ImpactAssesment mrichards


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ImpactAssesment mrichards

  1. 1. The Nature Conservancy<br />REDDex<br />Cancun 13-16 July 2010<br />Manual for the Social Impact Assessment of Land- Based Carbon projects<br /> Dr Michael Richards, Forest Trends <br />(Katoomba Ecosystems Services Incubator)<br />
  2. 2. What do buyers want?<br />The Forest Carbon Offsetting Survey 2009 <br />
  3. 3. Background<br />Literature review: revealed lack of clear guidance/ road map on social impact assessment (SIA) for carbon project developers <br />Consortium of 4 NGOs formed to develop Manual<br />Manual linked to the CCB Standards<br />Donors: World Bank PROFOR, GEF-UNDP, Morgan Stanley, NORAD, USAID<br />
  4. 4. Manual objectives<br />Main objective:<br />User friendly guidance for project developers on how to conduct credible and cost-effective Social Impact Assessment (SIA) <br />Sub-objectives:<br />Strengthen & deepen application of CCB Standards<br />Increase socio-economic benefits, and avoid negative impacts via good practice SIA<br />Increase stakeholder engagement<br />Contribute to adaptive project management<br />
  5. 5. Some key challenges for SIA<br />‘Attribution’: social benefits must be additional – caused by project<br />Nature of social impacts: long-term, unpredictable (-ve or +ve), indirect<br />Cost-effectiveness: transaction cost; high cost of traditional SIA methods (US $50-150K)<br />Paucity of research data on social impacts<br />
  6. 6. Additionality and attribution<br />With-project scenario<br />Social Conditions<br />Attributable impacts<br />Without-project scenario<br />Time<br />CCB Standards: net and ‘additional’ (to ‘without project’) social impacts<br />
  7. 7. Proposed Social Impact Assessment (SIA) Stages<br />SIA Stage1: Original conditions study and stakeholder identification<br />SIA Stage 2: Social reference scenario (‘without project’ situation)<br />SIA Stage 3: Project design and theory of change (‘with project’ situation)<br />SIA Stage 4: Negative social impacts and mitigation measures <br />SIA Stage 5: Selection of indicators of positive social change (WHAT to measure?)<br />SIA Stage 6: Monitoring plan and data collection methods (HOW to measure?)<br />SIA Stage 7: Data analysis, reporting & stakeholder verification<br />
  8. 8. Additionality at CCB Validation stage<br />SIA Stage 3: Project design and theory of change (G3)<br />Expected impacts<br />Social Conditions<br />SIA Stage 2: Social reference scenario (G2)<br />Time<br />SIA Stage 1: Original Conditions Study (G1)<br />
  9. 9. SIA Stage 3: Project design & theory of change<br />Causal model or theory of change: the project’s hypothesis of how it will achieve its social objectives<br />If short tomid term outcomes can be identified, and then linkages to impacts -> good chance of impacts happening<br />Assesscausative linkages/assumptions between outputs, outcomes and impacts via developing IF … THEN statements. <br />Then monitor whether linkages or assumptions hold true in reality<br />
  10. 10. SIA Stage 5: Selection of indicators<br />WHAT tomeasure? Indicators<br />Clearsocial objectivesordesiredresultsare essential<br />Bestto use causal model:indicatorsshould capture keylinkages<br />SustainableLivelihoods Framework<br />Communitydecidedevaluationindicators<br />SMART indicators<br />
  11. 11. SIA Stage 6: Community Monitoring Plan<br />HOW to measure? Data collection methods for measuring the indicators<br />Toolbox: Part II of Manual<br />Participatory data collection methods are essential for credibility & cost-effectiveness<br />
  12. 12. Some good practice guidelines for SIA<br />Invest in early technical assistance - SIA design<br />Invest time in clarifying social objectives and how to achieve them using causal model or theory of change approach<br />Invest time in selecting indicators<br />Use participatory data collection methods<br />Keep the stakeholders informed<br />‘Appropriate imprecision’ – tell a convincing story with some data (indicators) to back it up. More of an Art than a Science!<br />
  13. 13. Timeline for developing the SIA Manual<br />Field testing phase – ‘hands-on’ and ‘hands-off’ - July to November<br />Spanish translation: early August<br />Training workshops: Peru, Tanzania<br />Peer review comments: Aug – Oct. <br />Analysis of field testing: Nov/Dec<br />Revision & publication in early 2011<br />
  14. 14. Accessing Manual and contact details<br /> publications.php<br /> Please send comments or<br /> feedback on SIA Manual to:<br /><br /><br /> THANK YOU!<br />