You speak English. Do you speak English? You do not speak English.
Sub+ [VERB] + s/es in third person + Obj
Also called Simple present tense
I get up at 6'0clock. Water boils at 100c. General truth.
We use Simple present tense the action happens all the
time or to describe daily routine, work, Habit or a hobby i.e.
You are not watchingTV.
Are you watchingTV?
You are watchingTV.
am/is/are + present participle
With an activity that is happening now while we
speaking at this very moment or happening round
You are not swimming now.
Are you sleeping?
I am sitting.
I am not standing.
They are reading their books.
They are not watching television.
What are you doing?
He has completed his work.
You have not seen that movie many times.
Have you seen that movie many times?
You have seen that movie many times.
has/have + past participle
1. Present perfect expresses an experience as part of
some one life.
1. I have travelled a lot in Pakistan.
2. Action happened at an indefinite time in the past.
1. I have met a lot of famous people .
2. She has won awards in her life.
3. She has written twenty books up to now.
The present perfect continuous is used to
describe an action, event, or condition that
has begun in the past and continues into the
I /You have been playing.
He / She has been playing.
The structure of the present perfect continuous
subject + auxiliary verb + auxiliary verb + main verb
been base + ing
I've been reading.
The car's been giving trouble.
We've been playing tennis for two hours.
We use the present perfect continuous tense
to talk about an action that started in the
past and stopped recently.
There is usually a result now.
We often use for and since with the present
We use for to talk about a period of time - 5
minutes, 2 weeks, 6 years.
We use since to talk about a point in past
time - 9 o'clock, 1st January, Monday.
I have been studying for 3 hours.
I have been watchingTV since 7pm.
Tara hasn't been feeling well for 2 weeks.
Tara hasn't been visiting us since March.
He has been playing football for a long time.
He has been living in Bangkok since he left
For can be used with all tenses. Since is usually
used with perfect tenses only.
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