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ImpactAssesment mrichards


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  • 1. The Nature Conservancy
    Cancun 13-16 July 2010
    Manual for the Social Impact Assessment of Land- Based Carbon projects
    Dr Michael Richards, Forest Trends
    (Katoomba Ecosystems Services Incubator)
  • 2. What do buyers want?
    The Forest Carbon Offsetting Survey 2009
  • 3. Background
    Literature review: revealed lack of clear guidance/ road map on social impact assessment (SIA) for carbon project developers
    Consortium of 4 NGOs formed to develop Manual
    Manual linked to the CCB Standards
    Donors: World Bank PROFOR, GEF-UNDP, Morgan Stanley, NORAD, USAID
  • 4. Manual objectives
    Main objective:
    User friendly guidance for project developers on how to conduct credible and cost-effective Social Impact Assessment (SIA)
    Strengthen & deepen application of CCB Standards
    Increase socio-economic benefits, and avoid negative impacts via good practice SIA
    Increase stakeholder engagement
    Contribute to adaptive project management
  • 5. Some key challenges for SIA
    ‘Attribution’: social benefits must be additional – caused by project
    Nature of social impacts: long-term, unpredictable (-ve or +ve), indirect
    Cost-effectiveness: transaction cost; high cost of traditional SIA methods (US $50-150K)
    Paucity of research data on social impacts
  • 6. Additionality and attribution
    With-project scenario
    Social Conditions
    Attributable impacts
    Without-project scenario
    CCB Standards: net and ‘additional’ (to ‘without project’) social impacts
  • 7. Proposed Social Impact Assessment (SIA) Stages
    SIA Stage1: Original conditions study and stakeholder identification
    SIA Stage 2: Social reference scenario (‘without project’ situation)
    SIA Stage 3: Project design and theory of change (‘with project’ situation)
    SIA Stage 4: Negative social impacts and mitigation measures
    SIA Stage 5: Selection of indicators of positive social change (WHAT to measure?)
    SIA Stage 6: Monitoring plan and data collection methods (HOW to measure?)
    SIA Stage 7: Data analysis, reporting & stakeholder verification
  • 8. Additionality at CCB Validation stage
    SIA Stage 3: Project design and theory of change (G3)
    Expected impacts
    Social Conditions
    SIA Stage 2: Social reference scenario (G2)
    SIA Stage 1: Original Conditions Study (G1)
  • 9. SIA Stage 3: Project design & theory of change
    Causal model or theory of change: the project’s hypothesis of how it will achieve its social objectives
    If short tomid term outcomes can be identified, and then linkages to impacts -> good chance of impacts happening
    Assesscausative linkages/assumptions between outputs, outcomes and impacts via developing IF … THEN statements.
    Then monitor whether linkages or assumptions hold true in reality
  • 10. SIA Stage 5: Selection of indicators
    WHAT tomeasure? Indicators
    Clearsocial objectivesordesiredresultsare essential
    Bestto use causal model:indicatorsshould capture keylinkages
    SustainableLivelihoods Framework
    SMART indicators
  • 11. SIA Stage 6: Community Monitoring Plan
    HOW to measure? Data collection methods for measuring the indicators
    Toolbox: Part II of Manual
    Participatory data collection methods are essential for credibility & cost-effectiveness
  • 12. Some good practice guidelines for SIA
    Invest in early technical assistance - SIA design
    Invest time in clarifying social objectives and how to achieve them using causal model or theory of change approach
    Invest time in selecting indicators
    Use participatory data collection methods
    Keep the stakeholders informed
    ‘Appropriate imprecision’ – tell a convincing story with some data (indicators) to back it up. More of an Art than a Science!
  • 13. Timeline for developing the SIA Manual
    Field testing phase – ‘hands-on’ and ‘hands-off’ - July to November
    Spanish translation: early August
    Training workshops: Peru, Tanzania
    Peer review comments: Aug – Oct.
    Analysis of field testing: Nov/Dec
    Revision & publication in early 2011
  • 14. Accessing Manual and contact details publications.php
    Please send comments or
    feedback on SIA Manual to: