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    Mimicry Mimicry Presentation Transcript

    • Photo Credits: http://exploringmybackyard.blogspot.com/2011/08/bullying/graphics.html
    • DEFENSE MECHANISM Spike Coverings Shedding Flesh Mechanical Escape PoisonPhot Credits: http://blogobscure.blogspot.com/2008/07/mimicry-and-whole-subjects.html
    • Siphanta acuta Penkohvosti Chameleon Owls and MothsPhoto Credits: http://falkenblog.blogspot.com/2010/07/batesian-mimicry-explanation-of.html
    • MIMICRY It is the similarity of one speciesto another which protects one or both.This similarity can be in appearance,behavior, sound, scent and location,with the mimics found in similarplaces to their models.
    • (b) Yellow jacket wasp (a) Cuckoo bee • Batesian Mimicry - harmless species resembles dangerous species • Mullerian Mimicry - dangerous species resembling each other Example: bees and waspsPhoto Credits: http://exploringmybackyard.blogspot.com/2011/08/mud-daubers-architects-of-insect-world.html
    • EACH OTHER’S DEFENSEMüllerian Mimicry in Yellow Jacket Wasp and a Honeybee Ma. Veah Luisa O. Pascasio
    • Müllerian Mimicry• was proposed by Johann FriedrichTheodor Müller (1821–1897).• is an understanding on warningsignals or aposematism.
    • Müllerian Mimicry Honeybee Yellow Jacket wasp Honeybee PREDATORS is a natural phenomenon in which two or morepoisonous species, that may or may not be closely relatedand share one or more common predators, have cometo mimic each others warning signals.
    • Müllerian Mimicry Viceroy butterfly Monarch butterflyPhoto Credits: http://blogobscure.blogspot.com/2008/07/mimicry-and-whole-subjects.html
    • Blue Poison Dart Frog Golden MantellaPhoto Credits: http://falkenblog.blogspot.com/2010/07/batesian-mimicry-explanation-of.html
    • Yellow Jacket wasp TAXONOMY HoneybeeKingdom: Animalia Kingdom: AnimaliaPhylum: Arthropoda Phylum: ArthropodaClass: Insecta Class: InsectaOrder: Hymenoptera Order: HymenopteraFamily: Vespidae Family: ApinaeGenus: Vespula Genus: Apis
    • DISTINGUISHING CHARACTERISTICS PHYSICAL FEATURES wasp honeybeePhot Credits: http://scienceray.com/biology/zoology/seven-defense-mechanisms-of-animals/
    • wasp honeybeePhoto Credits: http://exploringmybackyard.blogspot.com/2011/08/mud-daubers-architects-of-insect-world.html
    • HABITAT waspPhot Credits: http://blogobscure.blogspot.com/2008/07/mimicry-and-whole-subjects.html
    • honeybeePhoto Credits: http://falkenblog.blogspot.com/2010/07/batesian-mimicry-explanation-of.html
    • PREDATORS Spiders Praying Mantis FrogsPhoto Credits: http://exploringmybackyard.blogspot.com/2011/08/mud-daubers-architects-of-insect-world.html
    • Varroa MitesPhot Credits: http://blogobscure.blogspot.com/2008/07/mimicry-and-whole-subjects.html
    • STING and AGGRESSION waspPhoto Credits: http://falkenblog.blogspot.com/2010/07/batesian-mimicry-explanation-of.html
    • honeybeePhot Credits: http://scienceray.com/biology/zoology/seven-defense-mechanisms-of-animals/
    • Factors that determine the effects ofmimicry: 1. Frequency of the mimic. 2. Degree of unpalatability of the species 3. Degree of perfection of the mimic.
    • MiMicry rings A theory which suggests that all Müllerian mimics in an ecosystem should converge into one large ring
    • References Brower, L. P.; Ryerson, W. N.; Coppinger, L. L.; Glazier, S. C. (1968)."Ecological chemistry and the palatability spectrum". Science 161 (3848):1349–51.Meyer, A. (2006). "Repeating patterns of mimicry". PLoS Biol 4 (10): e341Ritland, D.; L. P. Brower (1991). "The viceroy butterfly is not a Batesianmimic". Nature 350 (6318): 497–498.Smith, S. M. (1975). "Innate Recognition of Coral Snake Pattern by a PossibleAvian Predator". Science 187 (4178): 759–760.http://blogobscure.blogspot.com/2008/07/mimicry-and-whole-subjects.htmlhttp://falkenblog.blogspot.com/2010/07/batehttp://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/pubman/faces/viewItemFullPage.jsp?itemId=escidoc:440622 sian-mimicry-explanation-of.htmlhttp://www.sciencemag.org/content/161/3848/1349