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MatoGrosso Micol

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  • 1. BUILDING A REDD STRATEGY
    FOR MATO GROSSO STATE
    REDDexMetting
    Cancún - July 13, 2010
    Laurent Micol
  • 2. Mato Grosso State Quick facts
    Area: 903,000 km²
    Amazon 51%, Cerrado 43%, Pantanal 6%
    2.9 million people
    Urbanization 76%
    Brazil’s largest producer of grain and livestock
    Soybean: 17 MT in 2008 (8% of world production), Cotton 2 MT
    Cattle: 26 M heads in 2008
    Amazon’s 2nd largest timber producer
    4.0 Mm³ of logs processed in 2009
  • 3. Land tenure structure in Mato Grosso
  • 4. Deforested areas in Mato Grosso
    Deforested areas: 37% of the state’s territory
    55% deforested after 1990
    Expected increase in demand for agriculture land
    Average opportunity cost estimated to $ 1,500 / ha, expected to increase
    Remaining forests
    Remaining savannas
    Main roads
    Deforested areas

  • 5. Deforestation rates in Mato Grosso: under control?
    SLAPR
    Curupira Operation
    Jurupari Operation
    PPCDQ-MT
    Decentralization of Forest Management, Soy Moratorium
    Stabilization of agriculture and cattle ranching production, reduction of logging and growth of forest management
    Average 8-10% per year agriculture and cattle ranching expansion
  • 6. State REDD strategy construction process
    2007 2008 2009 2010
    Early discussions with government and agriculture sector
    Zero Deforestation Pact
    Participation in Bali
    • ICV study on REDD potential in Mato Grosso state
    • 7. NW Mato Grosso Pilot Project feasibility analysis
    • 8. Discussion on pilot project in the Xingu region
    • 9. MoU with California and start of GCF process
    • 10. Plan to Control Deforestation, with 89% reduction target
    • 11. Creation of State Climate Change Forum
    • 12. Reference document for Mato Grosso REDD Program (COP XV)
    • 13. REDD working group in Climate Change Forum
    • 14. REDD Plan and bill under preparation
    • 15. Climate Policy bill under preparation
    • 16. 9 REDD projects under preparation
  • Components of REDD plan
    General approach
    Scope, Target, Baseline & Additionality
    Legal, Technical and Institutional Framework
    Climate change and REDD bills,
    Carbon accounting and MRV,
    Registry of emissions reductions,
    Benefit sharing mechanism,
    Program management
    Funding Strategy
    Actions
    • Governance
    • 20. Pilot projects
    • 21. Sectoral Programs
  • General approach and targets
    Deforestation reduction target in Mato Grosso’s forest area, 2006-2020
    Reference scenario based on historical emissions
    Estimate future deforestation?
    “crediting” baseline?
    Baseline and target for cerrado and for degradation?
    Estimate of emissions?
    Additionality: deforestation reduction AND agriculture production increase
    Generate REDD Certificates (Credits)?
    reduction
  • 22. Technical framework: registry system of projects and programs
    Process
    Characteristic
    Criteria
    Aim
    Notification
    Compulsory
    Legality
    Carbon accounting
    Pre-register
    Voluntary
    Compliance with Principles & Criteria
    Planning
    Fund raising
    Register
    Voluntary
    Emissions reduction performance
    Fund allocation or REDD crediting
  • 23. REDD Actions
    Cotriguaçu REDD+ project (Northwest Mato Grosso): State Government, ICV, TNC, ONFI
    Xingu indigenous project: ISA, EDF, IPAM
    Other 6 smaller projects
    Private forest reserves conservation (above 80% legal requirement) – linked to SLAPR
    Forest management practices improvement
    Cattle ranching intensification
    Smallholders settlements sustainability
    Indigenous lands protection and sustainable development
    Conservation Units effective protection and area increase
    Pilot Projects
    State-wide Programs
  • 24. Main challenges and next steps
    Integration with federal level (parallel processes for REDD bills)
    Lack of technical guidance and framework=> adopt/ use FCPF approach/ templates?
    Insufficient government leadership and human & financial resources
    GCF process…=> California: small C offset market with high standards=> potential as platform for state-level REDD approach development and fund-raising?
    Define and implement funding strategy