Us government review pp
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Us government review pp

on

  • 369 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
369
Slideshare-icon Views on SlideShare
258
Embed Views
111

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0

3 Embeds 111

http://moodle.gloversvilleschools.org 99
http://gms7.com 7
http://www.gms7.com 5

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Us government review pp Us government review pp Presentation Transcript

    • Shay’s RebellionWashington Madison Franklin Hamilton•The GREAT COMPROMISE was used to settle the argument over Representation inCongress. Congress was to be divided into two parts.Representation in The House of Representatives is to be based on the population ofeach state. States with more people will send more representatives to Congress and inthis House they will have more power.Representation in The United States Senate will be equal. There will be tworepresentatives or Senators from each state. Here power between the states is equal.In order for an idea to be made into a law both the United States Senate and the Houseof Representatives must vote on it and approve it.•Under the Articles of Confederation, the USgovernment was very weak. The government:-did not have national court system-had no power to enforce laws-had no power to raise army-had no power to collect taxes•Shay’s Rebellion showed the weakness of thegovernment.•A national convention was called to solve the problems with the Articles of Confederation. This is known as the Constitutional Convention.Two plans were proposed: the New Jersey Plan and the Virginia Plan. Neither one was accepted by all states. Finally, a compromise was reachedthat satisfied all of the states. The leaders of the Constitutional Convention included:
    • •Southern states wanted their slaves to count as part of the population, the North did not. The3/5’s Compromise settled this issue.•The United States government is also known as the Federal, National, or Central government.•The written plan of the United States government, used for over 200 years, is known as theUNITED STATES CONSTITUTION.
    • •3 branches of government:1. Legislative - Congress2. Executive - President3. Judicial – Supreme Court
    • •THE US SUPREME COURT: Protects the Constitution andenforces commands of the executive and legislative branches,protects the rights of individuals, can declare laws unconstitutional(Judicial Review), defines the laws of our nation.•EQUAL JUSTICE UNDER LAW is on the building that houses theUnited States Supreme Court.•CONSTITUTIONAL -the court decides that the law or act agreeswith the Constitution and is fair.•UNCONSTITUTIONAL -the court decides that the law or act doesnot agree with the Constitution and is unfair or illegal.•The President is responsible for making sure that the laws made byCongress are carried out or enforced.•We would look to this man for leadership. He would have to know whatthe people wanted and make sure that the laws of the United States werefairly applied.•We also created the highest court in the nation. It would be known as theU.S. Supreme Court. There would be no jury in this court. Instead therewould be Nine Justices who would rule or vote on decisions. They wouldbe the ultimate protector of the rights of the people and have the finaldecision in all legal matters.
    • •We know that the document is notperfect but it contains a process foramending or changing theConstitution. This will be done asfuture generations see fit.•One person or branch of government might becometoo powerful and try to control the other two. Toprevent this from happening they set up a systemknown as CHECKS AND BALANCES. Under thissystem each branch has the power to check or limit theactions of the other two branches. For exampleCongress (Legislative) has the power to make bills(ideas for laws). The President (Executive) has thepower to sign bills into law. The United StatesSupreme Court (Judicial) has the power to declare thelaw unconstitutional and reject the law.•In June of 1788, New Hampshirebecame the 9thstate to ratify theConstitution. It is the Supreme Law ofthe United States.
    • Bill of Rights: Ratified in 1791•1st Amendment: Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging thefreedom of speech, or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.•2nd Amendment: A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall notbe infringed.•4th Amendments: The people’s right to have security for their own bodies and in their houses shall not be violated; papers and belongings areprotected against unreasonable searches and seizures. No search warrants may be issued without probable cause supported by oath or statement.The warrant must describe the place to be searched and the persons or things to be captured or seized.Religion ReligionSpeechSpeechPress PressAssemble AssembleAssembleSpeech
    • •5th Amendment: No person can be brought to trial for a capital or other major offense without a grand jury bringing an indictment or writtencharges. The exception is in cases involving the army, navy, or militia when in service during war or public danger. No person will be subject todouble jeopardy (being brought to trial twice) for the same offense, and cannot be forced in a criminal trial to be witness against himself. Noperson can be executed, imprisoned, or property seized without due (formal) process of law; private property cannot be taken without justcompensation.•6th Amendment: The accused is entitled to a speedy trial in open court; he is to be tried in the state and district where the crime was committed;he has the right to know the charges made against him, to confront the witnesses testifying against him, to require testimony from witnesses whocan testify for him, and to have legal counsel for his defense.
    • •8th Amendment: Excessive bail cannot be required; excessive fines cannot be imposed; cruel and unusual punishments cannot be inflicted.•14th Amendment: (Adopted in 1868) All born or naturalized in the United States and subject to its authority are citizens of the United States andof the state where they reside. No state can make or enforce laws that take away the rights and privileges of citizens of the United States.•13thAmendment: (Adopted in 1865) Slavery and other forms of involuntary labor, except as punishment for crime, shall not exist in the UnitedStates or in any place controlled by the United States.
    • •8th Amendment: Excessive bail cannot be required; excessive fines cannot be imposed; cruel and unusual punishments cannot be inflicted.•14th Amendment: (Adopted in 1868) All born or naturalized in the United States and subject to its authority are citizens of the United States andof the state where they reside. No state can make or enforce laws that take away the rights and privileges of citizens of the United States.•13thAmendment: (Adopted in 1865) Slavery and other forms of involuntary labor, except as punishment for crime, shall not exist in the UnitedStates or in any place controlled by the United States.