Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
A Chronological Response Of The Immune System
A Chronological Response Of The Immune System
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

A Chronological Response Of The Immune System


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1. A chronological response of the human immune system: a model Vladimir Cuesta † Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Aut´ noma de M´ xico, 70-543, Ciudad de o e M´ xico, M´ xico e e Abstract. I study an infectious process and the chronological response of the immune system, In my model there are the following components: T lymphocytes, B lymphocytes, granulocytes and monocytes. 1. Introduction The human immune system is one of the most important pieces for the development of human medicines, early studies made progress in toxicology and the fight against parasites for citing some studies (see [1] for instance). Along a lot of years people could find some functions for few pieces of the human immune system. However, there are not model for explaining all the pieces, together. But, like the specialist can see, there are some options for understanding these pieces of genetic, one of them is to make a comparison between the behavior of some living beings and the human immune system or the comparison between different immune system and the human one (see [2] and [3] for instance). I present my model in an attempt for explaining the human immune system. 2. A brief list I present a brief explanation to the principal functions for T lymphocytes, B lymphocytes, granulocytes and monocytes, all these are part of the human immune system. T lymphocytes.- They are the coordinators of the immune system, I mean, they can decide the number, the way, the form and the actions of the immune system. B lymphocytes.- They are the responsibles for creating antibodies or the principal components against infections, illness and so on. Granulocytes.- They put color on cells or they mark different genetic structures. Monocytes.- They eat or they eliminate cellular structures and some genetic structures. †
  • 2. A chronological response of the human immune system: a model 2 3. An infectious process I present my model in the following way: according to a lot of specialists in genetics, medicine and so on, all the monocytes and lymphocytes have not functions. However, in my model these functions can be described in an infectious process. For example, if a man cut his hand, then the first response of the human immune system is to send granulocytes because these will mark dirty cells or infected cells in such a way that the immune system knows all the cells or genetic components with good or bad health, because they are painted for the action of granulocytes. Like second step, the T lymphocytes will produce and they will coordinate all the immune response and the production of antibodies or B lymphocytes will begin and the fight against the infectious process will continue till the final of the infection. Like final step the monocytes will eliminate all the death cells or pieces of death genetic material. In complicated cases the reader can make similar reasonings. 4. Conclusions and perspectives I have presented a simple model for an infectious process and the response of the human immune system, according to my knowledge the actual functions of all the granulocytes and monocytes are unknown. In my model there exist assigned functions for all these. My first idea for future work is to find one, two or probably more steps that can be added to my model (but just few steps) and the experimental verification or the opposite case. As second point, you can search substructures inside my model. However, like the specialist can see, this second point have been covered, at least partially. All the people have average levels of T lymphocytes, B lymphocytes, granulocytes, monocytes and a lot of genetic components. Lower or upper levels in any genetic components must indicate an anomaly. I mean, the presence of an infectious process, the presence of a virus, bacteria, genetic mutations or like I said, genetic alterations or bad health, the search for optimum levels of immune (or genetic) system components for humans or different species are crucial. References [1] Paul Ehrlich, Partial cell functions, Nobel Lecture, December 11, 1908. [2] Gregory Beck and Gail S. Habicht, Immunity and the Invertebrates, Scientific American, November 1996. [3] Gary W. Litman, Sharks and the Origins of Veryebrate Immunity, Scientific America, November 1996.