BWT Retrofitting Support (Vedam)

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Vedam, a marine design & consulting firm based in Mumbai, India offers complete engineering support for Installation of Ballast Water Treatment Plant onbaord vessels of all types & sizes.
Vedam has been involved in the Ballast water management field for four years and have prepared BWM plan for various shipowners worldwide.
Vedam provides match-making, feasibility, design, supervision, class approvals and complete project management to shipowners including equipment selection, shipyard selection, BoQs for associate modifications (structural, piping, electrical, etc) and coordination with all parties for installation of BWT Plant.

Vedam provide engineering assistance to various Ship Owners and OEMs for installing their system onboard vessels of their clients.

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BWT Retrofitting Support (Vedam)

  1. 1. VEDAM DESIGN & TECHNICAL CONSULTANCY PVT. LTD.504-506, Acropolis, Military Road, +91-22-67109192 , +91-22- 67257237Marol, Andheri (E), Mumbai-59, INDIA vedam@vedamindia.com, www.vedamindia.com
  2. 2.  Ballast Water Convention  Entry in to Force – Status  Treatment Types & Approved Makers  Engineering  Case Study  ChallengeMarine Consulting | Basic Design | Production Design | Conversion Design | Inclining Experiment | Stability Analysis | Structural FEM Analysis | Mooring Analysis | Shipboard Manuals | New Building & Repair Supervision |
  3. 3. The introduction of harmful aquatic organisms and pathogens to new environments, including via ships„ ballast water, has been identified as one of the four greatest threats to the world„s oceans - Secretary General, IMO, 2003Marine Consulting | Basic Design | Production Design | Conversion Design | Inclining Experiment | Stability Analysis | Structural FEM Analysis | Mooring Analysis | Shipboard Manuals | New Building & Repair Supervision |
  4. 4. In Feb 2004, IMO adopted an INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION FOR THE CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT OF SHIPS BALLAST WATER AND SEDIMENTS (commonly known as “Ballast Water Convention”) Objective to regulate – discharges of ballast water and reduce the risk of introducing non- native species from ships’ ballast water.Marine Consulting | Basic Design | Production Design | Conversion Design | Inclining Experiment | Stability Analysis | Structural FEM Analysis | Mooring Analysis | Shipboard Manuals | New Building & Repair Supervision |
  5. 5. Applicable to all vessel types operating in aquatic environment which are designed to carry ballast water & are entitled to fly the flag of a Party to the convention Regulates the discharge of BW either by BW exchange (Reg.D1) or by treating ballast water to meet certain standard (Reg.D2) by gradual implementation of convention depending on ships‟ build date and quantity of ballast carried on-board. Convention also issued Guidelines – G1 to G14 The requirement of TREATMENT comes from Reg D2.Marine Consulting | Basic Design | Production Design | Conversion Design | Inclining Experiment | Stability Analysis | Structural FEM Analysis | Mooring Analysis | Shipboard Manuals | New Building & Repair Supervision |
  6. 6. Organism Category Regulation Plankton, >50 μm in minimum < 10 cells / m3 dimension Plankton, 10-50 μm < 10 cells / ml Toxicogenic Vibrio cholera (O1 < 1 cfu* / 100 ml and O139) or less than 1cfu /g (wet weight) Escherichia coli < 250 cfu* / 100 ml Intestinal Enterococci < 100 cfu* / 100 ml Sets standard for the Treatment systems to comply Treatment Systems must be tested and approved in accordance with IMO Guidelines - G8 (&G9 if active substance used)Marine Consulting | Basic Design | Production Design | Conversion Design | Inclining Experiment | Stability Analysis | Structural FEM Analysis | Mooring Analysis | Shipboard Manuals | New Building & Repair Supervision |
  7. 7.  USCG has proposed a regulation to be implemented in two phases: ◦ Phase 1 same as IMO-D2. ◦ Phase 2 is around 1000 times stringent  applicable for ships built after 2016,  Ships built before 2016 should comply first docking or Five (5) years after phase 1 implementation (greater)  Practicality review is proposed in 2013 to evaluate availability of technology to achieve set standards.Marine Consulting | Basic Design | Production Design | Conversion Design | Inclining Experiment | Stability Analysis | Structural FEM Analysis | Mooring Analysis | Shipboard Manuals | New Building & Repair Supervision |
  8. 8. Entry in Force (EIF) – 12 Months after 30 States comprising of minimum 35% of world’s Merchant shipping Gross Tonnage has ratified the convention. Status (9th Jan 2012): States % Tonnage States Already Ratified Albania, Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Required: Required: Brazil, Canada, Cook Islands, Croatia, 30 35% Egypt, France, Iran, Kenya, Kiribati, Republic of Korea, Liberia, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mexico, Ratified: Ratified: Netherlands, Nigeria, Norway, Saint 33 26.46% Kittsand Nevis, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Syrian Arab Republic, Tuvalu, Lebanon, Trinidad & TobagoMarine Consulting | Basic Design | Production Design | Conversion Design | Inclining Experiment | Stability Analysis | Structural FEM Analysis | Mooring Analysis | Shipboard Manuals | New Building & Repair Supervision |
  9. 9. Applicability of D2 Standards Before 2009 Built Date 3 Categories 2009 – 2012 After 2012 <1500 CuM & Ship Type > 5000 CuM 2 Categories (Ballast Capacity) 1500 – 5000 CuMMarine Consulting | Basic Design | Production Design | Conversion Design | Inclining Experiment | Stability Analysis | Structural FEM Analysis | Mooring Analysis | Shipboard Manuals | New Building & Repair Supervision |
  10. 10. Ships built in & After 2012 2009 2012 2016 3 <1500M D2 3 1500-5000M D2 3 >5000M D2Marine Consulting | Basic Design | Production Design | Conversion Design | Inclining Experiment | Stability Analysis | Structural FEM Analysis | Mooring Analysis | Shipboard Manuals | New Building & Repair Supervision |
  11. 11. Ships built between 2009 & 2012 2009 2012 2014 2016 3 <1500M D2 3 1500-5000M D2 3 >5000M D2 Comply with the D-2 standard not later than the first intermediate or renewal survey, whichever occurs first, after the anniversary date of the ship in 2016.Marine Consulting | Basic Design | Production Design | Conversion Design | Inclining Experiment | Stability Analysis | Structural FEM Analysis | Mooring Analysis | Shipboard Manuals | New Building & Repair Supervision |
  12. 12. Ships built before 2009 2009 2012 2014 2016 3 <1500M D2 3 1500-5000M D2 3 >5000M D2 Comply with the D-2 standard not later than the first intermediate or renewal survey, whichever occurs first, after the anniversary date of the ship in 2014/2016 for respective categories.Marine Consulting | Basic Design | Production Design | Conversion Design | Inclining Experiment | Stability Analysis | Structural FEM Analysis | Mooring Analysis | Shipboard Manuals | New Building & Repair Supervision |
  13. 13. Due to Slow pace of adoption, some of the implementation deadlines are already passed, this mandates for IMMEDIATE compliance of D2 standards for following vessels at the time of ratification. Built : in and after 2009 Ballast Capacity: <5000 CuMMarine Consulting | Basic Design | Production Design | Conversion Design | Inclining Experiment | Stability Analysis | Structural FEM Analysis | Mooring Analysis | Shipboard Manuals | New Building & Repair Supervision |
  14. 14. Generally, two (2) Stages of Treatment Process (Some may also have a third stage of Neutralisation at discharge) FILTRATION DISINFECTION PHYSICAL CHEMICAL • Filters • UV Radiation • Chlorination • Cyclonic • Cavitation • Electrolysis Separation • Ultrasonic • Ozonation • Coagulation • De-oxygenation • Peracetic acidMarine Consulting | Basic Design | Production Design | Conversion Design | Inclining Experiment | Stability Analysis | Structural FEM Analysis | Mooring Analysis | Shipboard Manuals | New Building & Repair Supervision |
  15. 15. Name of Ballast water Management Active Approval Date Name of the Administration System Substance Det Norske Veritas,as delegated by the Norwegian 1 June 2008 PureBallast System Yes Administration SEDNA, Ballast water Management 2 10-Jun-08 Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency Germany Yes Syatem Ministry of Land,Transport and Maritime Affairs,the Republic 3 31-Dec-08 Electro Cleen System Yes of Korea Det Norske Veritas as delegated by the Norwegian OceanSaver Ballast Water Management 4 17-Apr-09 Yes Administration System(OS BWMS) Ministry of Land,Transfort and Maritime Afffairs,the 5 24-Nov-09 NK-03 BlueBallast System(Ozone) Yes Republic of Korea Ministry of Land,Transfort and Maritime Afffairs,the GloEn-Patrol Ballast Water 6 4-Dec-09 Yes Republic of Korea Management System Ministry of Land,Infrastructure,Transfort and Tourism of Hitachi Ballast Water Management 7 5-Mar-10 Yes Japan System(CLearBallast) BalClor Ballast Water Management 8 28-Jan-11 China Maritime Safety Administration Yes System Inspection and Measurement Division, Maritime Bureau 26 May 11 & JFE BallastAce Ballastwater 9 Ministry of Land,Infrastructure Transport and Tourism of Yes 25 Mar 11 Management System Japan 10 19-Apr-11 The Soth African Department of Transport Resource Ballast Technologies System Yes 2-Sep-08 Offfice of the Maritime Administration Marshall Islands 11 NEI Treatment System VOS 2500-101 No 19-Jan-10 Merchant Shipping Dircetorate of Malta Lyoyds Register as delegated by the Administration of the Hyde GUARDIAN Ballast water 12 29-Apr-09 No United Kingdom Management System Det Norske Veritas as delegated by the Norwegian 13 12-Nov-09 OptiMarin Ballast System(OBS) No Administration Blue Ocean Shield Ballast Management 14 16-Feb-11 China Maritime Safety Administration No System 15 10-Mar-11 The Norwegian Maritime Administration PureBallst 2.0 and PureBallast 2.0 Ex No BSKY Ballast Water Management 16 28-Mar-11 China Maritime Safety Administration No System Office of the Maritime Administrator, Republic of the NEI treatment System VOS-500 to 17 6-Aug-11 No Marshal Islands VOS_6000Marine Consulting | Basic Design | Production Design | Conversion Design | Inclining Experiment | Stability Analysis | Structural FEM Analysis | Mooring Analysis | Shipboard Manuals | New Building & Repair Supervision |
  16. 16. Feasibility & Selection of Equipment Installation Location Piping Design Electrical DesignMarine Consulting | Basic Design | Production Design | Conversion Design | Inclining Experiment | Stability Analysis | Structural FEM Analysis | Mooring Analysis | Shipboard Manuals | New Building & Repair Supervision |
  17. 17. Feasibility & Selection of Equipment  Ship Type & Capacity  Ballast system characteristics  Trading routes  Space & Power availability onboard  Installation Engineering  Maker – approval, reputation & reliability  Life cycle costs  Etc…Marine Consulting | Basic Design | Production Design | Conversion Design | Inclining Experiment | Stability Analysis | Structural FEM Analysis | Mooring Analysis | Shipboard Manuals | New Building & Repair Supervision |
  18. 18. Installation Location - For Equipment & PIPING Single skid installation OR Multi Location Installation Deciding Factors –  availability of space  installation accessibility  Minimum modifications (structural, piping, electrical)Marine Consulting | Basic Design | Production Design | Conversion Design | Inclining Experiment | Stability Analysis | Structural FEM Analysis | Mooring Analysis | Shipboard Manuals | New Building & Repair Supervision |
  19. 19. Installation Location  Machinery Spaces • Access for maintenance • Additional ventilation for storage of chemicals  Pump Room • Explosion proof systems  Exposed Deck • Explosion proof systems in case of tankers • Increase in GT if enclosed compartment added  New Structural Void tanksMarine Consulting | Basic Design | Production Design | Conversion Design | Inclining Experiment | Stability Analysis | Structural FEM Analysis | Mooring Analysis | Shipboard Manuals | New Building & Repair Supervision |
  20. 20. Piping Design  Modification of P&ID  Pipe Routing (3D Model) ◦ Minimizing pressure loss  Pipe pre fabrication drawings  Bill of material  Pipe Installation DrawingsMarine Consulting | Basic Design | Production Design | Conversion Design | Inclining Experiment | Stability Analysis | Structural FEM Analysis | Mooring Analysis | Shipboard Manuals | New Building & Repair Supervision |
  21. 21. Electrical Design  Load Calculation  Modified 1-Line Diagram  Cable ducts routings & penetrations  Cable Installation DrawingsMarine Consulting | Basic Design | Production Design | Conversion Design | Inclining Experiment | Stability Analysis | Structural FEM Analysis | Mooring Analysis | Shipboard Manuals | New Building & Repair Supervision |
  22. 22. Methodology  In Situ pipe fabrication & installation ◦ Less engineering required ◦ High chances of rework for clash removals ◦ High Wastage of material & time ◦ High down time for ship  Manual measurement onboard, 3D Routing & pre-fab ◦ Less down time of ship ◦ Pipes fabricated at workshop – good quality ◦ Large amount of engineering time spent onboard for measurement  3D Laser Scan, 3D Routing & pre-fab ◦ Less time spent onboardMarine Consulting | Basic Design | Production Design | Conversion Design | Inclining Experiment | Stability Analysis | Structural FEM Analysis | Mooring Analysis | Shipboard Manuals | New Building & Repair Supervision |
  23. 23. Execution  At docking/Quay side ◦ Ship off-hire for the period of retrofit ◦ Must in case of in situ fabrication (hot work) & installation  During sailing/operation ◦ Pipe can be pre-fabricated using Pre-fabrication drawings from 3D model ◦ Installation can be done during operation (cold fitting) with least interference in normal operationMarine Consulting | Basic Design | Production Design | Conversion Design | Inclining Experiment | Stability Analysis | Structural FEM Analysis | Mooring Analysis | Shipboard Manuals | New Building & Repair Supervision |
  24. 24. Project Management  Class Approvals ◦ Approvals for Retrofit Drawings ◦ Coordination for Class survey onboard  Workshop Coordination ◦ Technical Specification for retrofit ◦ Job work order & Workshop Selection  Supervision ◦ Quality inspections (critical for in-situ fabrication) ◦ Workshop inspections for pre-fab pipes  CommissioningMarine Consulting | Basic Design | Production Design | Conversion Design | Inclining Experiment | Stability Analysis | Structural FEM Analysis | Mooring Analysis | Shipboard Manuals | New Building & Repair Supervision |
  25. 25.  5500 DWT MPC ◦ Length O.A – 104.000 ◦ Length B.P - 98.535 ◦ Breadth - 15.250 ◦ Depth - 7.450 ◦ Draft - 5.600  Ballast capacity – 2250 CuM  Ballast pumps – 150 CuM/hr @ 2.5Bar  BWMT - PureBallast 2.0, Alfa LavalMarine Consulting | Basic Design | Production Design | Conversion Design | Inclining Experiment | Stability Analysis | Structural FEM Analysis | Mooring Analysis | Shipboard Manuals | New Building & Repair Supervision |
  26. 26.  Location - Engine Room ◦ Being MPC Only space available is ERMarine Consulting | Basic Design | Production Design | Conversion Design | Inclining Experiment | Stability Analysis | Structural FEM Analysis | Mooring Analysis | Shipboard Manuals | New Building & Repair Supervision |
  27. 27.  Location - Engine Room ◦ Unavailability of space in Tank Top ◦ Additional Mezzanine Platform CreatedMarine Consulting | Basic Design | Production Design | Conversion Design | Inclining Experiment | Stability Analysis | Structural FEM Analysis | Mooring Analysis | Shipboard Manuals | New Building & Repair Supervision |
  28. 28.  Design Deliverables : ◦ Piping –  Modified P&ID (Class Approved)  Pre-Fabrication drawings  Installation Drawings ◦ Platform Fabrication Drawings ◦ ER arrangement plan (Modified) ◦ Updated Electrical 1-line DiagramMarine Consulting | Basic Design | Production Design | Conversion Design | Inclining Experiment | Stability Analysis | Structural FEM Analysis | Mooring Analysis | Shipboard Manuals | New Building & Repair Supervision |
  29. 29.  Feasibility & Costing ◦ 32,000 Bulk Carrier ◦ Ballast Pumps - 2x700 CuM/hr Pumps, ◦ Ballast Capacity - Total 12,000 CuM ◦ Equipment with different treatment methods analysed ◦ Capex ranges from approx 800,000 To 1.3M USD ◦ Annual Expense ranges from 7,000 To 25,000 USDMarine Consulting | Basic Design | Production Design | Conversion Design | Inclining Experiment | Stability Analysis | Structural FEM Analysis | Mooring Analysis | Shipboard Manuals | New Building & Repair Supervision |
  30. 30.  Total 60,000 Ships required to be retrofitted in a short period of time.  All existing ships must start retrofitting by 2015.  The price of equipment have drastically reduced in last two years. However, this may see reverse trend post ratification.  Sudden Demand for retrofits : ◦ Equipment - High Cost / High Lead time / Non Availability ◦ Long Class approval Time ◦ Premium Engineering HrsMarine Consulting | Basic Design | Production Design | Conversion Design | Inclining Experiment | Stability Analysis | Structural FEM Analysis | Mooring Analysis | Shipboard Manuals | New Building & Repair Supervision |
  31. 31. Are we Ready? - Ministry of Infrastructure & Environment BW Convention, Nov 2011, NetherlandsMarine Consulting | Basic Design | Production Design | Conversion Design | Inclining Experiment | Stability Analysis | Structural FEM Analysis | Mooring Analysis | Shipboard Manuals | New Building & Repair Supervision |
  32. 32. VEDAM, an ISO 9001-2008 certified company offers design & technical consultancy to marine industry and is the only company of its kind to provide complete gamut of technical services to shipyards and ship owners worldwide. Projects executed in over 20 countries across Globe 32Marine Consulting | Basic Design | Production Design | Conversion Design | Inclining Experiment | Stability Analysis | Structural FEM Analysis | Mooring Analysis | Shipboard Manuals | New Building & Repair Supervision |
  33. 33.  Tanker Conversion: Conversion  Single hull to Double Hull Design  Tanker to Bulk Carrier  Product Tanker to Chemical Carrier  Tanker to FSO Conversion  OSV to Diving Support vessel Design  DP1/2 Conversion. FiFi1/2 Conversions Process  Training Ship Conversion  Cargo Vessel to Research Vessel •Pre-Feasibility Study Conversion •Feasibility Study •Concept Design  Deck Barge to Accommodation Barge •Structural Design •Machinery and piping Design  Lengthening/Jumboizing of Vessel •Electrical and HVAC Design •Detail DesignMarine Consulting | Basic Design | Production Design | Conversion Design | Inclining Experiment | Stability Analysis | Structural FEM Analysis | Mooring Analysis | Shipboard Manuals | New Building & Repair Supervision |
  34. 34. Retrofit Design • Crane Installation •Structural Design • Mooring system design Processes •Stability Booklets installation •Class drawings for • Bulkhead/Tank approval •Structural Analysis Modifications •Mooring Analysis •Production drawing • Pipeline modifications for the work • Accommodation •Stability Analysis increase shop/retrofitting •Machinery /Electrical • Equipment Installation team System Design (Pumps/Engines/Cargo •Rules compliance Gear/Bow Thruster/etc) check Output Modification •Onboard feasibility checkMarine Consulting | Basic Design | Production Design | Conversion Design | Inclining Experiment | Stability Analysis | Structural FEM Analysis | Mooring Analysis | Shipboard Manuals | New Building & Repair Supervision |
  35. 35. Initial Design Producti Software on Services Design Supervis Conversi ion and Surveys Vedam on Design Naval Structur Arch al Plans & Analysis Calculati (FEM) Marine consulta ons ncy THANK YOUVEDAM DESIGN & TECHNICAL CONSULTANCYPVT. LTD.Marine Consulting | Basic Design | Production Design | Conversion Design | New Building & Repair Supervision |Stability Analysis | Structural FEM Analysis | Mooring Analysis | Shipboard Manuals | Inclining Experiment |

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