Energy Integration in Latin America : pastEnergy Integration in Latin America : past
experiences,experiences, status quost...
Source, DOE 2002Source, DOE 2002
NorthAmerican Electricity Transmission SystemsNorthAmerican Electricity Transmission Syst...
www.dctenergia.com.br
ericsondepaula@dctenergia.com.br
www.dctenergia.com.br
ericsondepaula@dctenergia.com.br
REDUCTION OF OPERATIONAL COSTREDUCTION OF OPERATIONAL COST
INTERCONNECTIONINTERCONNECTION
BENEFITSBENEFITS
MMU$S/yearMMU$S...
Investments in Latin America 2030Investments in Latin America 2030
INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORKINSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK
 ARGENTINAARGENTINA - Ministry of Federal Planning and Public Investments,...
REGULATORY FRAMEWORKREGULATORY FRAMEWORK
 ARGENTINAARGENTINA - Ente Regulador de Electricidad (ENRE) e Ente Nacional Regu...
ENERGY INTEGRATION IN LATIN AMERICA – CHALLENGES
• Improve mechanisms of diplomatic agreements between governments
• Contr...
ENERGY INTEGRATION IN LATIN AMERICA : BENEFITS
• Eliminate conditions of social and economical isolation of regions
•Provi...
ENERGY INTEGRATION IN LATIN AMERICA : PERSPECTIVES
•Stimulus to the regional cooperation and integration
•Commitment with ...
www.dctenergia.com.br
ericsondepaula@dctenergia.com.br
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03-01

  1. 1. Energy Integration in Latin America : pastEnergy Integration in Latin America : past experiences,experiences, status quostatus quo and perspectivesand perspectives CEALCEAL XXI Assembléia Plenária AnualXXI Assembléia Plenária Anual São Paulo, BrasilSão Paulo, Brasil 14-17 de outubro de 201014-17 de outubro de 2010 Ericson de Paula Energy Research Scholar University of Miami, College of Engineering
  2. 2. Source, DOE 2002Source, DOE 2002 NorthAmerican Electricity Transmission SystemsNorthAmerican Electricity Transmission Systems
  3. 3. www.dctenergia.com.br ericsondepaula@dctenergia.com.br
  4. 4. www.dctenergia.com.br ericsondepaula@dctenergia.com.br
  5. 5. REDUCTION OF OPERATIONAL COSTREDUCTION OF OPERATIONAL COST INTERCONNECTIONINTERCONNECTION BENEFITSBENEFITS MMU$S/yearMMU$S/year ObservationsObservations Argentina-BrasilArgentina-Brasil 653653 Interconnection of 4000MWInterconnection of 4000MW Peru- Ecuador –Peru- Ecuador – Colombia-VenezuelaColombia-Venezuela 311311 Interconnection of 1000Interconnection of 1000 MW Colombia – VenezuelaMW Colombia – Venezuela and 400MW Colombia –and 400MW Colombia – Ecuador – PeruEcuador – Peru Chile – PeruChile – Peru 60.560.5 Interconnection of 400MWInterconnection of 400MW Brasil – UruguayBrasil – Uruguay 6363 Interconnection of 500MWInterconnection of 500MW Source : CIER 2008, produced by the author
  6. 6. Investments in Latin America 2030Investments in Latin America 2030
  7. 7. INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORKINSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK  ARGENTINAARGENTINA - Ministry of Federal Planning and Public Investments, Secretary- Ministry of Federal Planning and Public Investments, Secretary of Energy, Yacyretá Binationalof Energy, Yacyretá Binational  BOLIVIABOLIVIA - Vice-Ministry of Hycrocarbon, Vice Ministry of Electricity- Vice-Ministry of Hycrocarbon, Vice Ministry of Electricity  BRASILBRASIL – Ministry of Mines and Energy, National Council of Energy, Council of– Ministry of Mines and Energy, National Council of Energy, Council of Monitoring of the Electricity System, Nacional Company of Energy PlanningMonitoring of the Electricity System, Nacional Company of Energy Planning  CHILECHILE - CNE – National Comission of Energy- CNE – National Comission of Energy  COLOMBIACOLOMBIA – Ministry of Mines and Energy– Ministry of Mines and Energy  ECUADORECUADOR – UnderSecretary of Hydrocarbon Policy, National Department of– UnderSecretary of Hydrocarbon Policy, National Department of HydrocarbonHydrocarbon  PARAGUAYPARAGUAY – Ministry of Public Construction and Telecom, Vice Ministry of– Ministry of Public Construction and Telecom, Vice Ministry of EnergyEnergy  PERUPERU - Vice-Ministry of Energy, National Department of Electricity,- Vice-Ministry of Energy, National Department of Electricity, Hydrocarbon and EnvironmentHydrocarbon and Environment  URUGUAYURUGUAY – Ministry of Mines and Energy– Ministry of Mines and Energy  VENEZUELAVENEZUELA – Ministry for Electricity and Oil, Vice Ministry of Energy,– Ministry for Electricity and Oil, Vice Ministry of Energy, Hydrocarbon, Refining and PetrochemicalHydrocarbon, Refining and Petrochemical
  8. 8. REGULATORY FRAMEWORKREGULATORY FRAMEWORK  ARGENTINAARGENTINA - Ente Regulador de Electricidad (ENRE) e Ente Nacional Regulador de Gás- Ente Regulador de Electricidad (ENRE) e Ente Nacional Regulador de Gás (ENARGAS).(ENARGAS).  BOLÍVIABOLÍVIA – Agencia Nacional de Hidrocarburos (ANH), Autoridad de Supervisión y Control Social de– Agencia Nacional de Hidrocarburos (ANH), Autoridad de Supervisión y Control Social de ElectricidadElectricidad  BRASILBRASIL – Agência Nacional de Energia Elétrica (ANEEL), Agência Nacional do Petróleo (ANP)– Agência Nacional de Energia Elétrica (ANEEL), Agência Nacional do Petróleo (ANP)  CHILECHILE – Comissión Nacional de Energía ( CNE ), Superintendencia de Electricidad y Combustibles– Comissión Nacional de Energía ( CNE ), Superintendencia de Electricidad y Combustibles (SEC)(SEC)  COLOMBIACOLOMBIA - Comissión de Regulación de Energía y Gas (CREG). Unidad de Planificación de Minas- Comissión de Regulación de Energía y Gas (CREG). Unidad de Planificación de Minas y Energía (UPME) .y Energía (UPME) .  ECUADORECUADOR – Consejo Nacional de Electricidad ( CONELEC). Dirección Nacional de Hidrocarburos– Consejo Nacional de Electricidad ( CONELEC). Dirección Nacional de Hidrocarburos (DNH).(DNH).  PARAGUAYPARAGUAY – Administración Nacional de Electricidad (ANDE), Comissión Coordinadora y Promotora– Administración Nacional de Electricidad (ANDE), Comissión Coordinadora y Promotora de Gas Natural (COMIGAS) .de Gas Natural (COMIGAS) .  PERUPERU – Organismo Supervisor de Inversiones en Energía y Minério (OSINERGMIN).– Organismo Supervisor de Inversiones en Energía y Minério (OSINERGMIN).  URUGUAYURUGUAY – Unidad Reguladora de Serviços de Energía y Agua (URSEA). Administración Nacional de– Unidad Reguladora de Serviços de Energía y Agua (URSEA). Administración Nacional de Combustibles, Álcool y Portland. (ANCAP).Combustibles, Álcool y Portland. (ANCAP).  VENEZUELAVENEZUELA – Ente Nacional del Gas (Enagas), Corporacion Electrica Nacional– Ente Nacional del Gas (Enagas), Corporacion Electrica Nacional (CORPOELEC).(CORPOELEC).
  9. 9. ENERGY INTEGRATION IN LATIN AMERICA – CHALLENGES • Improve mechanisms of diplomatic agreements between governments • Contracts among parties binding with diplomatic agreements • Changes and adaptations to the current legal and regulatory framework • Harmonize long term energy planning with governmental public policies • Adopt Regional Court of Appeal for solving contractual conflicts • Promote business profitability in a high risk environment • Attention to domestic protectionism • Develop appropriate infrastructure • Expand sources of financial funding
  10. 10. ENERGY INTEGRATION IN LATIN AMERICA : BENEFITS • Eliminate conditions of social and economical isolation of regions •Provide conditions for new regional initiatives •Improving the reliability and safety of the operational energy system •Sharing surplus of electricity and natural gas •Improving possibilities of energy interchange between countries •Provide efficient and rational use of energy resources •Optimize the market with possibilities for supply and demand
  11. 11. ENERGY INTEGRATION IN LATIN AMERICA : PERSPECTIVES •Stimulus to the regional cooperation and integration •Commitment with environmental preservation •Reduction of CO2 emission •Focusing on sustainable development •Price volatility because of increasing demand •High participation of hydrocarbons as primary source •Incentives to the development of energy efficiency
  12. 12. www.dctenergia.com.br ericsondepaula@dctenergia.com.br

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