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Veganism Veganism Presentation Transcript

  • Veganism:It’s not just tofu and leafy greens
  • What is a vegan?• Someone who does not use or consume animals or animal-based ingredients.• The term "vegan" was coined in England in 1944 by Donald Watson, co- founder of the British Vegan Society, to mean "non-dairy vegetarian"; the society also opposed the use of eggs as food. It extended its definition in 1951 to mean "the doctrine that man should live without exploiting animals.”
  • “We need a name that suggests what we do eat, and if possible, one that conveysthe idea that even with all animal foods taboo, Nature still offers us a bewilderingassortment from which to choose.” --Donald Watson, “The Vegan News,” 1944
  • So what do vegans eat? *What do you eat? I eat lots of delicious food!
  • So why vegan? There is more than just one reason…Personal reasons: It just Health reasons: numerous studies indicate going vegan reducesfeels right. chances of getting a number ofEthical reasons: concern diseases such as diabetes and prostate cancer, is better for heartfor animal welfare. health, and keeps cholesterol low.Spiritual reasons: beliefsystem in doing the least Environmental reasons: Livestockharm, commitment to production (and subsequent meat and dairy consumption) is a causenon-violent lifestyle, etc. of environmental pollution and global climate change.
  • Personal Reasons: Emily
  • Personal reasons …leading to ethical reasons…which led to spiritualreasons…Each factor led to memaking the decision to go vegetarianThanksgiving 1989.
  • Health Reasons Veggies are good for you! Have you ever had a doctor tell you to cutDoes anyone ever back on your veggies?recommend eating fewerveggies to lose weight, helpyour heart, improve yourhealth, or decrease yourchances of gettingdiabetes?
  • Health Facts: DiabetesDiabetes: People who eat one 3.5-ounce serving ofprocessed meat-- equivalent to two slices of bacon, ora hot dog -- every day have a 51 percent increased riskof Type 2 diabetes.People who eat one 100-gram serving ofred, unprocessed meat-- the size of a deck of cards -- aday have a 19 percent increased risk of Type 2diabetes.
  • Health Facts: Heart Health and Cancer RiskDairy products contributesignificant amounts ofcholesterol and saturated fat Cancer: Prostate and breastto the diet. Diets high in fat cancers have been linked to consumption of dairyand saturated fat can increase products, presumably relatedthe risk of heart disease. to increases in a compound called insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I).A low-fat vegetarian diet that IGF-I is found in cow’s milk andeliminates dairy products, in has been shown to occur incombination with increased levels in the blood ofexercise, smoking individuals consuming dairy products on a regular basis.cessation, and stress Other nutrients that increasemanagement, can not only IGF-I are also found in cow’sprevent heart disease, but may milk.also reverse it.
  • Environmental Implications of Meat and Dairy Consumption Climate Change:Methane and Nitrous Oxideare caused by animal wasteand are greenhouse gassesmore potent than CO2. The methane that cattle and manure produce has a global warming impact = to 33 million cars.
  • Environmental Reasons: Waste Contamination Dairy waste is often mixed with water and flushed into large open holes called lagoons. Studies show that groundwater quality can be endangered near factory farms due to leakage and seepage from lagoons which are large holes that store and minimally treat the waste after it is flushed and mixed with water.
  • Environmental Reasons: Waste Contamination The vast amounts of waste produced by mega dairies can overwhelm the ability of local soils and crops to absorb the nutrients, resulting in runoff and ground and surface water contamination. Runoff from factory dairy farms can flow from silage, stockpiled manures, barns, and accidental and intentional releases.
  • Water PollutionThe environmentalimpact of growing somuch grain for animalfood is profound. The EPAestimated ¾ of all water-quality problems in thenation’s rivers andstreams are caused by USagriculture.
  • Environmental Implications of Meat and Dairy Consumption According to the Meat production is a USDA, the American meat major factor in industry produces more deforestation, and than 60 million tons of grazing now occupies 70% waste annually, five tons of previously forested for every American and land in the Amazon. 130 times in volume the amount of human waste.
  • Growth of CAFOs and Increased DemandPork is the most widely Meat consumption is onconsumed meat in the the rise: Americans areworld. eating on average twiceDuring the past 30 the RDA of protein peryears, the number of hog day, and about 50 morefarms in the US has pounds of meat perdropped from 650,000 to71,000, yet the number of person per year than justhogs remains almost the 50 years ago, (about 200same. pounds a year)
  • What about efficiency?Food grown for animalscould be feedingpeople.“2,000 pounds of grain must besupplied to livestock in order toproduce enough meat and otherlivestock products to support a personfor a year, whereas 400 pounds ofgrain eaten directly will support aperson for a year.” -------M.E. Ensminger, former chairof the animal sciences department atWSU.
  • Stereotypes and Misconceptions It’s expensive to eat Vegans are pushy and vegan food. judgmental. It’s difficult to stick to a You won’t get enough vegan diet. calcium, (or protein, or Vegan food is bland and whatever other vitamin or nutrient you may have heard.) boring.
  • Stereotypes and Misconceptions: Expense and DifficultyIt’s actually not more Doing somethingexpensive if you are buying different seems like it willfresh produce, whole be hard at first. But I thinkfoods, bulk items, and you the key is understandingcook your meals yourself. that you can still eatProcessed foods tend to satisfying foods that arecost more than meals rich in flavor. It’s notconstructed out of whole difficult at all. Beingfoods ingredients. vegan is not about deprivation!
  • Food Pyramids
  • Stereotypes and Misconceptions:Boring Food and Vegan Personalities Vegan food is flavorful and fantastic. Most I am sure there are vegans are actually probably some pushy and “foodies.” (I have never met judgmental vegans out more food-obsessed people there, just as there are than the ones I met through pushy and judgmental my blog). omnivores, but I haven’t met any yet. Typically they are actually a pretty happy bunch.
  • Vegans eating andtalking about food, twoof my favorite things…
  • Stereotypes and Misconceptions: Health and NutritionCalcium: By eating Only about 30 % of calcium in dairy products is absorbed. Thecalcium-rich remaining 70 percent neverfoods, including leafy makes it past the intestinalgreen vegetables such as wall and is simply excreted with the feces.broccoli and kale, whitebeans, fortified The most healthful calciumplantmilks, and a variety sources are greens and beans.of fruits and What’s more, the calcium in most green leafy vegetables isvegetables, you can more absorbable than theobtain all the calcium calcium in milk.your body needs.
  • Stereotypes and Misconceptions: Health and NutritionProtein: The average American You don’t need to “foodconsumes about double the combine” to obtain the allprotein his or her body needs.Additionally, the main sources of the essential amino acids.of protein consumed tend to As long as the diet containsbe animal products, which are a variety ofalso high in fat and saturated grains, legumes, andfat. Most individuals aresurprised to learn that protein vegetables, protein needsneeds are actually much less are easily met. (In fact, toothan what they have been much protein increases yourconsuming. risk of osteoporosis).
  • If you are interested . . .Even if you don’t think Remember that it’s notyou want to go vegan, it hard, and you won’t feelcan’t hurt you to start deprived if the food iseating more veggies and delicious and makes youcutting back a little on feel good!your meat consumption.
  • For More Information: veganinbellingham.comFeel free to contact mewith any questions, reciperequests, or restaurantrecommendations.Email me:veganinbellingham@gmail.com