About Me Hofstra University, B.S Business Computer Information Systems Hofstra University, M.A Secondary Education Social Studies College of St. Rose, Post Graduate Certification in Educational Administration and Leadership, SBL & SDL Dowling College, Doctoral Student Fall 2012 East Islip High School, Secondary Ed. Teacher, Social Studies
Conference Join us for the 40th Annual Conference of the National Alliance of Black School Educators (NABSE) and be one of nearly 6,000 attendees from across the country participating in workshops, visiting over 250 exhibits, fellowshipping and networking with other members and friends of the nations premier association of African American educators. November 14-18, 2012, Nashville, TN
National Association of Black School Administrators (NABSE) Mission Statement The National Alliance of Black School Educators (NABSE) is the nations premiere non-profit organization devoted to furthering the academic success for the nations children - particularly children of African descent. Now in its 38th year, NABSE boasts an outreach to more than 10,000 preeminent educators including teachers, administrators, superintendents as well as corporate and institutional members. Founded in 1970, NABSE is dedicated to improving both the educational experiences and accomplishments of African American youth through the development and use of instructional and motivational methods that increase levels of inspiration, attendance and overall achievement. “Education is a civil right”
Problem Statement How are the new pedagogical shifts in ELA and Mathematics in the new Common Core Learning Standards addressing the achievement gap of African American Males in grades 9-12 in the areas mathematics and ELA
Abstract The purpose of this study is to determine whether or not the new shifts in the pedagogical methodologies of teachers according to the new common core learning standards are addressing the academic achievement gap of African American male students in the areas of English language arts and mathematics. The study will focus on the New York State school report cards, that are given at the end of each academic year, that evaluates the academic success of schools in all areas and including all disaggregate groups. The study will also focus on prior years New York State school report cards to use as a comparison analysis to the new data. The results of the study will allow schools and states using the new common core shifts to determine the success or failures of their initiatives in addressing the needs and success of African American males and to make the necessary adjustments to achieve success.
Variables Measured Independent Variables: Pedagogical Shifts in ELA/ Literacy:1. Balancing Informational & Literary Text: Students read a true balance of informational and literary texts.2. Knowledge in the Disciplines : Students build knowledge about the world (domains/ content areas) through TEXT rather than the teacher or activities3. Staircase of Complexity: Students read the central, grade appropriate text around which instruction is centered. Teachers are patient, create more time and space and support in the curriculum for close reading4. Text Based Answers: Students engage in rich and rigorous evidence based conversations about text.5. Writing From Sources: Writing emphasizes use of evidence from sources to inform or make an argument.6. Academic Vocabulary: Students constantly build the transferable vocabulary they need to access grade level complex texts. This can be done effectively by spiraling like content in increasingly complex texts.
Variables Measured Independent Variables: Pedagogical Shifts in Mathematics:1. Focus: Teachers significantly narrow and deepen the scope of how time and energy is spent in the math classroom. They do so in order to focus deeply on only the concepts that are prioritized in the standards.2. Coherence: Principals and teachers carefully connect the learning within and across grades so that students can build new understanding onto foundations built in previous years.3. Fluency: Students are expected to have speed and accuracy with simple calculations; teachers structure class time and/or homework time for students to memorize, through repetition, core functions.4. Deep Understanding: Students deeply understand and can operate easily within a math concept before moving on. They learn more than the trick to get the answer right. They learn the math.5. Application: Students are expected to use math and choose the appropriate concept for application even when they are not prompted to do so.6. Dual Intensity: Students are practicing and understanding. There is more than a balance between these two things in the classroom – both are occurring with intensity.
Variables Measured Dependent Variables:1. Academic achievement of African American males in grades 9-12 in ELA on New York State achievement tests as reported on the New York State school report cards2. Academic achievement of African American males in grades 9-12 in Mathematics on New York State achievement tests as reported on the New York State school report cards
Methodology Quantitative Research Analysis: I will be analyzing the new New York State School Report Cards to perform a statistical analysis of the new data versus data from previous years New York State School Report Cards prior to the new shifts in pedagogical models from the new Common Core Learning Standards. I will be looking to see how the shifts have effected the achievement gap of African American males in the areas of ELA and mathematics Qualitative Research: I will be conducting interviews with principals and superintendents in charge of curriculum and instruction, to ascertain how the new pedagogical shifts are effecting the achievement gap of African American males at their schools in the subjects of ELA and mathematics.
Literature Review African American Male Achievement: Using a Tenet of Critical Theory to Explain the African American Male Achievement Disparity: (Palmer, Maramba 2011) Although African Americans continue to demonstrate a desire for education, Black male enrollment and completion rates in higher education are dismal when compared to other ethnic groups. Researchers and scholars have noted various theories and philosophies responsible for the academic disengagement of African American men in higher education. This article provides a new contextual lens for understanding the academic disengagement of Black men using a tenet of critical theory as a method to explain the African American male achievement disparity. Additionally, this research offers employable strategies and activities that may encourage Black male achievement.
Literature Review Leaving Us behind: A Political Economic Interpretation of NCLB and the Miseducation of African American Males: (Donnor, Shockley 2010) The purpose of this article is to discuss the misalignment between public school assessment policies and teaching practices in accordance with the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB), and the human capital, curricula, and soft-skill needs of the global economy. The authors suggest that changes regarding the nature of learning, how it is assessed, and the skills taught are critical to the educational and social success of African American males. This article consists of four sections. The first section explains federal elementary and secondary education reform practices that have been mandated by No Child Left Behind (NCLB). For the purposes of this article, the authors focus their discussion on NCLB on how Title I schools are affected, because the majority of school age Black males attend schools with this government designation. The second section articulates the divisions of labor and soft-skills needed in the global economy. Section three highlights the divergences between NCLB, the occupational competencies for high-tier employment, and the skills determined to be important in the knowledge economy. The authors conclude the article by discussing the effects current federal educational policies will have on African American males opportunity to participate in the post-industrial workforce.
Literature Review New Visions of Collective Achievement: The Cross-Generational Schooling Experiences of African American Males: (Hucks, 2011) The purpose of this study was to allow African American males across generations to share their perceptions of the factors that affected their schooling experiences and influenced their achievement in and beyond school. Individual interviews were conducted with men and boys within the context of their home environment; outside of the schools the boys attended. The participants schooling experiences call for establishing a model of collective achievement that captures and delineates the engagement and investment of the multiple stakeholders involved in their education. Such a model will bring about a higher level of multiple stakeholder accountability that would likely improve students schooling experiences and increase the academic and life outcomes for African American males.
Literature Review Pursuing Racial Equity in Our Schools: Lessons Learned from African American Male Teachers in a Suburban School District In a "Multicultural Teaching and Learning" course, racial equity is one of the many issues explored. When discussing racial equity in our schools, teacher education students in the course focus their attention on such issues as the achievement gap, referrals to special education of African American and Latino males, the racism of low expectations. When faced with these issues, the mostly White student population is often times silent, color-blind, or oblivious to the racialized dynamics of schooling. In an effort to expand student understanding of racial equity, but also explore the complexity of race in schools, seven African American male teachers in a suburban school district were interviewed. As a result of these interviews, it is apparent that racial equity conversations must also assist teacher education students in understanding the relationships between African American and White teachers.
Educational Implications The education of all students is important to the success of our nation as well as the future of our nation. But to marginalize one group by failing to properly address their educational needs is a recipe for disaster for a nation. African Americans have played a vital role in the success of this nation and will continue to be an important part of society. This research will allow schools and States to get a better understanding of whether or not the new shifts in pedagogical methodologies are successful in closing the achievement gap for African American males in the area of English language arts and mathematics. The closing of the achievement gap will allow more African American males to go onto higher education and be successful in their academic endeavors and life.
References Palmer, R. T., & Maramba, D. C. (2011). African American Male Achievement: Using a Tenet of Critical Theory to Explain the African American Male Achievement Disparity. Education And Urban Society, 43(4), 431-450. Hucks, D. (2011). New Visions of Collective Achievement: The Cross- Generational Schooling Experiences of African American Males. Journal Of Negro Education, 80(3), 339-357. Donnor, J. K., & Shockley, K. G. (2010). Leaving Us behind: A Political Economic Interpretation of NCLB and the Miseducation of African American Males. Educational Foundations, 24(3-4), 43-54. Simmons, R. (2010). Pursuing Racial Equity in Our Schools: Lessons Learned from African American Male Teachers in a Suburban School District. AILACTE Journal, 733-47.
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