Emerging 21 st  Century Organizational Models  and Methods Victoria G. Axelrod Milano – New School 21 September 2006
Flow <ul><li>Context  </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Complexity </li></ul><ul><li>Social  Networks </li...
Concepts Most Relevant to HR/OD <ul><li>Complexity, CAS  </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative Technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Or...
Key Terms <ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Complexity </li></ul><ul><li>...
Cover Stories Science, Technology and Human Behavior  Both/And Outside – in - World
Tapping the Collective Intelligence <ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>P&G 35% of new products from scientific networks. <...
What is an  Organization ? <ul><li>An organization is a legal fiction created to solve an ill defined problem with an ill ...
Start with the Big Picture  STRATEG Y Shared Values Structure Systems CULTURE Organization is a Series of Conversations in...
Context <ul><li>The conversations need a context, sometimes referred to as the environment in which the business operates....
“ Stakeholder- centric” organizations Socio-techno
 
Us on the Net – We are the Web Complexity
Social Networks – Organizational Networks If the topography of our organizations now looks like this map, we need to under...
Networks Matter <ul><li>The complexity of work in today’s  world is such that no one can  understand – let alone complete ...
Complexity  Complex Adaptive System (CAS) <ul><li>learning and adaptability </li></ul><ul><li>spontaneous self-organizatio...
Complexity as Metaphor
Natural and Human Simple Rules Self-Organizing Emergent Behavior
What is Emergence? <ul><li>“ Emergence is the production of global patterns of behaviour by agents in a complex system int...
The Firm, The Market, Peer Production <ul><li>“ The economic role of social behavior is increasing” </li></ul><ul><li>Yoch...
Social Software – Just Because it’s there? <ul><li>www.backpackit.com </li></ul><ul><li>Personal info organizer </li></ul>...
More than the sum of the parts:
Leadership Models Reflect the stage of Science and Technology or Not 50’s-60s Behavior Theories 60’s-70’s Contingency Theo...
 
Points of Connection Act Think Speak
Think Movie <ul><li>Put the conversation together with action and the shared experience becomes a “movie” running forward ...
Where are we in the Movie? <ul><li>Who are we? </li></ul><ul><li>Where do we want to be? </li></ul><ul><li>Where are we? <...
Future Forward – What’s Next?
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Emerging 21st Century Organization Models and Methods

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  • Hola Guadalupe. Podría tener tus láminas de Howtouse desing thinkingfor social InnovationProjects?
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  • great presentation,it helped me a lot for my research....thanks for sharing!
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  • Victoria, I liked the slide set; would have loved to hear the preso. Slide 7 about organizations being fictions seems the most relevant today. (cf. R. Reich Supercapitalism for a current look at this.) With all our modeling I think we're forgetting that models are just that - models.

    Slide 22 shows a change in theories and perspectives. But I wonder if we've just moved on without learning from those perspectives. In particular I think the socio-tech and socio-economic work of the 1940's-1960's has just been lost. How much reflective work is actually going on today?
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  • i want this ppt
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  • great...would definetly visit your blog.Also thanks liking my company name.
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  • Thank you Bill for your introduction and lead in and thank you all for coming. Joining me are Suzanne Roff and Jenny Ambozek. You all have formal bios in the handouts and I will be giving you more on our connections as we move along.
  • Emerging 21st Century Organization Models and Methods

    1. 1. Emerging 21 st Century Organizational Models and Methods Victoria G. Axelrod Milano – New School 21 September 2006
    2. 2. Flow <ul><li>Context </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Complexity </li></ul><ul><li>Social Networks </li></ul><ul><li>Open Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Experience </li></ul><ul><li>Q & A </li></ul>
    3. 3. Concepts Most Relevant to HR/OD <ul><li>Complexity, CAS </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative Technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Organizations as Open Networks – Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Emerging Organizational Models/Methods for Networked Information Age </li></ul>Tipping Point Or Tipped?
    4. 4. Key Terms <ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Complexity </li></ul><ul><li>- metaphor </li></ul><ul><li>- science </li></ul><ul><li>Intangible Capitals </li></ul><ul><li>- intellectual/knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>- social/relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Social/Value Networks </li></ul><ul><li>Open Systems </li></ul>
    5. 5. Cover Stories Science, Technology and Human Behavior Both/And Outside – in - World
    6. 6. Tapping the Collective Intelligence <ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>P&G 35% of new products from scientific networks. </li></ul><ul><li>Hiring </li></ul><ul><li>LinkedIn 2.7 mm people connect to jobs and employers thru friends. </li></ul><ul><li>Production </li></ul><ul><li>LindenLab’s Second Life built by 6000+player hours a day = 1000 person team. </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing </li></ul><ul><li>LEGO used 250 train fans to promote 10,000 unit sales by “word of mouse.” </li></ul><ul><li>Sales </li></ul><ul><li>Eli Lilly taps “wisdom of crowds” thru employee virtual stock market to predict outcome of drug trials before release. </li></ul>“ corporations will have to craft new roles for themselves and learn new ways to operate in order to stay relevant.” Robert Hoff, BW 6/20/05
    7. 7. What is an Organization ? <ul><li>An organization is a legal fiction created to solve an ill defined problem with an ill defined solution. </li></ul><ul><li>An organization neither has a conscience or soul, only the people in the organization have them. </li></ul><ul><li>An organization is a series of conversations or dialogues, external and internal in pursuit of the solution. </li></ul>
    8. 8. Start with the Big Picture STRATEG Y Shared Values Structure Systems CULTURE Organization is a Series of Conversations in Context Context = Environment (Scan)
    9. 9. Context <ul><li>The conversations need a context, sometimes referred to as the environment in which the business operates. </li></ul><ul><li>How well do we know the environment? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the events and trends in the marketplace at large? </li></ul><ul><li>Where are we in the marketplace? </li></ul><ul><li>How well is the market defined? </li></ul>
    10. 10. “ Stakeholder- centric” organizations Socio-techno
    11. 12. Us on the Net – We are the Web Complexity
    12. 13. Social Networks – Organizational Networks If the topography of our organizations now looks like this map, we need to understand our “intangible”capital. From Human Capital to Peer Production and Social Capital Relationship Capital “ Intangibles”
    13. 14. Networks Matter <ul><li>The complexity of work in today’s world is such that no one can understand – let alone complete – a task alone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual-individual Team-team </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Company-company </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strong networks are correlated with health: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People with stronger personal networks are healthier, happier, and better performers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Companies who know how to manage alliances are more flexible, adaptive and resilient </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Patti Anklem – Value Networks 2005 </li></ul>
    14. 15. Complexity Complex Adaptive System (CAS) <ul><li>learning and adaptability </li></ul><ul><li>spontaneous self-organization </li></ul><ul><li>phenomena that emerge from interactions among the agents but are not features of the independent agents working alone </li></ul><ul><li>together these characteristics allow the system to evolve and improve its performance in changing environments </li></ul>
    15. 16. Complexity as Metaphor
    16. 17. Natural and Human Simple Rules Self-Organizing Emergent Behavior
    17. 18. What is Emergence? <ul><li>“ Emergence is the production of global patterns of behaviour by agents in a complex system interacting according to their own local rules of behaviour, without intending the global patterns of behaviour that come about. </li></ul><ul><li>In emergence, global patterns cannot be predicted from the local rules of behaviour that produce them. </li></ul>To put it another way, global patterns cannot be reduced to individual behaviour.” (Stacey 1996:287)
    18. 19. The Firm, The Market, Peer Production <ul><li>“ The economic role of social behavior is increasing” </li></ul><ul><li>Yochai Benkler – Yale Law School </li></ul><ul><li>Think: </li></ul><ul><li>Amazon </li></ul><ul><li>eBay </li></ul><ul><li>Craig’s List </li></ul><ul><li>Cyberrentals </li></ul>
    19. 20. Social Software – Just Because it’s there? <ul><li>www.backpackit.com </li></ul><ul><li>Personal info organizer </li></ul><ul><li>www.dodgeball.com </li></ul><ul><li>Friend finder </li></ul><ul><li>www.Eurekster.com </li></ul><ul><li>Social search engine </li></ul><ul><li>www.linkedin.com </li></ul><ul><li>Business network </li></ul><ul><li>http://del.icio.us/ </li></ul><ul><li>Shared bookmarks, blogs, tags </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.rojo.com </li></ul><ul><li>Hybrid, news aggregator, social network and social bookmarking </li></ul><ul><li>www.wikicities.com </li></ul><ul><li>Content editing </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.technorati.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Blog aggregator </li></ul>Social Networks RSS Blogs WIKIs
    20. 21. More than the sum of the parts:
    21. 22. Leadership Models Reflect the stage of Science and Technology or Not 50’s-60s Behavior Theories 60’s-70’s Contingency Theories Followership or Power-Influence 80’s Charismatic and Transformational Theories 90’s Collaborative Integrative Theories Heroic 00’s
    22. 24. Points of Connection Act Think Speak
    23. 25. Think Movie <ul><li>Put the conversation together with action and the shared experience becomes a “movie” running forward in time. </li></ul>
    24. 26. Where are we in the Movie? <ul><li>Who are we? </li></ul><ul><li>Where do we want to be? </li></ul><ul><li>Where are we? </li></ul>
    25. 27. Future Forward – What’s Next?

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