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conservation and low carbon Leonel
conservation and low carbon Leonel
conservation and low carbon Leonel
conservation and low carbon Leonel
conservation and low carbon Leonel
conservation and low carbon Leonel
conservation and low carbon Leonel
conservation and low carbon Leonel
conservation and low carbon Leonel
conservation and low carbon Leonel
conservation and low carbon Leonel
conservation and low carbon Leonel
conservation and low carbon Leonel
conservation and low carbon Leonel
conservation and low carbon Leonel
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conservation and low carbon Leonel

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  • 1. Mexico’s REDD+Conservation and Low Carbon Development Opportunities.
    REDDex
    Cancún, July 14, 2010
  • 2. Mexico’s REDD+ Conservation and Low Carbon Development Opportunities.Outline presentation
    Key elements for low-carbon development throughout REDD+
    Mexico’s GHG emissions
    Reference scenario
    Biomass density
    Monitoring 25,000 sampling conglomerate
    NationalReadiness Management Arrangements
    Implementation scales
    Problem and opportunities
  • 3. Key elements for low-carbon development throughout REDD+
    • Building and/or strengthening institutional capacities
    • 4. Government: SEMARNAT, CONAFOR, INE, CONANP, CONABIO, PROFEPA, SAGARPA
    • 5. Research: ECOSUR, COLPOS, ProgramaMexicano de Carbono
    • 6. OSC: WWF, TNC, CI, CCMSS, FMCN
    • 7. Landholders and Indigenous People
    • 8. Professionals on Forestry Sector
    • 9. Improving targeting and effectiveness of existing programs (PES) and/or extending its coverage (communitarian forestry -PROCYMAF-).
    • 10. Promoting Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) and diversification
    • 11. Improving monitoring capabilities for LU/LUC based on National Forest Inventory.
    • 12. Integrating new national and local financing mechanisms (carbon finance) with positive impact on biodiversity conservation and livelihoods of forest landholders and inhabitants.
  • Mexico’s GHG emissions: More than 700 MtCO2e
    10% of GHG total emissions in Mexico comes from LULUCF:
    • Deforestation
    • 13. Degradation -forest fires, erosion, pests, abandoned forests
  • Reference scenario
    Deforestation risk
    Variables included:
    • Population density
    • 14. Proximity to population and comercialization centers
    • 15. Roads
    • 16. Land suitability (slope)
    Fuente: ECOSUR
  • 17. Biomass density
    Biomass class (tdb/ha)
    Non-forest
    Low
    Medium
    High
    Biomass density map updated from National Forest Inventory
    Source: ECOSUR (2009)
  • 18. ABOUT 25,000 SAMPLING CONGLOMERATES
  • 19. National Readiness Management Arrangements
    CTC REDD+
    Technical Advisory Committee
    CSO+Gov.
    • Institutional support from the highest political level for the design and implementation of any CC Strategy.
    • 20. Looking for synergies between policy programs and budget allocation.
    • 21. Build legal and institutional frameworks as appropriate,
    • 22. Work as one government regarding climate change M&A.
  • National Readiness Management Arrangements
    • Multidisciplinary
    • 23. Space for analysis and discussion
    • 24. Space for building consensus and agreement
    • 25. Building a common vision
    Participation has begun recently
  • 26. Implementation scales
    Community and IP´s REDD+ Project
    1 tCo2
    Intermunicipal REDD+ Project
    10 Mt
    4 tCo2
    National Emissions Reductions
    • National Reference Scenario (spatially explicit)
    • 27. National Monitoring and Accounting System
    State REDD+ Project
    5 tCo2
    Sub-national REDD projects
    2010 - 2015
    70 MtCO2
    National Programs
    Land Planning/Surveillance/Law Enforcement
    15 tCo2
    SFM and certification
    5 tCo2
    60 Mt
    Mexican Forest Fund
    Improved Agriculture and Grazing (PROCAMPO, PROGAN
    15 tCo2
    ProÁrbol
    25 tCo2
  • 28. aforestación
    reforestación
    manejoforestal
    “conservación”
    Deforestación
    Degradación
    “+”
    Sólolasacciones
    adicionalesque
    eviten DD o que
    mejoren los acervos
    REDD+
    Densidad
    de carbono
    tC/ha
    Acervo de Carbono en los Bosques
    Superficie
    ha
  • 29. Current programs at national scale: ProÁrbol, SAGARPA, SEDESOL…
    3. Identify National programs that should adjust policies to promote REDD + activities, or to compensate undesirable current effects.
    Adjust PROGAN
    Adjust PROCAMPO
    Adjust+Reconvert other national and state programs…
    1. REDD+ activities
    Sustainable Forest Management
    Communitarian Forestry
    Payment for Environmental Services
    Soil conservation and restoration
    Forest fires and pest protection
    CBMA. Meso American Biological Corridor…
    2. Carbon sequestration activities
    Reforestation
    Commercial plantations
    Agroforestry
  • 30. Development objective
    100%
    Sustainable Management of Forest
    REDD
    Conservation and stock enhancement
    Forest Cover
    Transition of the forest sector
    from source to a sink
    0%
    Time
  • 31. Problems and opportunities for a low carbon development
  • 32. Focal Points:Sergio Graf Monterosgraf@conafor.gob.mxJosé Carlos Fernández jcfernandez@conafor.gob.mx Panelist:Leonel Iglesias-Gutiérrezliglesias@conafor.gob.mx
    Thank you very much

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