1. It is used for actions completed in the past at a definite time :
For a past action when the time is given
Example: I met him yesterday
2. It is used for an action for a period of time in the past.
Ex: I worked in that bank for four years.
SOME TIME WORDS. . .
A month ago. . .
Two years ago. . .
FORMING THE SIMPLE PAST
For regular verbs, add– ed to the simple form of the verb.
Example: I visit ed New Orleans last year.
For irregular verbs,change the verb.
Example: I went to the movies yesterday
go ------- went
For negatives, use did not or didn’t with the simple form of the verb.
Example: She didn’t come to class last week .
For questions, use did or didn’t before the simple (verb 1) form of the verb.
Example: Did / Didn’t he call you last night?
THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE
Affirmative (Positive Sentences):
I talk ed to her last night.
She visit ed her uncle in 1990.
Ahmet saw a dog on the street.
Positive and Negative Questions:
Did Emrah visit you last summer ?
Didn’t you listen to me?
When did you talk to her?
I didn’t talk to her yesterday .
SPELLING OF REGULAR VERBS ADD –ed only Play ed VOWEL + y Pl ay DROP –y, ADD –ied Stud ied / Cop ied CONSONANTS + y Stu dy / Co py ADD –d Change d / Decide d CONSONANTS + e Chan ge / Deci de -ED FORMS VERB ENDINGS
SPELLING OF REGULAR VERBS ADD –ed only Return ed TWO CONSONANTS Retu rn ADD –ed only Clean ed TWO VOWELS + ONE CONSONANTS Cl ean DOUBLE THE CONSONANT AND ADD –ed Stop ped ONE VOWEL + ONE CONSONANT St op ED FORM VERB ENDING
Some Irregular Verbs Gave Give Drove Drive Drank Drink Came Come Left Leave Was/Were Be Understood Understand Thought Think Saw See Went Go Past Forms Simple Forms
Use simple Past
George Washington ________________ (be) the first president of the
United States. He ________________ (live) in a beautiful home in
Virginia. His mother ________________ (have) a speacial garden with
a beautiful little cherry tree. Everyone ________________ (love) that
cherry tree. One day George ________________ (get) a hatchet as a
present. He ___________ (go) to the cherry tree and ________ (cut) it
down. As soon as he ________________ (see) the tree on the ground,
he ________________ (feel) terrible. He ________________(walk)
sadly back to the house and ________________ (go) to his room. He
________________ (play/not) that afternoon. He ________________
(eat/not) that evening. That night George’s father said, “ Someone
________________ (chop) down our cherry tree.” George
________________ (decide) to tell his father. He ________________ (walk)
toward his father and said, “ I ________________ (do) it. I
________________ (chop) it down with my new hatchet. I cannot tell a lie.”
“ Thank you for telling the truth,” his father ________________ (say).