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marshal and seed a wider movement </li></ul></ul>
    • 19. Triples Remove Ambiguity and Redundancy Curated Observational Smart Triples Inferred; constructed Knowledge Space Remove Ambiguity and Redundancy Remove Ambiguity and Redundancy (node 1, unique ID) (node 2, unique ID) < Source concept > < Target Concept > < Relations ( edge ) > class date value owner condition Etc. In these areas significant value is added to the triples
    • 20. Where significant value is added…suggestions <ul><li>… triples represent an economic value and can be charged for </li></ul><ul><li>Curated triples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>charges at the discretion of the curator </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Inferred triples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>charges at the discretion of the inferrer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disambiguated triples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>charges at the discretion of disambiguator </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Redundancy-removed triples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>charges at the discretion of the redundancy remover </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Observed triples </li></ul><ul><ul><li>can be charged for if they are taken from proprietary sources – by or on behalf of the proprietors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>peer-reviewed literature: charges at the discretion of the rights-holder </li></ul></ul>
    • 21. Includes edges from: <ul><li>Pubmed (400,000,000 sentences, 5,000,000,000 concept co-occurrences) (from public data) </li></ul><ul><li>Protein databases (UniProt, IntAct, PDB, HPRD – 75,000 human curated PPIs) (from public data) </li></ul><ul><li>Private expression data (3000 extra edges, by Merck) (from proprietary data) </li></ul><ul><li>InWeb edges (240,000 unique edges from 17 species) (from proprietary data) </li></ul><ul><li>Plectix edges (5,000 extra edges (PPI modeling) (from proprietary data) </li></ul><ul><li>Gene (co-expression databases (GEO, Express… – 25 square genes) (from public data) </li></ul><ul><li>STRING edges (200,000 gene-gene edges) (from semi public data) </li></ul><ul><li>Reactome edges (240,000 unique edges from 17 species) (from proprietary data) </li></ul><ul><li>Chemspider edges (25,000,000 chemicals) (from semi public data) </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki edges (WikEdge = WikiPathways, WikiProfessionals, Omegawiki, Wikigene) </li></ul><ul><li>Et Cetera </li></ul>Revenue generating Download Concept Web triples
    • 22. Triple sales and Open Data/Open Access <ul><li>Single triples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>free and open, via web search interface </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>revenue from advertising? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Collections: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>at the discretion of owners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g. free if used publicly on web, with possibility of advertising revenue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>paid-for if used behind firewall </li></ul></ul>
    • 23. bnode.org/blog/tag/linked%20data Benjamin Nowack Blog
    • 24. Revenue Streams <ul><li>SUBSCRIPTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>SPONSORSHIP </li></ul><ul><li>FEES </li></ul><ul><li>ADDED VALUE SERVICES </li></ul><ul><li>Dual model: </li></ul><ul><li>Public and commercial </li></ul>
    • 25. <ul><li>SUBSCRIPTIONS AND SPONSORSHIP </li></ul><ul><li>Subscriptions from public organisations and research grants </li></ul><ul><li>Public sponsorship - by a major initiative, e.g. BioBanking or research organisation </li></ul><ul><li>Corporate sponsorship </li></ul><ul><li>FEES </li></ul><ul><li>Membership fees and donations </li></ul><ul><li>Contributors: Certification fees, contribution fees, tensioned to incentives </li></ul><ul><li>Consumers: Content subscription </li></ul><ul><li>Third party service providers </li></ul><ul><li>ADDED VALUE SERVICES </li></ul><ul><li>DOI assignment, certification </li></ul><ul><li>Royalties from charges for services and access (a la iPhone) </li></ul><ul><li>Content services e.g. virtual market bundles </li></ul><ul><li>Dual model: Public and commercial </li></ul>
    • 26. Next steps <ul><li>Set in motion the CWA 1 st year roadmap </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporate and pump-prime </li></ul><ul><li>Working groups </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrators </li></ul><ul><li>Sign up </li></ul><ul><li>Recruit members </li></ul><ul><li>Recruit partners </li></ul><ul><li>Recruit volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>Sustain </li></ul>
    • 27. Participation on the journey… <ul><li>Is the CWA useful to your organisation? </li></ul><ul><li>Would you sign up to the declaration? </li></ul><ul><li>Would you become a member of CWA? What needs to be in place for you to commit? </li></ul><ul><li>Would you help us develop the Alliance? </li></ul><ul><li>Would you participate in one of the working groups? </li></ul><ul><li>Where are the low hanging fruit? </li></ul><ul><li>Who should we partner with? </li></ul><ul><li>How would you like to participate further? Would you sponsor an event? </li></ul>

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