PAST SIMPLE TENSE Regular Verbs Irregular Verbs + V ed / d + didn ’ t + V Did + + V ? + II column Did + + I column? + didn ’ t + I column Tom play ed football yesterday. I didn ’ t walk to school yesterday . Did they clean their teeth yesterday ? He drove his car yesterday . We didn ’ t swim in the pool yesterday . Did you make a snowman ? yesterday? ADVERBS : yesterday, last week, two days ago, in 2005, when I was younger USE : We use the past simple to talk about actions finished in the past. drive - drove swim - swam make - made
Rule: To form the past simple of regular verbs we add –ed to the root of the verb
IF THE VERB ENDS IN “Y” …
VOWEL + “Y”: ADD –ED CONSONANT + “Y”: TAKE OUT “Y” AND ADD “ -IED ”
EX, PLAY-------PLAY ED CRY----CR IED
ENJOY-----ENJOY ED STUDY---- STUD IED
IF THE VERB ENDS IN “E” YOU ONLY ADD “ -D ”
EX. DECIDE……DECIDE D
IF THE VERB ENDS IN “w”, YOU ALWAYS ADD – ED
EX. BORROW----BORROW ED
Regular Verbs IF THE VERB ENDS IN CONSONANT + VOWEL + CONSONANT (C+V+C). and THE STRESS IS IN THE LAST SYLLABLE YOU DOUBLE THE LAST CONSONANT . EX. PER MIT …..PERMIT TED S TOP -------STOP PED . AD MIT -----ADMIT TED . IF THE VERB HAS THE STRESS IN ANOTHER SYLLABLE DIFFERENT FROM THE LAST ONE YOU ONLY ADD –ED . EX. LISTEN-----LISTEN ED . OPEN----OPEN ED .
Irregular Verbs LIST OF IRREGULAR VERBS LIST OF IRREGULAR VERBS INFINITIVE PAST PARTICIPLE Spanish INFINITIVE PAST PARTICIPLE Spanish be was, were been ser, estar have had had tener, haber become became become convertirse hear heard heard oir begin began begun comenzar know knew known saber, conocer break broke broken romper leave left left dejar, abandonar bring brought broght traer lose lost lost perder buy bought bought comprar make made made hacer, fabricar catch caught caught coger meet met met encontrarse come came come venir put put put poner do did done hacer read read read leer draw drew drawn dibujar ride rode ridden montar drink drank drunk beber run ran run correr drive drove driven conducir say said said decir eat ate eaten comer see saw seen ver fall fell fallen caer sing sang sung cantar feel felt felt sentir sit sat sat sentarse find found found encontrar sleep slept slept dormir fly flew flown volar speak spoke spoken hablar forget forgot forgotten olvidar take took taken coger get got got conseguir think thought thought pensar give gave given dar wear wore worn llevar puesto go went gone ir write wrote written escribir Irregular verbs don’t follow any rule. You have to learn them by heart!!!!
NEGATIVE FORM To write NEGATIVE sentences we need the auxiliary verb DID + NOT (DIDN’T) and the root of the verb. EX.: Alex went rafting yesterday. (Affirmative) Alex did not go rafting yesterday. (Negative) didn’t My friends dressed up for the Hallloween party. My friends didn’t dress up for the Halloween party.
QUESTION FORM To write QUESTIONS we need the auxiliary verb DID and the root of the verb and follow this structure: WH- questions Interrogative pronoun + Auxiliary verb + subject + main verb + complements ? When did you go to the USA? I went there last summer. Yes/No questions Auxiliary verb + subject + main verb + complements ? Did you travel with your parents? Yes, I did,
Group A Voiceless sound: – p – k – s – ch – sh – f – x – h - pronounce ED as “T” Group B Voiced sound : – l – v – n – m – r – b – v – g – w – y – z – and vowel sounds (diphthongs) pronounce ED as “D” Group C: T or D pronounce ED as “ID” Practice
went snorkeling He ...................... What did they do last summer?
didn't go to Paris enjoyed the sun went surfing went not to Paris not goed to Paris She ........................................
play tennis see a lighthouse played He............................ with sea animals saw a lighthouse did a lighthouse Did she……………………?
WHAT DID THE MICE DO? - WORDSEARCH Use the pen to complete the wordsearch
Pronunciation of Final "-ed" We add “ -ed ” to regular verbs to change them into the past tense. There are 3 ways of pronouncing final “ ed: ” Simple Past Regular Verbs Please Remember It is the sound (not the spelling) that is important. For example, we pronounce the “ gh ” in “ laugh ” as /f/ , so laughed (/t/) . Write the past tense of the verbs in the purple box on the right in the correct places. Exercise 1 investigate, stop, end, dream, like, decide, enjoy, play, wait, watch, finish, study /t/ /d/ /id/ Exercise 2 Now match the past simple verbs with the pictures by writing a number in the circles. 1-curved a pumkin 2-played baseball 3-went to school 4-graduated from school 5-investigated a crime 6-did homework