Global Environment Facility - Ulrich ApelWebinar Transcript
The Global Environment Facility (GEF) unites 182 member governments — in partnership with international institutions, non-governmental organizations, and the private sector — to address global environmental issues.
Entrusted financial mechanism of the three environmental conventions (UNFCCC, CBD, and UNCCD) relevant to forests.
Provides grants to developing countries and countries with economies in transition for projects related to biodiversity, climate change, land degradation, international waters, the ozone layer, and persistent organic pollutants
Largest financier of forests: $1.5 billion supplemented by more than $4.5 billion in co-financing; more than 300 projects focusing on forest conservation and management.
GEF provides a ready-made financing platform by incorporating components and financial contributions from multiple focal areas, in particular land degradation, biodiversity, and climate change
Countries can generate multiple environmental benefits through the protection of forest habitats, ecosystem services flows, mitigation of climate change, reflecting the transversal nature of forests globally.
Forest management and conservation are central components of GEF’s mandate: the UNFCCC, the CBD, and the UNCCD all emphasize forests in achieving their Convention objectives. The GEF partnership includes 10 implementing agencies: the UNDP, UNEP, the World Bank, FAO, UNIDO, AfDB, ADB, EU, IADB, and IFAD .
GEF Comparative Advantages on Forest Financing
The GEF wants to help making REDD+ a reality, not compromising the multiple functions of forests
SFM/REDD+ is a multi-focal area at the GEF drawing on resources from Biodiversity, Climate Change and Land Degradation Focal Areas
GEF provides funding for all eligible countries and for all types of forests to achieve agreed global environmental benefits
GEF Council approved a SFM/LULUCF Program in GEF-4, increasing demand for forest financing in a short-time span
GEF has been very responsive to the rapidly growing demand: $420 Million leveraged $1.4 Billion from other funding sources (about 100 SFM projects) in the past 3 years
Successful REDD+ pilot projects / programs, e.g. in the Congo Basin, Colombia, and the Amazon
Goal: Achieve multiple environmental benefits from improved management of all types of forests SFM/REDD+ Strategy for GEF-5 (2010-2014)
Objective 1: Reduce pressures on forest resources and generate sustainable flows of forest ecosystem services
Objective 2: Strengthen the enabling environment to reduce GHG emissions from REDD and enhance carbon sinks from LULUCF activities
PA establishment and management
Integrated watershed management
Certification of timber and non-timber forestry products
Payments for ecosystem services (PES)
Financial mechanisms related to carbon
Development and testing of policy frameworks to slow the drivers of undesired land-use changes
Work with local communities to develop alternative livelihood strategies to reduce emissions and sequester carbon
Support of MRV activities
No conversion of forests to alternative land use
No financing of logging operations in primary forests
No financing of costs of commercial, industrial timber plantations, and tree-farming systems
No support for reforestation of habitat following logging operations
No support for creation of carbon credits for future carbon trading
144 eligible countries have been allocated with resources - in total $4.34bn – of which $750m can draw from the $250m incentive mechanism.
Expected leverage of $4-5bn from other sources.
Projects identified and proposed through voluntary national portfolio identification exercises (NPFE).
GEF’s implementing agencies work with recipient countries to design projects.