MotherCountry13 ENGLISH COLONIES: The English colonies developed along the Atlantic Ocean.The colonies were created by the...
•The English Colonies: The first successful English colony wascreated at Jamestown, Virginia in the early 1600’s.-3 import...
•The second successful English colony was Plymouth, Massachusetts.-Colony created by the Pilgrims who left England because...
•NEW ENGLAND COLONIES: Life in the New England colonies washard. The soil was rocky and not very good for large scale farm...
•MIDDLE COLONIES: These colonies enjoyed a mix of farming andmanufacturing. Farming was very successful and the area becam...
•SOUTHERN COLONIES: Agriculture became the most important activityin the Southern Colonies. Cash crops such as cotton and ...
FishingTradingShip buildingAgriculture: Corn, wheatAgriculture: Cash CropsLumberFactoriesUrban: CitiesSmall villagesPlanta...
•Mercantilism: England used itscolonies to create wealth for themother country. The coloniesprovided raw materials forEngl...
•Mercantilism: England used itscolonies to create wealth for themother country. The coloniesprovided raw materials forEngl...
English colonies review pp
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English colonies review pp

  1. 1. MotherCountry13 ENGLISH COLONIES: The English colonies developed along the Atlantic Ocean.The colonies were created by the English government (Parliament and monarchy) forseveral reasons:1. Religious freedom. Groups such as the Pilgrims, Puritans, Quakers, and RomanCatholics came for religious freedom.2. Economic Reasons: Some colonists came in search of natural resources such as lumber,agricultural products, animal skins, fish. Others came for free or cheap land and own theirown farms. Some colonists could not afford their passage over on a ship and came here asIndentured Servants. Indentured Servants worked for a master for 7-10 years and were thenfree.3. Nationalism: England was competing with other European nations for land.King George III•England was the mother country of the English colonies. The English government,monarchy, allowed the colonies to be created in order to gain control of the land andthe natural resources.•English colonists brought ideas about human rights, laws, and government withthem to the New World and used these ideas to create their colonies.•Some people left England and came to North America because they were beingpersecuted for their religious beliefs.1. Pilgrims: Plymouth Colony2. Puritans: Massachusetts Bay Colony3. Quakers: Pennsylvania Colony4. Roman Catholics: Maryland Colony5. Connecticut:6. Rhode Island:•Connecticut and Rhode Island were created by colonists who did not like thePuritans in Massachusetts and wanted to start their own colonies to practice theirreligion the way they wanted to.•English Colonies createdalong the Atlantic Coast.
  2. 2. •The English Colonies: The first successful English colony wascreated at Jamestown, Virginia in the early 1600’s.-3 important developments took place at Jamestown.1. Cultivation of tobacco as a cash crop. Helped thecolony become successful.2. Use of Africans; 1stas indentured servants and thenas slaves.3. Development of Self-Government: The colonistswere allowed to elect members to government body called the Houseof Burgesses. This is an example of a representative government.•Tobacco Plant: Grownto be sold in Europe as aCash Crop.•Africans arriving in Jamestown:First used as Indentured Servantsand then as Slaves.•House ofBurgesses:Members in session.Example ofRepresentativeGovernment
  3. 3. •The second successful English colony was Plymouth, Massachusetts.-Colony created by the Pilgrims who left England because they were being persecuted due to their religious beliefs. They came tothe New World to create a colony where they could practice their religion the way they wanted to.-Before leaving the Mayflower, they created the Mayflower Compact as a way to organize and run their colony. This is anotherexample of Self-government.Pilgrims praying on landing in New World.Going to Sunday service.On board theMayflower.•The Mayflower Compact: Before landing inthe New World, the Pilgrims created theMayflower Compact. This document servedas a guide for the creation of a governmentthat the Pilgrims could use to run the colony.This is an example of self government becausethe Pilgrims created it themselves, set up thegovernment, and ran the government on theirown.
  4. 4. •NEW ENGLAND COLONIES: Life in the New England colonies washard. The soil was rocky and not very good for large scale farming.Most farms were small, family farms where corn and vegetables weregrown.*Due to the difficulty of farming, the fishing industry, ship building, andmanufacturing became very important and successful.*Most New England colonies were created for religious freedom:Plymouth, Mass. Bay, Rhode Island, Connecticut.Examples of Self-Government:1. Mayflower Compact2. Town Meetings: people would gather to discuss local issues andvote on issues.3. Fundamental Orders of Connecticut: Established and organized thegovernment for the Connecticut colony.•The first winter is known as the “starving time” because the Pilgrims had run very low on their supplies and had to cut back their food rations inorder to survive. Many of the Pilgrims died during this first winter. In the spring, Native Americans, such as Squanto and Samoset showed thePilgrims how to hunt, fish, and grow crops (corn, beans, and squash).•Native Americans helped the Pilgrims tofarm by showing them how to plant seedswith a fish for fertilizer.
  5. 5. •MIDDLE COLONIES: These colonies enjoyed a mix of farming andmanufacturing. Farming was very successful and the area became known asthe “Breadbasket Colonies” due to the wheat and oats grown. Colonists werealso involved in manufacturing.•New York: The Dutch created the colony of New Netherlands. They boughtland from Native Americans. In 1664, England took over the New Netherlandsand renamed it New York. The Dutch governor, Peter Stuyvesant surrenderedthe colony to the English without a fight.•Pennsylvania: Created for Quakers.•New Jersey: Split from New York.•Delaware: Split from Pennsylvania.•Ft. Orangebecame Albany.•Agricultureandmanufacturingwereimportantindustries inthe MiddleColonies.•Peter Minuit bought ManhattanIsland from the Native Americans.The Dutch created the colony ofNew Netherlands. In 1664, theEnglish took it over and renamed itNew York.
  6. 6. •SOUTHERN COLONIES: Agriculture became the most important activityin the Southern Colonies. Cash crops such as cotton and tobacco drove thesouthern economy. Slaves were used to do the work on the Southernplantations and farms.•Maryland: Created for Roman Catholics.•Virginia, N. & S. Carolina: Tobacco.•Georgia: Debtors from English prisons.•Slaves were brought from Africa across the Atlantic Ocean (Middle Passage).They were sold at slave auctions. Primarily, they worked in the fields. Someworked as domestic servants.•Slaves were sold at slave auctions andwere treated very badly. The Slave Codeswere used to control the slaves.Punishments included whippings, beatings,and mutilations.AFRICA•Slaves usedmainly togrow cotton.•Slave ships were overcrowded andfilled with foul smells and diseases.
  7. 7. FishingTradingShip buildingAgriculture: Corn, wheatAgriculture: Cash CropsLumberFactoriesUrban: CitiesSmall villagesPlantationsWooded and rockyOpen and fertile soil,less rocky.Many waterways, fertile soil.People electrepresentatives whorun colony formonarch.People electrepresentatives whorun colony formonarch.Colonies run by RoyalGovernors selected bymonarch.
  8. 8. •Mercantilism: England used itscolonies to create wealth for themother country. The coloniesprovided raw materials forEngland’s factories. The colonieswere also a market for the finishedgoods of England to be sold.Mercantilism: A system of tradeusing colonies to create wealth forthe mother country.•Navigation Acts: Passed byEngland in the 1660’s to controlcolonial trade.1. Colonies had to sell certainproducts to England or othercolonies. Sugar, tobacco, andindigo.2. All goods going to thecolonies from other countries had togo through England first.3. All goods coming to orleaving the colonies had to betransported on ships built in thecolonies or in England.
  9. 9. •Mercantilism: England used itscolonies to create wealth for themother country. The coloniesprovided raw materials forEngland’s factories. The colonieswere also a market for the finishedgoods of England to be sold.Mercantilism: A system of tradeusing colonies to create wealth forthe mother country.•Navigation Acts: Passed byEngland in the 1660’s to controlcolonial trade.1. Colonies had to sell certainproducts to England or othercolonies. Sugar, tobacco, andindigo.2. All goods going to thecolonies from other countries had togo through England first.3. All goods coming to orleaving the colonies had to betransported on ships built in thecolonies or in England.

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