•First Americans: They came from Asia during the last Ice Age, between 20,000-20,000 years ago, and crossed a land bridge that connected Asia with North America.They followed herds of animals and lived as nomads.Land Bridge: BerengiaASIANORTHAMERICA•Stone Age Man: Early people didnot know how to farm and used stoneand wood for weapons. Theygathered food from the environmentand hunted in order to survive.•Over thousands of years, groups of humansmigrated into the America’s and spread to allparts. They developed different cultures due theenvironment in which they lived and the naturalresources around them. These early peoplebecame the Native Americans.•Nomads: People who move from place to place insearch of food.Animal skinclothing.Stone and woodweapons.•Glaciers covered much ofNorthern Hemisphere.
•These early Native Americans spread throughout the America’s and created different cultures. The cultures that these early Native Americansdeveloped depended on their environment and the natural resources that they had to use. They lived during the Prehistoric Period and have onlyleft behind artifacts. They did not know how to write (No written records).Artifact: Objects made by man such as tools, weapons, and jewelry. Example: arrowheadsArcheologist: Scientists who study artifacts to learn about early people.Prehistory: Time before written records were kept.Culture: The way of life for a group of people.Primary Source: A source of information created by a person who witnessed the event.For example; a photograph, a journal entry, a letter home from a soldier.Secondary Source: A source of information created by a person who did not witnessan event, but relied on others for their information.For example; a textbook.•Ice Age manfound in gravewith artifacts.•Original printof theDeclaration ofIndependence:Primary Source•Painting of Washington crossing the Delaware River donein 1851 by German artist: Secondary Source•Archeologists searching for artifactsin dig site in order to study the waypeople lived.
The First Americans:1. With which field of study are the terms artifact, carbon dating, and dig site associated?(a) archeology (b) economics (c) civics (d) sociology2. What is the primary method archaeologists use to study history?(a) reading diaries of a given group of people (c) observing people in their natural environment(b) Examining artifacts of a group of people (d) practicing local customs of people3. Which is a primary source for evidence that Columbus sailed to find a new route to the Indies in 1492?(a) a television show about the explorations of Columbus(b) a letter from the current ambassador from Spain describing the voyage(c) a painting showing Columbus landing in the New World(d) a diary entry written by a crew member aboard Columbus ship4. Which document is considered a primary source?(a) a textbook account of the American Revolution(b) a personal diary kept by a person who fought during the American Revolution(c) an encyclopedia article about the Reconstruction Period(d) a biography of the life of John D. Rockefeller5. Which source of information is an example of a primary source?(a) encyclopedia (b) dictionary (c) thesaurus (d) journal entry
The First Americans:6. Which source would provide an archaeologist with a primary source of information about pre-Columbian Indians whosettled in New York?(a) an article about the Iroquois in an encyclopedia(b) an interview with a historian who specializes in early American cultures(c) artifacts left by the Iroquois(d) a social studies textbook7. A primary source telling about the troubles of life as an American plantation slave would most likely be found in:(a) the Encyclopedia Britannica (c) the Emancipation Proclamation(b) A diary kept by a slave (d) a current U.S. history textbook8. Which is a primary source for evidence of the first Dutch settlement in what is now New York?(a) a letter from a Dutch settler describing New Amsterdam(b) an article in a history magazine about the colony of New Netherlands(c) a diary entry by someone who toured a New York history museum in 2006(d) an interview with a historian who researches early European settlements in New York9. The best of example of an artifact is a:(a) animal bone (b) fossilized plant (c) human bone (d) arrow head made from stone
The First Americans:10. Which term best describes a people’s entire way of life?(a) technology (b) environment (c) religion (d) culture11. The study of economics focuses on:(a) production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services(b) Earth and its relationship to our environment(c) different types of governments and how they operate(d) past cultures of different peoples12. A scholar of which of these fields would be most likely to discover new information about the pre-Columbian Indianswho settled in New York?(a) sociology (b) geography (c) psychology (d) archaeology13. The First Americans developed many different styles or ways of living. The best explanation for this is that each culture:(a) planned to be different (c) decided to keep all their Asian traditions(b) had to follow a written plan (d) was shaped and influenced by their environment around them14. The study of prehistoric Americans is often made difficult because early American’s:(a) left too many artifacts to keep track of (c) left no written records because they did not know how to write(b) used all of the animal fossils for fuel (d) moved around to much and did not create permanent settlements
The First Americans:15. The most widely accepted theory of the earliest human migration to the Americas is that people:(a) crossed the polar ice cap from Norway to northern Canada(b) walked across a land bridge from Asia to Alaska(c) used seagoing vessels to sail from Africa to Central America(d) traveled in rafts and small boats from Pacific islands to South AmericaBase your answer to question 16 on the map and your knowledge of social studies.16. The map indicates that the first Americans:(a) only reached Canada (c) crossed from Asia(b) traveled just one route (d) never settled in Central America17. During the Ice Age, humans crossed a land bridge between Asiaand America because they were:(a) looking for gold, silver, and spices (c) following game animals for food(b) moving west to start a new life (d) looking for cheap land to buy