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Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session
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Literature searching and finding information Psychology 2nd year session

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Covers planning your search, useful tips, and takes you through searching Summon, Google Scholar, PsycInfo, Social Sciences Citation Index, and searching the internet for grey literature.

Covers planning your search, useful tips, and takes you through searching Summon, Google Scholar, PsycInfo, Social Sciences Citation Index, and searching the internet for grey literature.

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  • We only have so much time so won’t go in depth for each one but will give an overview, show you the best way to search and point out the best features. Summon and Google Scholar are good general resources that will find books and journals but they search across ALL subject areas. Google Scholar – don’t know what it’s searching. Summon – simple search which can limit you a bit but it’s all quality info paid for by the university. WOK & Psychinfo are specific to subject areas – social sciences and psycinfo specifically and so you should get better, more relevant results Does anyone know what grey lit is? We’ll look briefly at how you find government and organisational reports
  • Point 2 - explain/evaluate/update/overview/latest research?
  • Will save time – don't need to write an essay, don't need to necessarily write anything down if you don't want but you should always think about these things or you’ll log onto a database and waste time.
  • Emphasise the trail of paper/links .... Not to ignore cited references – won’t always get you the Example for Targeted searches – looking at the effect on the child’s development of mothers with depression – could look at different age groups and get one article for each 0-1 years, toddlers, 6-8, and early teensAnswer to question = different kinds of offenders/criminals, different drugs, different therapies.
  • Example - point 2 expanding keyword search – official term postnatal depression – upon searching for the first years discovered many article titles and abstracts instead mentioned ‘maternal depression’ – picking up on this allowed us to expand our search.
  • Feedback and show this slide hopefully they’ve found some of these
  • Google Scholar is a good quick cross search which searches across all subject areas but it does have it’s limitations. search across ALL subject areas. Google Scholar – don’t know what it’s searching.
  • What is available through Middlesex is highlighted on the right Many results are quite old – this may / may not be important depending on your topic Mostly journal articles but you still need to look at the source
  • Copy the citation ‘Columbia University. National Center on Addiction, and Substance Abuse. Behind bars: Substance abuse and America's prison population. National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University, 1998’ and show them the file and that it has a relevant sections on treatment. But if you were going to use one of these reports which would you use? > latest! 1998 vs. 2010.
  • Remind them they’re in pairs – one person can do the searching and one the writing – they can swap around for each database search
  • Mention again logging intoUniHub
  • Mention cookie
  • Demo = Search ‘crime drug addiction treatment psychology’ Show them limit to full textMention lots of results not relevant Show them the useful ebook in the screenshot – chapter 8 ‘Psychology of addiciton’
  • Mention again logging intoUniHub
  • Enter each synonym for your first concept (Crime) - You will be asked to select a subject heading – if they are useful select some – but don’t go overboard or get too general as you’ll get too many results (if interested in ‘behavioural therapy’ don’t select just ‘behaviour’ = too broad) If there’s not a suitable heading or you don't like the ones the database suggests you can just free search your keyword as you entered it If I want to focus I could select violent crime or serial crime – but I'll start off general see what we get and then we can narrow down our focus if we want
  • Search one by one on each line:Criminal*Crime (select subject heading ‘crime’) – ASK THEM why would I not truncate crim* but search Crime* and criminal* = this is an example where the shortened version would pick up too many irrelevant resultsOffender* (also select offered subject heading ‘criminals’)Convict*Inmate* (also select offered subject heading ‘prisoners’)
  • Explain you have each term listed separately and you need to select them and combine with ‘OR’ to use the words/synonyms interchangeably Your combined words for your first concept are now listed at number 6 I’ll now do the same for the other two concepts
  • Search:Drug* (select as keyword and also select subject headings ‘drug abuse’ and ‘drug addiction’ “substance abuse” (have already selected drug abuse heading)And combine Then search:Therap* (could select more specific therapy from list if you want – ie ; conginitive behavioural therapy) Program* - will pick up UK/Us spellings Counsel* - will pick up both spellings (also select subject headings ‘counseling’)And combine
  • Show/Mention additional limits like age group in the additional limits section but this may be overwhelming so don't confuse yourself – the most useful option on that big screen is ‘age group’ and ‘methodology’
  • Get them to give you ideas:CurrentAuthoritativeObjective – balanced, unbiased – what’s their intent? EtcRelevant – who is it aimed at? Level, Context e.g. UK/US
  • * http://www.glisc.info/
  • Don’t try and overstuff your essays with references
  • Do the search and scroll down and show them there are various things from .govs and .orgs
  • Say sorry I haven't had time to add the links but they’ll be there after Christmas.
  • Relevant section – publications or reports usually
  • Tell them to start playing around with resources and get used to using and how they each work – when they have questions or a specific project they need help researching on databases contact me in groups or individuallyMention that they can make appointments through LibGuide
  • Transcript

    • 1. PSY2005 Lab Week 10: Literature Searching1
    • 2. Aims & Outcomes  Provide an overview of a literature search  Defining your research question and search strategy  Introduction to database searching Summon Google Scholar Web of Knowledge Psycinfo Grey Literature  In pairs complete a log book on a topic with 5 bibliographic references during the session2
    • 3. Defining the research question  Search topic: Turning your search in to a series of questions  What is my topic?  Keywords = crime, drug addiction and treatments  What question do I need to answer? What is it asking me to do?  Drug addiction treatments for offenders  What research has been conducted on the use of therapy for offenders who take drugs?  What type of information will best answer the question? Journal articles? Statistics? Official reports?  Journal articles and official reports  Which areas of the world are you interested in?  Western Europe/USA/Australia/developing world etc…  Are you interested in a particular population or patient group?  Offenders with drug problems  How far back in time can you search before the information becomes irrelevant?  19903
    • 4. Planning your search …. 1  Boring but WORTH IT!  Pick out your concepts and separate them  drugs, addiction, therapy, offenders, etc  Think of other words that are similar to your key words but represent the same concepts  Illegal drugs, Counselling, criminals, programmes (programs)  Think of narrower words that fit into your terms to hone your search if you’re getting too much information4
    • 5. Planning your search ... 2  Search strategies  Systematic – you try to find all relevant material – consider what type of assessment you are doing and how big it is (how many words) and how big the topic is (it may be impossible if your topic is too general!)  Retrospective – you find the most recent material and work backwards  Citation – you follow leads from useful articles, books and reading lists  Targeted – you restrict your topic and focus in on a narrow area of the literature NOTE you can often build an answer to a very general question like this (pick a few select aspects which cover the scope of the large topic you are addressing and this will make your life easier)  For e.g. Effect on child development of postnatal depression - Could look at 1 article from a few key age groups and answer your question that way.  Can you think of how we could target in our search on addiction and offenders?5
    • 6. Useful clues/things to pick up on  Read and repeat the process  Look for key words in the relevant literature  Literature searching is a cycle – you will often need to improve your search / play around with a few different searches  Search strategies  Citation – you follow leads from useful articles, books and reading lists  Expanding your keyword base as you go along – keep an eye out for other recurring synonyms/alternative keywords in your search results  Start big – you may have to get smaller and more specific if you don’t want to look through hundreds of results!  Limiting the search strategy  e.g. randomized trials; publication date; empirical study; English6 language; type of drug; type of offender (race/age/crime)
    • 7. Useful clues/things to pick up on  Watch out for spellings US/UK behavior / behaviour Counselor / counselling  Truncate your term* Offend* will find offending, offender, offenders Counsel* will find counselling, counsellor, counsellors  Keep phrases together with speech marks “substance abuse”7
    • 8. Exercise 1 - Keywords • On the sheet .... (ignore the arrows for now) • List synonyms (alternative keywords) and narrower terms for your basic search terms • This will enable you to run bigger searches or lots of little searches and find more results Crime Drug addiction Treatment8
    • 9. Synonyms Crime Drug addiction Treatment Criminal* “Substance abuse” Therapy Offender* “Illicit drugs” Counsel* Convict* “Illegal drugs” Program* “Criminal population” Inmate* “Criminal justice system” Narrower Terms Crime Drug addiction Treatment “Youth offenders” Opiates “Talk therapy” “Repeat offenders” “Psychotropic drugs” “Behavioural therapy” “First time offenders” “Prescription drugs” Medicat* “Violent offenders” Specific drug names ... “Family therapy” Prozac cannabis, crack cocaine, heroin etc9 HMP “residential therapy”
    • 10. Google Scholar  Important – did you know you can set Google Scholar to flag up everything you have paid access to through the University?  Please follow along and personalise your GS  Google Scholar > settings10
    • 11. Personalising Google Scholar ... • Click library links on the left hand side • Search ‘middlesex university’ and select ‘Middlesex University – Full Text @ Middlesex’11
    • 12. Searching Google Scholar ... • Search ‘crime drug addiction treatment’ • Is there anything you notice about the results?12
    • 13. Searching Google Scholar ...  One result is a citation – there’s no file but it looks very relevant and I want to know a bit more  Click on ‘Cite’ and copy and paste the full citation into Google  The top three results are from the organisational website .org – should be authoritative  I can download the file, and the follow up report  Several useful sections on treatment13
    • 14. Exercise 2 - Google Scholar  Work in pairs  Have a play!  Put your main keywords in and see what you get  Then try alternative or narrower keywords and compare the relevance and ‘usefulness’ of what you find  Find 1 full text article you think useful for this question and note it in your log book in your pairs  Grab your tutor or I for help14
    • 15. Summon  Cross searches everything the University has access to through the library – books, ebooks, journals, conference proceedings, newspapers etc  Simple search function  But limited in that you can’t build an advanced search  Cross searching all subjects so you need to be aware of terms that recur in other subject areas ie; development is not a useful search term because it has so many applications! Would need to add ‘psychology’ or ‘cognitive’ etc REMEMBER Simple search often = longer looking through results More sophisticated search = a little longer to construct your search but results should be more specific and relevant15
    • 16. Getting into the databases.... REMEMBER! Always use MyUniHub as a gateway to library resources16
    • 17. 17
    • 18. 18
    • 19. 19
    • 20. Searching Summon ....  May need to add psychology or other qualifying keywords  Limits are on the left hand side, full text online only, date, language, resource type ......  Will get a variety of resources in one go – the major strength of Summon  If it’s an ebook and you’re not sure why the search picked it up have a look at the contents – probably a relevant chapter  Some results not relevant – the downside of searching so many subject resources in one go. So need to have a good look through the first few pages20
    • 21. Exercise 3 – Summon  Work in the same pairs  Have a play!  Put your main keywords in and see what you get  Then try alternative or narrower keywords and compare the relevance and ‘usefulness’ of what you find  Find 1 reference for an item (book, journal, newspaper article) you think useful for this question and note it in your log book in your pairs  Grab your tutor or I for help21
    • 22. PsycInfo  Specific psychology database - subject specific information unlike other databases like Summon (searches all subjects) or Web of Knowledge (search broadly across sciences or social sciences)  Articles are tagged with psychology subject headings when indexed – useful for searching  Not completely full text but can limit results to full text  Run by APA  Worth noting US bias – if being comprehensive in search would have to take this into account and use other resources as well22
    • 23. Getting into the databases.... REMEMBER! Always use MyUniHub as a gateway to library resources23
    • 24. 24
    • 25. 25
    • 26. • Select Psycinfo • You can select PsycARTICLES Full Text but you will get far fewer results – to start it’s best to search PsycInfo and then limit within that to full text if you get enough results27
    • 27. • ALWAYS use advanced search – this allows you to combine your different concepts with ‘AND’ or ‘OR’ • And leave ‘Map subject term heading’ ticked – this gives you a useful way of accessing records tagged as being in a subject area and also finding the most common ‘official’ term used for your topic in journal articles28
    • 28. • Choose any suitable subject headings • Narrow your scope IF it’s useful • Or keep your words as a free keyword search as you entered them29
    • 29. • Enter all your synonyms for the first concept – ONE BY ONE • If you have them one separate lines you can combine them • And also take out things you think arent working without messing up your search30
    • 30. • You now need to combine your synonyms with ‘OR’ to get everything under one topic referred to by different names31
    • 31. First concept Second concept Third concept • Now you have three results on your list which represent each concept with a variety of words 6, 9 and 13 • You need to combine these to find results on your question - what do we32 combine these with?
    • 32. Results!  You need to have a look and evaluate how relevant the results on the first few pages are  Youre using an academic journal database so you dont need to worry too much about authority but you do need to think about Currency Relevance Objectivity  Now you have results you can limit to full text or limit to a time frame on the left hand side menu33
    • 33. Exercise 4 – PsycInfo  Work in the same pairs  Have a look at these results and see if you can find a useful reference – limit the search by date or another element if you want  Now try and do a similar search combining the narrower more specific keywords we came up with (Slide 9 or your worksheets)  Example = ‘repeat offenders’ AND ‘drug addiction’ AND ‘behavioural therapy’  REMEMBER to select any relevant subject headings  REMEMBER alternative UK/US spellings!  Find 1 reference for an item (book, journal, newspaper article) you think useful for this question and note it in your log book in your pairs  Grab your tutor or I for help34
    • 34. Social Sciences Citation Index  Social Sciences  Will take you to the Web of Knowledge platform  On here you can also select Sciences Citation Index if you want to search across both35
    • 35. Social Sciences Citation Index  Slightly different search screen  Example search  Works in a similar way but you should group your concept terms in each box and type ‘OR’ between them (most36 straightforward way)
    • 36. Exercise 5 - SSCI  Work in the same pairs  Search your 3 concept terms in the 3 boxes  Make sure the drop down boxes on the left say ‘AND’ so the three concepts combine to find things about crime AND drugs AND treatment  REMEMBER alternative UK/US spellings!  Can limit by date if you think recent information is best  Find 1 reference for an item (book, journal, newspaper article) you think useful for this question and note it in your log book in your pairs  Grab your tutor or I for help37
    • 37. Getting Full text of journal articles  If you’re lucky!  It will be available as a PDF on the database (look for PDF symbol)  If you’re not lucky!  Double check the library catalogue by copying journal name into the ‘journal search’. If we have it there’ll be a record and a link.  Go to Google Scholar and look for PDF signs  Go to Author’s website/institution’s repository, often they have left a pre publisher version  Order a copy via the inter-library loan (£3.00) http://unihub.mdx.ac.uk/study/library/resources/ill/inde38 x.aspx
    • 38. Evaluating what you’ve found Key questionsIs it what you need and is it trustworthy? What criteria would you use to assess the relevance and quality of the information?
    • 39.  Currency How old is this information? When was it last updated? Is this important for the assignment? Authority Who is the author? Site creator, organisation, scholarly / peer reviewed journals etc? Intent What is the purpose of the website / information? e.g. financial gain, academic Relevance Is this what I need? Will it answer my question? Is it at the right level? Objectivity Balanced view? Opposing views represented? References?
    • 40. Finding ‘Grey Literature’ Government, organisational reports and conference proceedings41
    • 41. Researching the ‘grey literature’  What is grey literature?  “information produced on all levels of government, academia, business and industry in electronic and print formats not controlled by commercial publishing.”*  Example sources: Government reports; theses and dissertations; technical reports; conference proceedings; Newsletters; clinical trials.  Emerging sources: e-prints; preprints; blogs; wiki- articles; databases of ongoing research; electronic and social networks  For dissertations you can check the MDX library or another Central London university library catalogue42 (you may be able to access depending on policy)
    • 42. Grey literature – starting with Google – finding the gateway or organisation  Do you really need it? What is your assignment? What does it ask you to do? How many resources are you using overall? What is the word count?  Google your keywords  Look for a well known organisation/charity/health/education institution  Particularly look for web addresses .gov and .org  Can search for the report subject i.e. Crime, drug addiction and treatment  OR you can search for organisations in that area i.e.; government/research/charity organisations around drug abuse.43 Find the organisations website and search on there
    • 43. Example Google search for Grey Lit IGNORE the yellow box – people have paid to be there! • I have phrased the keywords slightly differently as it’s not a journal database and I can’t put in alternative terms together, I instead need to do a few quick searches with44 different synonyms and see what I get.
    • 44. Tips for finding ‘grey literature’  Searching techniques  Small and obscure libraries; Googling (google and scholar); contacting experts in the field; blogsearch, podsearch; scanning reference lists (e.g. Academics CV’s)  Getting access – if the report is not available for free on the site you’re on, Google away and see if you can find a PDF – just look closely to check it’s the real/right/up to date document  Signs of authenticity = logo, full title, CORRECT DATE, full document  DO NOT USE A HTML TEXT FILE VERSION of an official report – text may have been altered in some way (an official webpage is fine but don’t download and use word docs for this )  When you get your results – the report may be huge – you probably don’t need to read the whole thing! Find the relevant section OR master the art of skimming !45
    • 45. Grey lit – gateway sources  www.greylit.org  http://www.drugscope.org.uk/  http://www.nih.gov/  http://www.who.int/en/ (WHO bulletin is on here and searchable)  http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/  http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/science-research/research- statistics/publications/home-office-research-reports/  http://www.sehd.scot.nhs.uk/  http://www.unesco.org/new/en/  http://www.bps.org.uk/  http://www.justice.gov/archive/ndic/  http://www.greynet.org/greysourceindex.html  I will add these links to the Psychology library subject guide -46 soon!
    • 46. Exercise 6 – Grey Literature  Work in the same pairs  Search your basic concept terms in Google or one of the websites provided (use general search box or go to relevant section of website) and see if you can find a report or conference paper that’s relevant  REMEMBER alternative UK/US spellings!  Use CAIRO slide (next slide) to evaluate what you find and decide if it’s ok to use (especially if using Google)  Find 1 reference for an item (book, journal, newspaper article) you think useful for this question and note it in your log book in your pairs  Grab your tutor or I for help47
    • 47.  Currency How old is this information? When was it last updated? Is this important for the assignment? Authority Who is the author? Site creator, organisation, scholarly / peer reviewed journals etc? Intent What is the purpose of the website / information? e.g. financial gain, academic Relevance Is this what I need? Will it answer my question? Is it at the right level? Objectivity Balanced view? Opposing views represented? References?
    • 48. Need help? Librarians in the Specialist Zone (1st floor) 11-3 Monday - Friday Ask a Librarian http://askalibrarian.mdx.ac.uk/ Psychology Library Subject Guide - Viv’s contact details and this and other power points/helpsheets http://libguides.mdx.ac.uk/psy

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