Culture (also visit: vballano.simplesite.com

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This is a short outline on the sociology of culture

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Culture (also visit: vballano.simplesite.com

  1. 1. PROF. VIVENCIO “VEN” BALLANO ST. PAUL UNIVERSITY QUEZON CITY
  2. 2. <ul><li>ROOT WORD: German Word “Kultur” </li></ul><ul><li>which means “civilization” </li></ul><ul><li>OLD NOTION : CULTURE AS KNOWING </li></ul><ul><li>EUROPEAN ART, REFINEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>NEW NOTION : CULTURE AS A WAY OF </li></ul><ul><li>LIFE OF A PARTICULAR </li></ul><ul><li>GROUP OF PEOPLE </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>MATERIAL COMPONENT (ARTIFACTS): </li></ul><ul><li>E.G. TOOLS, EQUIPMENTS, </li></ul><ul><li>GADGETS, ETC. </li></ul><ul><li>NON-MATERIAL COMPONENT (MENTIFACTS): </li></ul><ul><li>E.G. BELIEFS, VALUES, TRADITIONS, ETC. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>ETHNOCENTRISM: AN ATTITUDE WHICH SEES ONE CULTURE AS SUPERIOR TO OTHER CULTURES. “MY CULTURE IS THE BEST CULTURE.” </li></ul><ul><li>XENOCENTRISM: AN ATTITUDE WHICH SEES ONE CULTURE AS INFERIOR TO OTHER CULTURES. E.G. “AMERICAN CULTURE IS BETTER THAN PHILIPPINE CULTURE.” </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>CULTURAL RELATIVISM: ONE CULTURE IS AS GOOD AS THE OTHER. EACH CULTURE HAS ITS OWN STANDARDS AND VALUES AND THUS MUST BE JUDGED BY ITS OWN MERITS. </li></ul><ul><li>IT VIEWS PEOPLE’S BEHAVIOR FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF ONE’S OWN CULTURE. </li></ul><ul><li>E.G. AMERICAN CULTURE IS A GOOD AS FILIPINO CULTURE. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>A TEMPORARY PHENOMENON WHERE A PERSON IS DISORIENTED OR ‘SHOCKED” AFTER BEING EXPOSED TO A NEW OR UNFAMILIAR CULTURE. </li></ul><ul><li>E.G. AN RESIDENT AMERICAN MIGHT BE </li></ul><ul><li>SHOCKED TO KNOW HE HAS EATEN </li></ul><ul><li>DOG MEAT IN A BAGUIO. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>SUBCULTURES: A PORTION OF SOCIETY THAT SHARES A DISTINCTIVE PATTERN OF MORES, FOLKWAYS AND VALUES THAT DIFFER FROM THE PATTERN OF A LARGER SOCIETY. </li></ul><ul><li>IT REFERS TO A CULTURE WITHIN A LARGER & DOMINANT CULTURE. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>COUNTERCULTURES: WHEN A SUBCULTURE CONSPICOUSLY & DELIBERATELY OPPOSES CERTAIN ASPECTS OF A LARGER SOCIETY. </li></ul><ul><li>E.G. THE HIPPIES. GAY CULTURE. </li></ul><ul><li>TYPICALLY THRIVE AMONG THE YOUNG. </li></ul>

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