REDDeX Carvalho

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  • 1. REDD National Policy in Brazil Fernanda Carvalho Senior Policy Advisor
  • 2. Amazon Fund
    • FUNBIO – $ 11m for ARPA (Protected Areas in the Amazon);
    • FAS – $ 10.6m for Bolsa Floresta;
    • TNC – $ 9m for CAR in 12 municipalities in Pará and Mato Grosso
    • IMAZON – $ 5m for mobilization for CAR in 11 municipalities in Pará
    • Ouro Verde Institute – $ 3m for forest recovery in 1,2 m ha in 6 municipalities in Mato Grosso
  • 3. National Climate Change Policy and Plan
    • Voluntary commitments: 36,1 to 38,9 % reductions of projected emissions by 2020
    • 5 sectoral plans:
      • Reduction of deforestation in the Amazon (564 m ton CO²)
      • Reduction of deforestation in Cerrado (104m ton CO²)
      • Restoration of grazing land (83 to104m ton CO²)
      • Iron and steel - replacing charcoal from deforestation with charcoal from planted forests (8 to 10m ton CO²)
      • Energy efficiency, biofuels, hydropower, alternative sources (up to 133m ton CO²)
  • 4. Draft Bill 5586/09
    • Creates a “national REDD+ system”
    • UREDD and CREDD+
    • National REDD Committee
    • Safeguards for biodiversity and indigenous peoples
    • National Registry at the Federal Level
    • Reference levels for biomes, states and municipalities
  • 5. Forest Code
    • All illegal ocupations till 2008 “forgiven”
    • Burden shift – regularization plans must be done by Governments in 5 years
    • No legal reserves for small properties (2.5 million properties; 100m ha)
    • Reduced permanent preservation areas in rivers 5m wide to 15 meters
    • Compensation of legal reserves in other states
    • Municipal deforestation permits
  • 6.  
  • 7.  
  • 8.
    • To offset or not to offset – that is the question.