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Solutions to Etymology and word origins quiz

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Solutions to Etymology and word origins quiz Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Etymology and Word Origins Quiz
  • 2. The story goes that a Dublin theatre proprietor by the name of Richard Daly made a bet that he could, within forty-eight hours, make a nonsense wordknown throughout the city, and that the public would supply a meaning for it. After a performance one evening, he gave his staff cards with the word X written on them, and told them to write the word on walls around the city. The next day the strange word was the talk of the town, and within a short time it had become part of the language.The most detailed account of this supposed exploit (in F. T. Porters Gleanings and Reminiscences, 1875) gives its date as 1791. The word, however, wasalready in use by then, and had been used by Fanny Burney in her diary entry for 24 June 1782. What is the word?
  • 3. Quiz
  • 4. According to legend a mannamed Leofric taxed the people of Coventry heavily. His wife,lady Godiva, begged him not to. Leofric said he would end the tax if she rode through the streets of Coventry naked. So she did. Everybody in Coventry was supposed to stay indoors with his or her shutters closed. However _____ _____ had a sneaky look at Godiva and was struck blind. What nickname commonly given to voyeurs arose from this story?
  • 5. Peeping Tom
  • 6. X (319-272 BC) was one of the greatest Greek generals of the Hellenistic era. His greatest political weaknesses were thefailure to maintain focus and the failure to maintain a strong treasury at home. His name is famous for the phrase Y which refers to an exchange at the Battle of Asculum. The battle, thoughsuccessful, cost him heavy losses, from which the term Y was coined. In response to congratulations for winning a costly victory over the Romans,he is reported to have said: "Onemore such victory will undo me!”. What is the phrase Y?
  • 7. Pyrrhic victory
  • 8. In medieval music, the Guidonian hand was a mnemonicused to assist singers to learn how to sing by viewing notes, in which each portion of the hand represented a specific note within the hexachord system.The lowest note in this scale was represented by the Greek letter γ followed by ‘ut’ and would span 3 octaves. This notation gave rise to a word that was initially used in music to represent the entire musical scale but has gone on to be used beyond music as well. What word?
  • 9. Gamut – that came from “Gamma+ut”
  • 10. This familiar word comes from an alteration of theMiddle English for odour or taste, and is derived in turn from a Middle French term meaning something left behind, or released. What noun, more familiar to us as verb?
  • 11. Relish
  • 12. This term was originally applied in the19th century to describe plays dealing with contemporary moral and socialissues and has been used to describe the work of Ibsen, John Galsworthy and GB Shaw’s early efforts. In 1896, F.S. Boas used this term to describe these Shakespeare plays, because they apparently brought a harshness not seen in any of his comedies to bear upon theinterconnections between private and public morality. What term?
  • 13. Problem Plays
  • 14. The phrase X has entered common use asa reference to an unpleasant situation that continually repeats, or seems to. In the military, referring to unpleasant,unchanging, repetitive situations as “X ”. Amagazine article about the aircraft carrierUSS America mentions its use by sailors in September 1993. X was a favourite one among the Rangers deployed for Operation Gothic Serpent in Somalia in 1993, because they saw X as a metaphor of their own situation, waiting long periods between raids and monotonous long days. Give the phrase X.
  • 15. Groundhog Day
  • 16. The current name came about almost by chance, according to a tale recounted in Windsor Revisited, written by HRH The Duke of Windsor. About 1830, aLondon merchant received a letter from a Hawick firm about some tweels. The London merchantmisinterpreted the handwriting, understanding it to bea trade-name taken from the name of the river which flows through the Scottish Borders textile areas.Subsequently the goods were advertised as X and the name has remained so ever since. Give X.
  • 17. Tweeds from River Tweed
  • 18. Amitav Ghosh, in his newbook River of Smoke, traces the origin of this commonHindi word to a Portuguese word meaning ‘lacking’ or ‘deficient in character’. A related English word, meaning mistake is alsoknown to exist. It is also the title of this Bollywood film released in 2011. Which word?
  • 19. Faltu from Falto
  • 20. This word was from a Hindi word meaning press. This word was used during the 18th century by the Europeans who were in the Turkish baths.This is basically a word to give instruction to the masseur to press and massage. Somehow or rather along the way, the word became X. Give X.
  • 21. Shampoo from Campo
  • 22. This word came from thename of a city in west India.The men in this city wore a type of garment. In late 19th century, the English used similar type ofgarments, i.e. trousers that are loose above the knee and tight from the knee to ankle, worn when riding a horse. What is the word?
  • 23. Jodhpurs
  • 24. The name has its origins in a Test match played between the West Indies and England at Old Trafford, Manchester, in the year 1933. Elliss “Puss” Achong , was a leftarm orthodox spinner, playing for the WestIndies at the time. According to folklore, Achong is said to have had Walter Robbins stumped off a surprise delivery that spun into the righthander from outside the off stump. As he walked back to the pavilion, Robbins said to his teammates "Fancy being done by abloody_______!", leading to the popularity of the term in England, and subsequently, in the rest of the world. What term?
  • 25. China man
  • 26. This phrase X has its origin inthe following Biblical verseJeremiah 11:19:But I was like a gentle X; And Idid not know that they haddevised plots against me, "Letus destroy the tree with itsfruit, And let us cut him offfrom the land of the living,That his name beremembered no more."The allusion to the especialhelplessness of _____ wasmade use of in this 1991 film. What is the phrase X?
  • 27. Lamb to the slaughter
  • 28. The term was coined by Ludwig August von Rochau, a German writer and politician in the 19th century,following Klemens Metternichs lead in finding ways to balance the power of European empires. The term refers to politics or diplomacy based primarily on practical considerations, rather than ideological notions. The term is often used pejoratively to imply politics that are coercive, amoral or Machiavellian. What is the term?
  • 29. Realpolitik
  • 30. This motorsport whichessentially comprises of a series of timed stuntsdone in a predetermined order owes its name eventually to the Hindi word meaning ‘Ball House’.What is this sport called?
  • 31. Motorkhana, derived fromGymkhana, which in turn comes from ‘Gendkhana’
  • 32. ___ _____ is a derogatory term used to refer to appropriation of government spending for localized projects which benefit only the representative’s constituency/district.The term may have originated in the US during the pre-Civil War days when slaves were given 1 salt ____ ____ as reward and requiring them to compete amongst themselves to get their share of the handout.In an 1863 story by Edward Hale, the term began to be associated with public spending for the citizenry. What term?
  • 33. Pork barrel
  • 34. John Dennis, a popular English critic playwright of the 1700s, wrote a play called Appius & Virginia Story goes that Dennis developed a unique background effect for the stage during the play but the play was cancelled by the theatre due to lack of audienceWhen Dennis returned to the theatre for another play, he saw his effect being used without permission and exclaimed:“That’s my _____, by God! The villains will play my ____ but not my play!” What phrase did English language gain due to this incident?
  • 35. The phrase “Steal my Thunder”.
  • 36. On December 8, 1869 Leopold and Fanny (both writers)signed a contract making Leopold the slave of Fanny Pistor Bogdanoff for the period of six months. The stipulation on the contract stated that the Baroness (as Fanny called herself) wear furs as often as possibleespecially when she was in a bad mood. Leopold would be disguised as a servant and travel in the 3rd class while Fanny would travel in the 1st class. The real life contract served as the base for a novel in which the character represented by Fanny acquired a lover to arouse jealousy in the character represented by Leopold. What is the significance of this story?(Looking for a specific word)
  • 37. Leopold’s full name was Leopold VonSacher Masoch. His last name inspired the term “Masochism”
  • 38. First used in late 14th century, the word in HomericGreek means "pure, fresh air" or "clear sky", imaginedin Greek mythology to be the pure essence where thegods lived and which they breathed, analogous to theair breathed by mortals. It corresponds to the concept of Akasha in Hindu philosophy and is linked to Brihaspati (or the planet Jupiter) and the centredirection of the compass. This word and the concept it stood for was very influential in the Greek (and hence the whole) scientific world. What word?
  • 39. Ether
  • 40. . According to the Oxford EnglishDictionary, the word dates to the mid- 17th century. The word X can be traced to Urdu word. This Urdu form has an initial uvular velar, which indicates its foreignorigin. It is probably a borrowing from a Turkic language (via Persian), possibly a shortening of Arabic ghulam "servant". The Chinese word 苦力 literally means "bitterly hard (use of) strength", the Mandarin pronunciation, in Cantonese, the term is 咕喱 .The word is referred as an Asian slave. What is the term?
  • 41. Coolie
  • 42. Some reports date the phrase from 1769 when it is said that aseaman called George Wood confessed to a chaplain in Newgate Prison the he and his shipmates had forced others to commit something. These reports derive from Douglas Bottingsauthoritative book The Pirates, 1978. Botting himself doesnt set much store by it, describing the alleged confession as an obscure account ... which may or may not be true, and in any case had nothing to do with pirates. There are documentary records of the phrases use dating from the late 18th century. What is the phrase?
  • 43. Walk the Plank
  • 44. This phrase is the modern English for the OldEnglish term for Ragnarök, the greatcatastrophe of Norse mythology. The termbecame used for the Christian Day ofJudgement, as by William Shakespearein Macbeth:Thou art too like the spirit of Banquo: down!Thy crown does sear mine eye-balls. And thyhair,Thou other gold-bound brow, is like the first.A third is like the former. Filthy hags!Why do you show me this? A fourth! Start,eyes!What, will the line stretch out to ____ ______?This appealed to Tolkien as can be seen in TheLord of the Rings.What is the phrase?
  • 45. Crack of doom
  • 46. It originally meant "provider of shelter, innkeeper" and later "one sent ahead to arrange lodgings" (for amonarch, an army, etc.) It is this usage which has led to today’s sense of the word – an omen, or a forerunner. Hint for DOTA players What word?
  • 47. Harbinger
  • 48. X is said to originate from the Cantonese dialect for the word 快快 (kuài kuài) which is said to urgesomeone to hurry up. Kuai means hurry in Chinese. The earliest known citation of X in print is from the English language newspaper that was printed in Canton in the early 19th century - The CantonRegister, 13 May 1834: "We have also... ‘____ _____ hurry." What is the term?
  • 49. Chop-chop
  • 50. X in its oldest form has now gone out of regular useand has been replaced by its modern compatriot . It is first found in Richard Taverners Prouerbes ,gathered out of the Chiliades of Erasmus:"Ye set the cart before the horse - clean contrarily and ____ _____ as they say." X is found in print quite early, as in Anthony Copleys An answer to a letter by his cousin : "They are like to bee put to such a penance and the Arch-Priests X to be suspended and attained as Schismatically." In 1915, the psychologist Edgar Rubin created a cognitive illusion that is a visual equivalent of the phrase. Sadly, being Danish, Rubin described theconundrum as a synsoplevede figurer (visual figure). Give the phrase X.
  • 51. Vice Versa
  • 52. Odysseus learns from the blind seer Tiresias that he must journey through a strait where the path breaks into two; no matter what path he and hiscrew choose, Tiresias forebodes, the outcome will be equally perilous. For on one side is the Scylla monster who gobbles uphis men like chickens and on the other side is a gaping whirlpoolwith teeth called the Charybdis, which swallows his men alive. What popular phrase arises from this?
  • 53. Caught between rock and hard place or Caught between Scylla and Charybdis